acetyl butyryl
2,3-hexanedione
 
Notes:
Constit. of coffee, peach, roast chicken, beer, shoyu and clam. Flavour ingredient
  • Augustus Oils
    • Augustus Oils Ltd
      The Premier Supplier
      Augustus Oils Ltd, in harmony with nature - to present it at its best...
      A wealth of experience, expertise and knowledge has allowed Augustus to bridge the gulf in expectation and trust between growers and users of natural ingredients. The Company works in partnership with customers on the one hand, and growers, farmers and distillers on the other. Both users and producers can then focus on exactly what they do best, while skilled Augustus technicians closely monitor and control the delivered product. This ensures users can have the confidence that they will receive the best raw materials suited to their requirements.
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  • Beijing Lys Chemicals
    • Beijing Lys Chemicals Co, LTD.
      From Grams to Tons
      Fine chemical high-tech company which contains R&D, production, and sales.
      BEIJING LYS CHEMICALS CO, LTD, established in 2004, is a fine chemical high-tech company which contains R&D, production, and sales. We mainly engaged in export and technology development of flavor and fragrance materials and pharmaceutical intermediates. We have nearly 500 kinds of products, from grams to tons, exported to USA, Europe, South Asia and etc. And we custom manufacture new products according to customers’ needs, and serve good quality products and service. Our goal is to become a fine chemical enterprise which could provide special products and services.
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      10849 2,3-Hexanedione
       
  • BOC Sciences
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      Quality supplier of research chemicals and biochemicals including inhibitors, building blocks, GMP Products, impurities and metabolites, APIs for Veterinary, Natural Compounds, ADCs, Stem Cell Molecule and chiral compounds.
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      3848-24-6 2,3-Hexanedione
       
  • CJ Latta & Associates
    • CJ Latta & Associates, LLC
      Extensive Line
      Aromatic Chemicals and Organic Acids.
      CJ Latta & Associates is a distributor of specialty aromatics and organic acids used in the formulation of flavors and fragrance manufactured worldwide. We pride ourselves on our reputation for, fair pricing, quality and reliability. We’ve built our business on successfully sourcing and developing many challenging specialty chemicals and fine ingredients for our clients.
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      Product(s):
      ACETYL BUTYRYL
       
  • Frutarom
    • FRUTAROM USA INC,
      Flavor & Specialty Ingredients
      Your preferred partner for flavour and fragrance success.
      Our broad and diverse product portfolio is designed to provide and cater for every flavor and taste profile required by our customer base and incorporates historic, and iconic, market leading products.
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      Product(s):
      2311289210 2,3-HEXANEDIONE KOSHER
       
  • Indukern F&F
  • Lluch Essence
    • Lluch Essence S.L.
      A family company dedicated to sales and distribution
      Flexibility, availability, price and quality.
      Flexibility, availability, price and quality make LLUCH ESSENCE S.L. one of Europe’s references when it comes to essential oils and aroma chemicals, and it is now well known all around the world.
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      ACETYL BUTIRYL
      ACETYL BUTIRYL NATURAL
       
  • M&U International
    • M&U International LLC
      Steady supply & demand
      Meeting customers increasing demands at home as well as abroad.
      M&U dedicates itself to the development and production of new products as well as continuously promoting those new products. We’ve maintained a steady supply&demand relationship with a large number of manufacturers at home and abroad. We’ve developed an extensive network and because of our relationships with these manufacturers, we’re able to provide a stable supply of great quality materials. We’re located in China’s largest communications hub, Shanghai and in the U.S. near one of the largest sea ports on the East Coast. The strategic locations of our facilities ensure convenient, prompt and secure delivery of our products to our customers.
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      A0494 2,3-HEXANDIONE
       
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  • SRS Aromatics
    • SRS Aromatics Ltd
      For over 25 years
      Bringing flavour and fragrance into your world.
      As suppliers / distributors of ingredients to the fragrance and flavour industries, our goal is to provide high quality materials at competitive prices with an exceptional level of service. Established in 1984, SRS Aromatics Ltd is an independent family owned business which has become very well-respected within the fragrance and flavour industry as a reliable and trustworthy partner. Over the years this has allowed the company to develop strong relationships with many global manufacturers; several of whom we represent in the UK. A core aim of our business is to work extremely closely with both our suppliers and customers to maximise service levels with minimum disruption to supply.
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    • Synerzine, Inc.
      Innovation. Customization. Aroma Ingredients.
      Synerzine is a leading supplier of flavor and fragrance ingredients.
      Synerzine expresses what we have grown to embody as an organization - the synergy and connection between raw ingredients, science, technology, and the final product. Our experienced team is passionate about bringing our customers high-quality innovative ingredients that they can trust.
      Building upon our 44 year history, the Synerzine team provides customers around the globe with convenient access to over 1200 high-quality aroma ingredients. We actively engage with customers to add a wide array of new products and services on a regular basis. Our aim is to delight every customer with our exceptional services, large product selection, customization and the highest quality and safety standards. We provide our customers with true value designed to help them bring their products to market faster.
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      W0826 Acetyl Butyryl (synthetic)
      W0826N Acetyl Butyryl (natural)
       
  • Tianjin Danjun International
    • Tianjin Danjun International Trade Co., LTD.
      Quality Products
      We know the Chinese chemical market well.
      Tianjin danjun international trade co., LTD. is an organic chemicals trading company approved by the relevant state authorities to register. We have about 300 kinds of products (natural aroma chemicals, synthetic aroma chemicals and pharmaceutical intermediates). Most of the products are used in flavor and fragrance industry. We know the Chinese chemical market well and we have close relationship with many of the main manufacturers, and to provide our customers with quality goods together with comprehensive service.
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      A-005 2,3-Hexanedione
       
  • United International
    • Qingdao Free Trade Zone United International Co Ltd
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      Qingdao Free Trade Zone United International Trade Co., Ltd.was founded in 1996, specializing in the production and import and export of food additives,flavor raw materials and pharmaceutical and chemical raw materials. The company has experienced R&D and business personnel,product quality, low price, efficient service and fast insight and grasp the latest market information.
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  • Ernesto Ventós
  • Vigon International
    • Vigon International
      Passion for Simplicity
      Manufacturer and supplier of high quality flavor and fragrance ingredients.
      The growth and success of Vigon is due in large part to a unique corporate concept that Vigon has developed and established within the industry: Creative Partnerships. This partnership concept has been and continues to be the foundation and guiding principle for all of Vigon's activities.
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  • WholeChem
    • WholeChem, LLC
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      Acetyl Butyryl, Natural
       
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search
CAS Number: 3848-24-6Picture of molecule3D/inchi
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg: 223-350-8
FDA UNII: 559ANR3NVS
Nikkaji Web: J64.761F
Beilstein Number: 1699896
MDL: MFCD00009398
CoE Number: 152
XlogP3-AA: 0.40 (est)
Molecular Weight: 114.14410000
Formula: C6 H10 O2
NMR Predictor: Predict (works with chrome, Edge or firefox)
EFSA/JECFA Comments: At least 93%; secondary components 2-3% hexanediones. (JECFA)
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar: Search
Google Books: Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist: Search
Google Patents: Search
US Patents: Search
EU Patents: Search
Pubchem Patents: Search
PubMed: Search
NCBI: Search
JECFA Food Flavoring: 412  2,3-hexanedione
DG SANTE Food Flavourings: 07.018  hexane-2,3-dione
FEMA Number: 2558 2,3-hexanedione
FDA:No longer provide for the use of these seven synthetic flavoring substances
FDA Mainterm (SATF):3848-24-6 ; 2,3-HEXANEDIONE
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.515 Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants.
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Physical Properties:
Appearance: yellow clear liquid (est)
Assay: 96.00 to 100.00 % 
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Specific Gravity: 0.92600 to 0.93600 @  25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 7.705 to  7.788
Refractive Index: 1.40600 to 1.41600 @  20.00 °C.
Melting Point: -30.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 128.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Vapor Pressure: 10.000000 mmHg @ 20.00 °C.
Vapor Density: 3.9 ( Air = 1 )
Flash Point: 83.00 °F. TCC ( 28.33 °C. )
logP (o/w): -0.321 (est)
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 water, slightly
 water, 2.113e+005 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Similar Items: note
acetyl isobutyryl
hexane-3,4-dione
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Organoleptic Properties:
 
Odor Type: buttery
 
Odor Strength: high ,
recommend smelling in a 1.00 % solution or less
 
Substantivity: 220 hour(s) at 100.00 %
 
 dry  sweet  caramellic  buttery  oily  fatty  creamy  phenolic  fruity  
Odor Description:
at 1.00 % in dipropylene glycol. 
dry sweet caramel butter oily fatty creamy phenolic fruity
Luebke, William tgsc, (1988)
 
 sweet  creamy  caramellic  buttery  fruity  jammy  
Odor Description:
Sweet, creamy, caramellic, buttery with a fruity jammy nuance
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 16, No. 6, 43, (1991)
 
 
Flavor Type: creamy
 
 creamy  fruity  toasted  brown  caramellic  
Taste Description:
at 50.00 ppm.  
Creamy, fruity, toasted brown caramellic notes
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 16, No. 6, 43, (1991)
 
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
 
Sigma-Aldrich
2,3-Hexanedione, ≥95%, FG
Odor Description: butter; creamy; oily; sweet
Taste Description: creamy fruity toasted brown caramel
 
Indukern F&F
ACETYL BUTYRYL
Odor Description: SWEET, CREAMY, BUTTER
 
 
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Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: perfuming agents
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Suppliers:
Ambles Nature et Chimie
3.4-HEXANEDIONE
Anhui Haibei
Acetyl Butyryl
Odor: Dry sweet butter oily creamy fatty fruity jam
Augustus Oils
2,3 Hexanedione
Services
Beijing Lys Chemicals
2,3-Hexanedione
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
2,3-Hexanedione
CJ Latta & Associates
ACETYL BUTYRYL
Diffusions Aromatiques
2,3 HEXANEDIONE
EMD Millipore
For experimental / research use only.
2,3-Hexanedione
Ernesto Ventós
2,3-HEXANEDIONE
Odor: CREAMY, SWEET, BUTTERY, CHEESY
Frutarom
2,3-HEXANEDIONE
KOSHER
Flavor: Buttery, Fatty, Sweet, Oily, Creamy
IFF
2,3-HEXANEDIONE
KOSHER
Flavor: Buttery, Fatty, Sweet, Oily, Creamy
Indukern F&F
ACETYL BUTYRYL
Odor: SWEET, CREAMY, BUTTER
Inoue Perfumery
ACETYL BUTYRYL
Lluch Essence
ACETYL BUTIRYL NATURAL
Lluch Essence
ACETYL BUTIRYL
Odor: CREAMY, SWEET, BUTTERY
M&U International
2,3-HEXANDIONE
Nagar Haveli Perfumes & Aromatics
Acetyl Butyryl
Odor: Sweet, creamy, caramellic, buttery with a fruity jammy nuance
Nagar Haveli Perfumes & Aromatics
Acetyl Butyryl
Natural
Odor: Sweet, creamy, caramellic, buttery with a fruity jammy nuance
Pearlchem Corporation
Acetyl Butyryl
Santa Cruz Biotechnology
For experimental / research use only.
2,3-Hexanedione ≥90%
Sigma-Aldrich
2,3-Hexanedione, ≥95%, FG
Odor: butter; creamy; oily; sweet
Certified Food Grade Products
Sigma-Aldrich
2,3-Hexanedione, natural, 96%, FG
SRS Aromatics
2,3-HEXANEDIONE (FG)
Synerzine
Acetyl Butyryl (natural)
Synerzine
Acetyl Butyryl (synthetic)
Tianjin Danjun International
2,3-Hexanedione
United International
2,3-Hexanedione
Vigon International
Acetyl Butyryl (2,3-Hexanedione)
Odor: Dry sweet butter oily creamy fatty fruity jam
WholeChem
Acetyl Butyryl, Natural
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Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xi - Irritant
R 10 - Flammable.
R 36/37/38 - Irritating to eyes, respiratory system, and skin.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 16 - Keep away from sources of ignition - No Smoking.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 36/37/39 - Wear suitable clothing, gloves and eye/face protection.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
Flammable liquids (Category 3), H226
Skin irritation (Category 2), H315
Eye irritation (Category 2A), H319
Specific target organ toxicity - single exposure (Category 3), Respiratory system, H335
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogramflame.jpgexclamation-mark.jpg
 
Signal word Warning
Hazard statement(s)
H226 - Flammable liquid and vapour
H315 - Causes skin irritation
H319 - Causes serious eye irritation
H335 - May cause respiratory irritation
Precautionary statement(s)
P210 - Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. — No smoking.
P233 - Keep container tightly closed.
P240 - Ground/bond container and receiving equipment.
P241 - Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/…/equipment.
P242 - Use only non-sparking tools.
P243 - Take precautionary measures against static discharge.
P261 - Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P264 - Wash skin thouroughly after handling.
P271 - Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.
P280 - Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P303 + P361 + P353 - IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off Immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse SKIN with water/shower.
P304 + P340 - IF INHALED: Remove victim to fresh air and Keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.
P305 + P351 + P338 - IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.
P312 - Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell.
P332 + P313 - IF SKIN irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention.
P337 + P313 - IF eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/attention.
P362 - Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse.
P370 + P378 - In case of fire: Use dry sand, dry chemical or alcohol-resistant foam for extinction.
P403 + P233 - Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.
P403 + P235 - Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.
P405 - Store locked up.
P501 - Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant.
Human Experience:
4 % solution: no irritation or sensitization.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50  > 5000 mg/kg
(Moreno, 1977d)

oral-rat LD50  > 5000 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 17, Pg. 697, 1979.

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-rabbit LD50 > 5000 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 17, Pg. 697, 1979.

Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
RIFM Fragrance Material Safety Assessment: Search
IFRA Code of Practice Notification of the 49th Amendment to the IFRA Code of Practice
Recommendation for acetyl butyryl usage levels up to:
  1.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 8.50 (μg/capita/day)
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
Click here to view publication 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -6.60000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -6.60000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -4.80000
fruit ices: -4.80000
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -7.30000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety References:
European Food Safety Athority(EFSA): Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):
Opinion of the Scientific Panel on food additives, flavourings, processing aids and materials in contact with food (AFC) related to Flavouring Group Evaluation 11 (FGE.11): Aliphatic dialcohols, diketones, and hydroxyketones from chemical group 10 (Commission Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000 of 18 July 2000)
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 11, Revision 1 (FGE.11Rev1) - Aliphatic dialcohols, diketones, and hydroxyketones from chemical group 10 - Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in contact with Food (AFC)
View page or View pdf
EPI System: View
AIDS Citations: Search
Cancer Citations: Search
Toxicology Citations: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 3848-24-6
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary : 19707
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
WISER: UN 1224
WGK Germany: 2
 hexane-2,3-dione
Chemidplus: 0003848246
EPA/NOAA CAMEO: hazardous materials
RTECS: MO3140000 for cas# 3848-24-6
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
References:
 hexane-2,3-dione
NIST Chemistry WebBook: Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 3848-24-6
Pubchem (cid): 19707
Pubchem (sid): 134985976
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Other Information:
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2011 (pdf)
Videos: The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc: Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC): Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Substances Added to Food (formerly EAFUS): View
CHEBI: View
CHEMBL: View
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database): HMDB31491
FooDB: FDB008070
Export Tariff Code: 2914.19.0000
VCF-Online: VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider: View
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Blenders and core components note
 
For Odor
No odor group found for these
 butter starter distillatesFL/FR
acidic
isobutyric acidFL/FR
 cyclohexyl acetic acidFL/FR
2-methyl butyric acidFL/FR
2-methyl-2-pentenoic acidFL/FR
aldehydic
 acetyl nonyrylFL/FR
balsamic
2-acetyl furanFL/FR
 cinnamyl benzoateFL/FR
bready
 coffee furanoneFL/FR
buttery
 acetoinFL/FR
 acetoin dimerFL/FR
 acetoin propylene glycol acetalFL/FR
 acetyl isobutyrylFL/FR
 acetyl propionylFL/FR
 apple butter fragranceFR
 butter fragranceFR
 butter oil CO2 extractFL/FR
 butyl butyryl lactateFL/FR
isobutyl lactateFL/FR
 butyl octanoateFL/FR
2,3-heptane dioneFL/FR
3,4-hexane dioneFL/FR
2-oxobutyric acidFL/FR
 caramel pentadioneFL/FR
 cycloteneFL/FR
 cyclotene hydrateFL/FR
alpha,alpha-dimethyl anisyl acetoneFL/FR
 ethyl 2-hydroxy-2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
 ethyl cyclopentenoloneFL/FR
 ethyl maltolFL/FR
5-ethyl-2,3,4,5-tetramethyl-2-cyclohexen-1-oneFL/FR
 fenugreek absoluteFL/FR
 geranyl crotonateFR
 immortelle absoluteFL/FR
 levulinic acidFL/FR
 maltolFL/FR
 maltyl propionateFL/FR
 maple furanoneFL/FR
 menthone lactoneFL/FR
 mesitene lactoneFR
5-methyl furfuralFL/FR
 rosefuranFL/FR
 shoyu furanoneFL/FR
 strawberry furanoneFL/FR
 strawberry furanone acetateFL/FR
 toffee furanoneFL/FR
cheesy
 butyric acidFL/FR
2-methyl valeric acidFL/FR
cocoa
 cocoa butter fragranceFR
coconut
 coconut decanone methylFR
 coconut naphthalenoneFL/FR
delta-decalactoneFL/FR
delta-2-dodecenolactoneFL/FR
gamma-heptalactoneFL/FR
delta-nonalactoneFL/FR
gamma-nonalactone (aldehyde C-18 (so-called))FL/FR
gamma-octalactoneFL/FR
delta-undecalactoneFL/FR
corn chip
 popcorn pyrimidineFL/FR
coumarinic
epsilon-decalactoneFL/FR
 tonka bean resinoidFR
2,3-butane diolFR
gamma-butyrolactoneFL/FR
 creamy lactoneFL/FR
 cyclotene propionateFL/FR
3-heptyl dihydro-5-methyl-2(3H)-furanoneFL/FR
(Z)-gamma-jasmolactoneFR
delta-tridecalactoneFL/FR
para-vanillic acidFL/FR
para-vanillyl alcoholFL/FR
 waxy lactoneFL/FR
earthy
1-nonen-3-olFL/FR
ethereal
 ethyl 4-pentenoateFL/FR
 ethyl pyruvateFL/FR
isovaleraldehyde propylene glycol acetalFL/FR
fatty
 butter estersFL/FR
 butyl undecylenateFL/FR
(Z)-dairy lactoneFL/FR
7-decen-4-olideFL/FR
 ethyl undecylenateFL/FR
delta-juniper lactoneFL/FR
4-methyl octanoic acidFL/FR
fermented
 butyl laevo-lactateFL/FR
 ethyl (E)-2-crotonateFL/FR
floral
para-anisyl butyrateFL/FR
 benzyl lactateFL/FR
 jasmin absolute italy (from concrete)FL/FR
 jasmin absolute replacerFR
 jasmin pyranoneFL/FR
 linalyl butyrateFL/FR
para-methyl acetophenoneFL/FR
fruity
 acetoin acetateFL/FR
1-acetoxyacetoneFL/FR
bitter almond oilFL/FR
isoamyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
 amyl isobutyrateFL/FR
(S)-delta-decalactoneFL/FR
gamma-decalactoneFL/FR
 ethyl lactateFL/FR
(E)-ethyl tiglateFL/FR
 farnesyl acetoneFL/FR
 maltyl acetateFL/FR
 methyl (Z)-5-octenoateFL/FR
2-methyl butyl butyrateFL/FR
 neryl propionateFL/FR
2-nonanoneFL/FR
 octyl butyrateFL/FR
 prenyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 propylene glycol dibutyrate 
 sorbyl butyrateFL/FR
 strawberry furanone butyrateFL/FR
 tetrahydrofurfuryl acetateFL/FR
gamma-undecalactone (aldehyde C-14 (so-called))FL/FR
2-undecanoneFL/FR
green
isoamyl 3-(2-furan) propionateFL/FR
isobutyl benzyl carbinolFL/FR
 butyl lactateFL/FR
(Z)-4-hepten-1-olFL/FR
(Z)-4-heptenalFL/FR
(Z)-4-heptenal diethyl acetalFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl butyrateFL/FR
(E,Z)-2,6-nonadienalFL/FR
 butyl levulinateFL/FR
marine
 marine pyridineFR
mushroom
3-octen-2-olFL/FR
1-octen-3-yl butyrateFL/FR
musty
3-acetyl-2,5-dimethyl furanFL/FR
nutty
2-acetyl-3-methyl pyrazineFL/FR
2-acetyl-3,5(or 6)-dimethyl pyrazineFL/FR
2,3-dimethyl pyrazineFL/FR
2-ethyl pyrazineFL/FR
 filbert heptenoneFL/FR
(-)-(E,R)-filbertoneFL/FR
5-methyl quinoxalineFL/FR
 nutty cyclohexenoneFL/FR
oily
 butter acidsFL/FR
phenolic
4-methyl-2,6-dimethoxyphenolFL/FR
plastic
1-phenyl-1,2-propane dioneFL/FR
soapy
 ethyl undecanoateFL/FR
(E)-tiglic acidFL/FR
sweet
 vanilla oleoresin baliFL/FR
tonka
6-amyl-alpha-pyroneFL/FR
 mint lactoneFL/FR
 tonka bean absoluteFR
 whiskey lactoneFL/FR
tropical
delta-dodecalactoneFL/FR
 glyceryl 5-hydroxydecanoateFL/FR
 glyceryl 5-hydroxydodecanoateFL/FR
vanilla
ortho-dimethyl hydroquinoneFL/FR
 ethyl vanillinFL/FR
 ethyl vanillin isobutyrateFL/FR
 ethyl vanillin propylene glycol acetalFL/FR
 vanillinFL/FR
 vanillyl acetateFL/FR
 vanillyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 vanillylidene acetoneFL/FR
vegetable
 methionalFL/FR
 tetrahydrofurfuryl alcoholFL/FR
waxy
 allyl nonanoateFL/FR
isoamyl decanoateFL/FR
5(6)-decenoic acidFL/FR
 ethyl palmitateFL/FR
2-methyl heptanoic acidFL/FR
 methyl laurateFL/FR
2-nonanolFL/FR
(E)-2-octen-1-yl butyrateFL/FR
 octyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
 octyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 phenethyl octanoateFL/FR
delta-tetradecalactoneFL/FR
 undecanoic acidFL/FR
 
For Flavor
 
No flavor group found for these
1-acetoxyacetoneFL/FR
2-acetyl-3,4,5,6-tetrahydropyridineFL
 allyl 2-furoateFL
 allyl methyl trisulfideFL
 amyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 benzyl disulfideFL
 benzyl lactateFL/FR
 butter nut rum flavorFL
 butyl octanoateFL/FR
 cinnamyl benzoateFL/FR
 coconut naphthalenoneFL/FR
 cyclotene propionateFL/FR
(S)-delta-decalactoneFL/FR
7-decen-4-olideFL/FR
6-decenoic acidFL
2,5-diethyl tetrahydrofuranFL
alpha,alpha-dimethyl anisyl acetoneFL/FR
ortho-dimethyl hydroquinoneFL/FR
delta-2-dodecenolactoneFL/FR
 ethyl 2-hydroxy-2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
 ethyl 4-pentenoateFL/FR
 ethyl butyryl lactateFL
5-ethyl-2,3,4,5-tetramethyl-2-cyclohexen-1-oneFL/FR
 farnesyl acetoneFL/FR
 furfuryl acetoneFL
 menthone lactoneFL/FR
3-(methyl thio) hexanalFL
4,5-octane dioneFL
(E)-2-octen-1-yl butyrateFL/FR
 prenyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 propylene glycol dibutyrate 
 rosefuranFL/FR
 sodium 4-methyl-2-oxovalerateFL
isoamyl 3-(2-furan) propionateFL/FR
acidic
isobutyric acidFL/FR
 levulinic acidFL/FR
aldehydic
 acetyl nonyrylFL/FR
alliaceous
3-tetrahydrothiophenoneFL
amber
isobutyl benzyl carbinolFL/FR
anisic
para-anisyl butyrateFL/FR
balsamic
 vanillylidene acetoneFL/FR
berry
 maltyl acetateFL/FR
bitter
 glyceryl tributyrateFL
bready
 mango furanoneFL
brown
2-oxobutyric acidFL/FR
5-methyl furfuralFL/FR
 tetrahydrofurfuryl acetateFL/FR
(E)-tiglic acidFL/FR
burnt
 furfuryl alcoholFL
2-methyl quinoxalineFL
buttery
 acetoin propylene glycol acetalFL/FR
 bovolideFL
 butter cream frosting flavorFL
 butter enhancersFL
sweet butter flavorFL
creamy butter flavorFL
 butter flavorFL
 butter maple flavorFL
 butter nut vanilla flavorFL
 butter oil CO2 extractFL/FR
 butter pecan flavorFL
 butter praline flavorFL
 butter starter distillatesFL/FR
 butter toffee flavorFL
 butter vanilla nut flavorFL
isobutyl lactateFL/FR
 butyl laevo-lactateFL/FR
 butyroinFL
 diacetylFL
 ghee flavorFL
2,3-heptane dioneFL/FR
3,4-hexane dioneFL/FR
2-methyl valeric acidFL/FR
(E)-2-pentenoic acidFL
cabbage
 methyl 2-thiofuroateFL
caramellic
 butter rum toffee flavorFL
 caramel dioneFL
 caramel furanoneFL
 caramel pentadioneFL/FR
 cycloteneFL/FR
 cyclotene hydrateFL/FR
 ethyl maltolFL/FR
5-ethyl-3,4,5,6-tetramethyl cyclohexen-2-oneFL
 fenugreek absoluteFL/FR
 maltolFL/FR
 maltyl propionateFL/FR
 maple furanoneFL/FR
3-methyl butyl 2-furyl butyrateFL
1-phenyl-1,2-propane dioneFL/FR
 shoyu furanoneFL/FR
 strawberry furanoneFL/FR
 strawberry furanone acetateFL/FR
 toffee furanoneFL/FR
cheesy
2-nonanoneFL/FR
chocolate
 chocolate butter cream flavorFL
citrus
 butter lemon orange flavorFL
coconut
delta-decalactoneFL/FR
(R)-massoia lactoneFL
6-methyl coumarinFL
gamma-nonalactone (aldehyde C-18 (so-called))FL/FR
coffee
 coffee distillatesFL
2-thiophene thiolFL
corn chip
 popcorn pyrimidineFL/FR
creamy
 acetoinFL/FR
 acetoin butyrateFL
 acetyl ethyl carbinolFL
 acetyl isobutyrylFL/FR
6-amyl-alpha-pyroneFL/FR
 butter estersFL/FR
 butter fat enzyme modified with added butyric acidFL
 butyl butyryl lactateFL/FR
 creamy lactoneFL/FR
5(6)-decenoic acidFL/FR
5,5-dibutyl dihydrofuran-2(3H)-oneFL
 divanillinFL
delta-dodecalactoneFL/FR
 glyceryl 5-hydroxydecanoateFL/FR
 glyceryl 5-hydroxydodecanoateFL/FR
 jasmin pyranoneFL/FR
para-methyl acetophenoneFL/FR
 mint lactoneFL/FR
delta-nonalactoneFL/FR
 octyl isobutyrateFL/FR
delta-tridecalactoneFL/FR
delta-undecalactoneFL/FR
gamma-undecalactone (aldehyde C-14 (so-called))FL/FR
para-vanillic acidFL/FR
para-vanillyl alcoholFL/FR
 waxy lactoneFL/FR
dairy
 acetoin dimerFL/FR
 methyl (Z)-5-octenoateFL/FR
earthy
1-nonen-3-olFL/FR
fatty
 butter acidsFL/FR
(Z)-dairy lactoneFL/FR
 diacetyl trimerFL
 ethyl undecylenateFL/FR
delta-juniper lactoneFL/FR
4-methyl octanoic acidFL/FR
2,4-octadien-1-olFL
2,4-undecadienalFL
(E,E)-2,4-undecadienalFL
floral
 jasmin absolute italy (from concrete)FL/FR
 linalyl butyrateFL/FR
fruity
 acetoin acetateFL/FR
 acetyl isovalerylFL
bitter almond oilFL/FR
isoamyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
gamma-decalactoneFL/FR
 ethyl lactateFL/FR
(E)-ethyl tiglateFL/FR
 furfuryl valerateFL
3-heptyl dihydro-5-methyl-2(3H)-furanoneFL/FR
2-methyl butyl butyrateFL/FR
2-methyl butyric acidFL/FR
2-pentanoyl furanFL
 phenethyl octanoateFL/FR
 sorbyl butyrateFL/FR
 strawberry furanone butyrateFL/FR
isovaleraldehyde propylene glycol acetalFL/FR
green
 butyl lactateFL/FR
 heptanal 2,3-butane diol acetalFL
(Z)-4-hepten-1-olFL/FR
(Z)-4-heptenalFL/FR
(Z)-4-heptenal diethyl acetalFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl butyrateFL/FR
 immortelle absoluteFL/FR
 neryl propionateFL/FR
(E,Z)-2,6-nonadienalFL/FR
2,3-octane dioneFL
herbal
 butyl levulinateFL/FR
5-hydroxymethyl furfuralFL
jammy
 ethyl cyclopentenoloneFL/FR
lactonic
gamma-heptalactoneFL/FR
gamma-octalactoneFL/FR
metallic
2,5-dihydroxy-1,4-dithianeFL
milky
gamma-butyrolactoneFL/FR
mushroom
3-octen-2-olFL/FR
1-octen-3-yl butyrateFL/FR
musty
 ethyl (E)-2-crotonateFL/FR
nutty
2-acetyl furanFL/FR
3-acetyl-2,5-dimethyl furanFL/FR
2-acetyl-3-methyl pyrazineFL/FR
2-acetyl-3,5(or 6)-dimethyl pyrazineFL/FR
 butter pecan cake flavorFL
 coffee furanoneFL/FR
2,5-diethyl-3-methyl pyrazineFL
2,3-dimethyl pyrazineFL/FR
2-ethyl pyrazineFL/FR
 filbert heptenoneFL/FR
(-)-(E,R)-filbertoneFL/FR
5-methyl quinoxalineFL/FR
 nutty cyclohexenoneFL/FR
 peanut oxazoleFL
 tetrahydrofurfuryl alcoholFL/FR
phenolic
4-methyl-2,6-dimethoxyphenolFL/FR
powdery
 powdery ketoneFL
rummy
 ethyl pyruvateFL/FR
sour
 butyric acidFL/FR
2-methyl-2-pentenoic acidFL/FR
spicy
 benzylidene acetoneFL
spiced butter rum flavorFL
 cinnamon butter pecan flavorFL
 cinnamon nut butter rum flavorFL
sweet
 cyclohexyl acetic acidFL/FR
 honey distillatesFL
 vanilla butter nut flavorFL
 vanilla oleoresin baliFL/FR
toasted
 acetyl propionylFL/FR
tomato
 methionalFL/FR
vanilla
 ethyl vanillinFL/FR
 ethyl vanillin isobutyrateFL/FR
 ethyl vanillin propylene glycol acetalFL/FR
 vanillinFL/FR
 vanillyl acetateFL/FR
 vanillyl isobutyrateFL/FR
waxy
 allyl nonanoateFL/FR
isoamyl decanoateFL/FR
 butyl undecylenateFL/FR
epsilon-decalactoneFL/FR
 ethyl palmitateFL/FR
 ethyl undecanoateFL/FR
 furfuryl octanoateFL
2-methyl heptanoic acidFL/FR
 methyl laurateFL/FR
2-nonanolFL/FR
 octyl 2-furoateFL
 octyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
 octyl butyrateFL/FR
delta-tetradecalactoneFL/FR
 undecanoic acidFL/FR
2-undecanoneFL/FR
winey
5-ethyl-2-methyl pyridineFL
woody
 whiskey lactoneFL/FR
 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Uses:
 butterFR
 butterscotchFR
 caramelFL
 cheeseFL
 coffeeFR
 cotton candyFR
 custardFL
 floralFR
 pineappleFR
 vanillaFR
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 beer
Search  PMC Picture
 chicken roast chicken
Search  PMC Picture
 clam
Search  PMC Picture
 coffee
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 peach fruit
Search Trop  Picture
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Synonyms:
 acetyl butyryl
 acetyl butyryl natural
 acetyl-N-butyryl
 acetylbutyryl
 butyryl acetyl
2,3-hexane dione
 hexane-2,3-dione
2,3-hexanedione
 methyl propyl diketone
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Articles:
US Patents: 3,952,024 - Furfurylthioacetone
PubMed: NTP Research Report on Respiratory Tract Toxicity of the Flavoring Agent 2,3-Hexanedione in Mice Exposed by Inhalation: Research Report 10
US Patents: Certain 2,5-dimethyl-3-thiopyrazines
PubMed: Pheromone Chemistry of the Citrus Borer, Diploschema rotundicolle (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae)
PubMed: Chemical Reactivity and Respiratory Toxicity of the -Diketone Flavoring Agents: 2,3-Butanedione, 2,3-Pentanedione, and 2,3-Hexanedione
PubMed: Exposures and Emissions in Coffee Roasting Facilities and Cafs: Diacetyl, 2,3-Pentanedione, and Other Volatile Organic Compounds
PubMed: Models of toxicity of diacetyl and alternative diones
PubMed: Increased sensitivity of OSHA method analysis of diacetyl and 2,3-pentanedione in air
PubMed: Enantioselective Synthesis of Vicinal (R,R)-Diols by Saccharomyces cerevisiae Butanediol Dehydrogenase
PubMed: The Male-Produced Aggregation-Sex Pheromone of the Cerambycid Beetle Plagionotus detritus ssp. detritus
PubMed: Evaluation of the hypersensitivity potential of alternative butter flavorings
PubMed: Probing mechanisms of axonopathy. Part II: Protein targets of 2,5-hexanedione, the neurotoxic metabolite of the aliphatic solvent n-hexane
PubMed: The Role of Minor Pheromone Components in Segregating 14 Species of Longhorned Beetles (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) of the Subfamily Cerambycinae
PubMed: Identification and measurement of diacetyl substitutes in dry bakery mix production
PubMed: Synthesis, characterization, powder X-ray diffraction analysis, thermal stability, antioxidant properties and enzyme inhibitions of M(II)-Schiff base ligand complexes
PubMed: Apoptotic and necrotic effects of hexanedione derivatives on the human neuroblastoma line SK-N-SH
PubMed: Potent inhibition of human carbonyl reductase 1 (CBR1) by the prenylated chalconoid xanthohumol and its related prenylflavonoids isoxanthohumol and 8-prenylnaringenin
PubMed: Formaldehyde, glyoxal, urethane, methyl carbamate, 2,3-butanedione, 2,3-hexanedione, ethyl acrylate, dibromoacetonitrile and 2-hydroxypropionitrile induce chromosome loss in Saccharomyces cerevis
PubMed: Physiological and oral parameters contribute prediction of retronasal aroma release in an elderly cohort
PubMed: Occupational exposures of flour dust and airborne chemicals at bakeries in Taiwan
PubMed: Design, synthesis and biological evaluation of benzo[e][1,2,4]triazin-7(1H)-one and [1,2,4]-triazino[5,6,1-jk]carbazol-6-one derivatives as dual inhibitors of beta-amyloid aggregation and acetyl/
PubMed: Inhibition of the reconstituted mitochondrial oxoglutarate carrier by arginine-specific reagents
PubMed: A comparison of the apoptotic and cytotoxic effects of hexanedione derivatives on human non-neuronal lines and the neuroblastoma line SH-SY5Y
PubMed: A multi-technique analytical approach for impurity profiling during synthesis: The case of difluprednate
PubMed: Evaluation of four -diketones for toll-like receptor-4 (TLR-4) activation in a human transfected cell line
PubMed: Characterization of a newly isolated strain Comamonas sp. ZF-3 involved in typical organics degradation in coking wastewater
PubMed: (R)-3-hydroxyhexan-2-one is a major pheromone component of Anelaphus inflaticollis (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae)
PubMed: Application of gas-diffusion microextraction to solid samples using the chromatographic determination of -diketones in bread as a case study
PubMed: Carbonyl reductases from Daphnia are regulated by redox cycling compounds
PubMed: Sampling and Analytical Method for Alpha-Dicarbonyl Flavoring Compounds via Derivatization with o-Phenylenediamine and Analysis Using GC-NPD
PubMed: S-nitrosoglutathione covalently modifies cysteine residues of human carbonyl reductase 1 and affects its activity
PubMed: Airway injury in an in vitro human epithelium-fibroblast model of diacetyl vapor exposure: diacetyl-induced basal/suprabasal spongiosis
PubMed: Purification, characterization, and gene cloning of glycerol dehydrogenase from Hansenula ofunaensis, and its expression for production of optically active diol
PubMed: Molecular mechanism of hexane neuropathy: significant differences in pharmacokinetics between 2.3-, 2.4-, and 2.5-hexanedione
PubMed: Major differences exist in the function and tissue-specific expression of human aflatoxin B1 aldehyde reductase and the principal human aldo-keto reductase AKR1 family members
PubMed: Stereoselective oxidation of aliphatic diols and reduction of hydroxy-ketones with galactitol dehydrogenase from Rhodobacter sphaeroides D
PubMed: Adiponectin enhances the responsiveness of the olfactory system
PubMed: Rapid and sensitive determination of the intermediates of advanced glycation end products in the human nail by ultra-performance liquid chromatography with electrospray ionization time-of-flight
PubMed: Male-produced aggregation pheromone of the cerambycid beetle Neoclytus acuminatus acuminatus
PubMed: Synthesis and antimicrobial activity of 3-hydroxyimino-5-methyl-2-hexanone(HIMH) and its dioxime derivative
PubMed: Antimicrobial effect of Cu(II) complexes containing oxime ligands
PubMed: Multi-capillary column-ion mobility spectrometry of volatile metabolites emitted by Saccharomyces cerevisiae
PubMed: Key aroma compounds and metabolic profiling of Debaryomyces hansenii L1-1-fermented Flos Sophorae
PubMed: The kinetic method as a structural diagnostic tool: ionized alpha-diketones as loosely one-electron bonded diacylium ion dimers
PubMed: Mass, IR, electronic and EPR spectral studies on transition metal complexes with a new tetradentate 12-membered new macrocyclic ligand
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
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