acetyl propionyl
2,3-pentadione
 
Notes:
Flavour ingredient. Present in peach, wheat bread, yoghurt, cocoa, coffee, black tea, roasted barley, roasted filbert and other foodstuffs
  • ACS International
    • ACS International GmbH
      Creativity Beyond Chemistry
      Production • Distribution • Sourcing • Logistics • Consulting
      Our hybrid business model, combining manufacturing with sourcing and exclusive distribution agreements, results in a superior level of purchasing power that when added to our global warehouse network with locations near all major flavor and fragrance industry compounding centers around the globe, make A.C.S. International your one-stop sourcing partner.
      Email: Info
      US Email: Armin Schmidt
      Email: Nathalie Pinel
      US Email: Armin Schmidt
      Voice: +49 (0) 55 31 - 99 06-0
      Fax: +49 (0)5531 9906 199
      Operational Capabilities
      Product(s):
      44901 Pentanedione-2,3
       
  • Advanced Biotech
    • Advanced Biotech. Inc.
      Inspired by Nature
      A diverse range of products, all meeting our stringent commitment to quality.
      Advanced Biotech is a leading manufacturer and supplier of high-quality Natural flavoring ingredients & botanical extracts for the food/beverage, cosmetic and personal care industries. With over 25 years of experience working with Fermentation processing & botanical extracts, we can help develop new innovative and functional products for today’s competitive marketplace. Our company prides itself in the ability to cater to our customer’s specific needs while maintaining our focus on integrity, honesty and the commitment to high quality product standards. We proudly offer our quality Natural ingredients to companies around the world.
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      Product(s):
      1165 ACETYL PROPIONYL NATURAL 93% min. (mixed keto-enol)
      SDS
      2025 ACETYL PROPIONYL SYNTHETIC 93% min.
      SDS
       
  • Alfrebro
    • Alfrebro LLC/ Archer Daniels Midland Company
      Let's get reacquainted
      Building great taste with aroma chemicals, extracts, and distillates
      The Alfrebro brand was established in the early 1900s by Alex Fries & Brothers, a Cincinnati Flavor Company. In 1980, the brand was re-launched as an aroma chemical manufacturer. Since its inception, Alfrebro’s primary focus has been to provide quality natural and high value synthetic chemicals.
      Email: Sarah Forbis
      Email: Sales
      Voice: 513-539-3021
      Fax: 513-539-7372
      US Voice: 513-539-7373
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      Product(s):
      ACETYL PROPIONYL NATURAL
       
  • Augustus Oils
    • Augustus Oils Ltd
      The Premier Supplier
      Augustus Oils Ltd, in harmony with nature - to present it at its best...
      A wealth of experience, expertise and knowledge has allowed Augustus to bridge the gulf in expectation and trust between growers and users of natural ingredients. The Company works in partnership with customers on the one hand, and growers, farmers and distillers on the other. Both users and producers can then focus on exactly what they do best, while skilled Augustus technicians closely monitor and control the delivered product. This ensures users can have the confidence that they will receive the best raw materials suited to their requirements.
      Email: Enquiries
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      Voice: +44 (0)1420 590555
      Fax: +44 (0)1420 592420
      Services
      Product(s):
      Acetyl Propionyl
       
  • Beijing Lys Chemicals
    • Beijing Lys Chemicals Co, LTD.
      From Grams to Tons
      Fine chemical high-tech company which contains R&D, production, and sales.
      BEIJING LYS CHEMICALS CO, LTD, established in 2004, is a fine chemical high-tech company which contains R&D, production, and sales. We mainly engaged in export and technology development of flavor and fragrance materials and pharmaceutical intermediates. We have nearly 500 kinds of products, from grams to tons, exported to USA, Europe, South Asia and etc. And we custom manufacture new products according to customers’ needs, and serve good quality products and service. Our goal is to become a fine chemical enterprise which could provide special products and services.
      Email: Mr. Jia
      Email: Mr. Guo
      Voice: 86-10-68418738
      Fax: 86-10-68418739
      Mr. Guo86-10-68483445
      Mr. Guo86-10-68418739
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      Product(s):
      10039 2,3-Pentanedione
      20044 Natural Acetyl propionyl
       
  • Berjé
    • Berje Inc.
      Where the world comes to its senses
      Where the world comes to its senses - Berjé is a global distributor of Essential Oils and Aromatic Chemicals.
      Berjé is a family-owned business that has been in operation for six decades. The company's origins and strength lie in a profound understanding of the supply and the quality of the diverse raw materials consumed by the flavor and fragrance industries. This base was expanded upon more than two decades ago to include fragrance production. The company's unparalleled raw material expertise is focused on the supply of essential oils and aromatic chemicals. This is supported by our long-standing relationships with a worldwide fabric of producers ensuring the greatest prospects for uninterrupted supply in markets that are often volatile and unpredictable.
      Email: For Information
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      Voice: 973-748-8980
      Fax: 973-680-9618
      Flavor Ingredients
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      Functional Ingredients
      Happening at Berje
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      Product(s):
      Acetyl Propionyl Natural
       
  • BOC Sciences
    • BOC Sciences
      Best of Chemicals Supplier
      Quality supplier of research chemicals and biochemicals including inhibitors, building blocks, GMP Products, impurities and metabolites, APIs for Veterinary, Natural Compounds, ADCs, Stem Cell Molecule and chiral compounds.
      BOC Sciences provides a wide range of services to support the pharmaceutical industry through all stages of drug discovery including Custom Synthesis of those chemicals that are not in stock, Isotope Labeling Service, Chiral Synthesis and Resolution, Bioconjugation, PEGylation services, analytical services.
      BOC Sciences is a brand of BOCSCI Inc. We leverage our wide spectrum of business in the fields of development, manufacturing, marketing, and distribution to help you make best-informed decisions tailored to your evolving needs for premium chemicals. Our complete suite of CRO services spans the entire molecule development pipeline including contract research for target identification, building blocks, compound synthesis, biochemical and cellular analysis, preclinical animal tests, and clinical studies.
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      US Email: Sales
      Voice: 1-631-485-4226
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      Product(s):
      600-14-6 2,3-Pentanedione
       
  • Charkit Chemical
    • Charkit Chemical Corporation
      The Specialty Chemical Specialists
      Explore this website to discover the products and services that Charkit provides for your industry and please contact us directly to find out how we can be of service to you.
      about: Since 1982, Charkit has been committed to expanding the markets we serve as our roster of products and services continues to grow with us. Our substantial portfolio of personal care ingredients now include a wide array of luxury and exotic components to compliment the key products we have always offered. We have expanded our offerings to the nutraceutical, industrial, and resin markets with a growing roster of versatile and unique ingredients. We continue to lead the way in our traditional markets such as Metal and Water Treatment, Imaging, Flavor & Fragrance, Aroma and Food. Our Pharmaceutical offerings continue to expand, still anchored by the Boronic Derivatives that meet the demands of Suzuki coupling reactions. Please contact us to learn how we can help you reach your goals.
      Email: Sales
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      Product(s):
      PENTANEDIONE, 2,3- P0050 FEMA 2841
       
  • CJ Latta & Associates
    • CJ Latta & Associates, LLC
      Extensive Line
      Aromatic Chemicals and Organic Acids.
      CJ Latta & Associates is a distributor of specialty aromatics and organic acids used in the formulation of flavors and fragrance manufactured worldwide. We pride ourselves on our reputation for, fair pricing, quality and reliability. We’ve built our business on successfully sourcing and developing many challenging specialty chemicals and fine ingredients for our clients.
      Email: Info
      US Email: Chip Latta
      Email: Sales
      US Email: Chip Latta
      Voice: (630) 240-8079
      Product(s):
      ACETYL PROPIONYL
       
  • DeLong Chemicals America
    • DeLong Chemicals America
      Custom Manufacturing
      Supplier of aroma chemicals, pharmaceutical and specialty chemical intermediates.
      DeLong Chemicals America, LLC is an extension of Shijiazhuang Lida Chemical Co, Ltd to North America, a leading supplier and manufacturer of aroma chemicals, serving the industries of food, tobacco and perfume, while also providing intermediates, custom synthesis and custom manufacturing for pharmaceutical and specialty chemical industries.
      US Email: Customer Service
      US Email: Sales
      US Voice: (203) 271-9017
      New products
      Product(s):
      9915 2,3-Pentanedione
       
  • Elan Inc.
    • Elan Inc.
      Legacy of Innovation
      Highest quality natural and synthetic products.
      Elan Inc. is a privately held business that has been in operation for over 30 years. Our offices and production facility are located in Newark, NJ. We are dedicated to producing the highest quality natural and synthetic products available in the flavor and fragrance industry.
      US Email: Mr. David Pimentel
      US Email: Ms. Isabel Couto
      Email: Elan (Shanghai) Fine Chemical
      Email: Elan do Brazil
      US Voice: (973) 344-8014
      US Fax: (973) 344 -5880
      Voice: +86 021 57448053 (Elan Shanghai)
      Fax: +86 021 57448054 (Elan Shanghai)
      Elan do Brazil:55 13 3261 6084
      Elan do Brazil Fax:55 13 3261 3726
      Custom Solutions
      Product(s):
      ACETYL PROPIONYL Kosher
      SDS
       
  • FCI SAS
    • FCI SAS
      Inspired by Nature
      At FCI customer service is not a department it’s an attitude.
      Our team is composed of motivated professionals with great experience in the flavours and fragrances market. Our company has been serving this industry for more than 40 years and is ISO 9001 certified since 2009 . Whatever your question on flavour and fragrance ingredients: commercial, technical or regulatory – we will answer it very quickly.
      Email: Info
      Email: Philippe Faucher
      US Email: USA Sales
      Email: Germany Sales
      Email: Italy Sales
      Email: Japan Sales
      Voice: +33 (0)1 34 25 58 10
      Fax: + 33 1 34 25 58 18
      About Us
      Product(s):
      30001 ACETYL PROPIONYL NATURAL EU
       
  • Fleurchem
    • Fleurchem, Inc.
      Have A Flavorful Day
      A leading global manufacturer and supplier of ingredients for Flavors, Fragrances, AromaTherapy, Foods, Beverages, Personal Care Products, and other uses.
      Operating out of the 200,000 sq. ft., former Hercules/PFW facility in Middletown, NY; Fleurchem produces a full range of natural isolates, synthetic chemicals & specialities, essential oils and flavors. Additionally, the company performs toll manufacturing, as well as custom chemical synthesis for a wide range of clients.
      Email: Information
      US Voice: 845-341-2100
      US Fax: 845-341-2121
      Product(s):
      acetyl propionyl natural
       
  • H. Interdonati, Inc.
    • H. Interdonati, Inc.
      Innovative products
      Because your flavors and fragrances are only as good as their source "Since 1952"
      H. Interdonati, Inc. began in 1952 with the tradition of delivering quality pharmaceuticals and fine chemical ingredients at competitive prices. The mission was simple: To provide the most reliable, personal service in the industry.
      Email: Info
      US Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      US Email: Laura Interdonati (Sales)
      Voice: 800 367-6617
      Fax: 631 367-6626
      Featured Products
      Product(s):
      Acetylpropionyl Natural, Kosher
       
  • Frutarom
    • FRUTAROM USA INC,
      Flavor & Specialty Ingredients
      Your preferred partner for flavour and fragrance success.
      Our broad and diverse product portfolio is designed to provide and cater for every flavor and taste profile required by our customer base and incorporates historic, and iconic, market leading products.
      Email: Info
      US Email: Info- USA
      Email: Sales
      Voice: +44 (0) 1429 863 222
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      Product(s):
      441P0050 2,3-PENTANEDIONE 98 KOSHER
       
  • Natural Advantage
  • O'Laughlin Industries
    • O'Laughlin Industries Inc.
      Manufacturer of chemicals and ingredients used in flavors, fragrances, food, beverages and cosmetics
      Leading the Flavor and Fragrance Industry since 1980.
      O'Laughlin was established in 1980 by its owner and chief executive Michael O'Laughlin, when he moved to Beijing, China and established a small office. Since then it has grown to be a world class producer of chemicals, with significant production facilities in China, and distribution and sales in all major world markets.
      Email: Sales
      US Email: John Gick
      Voice: (852) 2527-1031
      Fax: (852) 2529-0231
      US Voice: (973) 376-4600
      US Fax: (973) 376-4630
      Product(s):
      772-2044 2,3-PENTANEDIONE
      771-2071 ACETYL PROPRIONYL NATURAL
       
  • OQEMA
    • OQEMA
      With a focus on providing the highest level of service
      OQEMA has established itself at the forefront of the global chemical industry.
      The guiding principles of OQEMA have always been to establish long term relationships with customers and suppliers alike to build sustainable and profitable business for all parties. Through OQEMA’s business divisions the company tailors products and services to better support and service our customers requirements. This structure also allows the company to focus its marketing campaigns more effectively to certain industries. Over the last decade OQEMA has achieved strong growth as a result of the expansion of our business model. Going forward, the company will be expanding this business model into existing and new strategic territories.
      Email: Contact Us:
      US Email: Dean Matienzo
      Email: Sales
      US Email: Dean Matienzo - Sales Manager
      Voice: +44 1993 843081
      Fax: +44 1993 841261
      US Voice: +1 973 886 3778
      US Fax: +1 973 346 1106
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      Global Distribution
      Product(s):
      Acetyl Propionyl natural
       
  • Riverside Aromatics
    • Riverside Aromatics Ltd.
      Speciality Aroma Chemicals, Naturals and Synthetics
      A specialist supplier of raw materials to the flavour industry.
      Peter Cannon & David Rowe established Riverside Aromatics in 2006 in Poole, UK, to offer a new type of specialist raw material supplier to the Flavour & Fragrance Industry. We bring together over 40 years of commercial & technical experience in the F&F industry which allows us to understand the needs of the Global F&F business and especially that of the West European Market.
      Email: Info
      Email: Peter Cannon (sales)
      Voice: +44 (0) 1202 679532
      Fax: +44 (0) 1202 679532
      Products List: View
      Product(s):
      NP0500 2,3-PENTANEDIONE NATURAL
       
  • Robertet
    • Robertet, Inc.
      HOME OF NATURE, SEED TO SCENT
      HOME OF NATURE – natural ingredients from the source.
      Robertet is a leader in the production of natural ingredients with facilities in France, Bulgaria, Turkey, South Africa, India, China, New Caledonia,… Founded in 1850, Robertet remains a family owned business (5th Generation) and one of the largest producers of aromatic extracts. Brand acquisitions include: Charabot, Sapad, Hitex.
      US Email: Customer service
      US Email: Arnaud Adrian
      Email: Flavor:
      Email: Fragrance:
      Voice: 33 4 93 40 33 66
      Fax: 33 4 93 70 68 09
      US Voice: +1.201.337.7100
      +1 212 710 4600Robertet New York Creative Center
      +1 212 245 4092Robertet New York Creative Center
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      Product(s):
      100399 Acetyl propionyl naturel
       
  • Sigma-Aldrich
  • Sunaux International
    • Sunaux International
      Buy With Confidence
      We have industry leading processes and procedures to ensure nothing but the most reliable product.
      Sunaux International was founded in 2012 by the owner Mr.John Felton after spending 18 years involved in developing global business in the aromatic chemicals, fragrance and flavour compounds business.
      Email: John Felton
      Email: Stephen Zhou (Sales)
      Voice: 0512-57995626
      Fax: 0512-57570299
      Sales0512-57995626
      Sales0512-57570299
      News
      Product(s):
      H0187 2,3-Pentanedione
       
  • Synerzine
    • Synerzine, Inc.
      Innovation. Customization. Aroma Ingredients.
      Synerzine is a leading supplier of flavor and fragrance ingredients.
      Synerzine expresses what we have grown to embody as an organization - the synergy and connection between raw ingredients, science, technology, and the final product. Our experienced team is passionate about bringing our customers high-quality innovative ingredients that they can trust.
      Building upon our 44 year history, the Synerzine team provides customers around the globe with convenient access to over 1200 high-quality aroma ingredients. We actively engage with customers to add a wide array of new products and services on a regular basis. Our aim is to delight every customer with our exceptional services, large product selection, customization and the highest quality and safety standards. We provide our customers with true value designed to help them bring their products to market faster.
      US Email: Customer Service
      US Email: Sales
      US Voice: (404) 524-6744
      US Fax: (404) 577-1651
      Inquiry
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      Product(s):
      W01293 acetyl propionyl (synthetic)
      W01293N acetyl propionyl (natural)
       
  • Taytonn
    • TAYTONN PTE LTD
      Supplying Asia Pacific
      We fully understand the demands of the F&F industry and we endeavour to supply quality products, with ready availability and a personalised service.
      Since 2001 TAYTONN has been distributing key ingredients to the Fragrance and Flavor industry in Asia. We work closely with customers, principals and vendors. Together we forecast demand and match it with supply of aroma chemicals, essential oils and natural isolates & extracts. Sourced from around the world, our F&F ingredient inventory in Singapore is ready to ship to any location in Asia and beyond. Time and again, we help our principals introduce new discoveries to the F&F market - stimulating creativity and bringing value added proposition to our customers.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      Voice: + 65 - 6861 8113
      Fax: + 65 - 6861 8115
      Product(s):
      2,3-Pentanedione
       
  • TCI AMERICA
    • TCI AMERICA
      Moving Your Chemistry Forward
      We continuously strive to advance our technology.
      With East & West Coast distribution centers, count on TCI to deliver products quickly and reliably. Over 30,000 Reagents available today in benchtop to bulk quantities. We also offer custom synthesis solutions. Sign up for a TCI account today for fast and free shipping!
      Tokyo Chemical Industry Co., Ltd. (TCI) is a leading worldwide manufacturer of specialty organic chemicals founded in 1946. TCI provides organic laboratory chemicals as well as pharmaceutical, cosmetic and functional materials. More than 70 years of synthesis experience and multi-purpose plants enable TCI to offer more than 30,000 products as well as custom synthesis.
      US Email: Sales
      Email: Technical Support
      Voice: 1-800-423-8616
      Fax: 1- 888-520-1075
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      Product(s):
      P0051 2,3-Pentanedione >97.0%(GC)
       
  • The Lermond Company
    • The Lermond Company
      Your Sourcing Resource
      The Lermond family has been sourcing raw materials for the flavor and fragrance industry for nearly 7 decades.
      The Lermond Company is a women-owned distributor of raw materials primarily servicing the flavor and fragrance industry. For three generations, members of the Lermond family have been integral sourcing partners for the North American flavor and fragrance industry. We supply high quality essential oils, aroma chemicals, absolutes, concretes, resinoids and floral waters from around the world to the global industry.
      Email: Info
      Email: Tara
      Email: Erica
      Voice: 201-896-3300
      Fax: 201-623-2910
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      Product(s):
      10130 ACETYL PROPIONYL
       
  • Tianjin Danjun International
    • Tianjin Danjun International Trade Co., LTD.
      Quality Products
      We know the Chinese chemical market well.
      Tianjin danjun international trade co., LTD. is an organic chemicals trading company approved by the relevant state authorities to register. We have about 300 kinds of products (natural aroma chemicals, synthetic aroma chemicals and pharmaceutical intermediates). Most of the products are used in flavor and fragrance industry. We know the Chinese chemical market well and we have close relationship with many of the main manufacturers, and to provide our customers with quality goods together with comprehensive service.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      Voice: +86-15822601686
      Products List: View
      Product(s):
      A-004 2,3-Pentanedione
       
  • R C Treatt & Co Ltd
    • R C Treatt and Co Ltd
      Innovative ingredient solutions
      World-leading innovative ingredient solutions provider for the flavour, fragrance and FMCG industries.
      We offer innovative and trend-setting product concepts for our customers, collaborating with them to create true value for their products.
      Email: Enquiries
      US Email: Enquiries
      Voice: +44 (0) 1284 702500
      Fax: +44 (0) 1284 703809
      US Voice: +1 863 668 9500
      US Fax: +1 863 668 3388
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      Product(s):
      Acetyl Propionyl
       
  • United International
    • Qingdao Free Trade Zone United International Co Ltd
      Quality Products
      A partner in your supply chain solution.
      Qingdao Free Trade Zone United International Trade Co., Ltd.was founded in 1996, specializing in the production and import and export of food additives,flavor raw materials and pharmaceutical and chemical raw materials. The company has experienced R&D and business personnel,product quality, low price, efficient service and fast insight and grasp the latest market information.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      Voice: +86-532-83893699
      Fax: +86-532-83893695
      Product(s):
      8012 2,3-Pentanedione
       
  • Ernesto Ventós
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search
Fragrance Demo Formulas    Flavor Demo Formulas
CAS Number: 600-14-6Picture of molecule3D/inchi
Other(deleted CASRN): 1341-45-3
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg: 209-984-8
FDA UNII: K4WBE45SCM
Nikkaji Web: J69.485A
Beilstein Number: 1699638
MDL: MFCD00009313
CoE Number: 2039
XlogP3-AA: 0.10 (est)
Molecular Weight: 100.11716000
Formula: C5 H8 O2
BioActivity Summary: listing
NMR Predictor: Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
EFSA/JECFA Comments: At least 93%; secondary component 2-3% 2,5-diethylcyclohexadien-1,4-dione (dimer of 2,3-pentadione). (JECFA)
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar: Search
Google Books: Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist: Search
Google Patents: Search
US Patents: Search
EU Patents: Search
Pubchem Patents: Search
PubMed: Search
NCBI: Search
JECFA Food Flavoring: 410  2,3-pentadione
DG SANTE Food Flavourings: 07.060  pentane-2,3-dione
FEMA Number: 2841 2,3-pentadione
FDA:No longer provide for the use of these seven synthetic flavoring substances
FDA Mainterm (SATF):600-14-6 ; 2,3-PENTANEDIONE
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.515 Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants.
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Physical Properties:
Appearance: yellow to yellow green clear liquid (est)
Assay: 96.00 to 100.00 % 
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: Yes
Melting Point: -52.00 to  -51.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 108.00 to  112.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Vapor Pressure: 20.000000 mmHg @ 20.00 °C.
Vapor Density: 3.4 ( Air = 1 )
Flash Point: 66.00 °F. TCC ( 18.89 °C. )
logP (o/w): -0.850
Shelf Life: 24.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Storage: store in cool, dry place in tightly sealed containers, protected from heat and light.
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 fixed oils
 propylene glycol
 water, 66700 mg/L @ 15 °C (exp)
Insoluble in:
 water
 glycerin
Similar Items: note
pentane-2,4-dione
1,5-pentane dione
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Organoleptic Properties:
 
Odor Type: buttery
 
Odor Strength: high ,
recommend smelling in a 1.00 % solution or less
 
Substantivity: 12 hour(s) at 100.00 %
 
 pungent  sweet  buttery  creamy  caramellic  nutty  cheesy  
Odor Description:
at 1.00 % in dipropylene glycol. 
pungent sweet butter creamy caramel nutty cheese
Luebke, William tgsc, (1987)
 
 buttery  nutty  toasted  caramellic  buttery  
Odor Description:
Buttery, nutty, toasted, caramellic, diacetyl and acetoin notes
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 22, No. 1, 57, (1997)
 
 
Flavor Type: toasted
 
 toasted  buttery  caramellic  marshmallow  molasses  
Taste Description:
at 5.00 ppm.  
Toasted, buttery and caramellic with marshmallow and molasses nuances
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 22, No. 1, 57, (1997)
 
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
 
Sigma-Aldrich
2,3-Pentanedione, ≥96%, FCC, FG
Odor Description: almond; butter; caramel; cheese; chocolate; creamy; nutty; fruity; sweet; coffee
Taste Description: creamy sweet butter brown fruity
 
Symrise
Pentandione-2,3
Taste Description: sweet, buttery, creamy, milky, toffee, with a fruity nuance
Useful in: brown caramel, brown nuts, brown coffee, brown others, dairy, savory meat, fruity red, fruity yellow, sweet others, alcoholics.
 
Nagar Haveli Perfumes & Aromatics
Acetyl Propionyl Natural
Odor Description: Buttery, nutty, toasted, caramellic, diacetyl and acetoin notes
 
 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: perfuming agents
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Suppliers:
ACS International
Pentanedione-2,3
Odor: butter toasted caramelic molasses
Operational Capabilities
Advanced Biotech
ACETYL PROPIONYL NATURAL
93% min. (mixed keto-enol)
Odor: Sweet, buttery
Advanced Biotech
ACETYL PROPIONYL SYNTHETIC
93% min.
Odor: Sweet, buttery
Alfrebro
ACETYL PROPIONYL NATURAL
Odor: Penetrating, Buttery
Ambles Nature et Chimie
2.3-PENTANEDIONE
Anhui Haibei
Acetyl Propionyl
Apple Flavor & Fragrance
2,3-Pentadione
Artiste
Acetyl Propionyl Natural
Augustus Oils
Acetyl Propionyl
Services
Aurochemicals
ACETYL PROPIONYL, Natural
Beijing Lys Chemicals
2,3-Pentanedione
Beijing Lys Chemicals
Natural Acetyl propionyl
Berjé
Acetyl Propionyl Natural
Happening at Berje
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
2,3-Pentanedione
Carbosynth
For experimental / research use only.
2,3-Pentanedione
Charkit Chemical
PENTANEDIONE, 2,3- P0050 FEMA 2841
CJ Latta & Associates
ACETYL PROPIONYL
DeLong Chemicals America
2,3-Pentanedione
Diffusions Aromatiques
2-3 PENTANEDIONE
Elan Inc.
ACETYL PROPIONYL
Kosher
EMD Millipore
For experimental / research use only.
2,3-Pentanedione
Ernesto Ventós
2,3-PENTANEDIONE NATURAL
Odor: BUTTER, CHEESE, PUNGENT
Ernesto Ventós
2,3-PENTANEDIONE
Odor: BUTTER, CHEESE, PUNGENT
FCI SAS
ACETYL PROPIONYL NATURAL EU
Flavor: Butter
Fleurchem
acetyl propionyl natural
Frutarom
2,3-PENTANEDIONE 98
KOSHER
Flavor: Buttery, Cheesy, Nutty
H. Interdonati, Inc.
Acetylpropionyl Natural, Kosher
Featured Products
IFF
2,3-PENTANEDIONE 98
KOSHER
Flavor: Buttery, Cheesy, Nutty
Indukern F&F
ACETYL PROPIONYL NATURAL
Odor: BUTTER, CHEESE, OILY
Indukern F&F
ACETYL PROPIONYL
Odor: BUTTER, CHEESE, OILY
Jiangyin Healthway
Acetyl Propionyl Natural99%
New functional food ingredients
Jinan Enlighten Chemical Technology(Wutong Aroma )
2,3-Pentanedione, Kosherk
K.L. Koh Enterprise
ACETYL PROPIONYL
Kingchem Laboratories
ACETYL PROPIONYL NATURAL
Kingchem Laboratories
ACETYL PROPIONYL SYNTH
Lluch Essence
ACETYL PROPIONYL NATURAL
Lluch Essence
ACETYL PROPIONYL
M&U International
2,3-PENTANEDIONE, Kosher
M&U International
NAT. 2,3-PENTANEDIONE
Moellhausen
2,3-PENTANEDIONE
Nagar Haveli Perfumes & Aromatics
Acetyl Propionyl
Odor: Buttery, nutty, toasted, caramellic, diacetyl and acetoin notes
Nagar Haveli Perfumes & Aromatics
Acetyl Propionyl
Natural
Odor: Buttery, nutty, toasted, caramellic, diacetyl and acetoin notes
Natural Advantage
Acetyl Propionyl Nat
Flavor: buttery, creamy, fatty, oily
Riverside Aromatics LTD.is the exclusive distributor for Europe in UK for any non-US based inquiries
O'Laughlin Industries
2,3-PENTANEDIONE
O'Laughlin Industries
ACETYL PROPRIONYL NATURAL
OQEMA
Acetyl Propionyl natural
Pearlchem Corporation
Acetyl Propionyl
Phoenix Aromas & Essential Oils
Acetyl Proprionyl Natural
R C Treatt & Co Ltd
Acetyl Propionyl
Reincke & Fichtner
Acetyl Propionyl natural
Reincke & Fichtner
Acetyl Propionyl
Riverside Aromatics
2,3-PENTANEDIONE NATURAL
Robertet
Acetyl propionyl naturel
Santa Cruz Biotechnology
For experimental / research use only.
2,3-Pentanedione ≥96%
Sigma-Aldrich
2,3-Pentanedione, ≥96%, FCC, FG
Odor: almond; butter; caramel; cheese; chocolate; creamy; nutty; fruity; sweet; coffee
Certified Food Grade Products
Sigma-Aldrich
2,3-Pentanedione, natural, ≥96%, FG
Odor: almond; butter; caramel; cheese; chocolate; creamy; nutty; fruity; sweet; coffee
Sunaux International
2,3-Pentanedione
Synerzine
acetyl propionyl (natural)
Synerzine
acetyl propionyl (synthetic)
Taytonn
2,3-Pentanedione
Odor: Buttery, Caramellic/ Caramel, Sweet
TCI AMERICA
For experimental / research use only.
2,3-Pentanedione >97.0%(GC)
The Lermond Company
ACETYL PROPIONYL
Tianjin Danjun International
2,3-Pentanedione
United International
2,3-Pentanedione
Vigon International
Acetyl Propionyl FCC (2,3-Pentanedione)
Odor: POWERFUL, PENETRATING ODOR (BUTTERY CHARACTER ON DILUTION)
Vigon International
Acetyl Propionyl FCC Pure
Vigon International
Acetyl Propionyl Natural FCC (2,3-Pentanedione)
Odor: Pungent sweet butter creamy caramel nutty cheese
WholeChem
Acetyl Propionyl, Natural
WholeChem
Acetyl Propionyl
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xi - Irritant
R 11 - Highly flammable.
R 36/37/38 - Irritating to eyes, respiratory system, and skin.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 16 - Keep away from sources of ignition - No Smoking.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 36/37/39 - Wear suitable clothing, gloves and eye/face protection.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Human Experience:
4 % solution: no irritation or sensitization.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50  3000 mg/kg
(Moreno, 1977d)

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-rabbit LD50 > 2500 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 17, Pg. 699, 1979.

Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
IFRA Code of Practice Notification of the 49th Amendment to the IFRA Code of Practice
Recommendation for acetyl propionyl usage levels up to:
  0.0800 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 130.00 (μg/capita/day)
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3. Update in publication number(s): 29
Click here to view publication 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: 5.0000011.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): 1.000002.00000
beverages(alcoholic): 3.0000010.00000
breakfast cereal: 12.0000012.00000
cheese: --
chewing gum: 0.040000.04000
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: 0.300000.30000
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: 4.0000010.00000
fruit ices: --
gelatins / puddings: 4.000008.00000
granulated sugar: --
gravies: 0.200000.40000
hard candy: 40.0000058.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: 4.000006.00000
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: 4.0000011.00000
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: 0.300000.60000
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety References:
European Food Safety Athority(EFSA): Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):
Opinion of the Scientific Panel on food additives, flavourings, processing aids and materials in contact with food (AFC) related to Flavouring Group Evaluation 11 (FGE.11): Aliphatic dialcohols, diketones, and hydroxyketones from chemical group 10 (Commission Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000 of 18 July 2000)
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 11, Revision 1 (FGE.11Rev1) - Aliphatic dialcohols, diketones, and hydroxyketones from chemical group 10 - Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in contact with Food (AFC)
View page or View pdf
Safety and efficacy of secondary aliphatic saturated or unsaturated alcohols, ketones, ketals and esters with a second secondary or tertiary oxygenated functional group belonging to chemical group 10 when used as flavourings for all animal species
View page or View pdf
EPI System: View
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System: Search
AIDS Citations: Search
Cancer Citations: Search
Toxicology Citations: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 600-14-6
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary : 11747
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
WISER: UN 1224
WGK Germany: 1
 pentane-2,3-dione
Chemidplus: 0000600146
RTECS: SA1850000 for cas# 600-14-6
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
References:
 pentane-2,3-dione
NIST Chemistry WebBook: Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 600-14-6
Pubchem (cid): 11747
Pubchem (sid): 134976376
Flavornet: 600-14-6
Pherobase: View
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Other Information:
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2011 (pdf)
Videos: The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc: Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC): Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Substances Added to Food (formerly EAFUS): View
CHEBI: View
CHEMBL: View
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database): HMDB31598
FooDB: FDB008229
YMDB (Yeast Metabolome Database): YMDB01434
Export Tariff Code: 2914.19.0000
Typical G.C.
VCF-Online: VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider: View
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Blenders and core components note
 
For Odor
No odor group found for these
 butter starter distillatesFL/FR
acidic
isobutyric acidFL/FR
2-methyl butyric acidFL/FR
aldehydic
 acetyl nonyrylFL/FR
animal
 costus valerolactoneFR
anisic
para-anisaldehydeFL/FR
balsamic
2-acetyl furanFL/FR
siam benzoin resinoidFL/FR
 benzyl cinnamateFL/FR
 cinnamyl benzoateFL/FR
 ethyl cinnamateFL/FR
 methyl cinnamateFL/FR
3-phenyl propyl alcoholFL/FR
berry
 raspberry ketoneFL/FR
bready
 coffee furanoneFL/FR
buttery
 acetoinFL/FR
 acetoin dimerFL/FR
 acetoin propylene glycol acetalFL/FR
 acetyl butyrylFL/FR
 acetyl isobutyrylFL/FR
 apple butter fragranceFR
 butter fragranceFR
 butter oil CO2 extractFL/FR
 butyl butyryl lactateFL/FR
isobutyl lactateFL/FR
 butyl octanoateFL/FR
2,3-heptane dioneFL/FR
3,4-hexane dioneFL/FR
caramellic
2-oxobutyric acidFL/FR
 cycloteneFL/FR
alpha,alpha-dimethyl anisyl acetoneFL/FR
 ethyl maltolFL/FR
 levulinic acidFL/FR
 maltolFL/FR
 strawberry furanoneFL/FR
 strawberry furanone acetateFL/FR
cheesy
 butyric acidFL/FR
2-methyl valeric acidFL/FR
chocolate
isoamyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
citrus
 bergamot oilFL/FR
blood orange oil italyFL/FR
sweet orange peel oil c.p. brazilFL/FR
cocoa
 cocoa butter fragranceFR
coconut
 coconut decanone methylFR
delta-decalactoneFL/FR
delta-2-dodecenolactoneFL/FR
gamma-heptalactoneFL/FR
delta-nonalactoneFL/FR
gamma-nonalactone (aldehyde C-18 (so-called))FL/FR
gamma-octalactoneFL/FR
delta-undecalactoneFL/FR
coumarinic
epsilon-decalactoneFL/FR
2,3-butane diolFR
 butyl lactateFL/FR
gamma-butyrolactoneFL/FR
 creamy lactoneFL/FR
 cyclotene propionateFL/FR
3-heptyl dihydro-5-methyl-2(3H)-furanoneFL/FR
(Z)-gamma-jasmolactoneFR
delta-tridecalactoneFL/FR
para-vanillic acidFL/FR
para-vanillyl alcoholFL/FR
 waxy lactoneFL/FR
earthy
1-nonen-3-olFL/FR
ethereal
isovaleraldehyde propylene glycol acetalFL/FR
fatty
 butter estersFL/FR
 butyl undecylenateFL/FR
(Z)-dairy lactoneFL/FR
7-decen-4-olideFL/FR
 ethyl undecylenateFL/FR
delta-juniper lactoneFL/FR
4-methyl octanoic acidFL/FR
fermented
 butyl laevo-lactateFL/FR
floral
 acetophenoneFL/FR
para-anisyl butyrateFL/FR
 benzyl acetateFL/FR
 benzyl lactateFL/FR
 bois de rose oil brazilFL/FR
 coriander seed oilFL/FR
 cyclamen aldehydeFL/FR
 dimethyl anthranilateFL/FR
 floral pyranolFR
 geraniolFL/FR
 geranyl acetateFL/FR
 heliotropinFL/FR
 heliotropyl acetoneFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl salicylateFL/FR
 hydroxycitronellalFL/FR
 jasmin pyranoneFL/FR
 leerallFR
 linaloolFL/FR
laevo-linaloolFL/FR
 linalool oxideFL/FR
 linalyl butyrateFL/FR
para-methyl acetophenoneFL/FR
 methyl dihydrojasmonateFL/FR
 nerolFL/FR
 ocean propanalFL/FR
 phenethyl acetateFL/FR
 phenethyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 rose butanoateFL/FR
 tetrahydrolinaloolFL/FR
fruity
 acetoin acetateFL/FR
1-acetoxyacetoneFL/FR
 amyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 benzyl propionateFL/FR
(S)-delta-decalactoneFL/FR
gamma-decalactoneFL/FR
 ethyl lactateFL/FR
 farnesyl acetoneFL/FR
 methyl (Z)-5-octenoateFL/FR
2-methyl butyl butyrateFL/FR
2-nonanoneFL/FR
 prenyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 propylene glycol dibutyrate 
 sorbyl butyrateFL/FR
 strawberry furanone butyrateFL/FR
gamma-undecalactone (aldehyde C-14 (so-called))FL/FR
green
isobutyl benzyl carbinolFL/FR
(Z)-4-hepten-1-olFL/FR
(Z)-4-heptenalFL/FR
(Z)-4-heptenal diethyl acetalFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl benzoateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl butyrateFL/FR
 hexyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
(E,Z)-2,6-nonadienalFL/FR
hay
 beeswax absoluteFL/FR
 linalyl acetateFL/FR
marine
 marine pyridineFR
melon
(Z)-6-nonenalFL/FR
 watermelon ketoneFR
milky
laevo-glutamineCS
mushroom
3-octen-2-olFL/FR
1-octen-3-yl butyrateFL/FR
nutty
2-ethyl pyrazineFL/FR
 filbert heptenoneFL/FR
(-)-(E,R)-filbertoneFL/FR
2,6-lutidineFL/FR
oily
 butter acidsFL/FR
plastic
1-phenyl-1,2-propane dioneFL/FR
popcorn
2-acetyl thiazoleFL/FR
soapy
 ethyl undecanoateFL/FR
spicy
 allspice oilFL/FR
 cassia bark oil chinaFL/FR
 clove bud oilFL/FR
alpha-methyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
sweet
 vanilla oleoresin baliFL/FR
terpenic
alpha-terpineolFL/FR
tonka
6-amyl-alpha-pyroneFL/FR
gamma-hexalactoneFL/FR
 mint lactoneFL/FR
 tonka bean absoluteFR
 whiskey lactoneFL/FR
tropical
delta-dodecalactoneFL/FR
 glyceryl 5-hydroxydecanoateFL/FR
 glyceryl 5-hydroxydodecanoateFL/FR
vanilla
ortho-dimethyl hydroquinoneFL/FR
 ethyl vanillinFL/FR
 ethyl vanillin isobutyrateFL/FR
 ethyl vanillin propylene glycol acetalFL/FR
 vanilla bean absolute (vanilla planifolia)FL/FR
 vanillinFL/FR
 vanillyl acetateFL/FR
 vanillyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 vanillylidene acetoneFL/FR
 methionalFL/FR
waxy
 allyl nonanoateFL/FR
5(6)-decenoic acidFL/FR
 ethyl palmitateFL/FR
2-methyl heptanoic acidFL/FR
 methyl laurateFL/FR
2-nonanolFL/FR
(E)-2-octen-1-yl butyrateFL/FR
 octyl isobutyrateFL/FR
delta-tetradecalactoneFL/FR
 undecanoic acidFL/FR
woody
 amber carbinolFR
 santallFR
 
For Flavor
 
No flavor group found for these
1-acetoxyacetoneFL/FR
(E)-aconitic acidFL
 allyl methyl trisulfideFL
 amyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 benzyl lactateFL/FR
 butter nut rum flavorFL
 butyl octanoateFL/FR
 cinnamyl benzoateFL/FR
 cyclotene propionateFL/FR
(S)-delta-decalactoneFL/FR
7-decen-4-olideFL/FR
6-decenoic acidFL
alpha,alpha-dimethyl anisyl acetoneFL/FR
ortho-dimethyl hydroquinoneFL/FR
delta-2-dodecenolactoneFL/FR
 ethyl butyryl lactateFL
 farnesyl acetoneFL/FR
3-(methyl thio) hexanalFL
4,5-octane dioneFL
(E)-2-octen-1-yl butyrateFL/FR
 prenyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 propylene glycol dibutyrate 
 sodium 4-methyl-2-oxovalerateFL
acidic
isobutyric acidFL/FR
 levulinic acidFL/FR
aldehydic
 acetyl nonyrylFL/FR
alliaceous
3-tetrahydrothiophenoneFL
amber
isobutyl benzyl carbinolFL/FR
anisic
para-anisyl butyrateFL/FR
balsamic
siam benzoin resinoidFL/FR
 ethyl cinnamateFL/FR
 vanillylidene acetoneFL/FR
berry
 heliotropyl acetoneFL/FR
 raspberry ketoneFL/FR
bitter
 glyceryl tributyrateFL
brown
 beeswax absoluteFL/FR
2-oxobutyric acidFL/FR
burnt
2-methyl quinoxalineFL
buttery
 acetoin propylene glycol acetalFL/FR
 bovolideFL
 butter cream frosting flavorFL
 butter enhancersFL
 butter flavorFL
sweet butter flavorFL
creamy butter flavorFL
 butter maple flavorFL
 butter nut vanilla flavorFL
 butter oil CO2 extractFL/FR
 butter pecan flavorFL
 butter praline flavorFL
 butter starter distillatesFL/FR
 butter toffee flavorFL
 butter vanilla nut flavorFL
isobutyl lactateFL/FR
 butyl laevo-lactateFL/FR
 butyroinFL
 diacetylFL
 ghee flavorFL
2,3-heptane dioneFL/FR
3,4-hexane dioneFL/FR
2-methyl valeric acidFL/FR
(E)-2-pentenoic acidFL
cabbage
 methyl 2-thiofuroateFL
caramellic
 butter rum toffee flavorFL
 caramel furanoneFL
 cycloteneFL/FR
 ethyl maltolFL/FR
 maltolFL/FR
toasted maple nut flavorFL
toasted marshmallow flavorFL
3-methyl butyl 2-furyl butyrateFL
1-phenyl-1,2-propane dioneFL/FR
toasted praline flavorFL
 strawberry furanoneFL/FR
 strawberry furanone acetateFL/FR
cheesy
2-nonanoneFL/FR
cherry
 heliotropinFL/FR
chocolate
 chocolate butter cream flavorFL
citrus
 bergamot oilFL/FR
 butter lemon orange flavorFL
laevo-linaloolFL/FR
 linaloolFL/FR
 nerolFL/FR
blood orange oil italyFL/FR
sweet orange peel oil c.p. brazilFL/FR
alpha-terpineolFL/FR
coconut
delta-decalactoneFL/FR
(R)-massoia lactoneFL
6-methyl coumarinFL
gamma-nonalactone (aldehyde C-18 (so-called))FL/FR
corn chip
2-acetyl thiazoleFL/FR
creamy
 acetoinFL/FR
 acetoin butyrateFL
 acetyl butyrylFL/FR
 acetyl ethyl carbinolFL
 acetyl isobutyrylFL/FR
6-amyl-alpha-pyroneFL/FR
para-anisaldehydeFL/FR
 butter estersFL/FR
 butter fat enzyme modified with added butyric acidFL
 butyl butyryl lactateFL/FR
 creamy lactoneFL/FR
5(6)-decenoic acidFL/FR
5,5-dibutyl dihydrofuran-2(3H)-oneFL
 divanillinFL
delta-dodecalactoneFL/FR
 glyceryl 5-hydroxydecanoateFL/FR
 glyceryl 5-hydroxydodecanoateFL/FR
gamma-hexalactoneFL/FR
 jasmin pyranoneFL/FR
para-methyl acetophenoneFL/FR
 mint lactoneFL/FR
delta-nonalactoneFL/FR
 octyl isobutyrateFL/FR
delta-tridecalactoneFL/FR
delta-undecalactoneFL/FR
gamma-undecalactone (aldehyde C-14 (so-called))FL/FR
para-vanillic acidFL/FR
para-vanillyl alcoholFL/FR
 waxy lactoneFL/FR
dairy
 acetoin dimerFL/FR
 butyl lactateFL/FR
 methyl (Z)-5-octenoateFL/FR
4-pentenoic acidFL
earthy
1-nonen-3-olFL/FR
fatty
 butter acidsFL/FR
(Z)-dairy lactoneFL/FR
 diacetyl trimerFL
 ethyl undecylenateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl benzoateFL/FR
delta-juniper lactoneFL/FR
4-methyl octanoic acidFL/FR
2,4-octadien-1-olFL
(E,E)-2,4-undecadienalFL
2,4-undecadienalFL
floral
isoamyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 bois de rose oil brazilFL/FR
 geraniolFL/FR
 linalyl acetateFL/FR
 linalyl butyrateFL/FR
 methyl dihydrojasmonateFL/FR
 ocean propanalFL/FR
 tetrahydrolinaloolFL/FR
fruity
 acetoin acetateFL/FR
 acetyl isovalerylFL
 benzyl acetateFL/FR
 benzyl propionateFL/FR
gamma-decalactoneFL/FR
 dimethyl anthranilateFL/FR
 ethyl lactateFL/FR
3-heptyl dihydro-5-methyl-2(3H)-furanoneFL/FR
2-methyl butyl butyrateFL/FR
2-methyl butyric acidFL/FR
 rose butanoateFL/FR
 sorbyl butyrateFL/FR
 strawberry furanone butyrateFL/FR
isovaleraldehyde propylene glycol acetalFL/FR
green
 cyclamen aldehydeFL/FR
 geranyl acetateFL/FR
 heptanal 2,3-butane diol acetalFL
(Z)-4-hepten-1-olFL/FR
(Z)-4-heptenalFL/FR
(Z)-4-heptenal diethyl acetalFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl butyrateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl salicylateFL/FR
 hexyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
 linalool oxideFL/FR
(E,Z)-2,6-nonadienalFL/FR
(Z)-6-nonenalFL/FR
2,3-octane dioneFL
herbal
 coriander seed oilFL/FR
5-hydroxymethyl furfuralFL
honey
 phenethyl acetateFL/FR
 phenethyl isobutyrateFL/FR
lactonic
gamma-heptalactoneFL/FR
gamma-octalactoneFL/FR
milky
gamma-butyrolactoneFL/FR
mushroom
3-octen-2-olFL/FR
1-octen-3-yl butyrateFL/FR
nutty
2-acetyl furanFL/FR
 butter pecan cake flavorFL
 coffee furanoneFL/FR
2-ethyl pyrazineFL/FR
 filbert heptenoneFL/FR
(-)-(E,R)-filbertoneFL/FR
2,6-lutidineFL/FR
powdery
 acetophenoneFL/FR
solvent
2-ethyl furanFL
sour
 butyric acidFL/FR
spicy
 allspice oilFL/FR
 benzyl cinnamateFL/FR
 benzylidene acetoneFL
spiced butter rum flavorFL
 cassia bark oil chinaFL/FR
 cinnamon butter pecan flavorFL
 cinnamon nut butter rum flavorFL
 clove bud oilFL/FR
alpha-methyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
 methyl cinnamateFL/FR
3-phenyl propyl alcoholFL/FR
 honey distillatesFL
 vanilla butter nut flavorFL
 vanilla oleoresin baliFL/FR
tomato
 methionalFL/FR
vanilla
 ethyl vanillinFL/FR
 ethyl vanillin isobutyrateFL/FR
 ethyl vanillin propylene glycol acetalFL/FR
 vanilla bean absolute (vanilla planifolia)FL/FR
 vanillinFL/FR
 vanillyl acetateFL/FR
 vanillyl isobutyrateFL/FR
waxy
 allyl nonanoateFL/FR
 butyl undecylenateFL/FR
epsilon-decalactoneFL/FR
 ethyl palmitateFL/FR
 ethyl undecanoateFL/FR
 hydroxycitronellalFL/FR
2-methyl heptanoic acidFL/FR
 methyl laurateFL/FR
2-nonanolFL/FR
 octyl 2-furoateFL
delta-tetradecalactoneFL/FR
 undecanoic acidFL/FR
winey
5-ethyl-2-methyl pyridineFL
woody
 whiskey lactoneFL/FR
 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Uses:
 almond toasted almondFL
 breadFL
 butterFR
 caramelFL
 chocolate cocoaFL
 coffeeFR
 marshmallowFL
 peachFR
 peanutFR
 pineFR
 teaFL
 toffeeFR
 tomatoFL
 vanillaFR
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 almond roasted almond
Search Trop  Picture
 beef
Search  PMC Picture
 beer
Search  PMC Picture
 bread wheat bread
Search  PMC Picture
 cocoa
Search Trop  Picture
 coffee aroma
Search  PMC Picture
 filbert
Search Trop  Picture
 lavender oil spike spain @ 0.425%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 malt
Search  PMC Picture
 pea
Search Trop  Picture
 peach fruit
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 peanut
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Synonyms:
 acetyl propanal
 acetyl propanal FCC
 acetyl propionyl
 acetyl propionyl FCC
 acetyl propionyl FCC natural
 acetyl propionyl FCC pure
 acetyl propionyl natural
 acetyl propionyl naturel
 acetyl propionyl synthetic
 acetyl propionyl, natural
 acetyl proprionyl natural
 acetylpropanal
 acetylpropionyl
beta,gamma-dioxopentane
2,3-pentadione
 pentan-2,3-dione
2,3-pentandione FCC
 pentandione-2,3
2,3-pentane dione
 pentane-2,3-dione
2,3-pentanedione
2,3-pentanedione (acetyl propionyl)
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Articles:
US Patents: 3,952,024 - Furfurylthioacetone
PubMed: Characterization of the key odorants in pan-fried white mushrooms (Agaricus bisporus L.) by means of molecular sensory science: comparison with the raw mushroom tissue.
PubMed: Identification of aroma active compounds of cereal coffee brew and its roasted ingredients.
PubMed: Diacetyl levels and volatile profiles of commercial starter distillates and selected dairy foods.
PubMed: Proton transfer reaction time-of-flight mass spectrometry monitoring of the evolution of volatile compounds during lactic acid fermentation of milk.
PubMed: Analysis of volatile flavor compounds of sardine (Sardinops melanostica) by solid phase microextraction.
PubMed: Solid-phase microextraction method development for headspace analysis of volatile flavor compounds.
PubMed: Aroma comparisons of traditional and mild yogurts: headspace gas chromatography quantification of volatiles and origin of alpha-diketones.
PubMed: Sensory investigation of yogurt flavor perception: mutual influence of volatiles and acidity.
PubMed: Characterization of volatile aroma compounds in different brewing barley cultivars.
PubMed: Diacetyl and 2,3-pentanedione exposures associated with cigarette smoking: implications for risk assessment of food and flavoring workers.
PubMed: Cardiac hypoxia imaging: second-generation analogues of 64Cu-ATSM.
PubMed: Evaluation of the hypersensitivity potential of alternative butter flavorings.
PubMed: Popcorn flavoring effects on reactivity of rat airways in vivo and in vitro.
PubMed: Computational design of short-chain dehydrogenase Gox2181 for altered coenzyme specificity.
PubMed: Chromatographic analysis of methylglyoxal and other ±-dicarbonyls using gas-diffusion microextraction.
PubMed: Influence of valine and other amino acids on total diacetyl and 2,3-pentanedione levels during fermentation of brewer's wort.
PubMed: Mechanistic insights into the LsrK kinase required for autoinducer-2 quorum sensing activation.
PubMed: LuxS affects biofilm maturation and detachment of the periodontopathogenic bacterium Eikenella corrodens.
PubMed: Identification of aroma active compounds of cereal coffee brew and its roasted ingredients.
PubMed: Still searching for better butter flavoring.
PubMed: LuxS influences Escherichia coli biofilm formation through autoinducer-2-dependent and autoinducer-2-independent modalities.
PubMed: AI-2 analogs and antibiotics: a synergistic approach to reduce bacterial biofilms.
PubMed: Construction of self-cloning bottom-fermenting yeast with low vicinal diketone production by the homo-integration of ILV5.
PubMed: Effect of sugars on liquid-vapour partition of volatile compounds in ready-to-drink coffee beverages.
PubMed: Heterologous expression of sahH reveals that biofilm formation is autoinducer-2-independent in Streptococcus sanguinis but is associated with an intact activated methionine cycle.
PubMed: Deep sequencing of Porphyromonas gingivalis and comparative transcriptome analysis of a LuxS mutant.
PubMed: Respiratory and olfactory cytotoxicity of inhaled 2,3-pentanedione in Sprague-Dawley rats.
PubMed: Development of a method for the determination of advanced glycation end products precursors by liquid chromatography and its application in human urine samples.
PubMed: C4-alkoxy-HPD: a potent class of synthetic modulators surpassing nature in AI-2 quorum sensing.
PubMed: Deconvoluting interspecies bacterial communication.
PubMed: Characterization of the key odorants in raw Italian hazelnuts ( Corylus avellana L. var. Tonda Romana) and roasted hazelnut paste by means of molecular sensory science.
PubMed: Diacetyl levels and volatile profiles of commercial starter distillates and selected dairy foods.
PubMed: Recent progresses on AI-2 bacterial quorum sensing inhibitors.
PubMed: Transcriptional and metabolomic consequences of LuxS inactivation reveal a metabolic rather than quorum-sensing role for LuxS in Lactobacillus reuteri 100-23.
PubMed: Bronchial and bronchiolar fibrosis in rats exposed to 2,3-pentanedione vapors: implications for bronchiolitis obliterans in humans.
PubMed: Effect of interspecies quorum sensing on the formation of aerobic granular sludge.
PubMed: Color, lipid oxidation, sensory quality, and aroma compounds of beef steaks displayed under different levels of oxygen in a modified atmosphere package.
PubMed: Chemical composition and antioxidant activity of the essential oil of endemic Viola tianshanica.
PubMed: RbsB (NTHI_0632) mediates quorum signal uptake in nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae strain 86-028NP.
PubMed: A multivalent probe for AI-2 quorum-sensing receptors.
PubMed: Quorum sensing control of phosphorus acquisition in Trichodesmium consortia.
PubMed: The response of type 2 quorum sensing in Klebsiella pneumoniae to a fluctuating culture environment.
PubMed: Inhibition of LuxS by S-ribosylhomocysteine analogues containing a [4-aza]ribose ring.
PubMed: Atmospheric chemistry of 2,3-pentanedione: photolysis and reaction with OH radicals.
PubMed: Effects on membrane lateral pressure suggest permeation mechanisms for bacterial quorum signaling molecules.
PubMed: UV photolysis of α-cyclohexanedione in the gas phase.
PubMed: Helicobacter pylori perceives the quorum-sensing molecule AI-2 as a chemorepellent via the chemoreceptor TlpB.
PubMed: Processing the interspecies quorum-sensing signal autoinducer-2 (AI-2): characterization of phospho-(S)-4,5-dihydroxy-2,3-pentanedione isomerization by LsrG protein.
PubMed: Effect of oxidoreduction potential on aroma biosynthesis by lactic acid bacteria in nonfat yogurt.
PubMed: Identification and measurement of diacetyl substitutes in dry bakery mix production.
PubMed: Quantitation of key peanut aroma compounds in raw peanuts and pan-roasted peanut meal. Aroma reconstitution and comparison with commercial peanut products.
PubMed: Freshness characterisation of whiting (Merlangius merlangus) using an SPME/GC/MS method and a statistical multivariate approach.
PubMed: Elucidation of the conformational free energy landscape in H.pylori LuxS and its implications to catalysis.
PubMed: Synthetic analogs tailor native AI-2 signaling across bacterial species.
PubMed: In Helicobacter pylori auto-inducer-2, but not LuxS/MccAB catalysed reverse transsulphuration, regulates motility through modulation of flagellar gene transcription.
PubMed: Proton transfer reaction time-of-flight mass spectrometry monitoring of the evolution of volatile compounds during lactic acid fermentation of milk.
PubMed: Staphylococcus aureus AI-2 quorum sensing associates with the KdpDE two-component system to regulate capsular polysaccharide synthesis and virulence.
PubMed: Characterization of two aldo-keto reductases from Gluconobacter oxydans 621H capable of regio- and stereoselective alpha-ketocarbonyl reduction.
PubMed: Products and mechanism of the reaction of chlorine atoms with 3-pentanone in 700-950 torr of N(2)/O(2) diluent at 297-515 K.
PubMed: Degradation of glucose: reinvestigation of reactive alpha-Dicarbonyl compounds.
PubMed: Inhibition of S-ribosylhomocysteinase (LuxS) by substrate analogues modified at the ribosyl C-3 position.
PubMed: Autoinducer-2-based chemical communication in bacteria: complexities of interspecies signaling.
PubMed: Characterization of an aldolase-dehydrogenase complex that exhibits substrate channeling in the polychlorinated biphenyls degradation pathway.
PubMed: Decoding the key aroma compounds of a Hungarian-type salami by molecular sensory science approaches.
PubMed: Identification, quantification, and determination of the absolute configuration of the bacterial quorum-sensing signal autoinducer-2 by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
PubMed: Probing the catalytic mechanism of S-ribosylhomocysteinase (LuxS) with catalytic intermediates and substrate analogues.
PubMed: Furanones, potential agents for preventing Staphylococcus epidermidis biofilm infections?
PubMed: HMOX1 and NQO1 genes are upregulated in response to contact sensitizers in dendritic cells and THP-1 cell line: role of the Keap1/Nrf2 pathway.
PubMed: Gas chromatography-olfactometry analysis of the volatile compounds of two commercial Irish beef meats.
PubMed: Biofilm formation and autoinducer-2 signaling in Streptococcus intermedius: role of thermal and pH factors.
PubMed: The EGL-4 PKG acts with KIN-29 salt-inducible kinase and protein kinase A to regulate chemoreceptor gene expression and sensory behaviors in Caenorhabditis elegans.
PubMed: An unexpected switch in the modulation of AI-2-based quorum sensing discovered through synthetic 4,5-dihydroxy-2,3-pentanedione analogues.
PubMed: Indole cell signaling occurs primarily at low temperatures in Escherichia coli.
PubMed: Analysis of volatile flavor compounds of sardine (Sardinops melanostica) by solid phase microextraction.
PubMed: LuxS and expression of virulence factors in Streptococcus intermedius.
PubMed: Autoinducer-2-regulated genes in Streptococcus mutans UA159 and global metabolic effect of the luxS mutation.
PubMed: Characterization of the key aroma compounds in soy sauce using approaches of molecular sensory science.
PubMed: Genetic and physiological characterization of the Borrelia burgdorferi ORF BB0374-pfs-metK-luxS operon.
PubMed: The quorum-sensing molecule autoinducer 2 regulates motility and flagellar morphogenesis in Helicobacter pylori.
PubMed: AI-2 quorum sensing affects antibiotic susceptibility in Streptococcus anginosus.
PubMed: Spectroscopic characterization of chromium(III), manganese(II) and nickel(II) complexes with a nitrogen donor tetradentate, 12-membered azamacrocyclic ligand.
PubMed: Regulated synthesis of the Borrelia burgdorferi inner-membrane lipoprotein IpLA7 (P22, P22-A) during the Lyme disease spirochaete's mammal-tick infectious cycle.
PubMed: Unifying mechanism for bacterial cell signalers (4,5-dihydroxy-2,3-pentanedione, lactones and oligopeptides): electron transfer and reactive oxygen species. Practical medical features.
PubMed: Diketone radical cations: ketonic and enolic forms as revealed by matrix EPR studies and DFT calculations.
PubMed: Proteome analysis of Sulfolobus solfataricus P2 propanol metabolism.
PubMed: Phosphorylation and processing of the quorum-sensing molecule autoinducer-2 in enteric bacteria.
PubMed: Purification, characterization, and gene cloning of glycerol dehydrogenase from Hansenula ofunaensis, and its expression for production of optically active diol.
PubMed: Efficient metal-catalyzed direct benzylation and allylic alkylation of 2,4-pentanediones.
PubMed: Ac2-DPD, the bis-(O)-acetylated derivative of 4,5-dihydroxy-2,3-pentanedione (DPD) is a convenient stable precursor of bacterial quorum sensing autoinducer AI-2.
PubMed: Enthalpies of formation, bond dissociation energies, and molecular structures of the n-aldehydes (acetaldehyde, propanal, butanal, pentanal, hexanal, and heptanal) and their radicals.
PubMed: Functional analysis of luxS in the probiotic strain Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG reveals a central metabolic role important for growth and biofilm formation.
PubMed: Catalytic mechanism of S-ribosylhomocysteinase: ionization state of active-site residues.
PubMed: AI-3 synthesis is not dependent on luxS in Escherichia coli.
PubMed: Heats of formation of the propionyl ion and radical and 2,3-pentanedione by threshold photoelectron photoion coincidence spectroscopy.
PubMed: Autoinducer 2: a concentration-dependent signal for mutualistic bacterial biofilm growth.
PubMed: Characterisation of lactic acid bacteria isolated from fermented milk "laban".
PubMed: Design and synthesis of substrate and intermediate analogue inhibitors of S-ribosylhomocysteinase.
PubMed: Freshwater bioluminescence in Vibrio albensis (Vibrio cholerae biovar albensis) NCIMB 41 is caused by a two-nucleotide deletion in luxO.
PubMed: Functionality of Borrelia burgdorferi LuxS: the Lyme disease spirochete produces and responds to the pheromone autoinducer-2 and lacks a complete activated-methyl cycle.
PubMed: Spectroscopic characterization and EPR spectral studies on transition metal complexes with a novel tetradentate, 12-membered macrocyclic ligand.
PubMed: Evidence for distinct L-methionine catabolic pathways in the yeast Geotrichum candidum and the bacterium Brevibacterium linens.
PubMed: Let LuxS speak up in AI-2 signaling.
PubMed: Synthesis of alpha-substituted fosmidomycin analogues as highly potent Plasmodium falciparum growth inhibitors.
PubMed: Role of the solvent glycerol in the Maillard reaction of d-fructose and l-alanine.
PubMed: A furanosyl-carbonate autoinducer in cell-to-cell communication of V. harveyi.
PubMed: Identification of potent odorants formed during the preparation of extruded potato snacks.
PubMed: Synthesis of autoinducer 2 by the lyme disease spirochete, Borrelia burgdorferi.
PubMed: Chemical synthesis of (S)-4,5-dihydroxy-2,3-pentanedione, a bacterial signal molecule precursor, and validation of its activity in Salmonella typhimurium.
PubMed: Crystal structure of S-ribosylhomocysteinase (LuxS) in complex with a catalytic 2-ketone intermediate.
PubMed: Mechanism of action of S-ribosylhomocysteinase (LuxS).
PubMed: Salmonella typhimurium recognizes a chemically distinct form of the bacterial quorum-sensing signal AI-2.
PubMed: Catalytic mechanism of S-ribosylhomocysteinase (LuxS): stereochemical course and kinetic isotope effect of proton transfer reactions.
PubMed: Boron binding with the quorum sensing signal AI-2 and analogues.
PubMed: Synthesis and biological validation of a ubiquitous quorum-sensing molecule.
PubMed: Determination of urinary glyoxal and methylglyoxal by high-performance liquid chromatography.
PubMed: Volatile compounds produced in cheese by Enterobacteriaceae strains of dairy origin.
PubMed: Synthesis of erythro-alpha-amino beta-hydroxy carboxylic acid esters by diastereoselective photocycloaddition of 5-methoxyoxazoles with aldehydes.
PubMed: Proteolysis, volatile compounds, and sensory evaluation in Hispánico cheese manufactured with the addition of a thermophilic adjunct culture, nisin, and calcium alginate-nisin microparticles.
PubMed: Chemical synthesis of S-ribosyl-L-homocysteine and activity assay as a LuxS substrate.
PubMed: Catalytic mechanism of S-ribosylhomocysteinase (LuxS): direct observation of ketone intermediates by 13C NMR spectroscopy.
PubMed: Alternative pathway for the formation of 4,5-dihydroxy-2,3-pentanedione, the proposed precursor of 4-hydroxy-5-methyl-3(2H)-furanone as well as autoinducer-2, and its detection as natural constituent of tomato fruit.
PubMed: The kinetic method as a structural diagnostic tool: ionized alpha-diketones as loosely one-electron bonded diacylium ion dimers.
PubMed: S-Ribosylhomocysteinase (LuxS) is a mononuclear iron protein.
PubMed: Isolation of regioisomers of N-alkylprotoporphyrin IX from chick embryo liver after treatment with porphyrinogenic xenobiotics.
PubMed: Aroma components of cooked tail meat of American lobster (Homarus americanus).
PubMed: Aroma-active components of nonfat dry milk.
PubMed: The Caenorhabditis elegans odr-2 gene encodes a novel Ly-6-related protein required for olfaction.
PubMed: Approaches to wine aroma: release of aroma compounds from reactions between cysteine and carbonyl compounds in wine.
PubMed: Solid-phase microextraction method development for headspace analysis of volatile flavor compounds.
PubMed: Aroma comparisons of traditional and mild yogurts: headspace gas chromatography quantification of volatiles and origin of alpha-diketones.
PubMed: Sensory investigation of yogurt flavor perception: mutual influence of volatiles and acidity.
PubMed: Origin of 2,3-pentanedione and 2,3-butanedione in D-glucose/L-alanine Maillard model systems.
PubMed: Investigation of the reaction between 4-hydroxy-5-methyl-3(2H)-furanone and cysteine or hydrogen sulfide at pH 4.5.
PubMed: The phnIJ genes encoding acetaldehyde dehydrogenase (acylating) and 4-hydroxy-2-oxovalerate aldolase in Pseudomonas sp. DJ77 and their evolutionary implications.
PubMed: Urinary excretion of biomarkers of oxidative kidney damage induced by ferric nitrilotriacetate.
PubMed: Aldehyde dehydrogenase (CoA-acetylating) and the mechanism of ethanol formation in the amitochondriate protist, Giardia lamblia.
PubMed: Excretion of multiple urinary biomarkers for radical induced damage in rats treated with three different nephrotoxic compounds.
PubMed: The Caenorhabditis elegans seven-transmembrane protein ODR-10 functions as an odorant receptor in mammalian cells.
PubMed: Regulation of CYP 2 A 5 induction by porphyrinogenic agents in mouse primary hepatocytes.
PubMed: Inhibition of the reconstituted mitochondrial oxoglutarate carrier by arginine-specific reagents.
PubMed: Identification of N-acetylcysteine conjugates of 1,2-dibromo-3-chloropropane: evidence for cytochrome P450 and glutathione mediated bioactivation pathways.
PubMed: Analysis of aldehydes and ketones from beer as O-(2,3,4,5,6-pentafluorobenzyl)hydroxylamine derivatives.
PubMed: Cloning and expression of the gene encoding alpha-acetolactate decarboxylase from Acetobacter aceti ssp. xylinum in brewer's yeast.
PubMed: Relations between compositional traits and sensory qualities of French dry-cured ham.
PubMed: Fluorimetric determination of diacetyl and 2,3-pentanedione with isoniazide and a zirconium salt.
PubMed: Kinetics of alpha-dicarbonyls reduction by L-glycol dehydrogenase (NAD+) from Enterobacter aerogenes.
PubMed: Formation of N-methyl protoporphyrin in chemically-induced protoporphyria. Studies with a novel porphyrogenic agent.
PubMed: Purification and properties of the physically associated meta-cleavage pathway enzymes 4-hydroxy-2-ketovalerate aldolase and aldehyde dehydrogenase (acylating) from Pseudomonas sp. strain CF600.
PubMed: Purification of liver aldehyde dehydrogenase by p-hydroxyacetophenone-sepharose affinity matrix and the coelution of chloramphenicol acetyl transferase from the same matrix with recombinantly expressed aldehyde dehydrogenase.
PubMed: Degradation of vinyl acetate by soil, sewage, sludge, and the newly isolated aerobic bacterium V2.
PubMed: Purification and properties of two oxidoreductases catalyzing the enantioselective reduction of diacetyl and other diketones from baker's yeast.
PubMed: Inactivation of Escherichia coli L-threonine dehydrogenase by 2,3-butanedione. Evidence for a catalytically essential arginine residue.
PubMed: Kinetics of the diacetyl and 2,3-pentanedione reduction by diacetyl reductase (alpha-diketone reductase (NAD)) from Staphylococcus aureus.
PubMed: Stereoselective synthesis of (1-alkoxyalkyl) alpha- and beta-D-glucopyranosiduronates (acetal-glucopyranosiduronates): a new approach to specific cytostatics for the treatment of cancer.
PubMed: Purification and characterization of diacetyl-reducing enzymes from Staphylococcus aureus.
PubMed: Towards diacetyl-less brewers' yeast. Influence of ilv2 and ilv5 mutations.
PubMed: Syntheses of homologous omega-aminated 1-methoxyalkyl beta-D-glucopyranosides as potential beta-D-glucosidase inhibitors.
PubMed: Desmutagenic effect of alpha-dicarbonyl and alpha-hydroxycarbonyl compounds against mutagenic heterocyclic amines.
PubMed: Kinetics of alpha-dicarbonyls reduction by L-glycol dehydrogenase from hen muscle.
PubMed: Specificity of the Westerfeld adaptation of the Voges-Proskauer test.
PubMed: Roles of arginyl residues in pyridoxamine-5'-phosphate oxidase from rabbit liver.
PubMed: Modification of essential arginine residues of pigeon liver malic enzyme.
PubMed: [Effects of 2,5-hexanediol, 2,4-pentanedione, acetone and 2-heptanone on the secretory responsiveness of the sweat glands in rats (author's transl)].
PubMed: Investigation of reaction intermediates of the urea-diacetylmonoxime reaction.
PubMed: [Gaschromatographical determination of diacetyl, acetoin, and 2,3-pentanedione in wine (author's transl)].
PubMed: Microbial metabolism of amino alcohols. 1-Aminopropan-2-ol and ethanolamine metabolism via propionaldehyde and acetaldehyde in a species of Pseudomonas.
PubMed: Formation of 2,3-pentanediol from 2,3-pentanedione and acetylethylcarbinol by diacetyl(acetoin)reductase from Aerobacter aerogenes. A possible new pathway.
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