hexyl butyrate
butyric acid, hexyl ester
 
Notes:
Occurs in many fruits
  • Advanced Biotech
  • Alfrebro
    • Alfrebro LLC
      Let's get reacquainted
      Building great taste with aroma chemicals, extracts, and distillates
      The Alfrebro brand was established in the early 1900s by Alex Fries & Brothers, a Cincinnati Flavor Company. In 1980, the brand was re-launched as an aroma chemical manufacturer. Since its inception, Alfrebro’s primary focus has been to provide quality natural and high value synthetic chemicals.
      Email: Sarah Forbis
      Email: Sales
      Voice: 513-539-3021
      Fax: 513-539-7372
      US Voice: 513-539-7373
      Newsroom
      Product(s):
      HEXYL BUTYRATE NATURAL
       
  • Augustus Oils
    • Augustus Oils Ltd
      The Premier Supplier
      Augustus Oils Ltd, in harmony with nature - to present it at its best...
      A wealth of experience, expertise and knowledge has allowed Augustus to bridge the gulf in expectation and trust between growers and users of natural ingredients. The Company works in partnership with customers on the one hand, and growers, farmers and distillers on the other. Both users and producers can then focus on exactly what they do best, while skilled Augustus technicians closely monitor and control the delivered product. This ensures users can have the confidence that they will receive the best raw materials suited to their requirements. Augustus has invested in modern, well equipped laboratories to provide unparalleled control of quality, and a development environment that continues to produce innovative ranges of natural ingredients. The strength of the company is built on both its comprehensive knowledge base, and extensive stocks of raw materials for both fragrance and flavour use. To complement its range of conventional and Organic Essential Oils and Aroma Chemicals, Augustus also offers a steadily increasing range of its own, UK manufactured Natural Extracts, Absolutes, Resinoids and Natural Chemicals. These again are fully tested and certificated, and very tightly quality controlled. Augustus is committed to promoting the use of natural ingredients, wherever the potential lies and to provide an environment of support and trust to both our customers and suppliers.
      Email: Enquiries
      Email: Sales
      Email: web site enquiries
      Voice: +44 (0)1420 590555
      Fax: +44 (0)1420 592420
      Services
      Product(s):
      Hexyl Butyrate
       
  • Axxence Aromatic
    • Axxence Aromatic GmbH
      We bring nature to your flavour
      Dedicated to provide the best possible quality and supply service of natural aroma ingredients.
      Axxence Aromatic is entirely dedicated to provide the best possible quality and supply service of natural aroma ingredients to the Flavour & Fragrance Industry worldwide.
      Email: Service
      Voice: +49.2822.68561.0
      Fax: +49.2822.68561.39
      Sustainability
      Products List: View
      Product(s):
      256800 HEXYL BUTYRATE Natural Kosher
       
  • Beijing Lys Chemicals
    • Beijing Lys Chemicals Co, LTD.
      From Grams to Tons
      Fine chemical high-tech company which contains R&D, production, and sales.
      BEIJING LYS CHEMICALS CO, LTD, established in 2004, is a fine chemical high-tech company which contains R&D, production, and sales. We mainly engaged in export and technology development of flavor and fragrance materials and pharmaceutical intermediates. We have nearly 500 kinds of products, from grams to tons, exported to USA, Europe, South Asia and etc. And we custom manufacture new products according to customers’ needs, and serve good quality products and service. Our goal is to become a fine chemical enterprise which could provide special products and services.
      Email: Mr. Jia
      Email: Mr. Guo
      Voice: 86-10-68418738
      Fax: 86-10-68418739
      Mr. Guo86-10-68483445
      Mr. Guo86-10-68418739
      News
      Product(s):
      10803 Hexyl Butyrate
       
  • Blue Marble Biomaterials
  • Charkit Chemical
    • Charkit Chemical Corporation
      The Specialty Chemical Specialists
      Explore this website to discover the products and services that Charkit provides for your industry and please contact us directly to find out how we can be of service to you.
      Since 1982, Charkit has been committed to expanding the markets we serve and our roster of products and services continues to grow with us. Personal care ingredients now include a substantial array of luxury and exotic components. Substantial inroads have been made in the nutraceutical and resins markets, with a growing roster of versatile and unique ingredients. And we continue to lead the way in our traditional markets such as Metal and Water Treatment, Imaging, Flavor & Fragrance, Aroma and Food. Our Pharmaceutical offerings continue to expand, still anchored by the Boronic Derivatives that meet the demands of Suzuki coupling reactions.
      Email: Sales
      Voice: 203-299-3220
      Fax: 203-299-1355
      Facebook
      Twitter
      Linkedin
      News
      Products List: View
      Product(s):
      HEXYL BUTYRATE FEMA 2568
       
  • CTC Organics
    • CTC Organics
      For More Than 40 Year
      Your source for rare aroma chemicals for the flavor and fragrance industy.
      “The world is run by middle men.” The number of times I have heard Dr. Liu utter those words are innumerable. He loved reciting and recording famous quotes and had many of his own. Among his many talents, Dr. Liu had a unique genius in the area of chemistry. He had an uncanny understanding of the pulse of the chemical industry and was a superb salesman.
      US Email: Customer Service
      US Voice: (404) 524-6744
      US Fax: (404) 577-1651
      Resources
      History
      Product(s):
      W084 hexyl butyrate
       
  • ECSA Chemicals
    • ECSA Chemicals
      International trading and distribution
      ECSA Group offers its customers in these business segments a complete 'one-stop shopping' solution.
      A hundred years on from its establishment, the Emanuele Centonze Holding SA has developed a solid presence in Switzerland and in Europe. The Group currently includes: ECSA Chemicals AG/ECSA Italia SRL Società con Unico Socio – ECSA Maintenance AG – ECSA Energy SA – Porta Ticino Easy Stop SA. The Group operates in the distribution of chemical and petroleum products, in the international trading of commodities, and in the distribution of maintenance systems. With 285 employees, a consolidated turnover of 335 million Swiss Francs in 2015, and more than 15,000 active customers, the Group ranks among the top 500 companies in Switzerland. ECSA operates in Switzerland and the EU, and in particular has consolidated its geographical position on the main axis linking northern and southern Europe, thus creating a competitive and privileged logistical hub.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      Email: Trading
      Email: Maintenance
      Email: Energy
      Voice: +41 91 695 88 00
      Fax: +41 91 695 88 01
      Linkedin
      Youtube
      RSS Feed
      ECSA Trade
      Company Profile
      Products List: View
      Product(s):
      Hexyl Butyrate
       
  • ENNOLYS
  • Excellentia International
    • Excellentia International
      Ingredients by Nature
      Exceptional quality and excellence in meeting our customers requirements.
      Excellentia International was founded in 2010 through the merger of Excellentia Flavors LLC and Polarome International. Collectively, these companies account for more than one hundred years of industry experience, and are recognized for exceptional quality and excellence in meeting our customers’ requirements.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      Email: Regulatory
      Voice: 732.749.9840
      Our Services
      Product(s):
      Hexyl Butyrate Natural
       
  • Fleurchem
    • Fleurchem, Inc.
      Have A Flavorful Day
      A leading global manufacturer and supplier of ingredients for Flavors, Fragrances, AromaTherapy, Foods, Beverages, Personal Care Products, and other uses.
      Operating out of the 200,000 sq. ft., former Hercules/PFW facility in Middletown, NY; Fleurchem produces a full range of natural isolates, synthetic chemicals & specialities, essential oils and flavors. Additionally, the company performs toll manufacturing, as well as custom chemical synthesis for a wide range of clients.
      Email: Information
      US Voice: 845-341-2100
      US Fax: 845-341-2121
      Product(s):
      hexyl butyrate natural
       
  • Frutarom
    • Frutarom Ltd
      Discover Our Passion
      Your preferred partner for flavour and fragrance success.
      At Frutarom, we take pride in our expertise and knowledge of Flavour & Fragrance Ingredients and our thorough understanding of the needs of Flavourists, Perfumers and Food Technologists. Working closely with our customers we have a strong track record of providing unique solutions to fulfil requirements.
      US Email: Info- USA
      Email: Info - UK
      Voice: +44 (0) 1429 863 222
      US Voice: +1 513 870 4900
      Products List: View
      Product(s):
      H1500 HEXYL BUTYRATE ≥99.00%, NI, Kosher
      Suggested Uses: Alcoholic Beverages, Apple, Cocoa, Cranberry, Hard Fruits, Kiwi, Plum, Soft Fruits, Tea
       
       
  • Indukern F&F
  • Jiangyin Healthway
    • Jiangyin Healthway International Trade Co.
      Independent Ingredients Supplier
      We provide custom synthesis and contract manufacturing from milligrams to metric tonnes.
      Jiangyin Healthway International Trade Co., Ltd is a professional company, main engaged in manufacturing and exporting aroma chemicals ,food additives , cosmetic ingredient ,pharmaceutical intermediates & other fine chemicals; especially on aroma chemicals , as the major manufacturer of heterocyclic and sulphur aroma compounds , we are the leading independent ingredients supplier to the flavour and fragrance industries in China, can offer hundreds of different high quality aroma chemicals.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      Voice: 86-510-86023169
      Fax: 86-510-86023170
      Mobile0086-13093133011
      Services
      Biochemical
      Natural Food Colour
      New functional food ingredients
      Product(s):
      HL0522 Hexyl Butyrate
       
  • Lluch Essence
    • Lluch Essence S.L.
      A family company dedicated to sales and distribution
      Flexibility, availability, price and quality.
      Flexibility, availability, price and quality make LLUCH ESSENCE S.L. one of Europe’s references when it comes to essential oils and aroma chemicals, and it is now well known all around the world.
      Email: Info
      Voice: 34 93 379 38 49
      Fax: 34 93 370 65 04
      Linkedin
      Product(s):
      HEXYL BUTYRATE
      HEXYL BUTYRATE NATURAL
       
  • M&U International
    • M&U International LLC
      Steady supply & demand
      Meeting customers increasing demands at home as well as abroad.
      M&U dedicates itself to the development and production of new products as well as continuously promoting those new products. We’ve maintained a steady supply&demand relationship with a large number of manufacturers at home and abroad. We’ve developed an extensive network and because of our relationships with these manufacturers, we’re able to provide a stable supply of great quality materials. We’re located in China’s largest communications hub, Shanghai and in the U.S. near one of the largest sea ports on the East Coast. The strategic locations of our facilities ensure convenient, prompt and secure delivery of our products to our customers. We warmly welcome your inquiries, come witness our solemn commitment for yourself.
      Email: Sales
      US Email: Sales
      Voice: +86-21-32515501 60762991 60762992
      Fax: +86-21-32515502 64204960
      US Voice: 908-359-9000
      US Fax: 908-359-9002
      News
      Product(s):
      N0064 NAT.HEXYL BUTYRATE, Kosher
      A0488 HEXYL BUTYRATE
       
  • Moellhausen
    • Moellhausen S.P.A.
      THE CHEMISTRY OF EMOTIONS
      Innovation and commitment in the name of excellence.
      After 50 years in business, Moellhausen stands out as one of the world’s leading family-run companies in the industry of flavors and fragrances, raw materials, and specialties. My personal history is inextricably bound to that of the company, and I continue to dedicate all my energy to it along with our partners and collaborators who have supported us thus far with dedication, passion, love, and experience. Continuous investments and a professionalism aimed at achieving the highest levels of performance in service and quality, along with that same dedication, passion, love, and experience, have together enabled us to reach the absolute avant-garde level that characterizes Moellhausen today, recognized worldwide for its modernity, innovation, creativity, and respect for the environment and the safety and rights of those who work with us. As President and CEO of the company for 32 years, I offer a well-deserved thank you to all of our numerous customers, suppliers, employees, and company friends for helping to sustain our unstoppable and honorable growth. And it is with the support of all of our stakeholders that we will confidently continue to pursue our commitment to further advancing the excellence that our industry demands.
      Voice: +39 039.685.6262
      Fax: +39 039.685.6263
      Linkedin
      A network of knowledge to grow together
      Sustainability is at the foundation of a
      Pervasive technology and total control
      Product(s):
      103540 HEXYL BUTYRATE
       
  • Penta International
    • Penta International Corporation
      Chemistry innovation
      At Penta, our products and services help businesses do business better.
      For over 30 years, Penta Manufacturing Company has played a growing role in worldwide chemistry innovations and applications. As an industry leader, Penta continues to pioneer chemistry-based solutions for practically every area of commerce. Our products and expertise have helped fuel technical advances in dozens of commercial applications including flavoring, coloring, fragrances and chemical processes.
      US Email: Technical Services
      US Email: Sales
      US Voice: (973) 740-2300
      US Fax: (973) 740-1839
      Product(s):
      08-38200 HEXYL BUTYRATE, Kosher
      08-38201 HEXYL-N-BUTYRATE, NATURAL, Kosher
       
  • Robertet
    • Robertet, Inc.
      HOME OF NATURE, SEED TO SCENT
      HOME OF NATURE – natural ingredients from the source.
      Robertet is a leader in the production of natural ingredients with facilities in France, Bulgaria, Turkey, South Africa, India, China, New Caledonia,… Founded in 1850, Robertet remains a family owned business (5th Generation) and one of the largest producers of aromatic extracts. Brand acquisitions include: Charabot, Sapad, Hitex.
      US Email: Customer service
      US Email: Arnaud Adrian
      Email: Flavor:
      Email: Fragrance:
      Voice: 33 4 93 40 33 66
      Fax: 33 4 93 70 68 09
      US Voice: +1.201.337.7100
      +1 212 710 4600Robertet New York Creative Center
      +1 212 245 4092Robertet New York Creative Center
      Facebook
      Twitter
      Instagram
      Videos
      Vimeo
      Crop Calendar
      Product(s):
      102395 Hexyl Butyrate
       
  • Sigma-Aldrich
  • SRS Aromatics
    • SRS Aromatics Ltd
      For over 25 years
      Bringing flavour and fragrance into your world.
      As suppliers / distributors of ingredients to the fragrance and flavour industries, our goal is to provide high quality materials at competitive prices with an exceptional level of service. Established in 1984, SRS Aromatics Ltd is an independent family owned business which has become very well-respected within the fragrance and flavour industry as a reliable and trustworthy partner. Over the years this has allowed the company to develop strong relationships with many global manufacturers; several of whom we represent in the UK. A core aim of our business is to work extremely closely with both our suppliers and customers to maximise service levels with minimum disruption to supply.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      Voice: +44 (0) 1284 704076
      Fax: +44 (0) 1284 760819
      Twitter
      Linkedin
      News
      Product(s):
      HEXYL BUTYRATE
       
  • Sunaux International
    • Sunaux International
      Buy With Confidence
      We have industry leading processes and procedures to ensure nothing but the most reliable product.
      Sunaux International was founded in 2012 by the owner Mr.John Felton after spending 18 years involved in developing global business in the aromatic chemicals, fragrance and flavour compounds business.
      Email: John Felton
      Email: Stephen Zhou (Sales)
      Voice: 0512-57995626
      Fax: 0512-57570299
      Sales0512-57995626
      Sales0512-57570299
      News
      Product(s):
      N0073 nat.Hexyl Butyrate
       
  • Taytonn
    • TAYTONN PTE LTD
      Supplying Asia Pacific
      We fully understand the demands of the F&F industry and we endeavour to supply quality products, with ready availability and a personalised service.
      Since 2001 TAYTONN has been distributing key ingredients to the Fragrance and Flavor industry in Asia. We work closely with customers, principals and vendors. Together we forecast demand and match it with supply of aroma chemicals, essential oils and natural isolates & extracts. Sourced from around the world, our F&F ingredient inventory in Singapore is ready to ship to any location in Asia and beyond. Time and again, we help our principals introduce new discoveries to the F&F market - stimulating creativity and bringing value added proposition to our customers.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      Voice: + 65 - 6861 8113
      Fax: + 65 - 6861 8115
      Product(s):
      Hexyl Butyrate
       
  • Treatt
    • Treatt PLC
      Innovative ingredient solutions
      World-leading innovative ingredient solutions provider for the flavour, fragrance and FMCG industries.
      We offer innovative and trend-setting product concepts for our customers, collaborating with them to create true value for their products.
      Email: Enquiries
      US Email: Enquiries
      Voice: +44 (0) 1284 702500
      Fax: +44 (0) 1284 703809
      US Voice: +1 863 668 9500
      US Fax: +1 863 668 3388
      News
      Product(s):
      Hexyl Butyrate
       
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search
Fragrance Demo Formulas    Flavor Demo Formulas
hexyl butanoate (Click)
CAS Number: 2639-63-6Picture of molecule
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg: 220-136-6
FDA UNII: 74HY6P24G7
Nikkaji Web: J77.594K
Beilstein Number: 1754469
MDL: MFCD00048884
CoE Number: 271
XlogP3: 3.30 (est)
Molecular Weight: 172.26780000
Formula: C10 H20 O2
NMR Predictor: Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar: Search
Google Books: Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist: Search
Google Patents: Search
US Patents: Search
EU Patents: Search
IBM Patents: Obtain
Obtain
Pubchem Patents: Search
PubMed: Search
NCBI: Search
JECFA Food Flavoring: 153  hexyl butyrate
Flavis Number: 09.045 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings: 09.045  hexyl butyrate
FEMA Number: 2568  hexyl butyrate
FDA Mainterm: HEXYL BUTYRATE
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.515 Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants.
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Physical Properties:
Appearance: colorless clear liquid (est)
Assay: 98.00 to 100.00 % 
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Melting Point: -78.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 204.00 to  206.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Vapor Pressure: 0.233000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Vapor Density: 5.9 ( Air = 1 )
Flash Point: 178.00 °F. TCC ( 81.11 °C. )
logP (o/w): 3.842 (est)
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 water, 33.39 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
 water
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: green
Odor Strength: medium ,
recommend smelling in a 10.00 % solution or less
 green  sweet  fruity  apple  waxy  soapy  
Odor Description:
at 10.00 % in dipropylene glycol. 
green sweet fruity apple waxy soapy
Luebke, William tgsc, (1992)
 green  fruity  estery  vegetable  waxy  
Odor Description:
at 2.00 %.  
Green, fruity, estry and vegetative with a waxy nuance
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 22, No. 6, 41, (1997)
 green  waxy  soapy  fruity  
Taste Description:
at 5.00 ppm.  
Green, waxy, soapy and fruity
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 22, No. 6, 41, (1997)
Substantivity: 4 Hour(s)
  
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: perfuming agents
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Suppliers:
Advanced Biotech
HEXYL BUTYRATE NATURAL
98% min.
Odor: Apricot, Fruity
Alfrebro
HEXYL BUTYRATE NATURAL
Odor: Sweet, Fruity, Pineapple
Astral Extracts
Hexyl Butyrate
Augustus Oils
Hexyl Butyrate
Services
Aurochemicals
HEXYL BUTYRATE, Natural
Axxence Aromatic
HEXYL BUTYRATE Natural
Kosher
Sustainability
Beijing Lys Chemicals
Hexyl Butyrate
Bell Flavors & Fragrances
Hexyl Butyrate
Blue Marble Biomaterials
Hexyl Butyrate - Natural ≥98%
Odor: Green, fruity, sweet, soapy, waxy: apple
Flavor: Green, fruity, waxy, soapy
CG Herbals
Hexyl Butyrate
Charkit Chemical
HEXYL BUTYRATE FEMA 2568
CTC Organics
hexyl butyrate
Diffusions Aromatiques
BUTYRATE HEXYLE
ECSA Chemicals
Hexyl Butyrate
Company Profile
EMD Millipore
For experimental / research use only.
Hexyl Butyrate
ENNOLYS
Hexyl butyrate
Natural (EU,US), Kosher & Halal
Odor: pear, pineapple, green
Ernesto Ventós
HEXYL BUTYRATE NATURAL
Odor: FRUITY, GREEN, WAXY, SOAPY
Ernesto Ventós
HEXYL BUTYRATE
Excellentia International
Hexyl Butyrate Natural
Fleurchem
hexyl butyrate natural
fnfsurplus.com
Hexyl Buty
Frutarom
HEXYL BUTYRATE
≥99.00%, NI, Kosher
Odor: Apple, Fruity, Green, Soapy, Sweet
Use: Suggested Uses: Alcoholic Beverages, Apple, Cocoa, Cranberry, Hard Fruits, Kiwi, Plum, Soft Fruits, Tea
Global Essence
Hexyl Butyrate
Grau Aromatics
HEXYL-BUTYRATE
NI, Kosher
Indukern F&F
HEXYL BUTYRATE
Odor: FRUITY, SWEET, PINEAPPLE, GREEN
CROP CALENDAR
Inoue Perfumery
HEXYL BUTYRATE
Jiangyin Healthway
Hexyl Butyrate
New functional food ingredients
Kunshan Sainty
Hexyl Butyrate, Natural
Lluch Essence
HEXYL BUTYRATE NATURAL
Lluch Essence
HEXYL BUTYRATE
M&U International
HEXYL BUTYRATE
M&U International
NAT.HEXYL BUTYRATE, Kosher
Matrix Scientific
For experimental / research use only.
Hexyl butyrate, 95+%
Moellhausen
HEXYL BUTYRATE
Odor: fruity, slightly fatty, buttery
PCAS
Hexyl Butyrate, Kosher
Penta International
HEXYL BUTYRATE, Kosher
Penta International
HEXYL-N-BUTYRATE, NATURAL, Kosher
Reincke & Fichtner
Hexyl Butyrate natural
Reincke & Fichtner
Hexyl Butyrate
Robertet
Hexyl Butyrate
Sigma-Aldrich
Hexyl butyrate, ≥98%, FG
Odor: apricot; pineapple; sweet
Certified Food Grade Products
Sigma-Aldrich
Hexyl butyrate, natural, ≥98%, FG
Odor: apricot; pineapple; sweet
SRS Aromatics
HEXYL BUTYRATE
Sunaux International
nat.Hexyl Butyrate
Taytonn
Hexyl Butyrate
Odor: Soapy, Sweet, Green, Fruity
TCI AMERICA
For experimental / research use only.
Hexyl Butyrate >98.0%(GC)
Treatt
Hexyl Butyrate
Ungerer & Company
Hexyl Butyrate
Vigon International
Hexyl Butyrate Natural
Vigon International
Hexyl Butyrate
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xi - Irritant
R 36/38 - Irritating to skin and eyes.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 36 - Wear suitable protective clothing.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Human Experience:
12 % solution: no irritation or sensitization.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50  > 5000 mg/kg
(Moreno, 1977b)

oral-rat LD50  > 5000 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 17, Pg. 815, 1979.

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-rabbit LD50 > 5000 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 17, Pg. 815, 1979.

Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
Recommendation for hexyl butyrate usage levels up to:
  8.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 110.00 (μg/capita/day)
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
Click here to view publication 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -8.60000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -2.60000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -2.10000
fruit ices: -2.10000
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -7.80000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety References:
European Food Safety Athority(efsa): Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):
Flavouring Group Evaluation 2, Revision 1 (FGE.02) : Branched- and straight-chain aliphatic saturated primary alcohols and related esters of primary alcohols and straight-chain carboxylic acids and one straight-chain aldehyde from chemical groups 1 and 2 (Commission Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000 of 18 July 2000) - Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in contact with Food (AFC)
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on the safety and efficacy of straight-chain primary aliphatic alcohols/aldehydes/acids, acetals and esters with esters containing saturated alcohols and acetals containing saturated aldehydes (chemical group 1) when used as flavourings for all animal species
View page or View pdf
EPI System: View
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 2639-63-6
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary : 17525
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
WGK Germany: 2
 hexyl butanoate
Chemidplus: 0002639636
RTECS: ET4203000 for cas# 2639-63-6
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
References:
 hexyl butanoate
NIST Chemistry WebBook: Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 2639-63-6
Pubchem (cid): 17525
Pubchem (sid): 134982424
Flavornet: 2639-63-6
Pherobase: View
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Other Information:
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos: The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc: Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC): Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS): View
CHEBI: View
CHEMBL: View
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database): HMDB33620
FooDB: FDB011708
Export Tariff Code: 2915.90.5050
VCF-Online: VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider: View
Read: Under the conditions of intended use - New developments in the FEMA GRAS program and the safety assessment of flavor ingredients
Read: A GRAS assessment program for flavor ingredients
Read: Sensory testing for flavorings with modifying properties. Food Technology
Read: Criteria for the safety evaluation of flavoring substances
Read: A procedure for the safety evaluation of natural flavor complexes used as ingredients in food: essential oils
Read: FEMA Expert Panel: 30 Years of safety evaluation for the flavor industry
Read: Consumption ratio and food predominance of flavoring materials
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Blenders and core components note
 
For Odor
No odor group found for these
(E)-tiglaldehydeFL/FR
aldehydic
 green hexanalFL/FR
 lily pentanalFR
2-methyl undecanal dimethyl acetalFR
alliaceous
 dibutyl sulfideFL/FR
animal
para-cresyl isobutyrateFL/FR
balsamic
isoamyl benzoateFL/FR
 fir carboxylateFR
chocolate
2,5-dimethyl pyrazineFL/FR
citrus
 citronella oil ceylonFL/FR
 citronellal / methyl anthranilate schiff's baseFR
2-heptanolFL/FR
 lemongrass oilFL/FR
 litsea cubeba fruit oilFL/FR
creamy
3-heptyl dihydro-5-methyl-2(3H)-furanoneFL/FR
fatty
3-decen-2-oneFL/FR
 hexyl pivalateFR
 methyl (E)-2-hexenoateFL/FR
 methyl 2-hexenoateFL/FR
fermented
3-methyl-1-pentanolFL/FR
floral
alpha-amyl cinnamaldehyde diethyl acetalFR
 boronia absoluteFL/FR
 citronellyl propionateFL/FR
gamma-damasconeFR
6,8-dimethyl-2-nonanolFR
 geranyl acetateFL/FR
(E)-geranyl acetoneFL/FR
 hydroxycitronellalFL/FR
 jasmin cyclopentanolFR
 lily propanolFR
 mimosa absolute franceFL/FR
 muguet shiseolFL/FR
 palmarosa oilFL/FR
 papaya isobutyrateFL/FR
 verdyl acetateFR
fresh
 sorbyl isobutyrateFL/FR
fruity
 acetaldehyde dihexyl acetalFL/FR
 allyl amyl glycolateFR
 allyl butyrateFL/FR
 allyl cyclohexyl acetateFL/FR
isoamyl butyrateFL/FR
 amyl hexanoateFL/FR
isoamyl isovalerateFL/FR
isoamyl octanoateFL/FR
 berry pentadienoateFL/FR
 butyl isobutyrateFL/FR
isobutyl propionateFL/FR
 cherry pentenoateFL/FR
 cyclohexyl propionateFL/FR
2-cyclopentyl cyclopentanoneFL/FR
 diethyl malonateFL/FR
 dimethyl succinateFL/FR
 ethyl (E)-2-decenoateFL/FR
 ethyl 2-cyclohexyl propionateFR
 ethyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
 ethyl 2-octenoateFL/FR
 ethyl 3-acetoxyhexanoateFL/FR
 ethyl 3,5,5-trimethyl hexanoateFR
 ethyl acetoacetateFL/FR
 ethyl methyl-para-tolyl glycidateFL/FR
 geranyl isovalerateFL/FR
 grape butyrateFL/FR
 green acetateFR
 heptanal cyclic ethylene acetalFR
 heptyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 hexanal propylene glycol acetalFL/FR
2-hexen-1-olFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl 2-methyl-2-pentenoateFR
(E)-3-hexen-1-yl acetateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl isobutyrateFL/FR
 hexyl (E)-tiglateFL/FR
 hexyl acetateFL/FR
 hexyl isovalerateFL/FR
 hexyl propionateFL/FR
 linalyl hexanoateFL/FR
 methyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
 methyl 3-nonenoateFL/FR
2-methyl butyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
 methyl heptanoateFL/FR
 methyl valerateFL/FR
2-methyl-2-pentenalFL/FR
 nerolidyl isobutyrateFR
 octen-1-yl cyclopentanoneFL/FR
 octyl butyrateFL/FR
2-pentyl furanFL/FR
4-phenyl-2-butyl acetateFL/FR
 pineapple pentenoateFL/FR
 prenolFL/FR
 prenyl ethyl etherFL/FR
 prenyl hexanoateFL/FR
isopropyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
 rhubarb undecaneFR
 tetrahydrofurfuryl butyrateFL/FR
 tropical indeneFR
 tropical thiazoleFL/FR
green
 acetaldehyde benzyl 2-methoxyethyl acetalFL/FR
 acetaldehyde methyl hexyl acetalFR
isoamyl formateFL/FR
 bark carbaldehydeFR
 butyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
 butyl heptanoateFL/FR
sec-butyl-3-methyl but-2-ene thioateFL/FR
 cognac heptanoneFL/FR
alpha-decalactoneFL/FR
3,7-dimethyl-6-octenoic acidFL/FR
 ethyl (E,Z)-2,4-decadienoateFL/FR
 ethyl (E)-2-hexenoateFL/FR
 ethyl (E)-4-decenoateFL/FR
 green dioxolaneFR
(Z)-3-hepten-1-olFL/FR
3-hepten-2-oneFL/FR
 heptyl formateFL/FR
 heptyl heptanoateFL/FR
 hexanal (aldehyde C-6)FL/FR
 hexanal dihexyl acetalFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl (E)-2-hexenoateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl acetateFL/FR
(E)-2-hexen-1-yl acetateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl butyrateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl formateFL/FR
(E)-2-hexen-1-yl formateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl hexanoateFL/FR
(E)-2-hexen-1-yl hexanoateFL/FR
(E)-2-hexen-1-yl isovalerateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl isovalerateFL/FR
(E)-2-hexen-1-yl propionateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl valerateFL/FR
(E)-2-hexen-1-yl valerateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexenalFL/FR
2-hexenyl acetateFL/FR
 hexyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
 hexyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 hexyl octanoateFL/FR
 hexyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 lilac acetaldehydeFL/FR
 magnolia flower oilFL/FR
 manzanate (Givaudan)FL/FR
 marigold pot absoluteFL/FR
 melon nonenoateFL/FR
 methyl R-3-acetoxyhexanoate 
2-methyl valeraldehydeFL/FR
 neryl butyrateFL/FR
(E)-2-pentenalFL/FR
 phenoxyethyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 phenyl acetaldehyde ethylene glycol acetalFR
alpha-isopropyl phenyl acetaldehydeFL/FR
 propylene acetalFL/FR
 thiogeraniolFL/FR
3,5,5-trimethyl hexanolFL/FR
 violet dienyneFR
herbal
isoamyl heptanoateFL/FR
 marigold oil mexicoFL/FR
laevo-perillaldehydeFL/FR
 perillaldehydeFL/FR
 tagete oil indiaFL/FR
 tricyclodecyl acetateFR
minty
beta-cyclocitralFL/FR
spicy
 cinnamyl isovalerateFL/FR
sulfurous
 buchu mercaptanFL/FR
vegetable
1-furfuryl pyrroleFL/FR
waxy
9-decenoic acidFL/FR
(E,E)-2,4-dodecadien-1-ol 
 methyl butyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
(E)-methyl geranateFL/FR
 octyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
woody
 cedarwood oil lebanonFR
 verdoxanFR
 woody acetateFR
 
For Flavor
 
No flavor group found for these
 acetaldehyde benzyl 2-methoxyethyl acetalFL/FR
 acetaldehyde dihexyl acetalFL/FR
 allyl tiglateFL
 butyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
sec-butyl-3-methyl but-2-ene thioateFL/FR
beta-cyclocitralFL/FR
2-cyclopentyl cyclopentanoneFL/FR
alpha-decalactoneFL/FR
(E,E)-2,4-dodecadien-1-ol 
 ethyl 3-acetoxyhexanoateFL/FR
2-ethyl pyridineFL
3-(2-furyl) acroleinFL
 green hexanalFL/FR
(E,E)-2,4-heptadien-1-olFL
(Z)-3-hepten-1-olFL/FR
2-heptenoic acidFL
 hexanal dihexyl acetalFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl (E)-2-hexenoateFL/FR
2-hexenalFL
2-hexenal diethyl acetalFL
(Z)-3-hexenoic acidFL
2-hexenyl acetateFL/FR
 hexyl (E)-2-hexenoateFL
 hexyl propionateFL/FR
 linalyl hexanoateFL/FR
 magnolia flower oilFL/FR
 methyl (E)-2-hexenoateFL/FR
 methyl 2-hexenoateFL/FR
 methyl 4-pentenoateFL
(E)-methyl geranateFL/FR
3-(methyl thio) hexanalFL
(E)-2-methyl-2-octenalFL
2-methyl-2-octenalFL
3-methyl-3-pentanolFL
(E,E)-3,5-octadien-2-oneFL
4-phenyl-2-butyl acetateFL/FR
 prenyl ethyl etherFL/FR
 prenyl hexanoateFL/FR
alpha-isopropyl phenyl acetaldehydeFL/FR
 propylene acetalFL/FR
(E)-tiglaldehydeFL/FR
alliaceous
 tropical thiazoleFL/FR
aromatic
para-cresyl isobutyrateFL/FR
laevo-perillaldehydeFL/FR
berry
 heptyl isobutyrateFL/FR
cinnamon
 sorbyl isobutyrateFL/FR
citrus
 citronella oil ceylonFL/FR
 cognac heptanoneFL/FR
 lemongrass oilFL/FR
 litsea cubeba fruit oilFL/FR
coconut
 butyl heptanoateFL/FR
cooling
 manzanate (Givaudan)FL/FR
corn chip
2-acetyl-2-thiazolineFL
creamy
3-hepten-2-oneFL/FR
earthy
1-hexen-3-yl acetateFL
estery
 ethyl acetoacetateFL/FR
fatty
3-decen-2-oneFL/FR
 ethyl (E)-4-decenoateFL/FR
 heptyl formateFL/FR
floral
 citronellyl propionateFL/FR
3,7-dimethyl-6-octenoic acidFL/FR
(E)-geranyl acetoneFL/FR
 muguet shiseolFL/FR
 palmarosa oilFL/FR
 papaya isobutyrateFL/FR
fruity
 allyl cyclohexyl acetateFL/FR
isoamyl benzoateFL/FR
 amyl hexanoateFL/FR
isoamyl octanoateFL/FR
 berry pentadienoateFL/FR
 boronia absoluteFL/FR
 butyl isobutyrateFL/FR
isobutyl propionateFL/FR
 cherry pentenoateFL/FR
 cinnamyl isovalerateFL/FR
 cyclohexyl propionateFL/FR
 diethyl malonateFL/FR
 dimethyl succinateFL/FR
 ethyl (E)-2-decenoateFL/FR
 ethyl (E)-2-hexenoateFL/FR
 ethyl (E)-2-octenoateFL
 ethyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
 ethyl 2-octenoateFL/FR
 ethyl methyl-para-tolyl glycidateFL/FR
 furfuryl propionateFL
2-heptanolFL/FR
3-heptyl dihydro-5-methyl-2(3H)-furanoneFL/FR
 hexanal propylene glycol acetalFL/FR
2-hexen-1-olFL/FR
(E)-3-hexen-1-yl acetateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl isobutyrateFL/FR
(E)-2-hexenal diethyl acetalFL
 hexyl acetateFL/FR
 hexyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 lilac acetaldehydeFL/FR
 methyl (E)-3-nonenoateFL
 methyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
 methyl 3-nonenoateFL/FR
2-methyl butyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
 methyl heptanoateFL/FR
 methyl valerateFL/FR
2-methyl-2-pentenalFL/FR
 octen-1-yl cyclopentanoneFL/FR
 pineapple pentenoateFL/FR
 prenolFL/FR
isopropyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
 tetrahydrofurfuryl butyrateFL/FR
green
 allyl butyrateFL/FR
isoamyl formateFL/FR
isoamyl isovalerateFL/FR
 dibutyl sulfideFL/FR
 geranyl acetateFL/FR
 geranyl isovalerateFL/FR
 grape butyrateFL/FR
 heptyl heptanoateFL/FR
 hexanal (aldehyde C-6)FL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl acetateFL/FR
(E)-2-hexen-1-yl acetateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl butyrateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl formateFL/FR
(E)-2-hexen-1-yl hexanoateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl hexanoateFL/FR
(E)-2-hexen-1-yl isovalerateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl isovalerateFL/FR
(E)-2-hexen-1-yl propionateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl valerateFL/FR
(E)-2-hexen-1-yl valerateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexenalFL/FR
 hexyl (E)-tiglateFL/FR
 hexyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
 hexyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 hexyl isovalerateFL/FR
 hexyl octanoateFL/FR
 marigold pot absoluteFL/FR
 melon nonenoateFL/FR
 methyl 2-undecynoateFL
 methyl R-3-acetoxyhexanoate 
2-methyl valeraldehydeFL/FR
4-methyl-2-pentenalFL
 neryl butyrateFL/FR
(E)-2-pentenalFL/FR
2-pentyl furanFL/FR
 phenoxyethyl isobutyrateFL/FR
3,5,5-trimethyl hexanolFL/FR
herbal
isoamyl heptanoateFL/FR
 marigold oil mexicoFL/FR
 tagete oil indiaFL/FR
juicy
 ethyl (E,Z)-2,4-decadienoateFL/FR
leafy
 methyl butyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
minty
 thiogeraniolFL/FR
musty
2,5-dimethyl pyrazineFL/FR
rummy
(E)-2-hexen-1-yl formateFL/FR
sour
3-methyl valeric acidFL
spicy
 perillaldehydeFL/FR
sulfurous
 buchu mercaptanFL/FR
vegetable
1-furfuryl pyrroleFL/FR
waxy
isoamyl butyrateFL/FR
9-decenoic acidFL/FR
 hydroxycitronellalFL/FR
 mimosa absolute franceFL/FR
 octyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
 octyl butyrateFL/FR
whiskey
3-methyl-1-pentanolFL/FR
 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Uses:
 appleFR
 apricotFR
 bananaFR
 blackberryFR
 chocolate cocoa 
 citrusFR
 cranberryFR
 currantFR
 dateFR
 gingerFR
 grapeFR
 green grassFR
 guavaFR
 hops houblonFL/FR
 huckleberry bilberryFR
 kiwiFR
 lavandinFL/FR
 lavenderFR
 mangoFR
 melonFR
 orangeFR
 passion fruitFR
 peachFR
 pearFR
 pineappleFR
 plumFR
 quinceFR
 strawberryFR
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 apple fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 apricot fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 banana fruit
Search  Picture
 barbaco fruit
Search  Picture
 beercognac
 brandy apple brandy
Search  Picture
 chamomile garden chamomile plant
Search Trop  Picture
 cheese gruyere cheese
Search  Picture
 cider
Search  Picture
 cocoa
Search Trop  Picture
 cranberry fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 grape concord grape
Search  Picture
 grape muscat grape
Search  Picture
 grapefruit oil california @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 guava fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 heracleum paphlagonicum czeczott fruit oil turkey @ 17.00%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lavandin oil abrialis @ 0.30%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lavandin oil grosso @ 0.28%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lavender oil CO2 extract france @ 0.35%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lavender oil france @ 0.25%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lavender oil spike france @ 0.02%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lavender oil spike spain @ 0.37%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 mango fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 osmanthus absolute @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 passion fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 passion fruit fruit juice
Search Trop  Picture
 pear fruit
Search  Picture
 plum fruit
Search  Picture
 plum hog plum
Search  Picture
 quince fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 rum
Search  Picture
 salvia atropatana bunge oil iran @ 1.30%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 star fruit fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 strawberry wild strawberry fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 tea black tea
Search Trop  Picture
 tea leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 wine
Search  Picture
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Synonyms:
 butanoic acid hexyl ester
 butanoic acid, hexyl ester
 butyric acid hexyl ester
 butyric acid, hexyl ester
 hexyl butanoate
N-hexyl butanoate
1-hexyl butyrate
N-hexyl butyrate
nat.hexyl butyrate
 hexyl butyrate natural
N-hexyl N-butanoate
 hexyl-butyrate
 hexyl-N-butyrate natural
 hexylbutyrate
 hexyle butyrate
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Articles:
PubMed: Identification of the Female-Produced Sex Pheromone of the Plant Bug Apolygus spinolae.
PubMed: Further studies on sex pheromones of female Lygus and related bugs: development of effective lures and investigation of species-specificity.
PubMed: Antibacterial activity of the essential oil of Heracleum sibiricum.
PubMed: Sex pheromone component ratios and mating isolation among three Lygus plant bug species of North America.
PubMed: The preferential binding of a sensory organ specific odorant binding protein of the alfalfa plant bug Adelphocoris lineolatus AlinOBP10 to biologically active host plant volatiles.
PubMed: Anti-Candida zeylanoides activity of some Iranian plants used in traditional medicine.
PubMed: Identification and field evaluation of pear fruit volatiles attractive to the oriental fruit moth, Cydia molesta.
PubMed: Aliphatic esters as targets of esterase activity in the parsnip webworm (Depressaria pastinacella).
PubMed: Identification of host fruit volatiles from three mayhaw species (Crataegus series Aestivales) attractive to mayhaw-origin Rhagoletis pomonella flies in the southern United States.
PubMed: Identification of fruit volatiles from green hawthorn (Crataegus viridis) and blueberry hawthorn (Crataegus brachyacantha) host plants attractive to different phenotypes of Rhagoletis pomonella flies in the southern United States.
PubMed: Headspace-solid phase microextraction coupled to gas chromatography-combustion-isotope ratio mass spectrometer and to enantioselective gas chromatography for strawberry flavoured food quality control.
PubMed: Effects of age and mating on female sex attractant pheromone levels in the sorghum plant bug, Stenotus rubrovittatus (Matsumura).
PubMed: Bioassay screening of the essential oil and various extracts from 4 spices medicinal plants.
PubMed: Attraction and antennal response of the common wasp, Vespula vulgaris (L.), to selected synthetic chemicals in New Zealand beech forests.
PubMed: Anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties of Heracleum persicum essential oil and hydroalcoholic extract in animal models.
PubMed: On the nature of ionic liquids and their effects on lipases that catalyze ester synthesis.
PubMed: Female-induced increase of host-plant volatiles enhance specific attraction of aphid male Dysaphis plantaginea (Homoptera: Aphididae) to the sex pheromone.
PubMed: Vicia faba-Lygus rugulipennis interactions: induced plant volatiles and sex pheromone enhancement.
PubMed: Production and predator-induced release of volatile chemicals by the plant bug Lygus hesperus.
PubMed: Cloning, expression, and characterization of a Baeyer-Villiger monooxygenase from Pseudomonas fluorescens DSM 50106 in E. coli.
PubMed: Chemesthesis from volatile organic compounds: Psychophysical and neural responses.
PubMed: Attraction of male European tarnished plant bug, Lygus rugulipennis to components of the female sex pheromone in the field.
PubMed: Investigation of long-range female sex pheromone of the European tarnished plant bug, Lygus rugulipennis: chemical, electrophysiological, and field studies.
PubMed: Criteria to design green enzymatic processes in ionic liquid/supercritical carbon dioxide systems.
PubMed: Male-produced anti-sex pheromone in a plant bug.
PubMed: Volatile compounds released by disturbed and calm adults of the tarnished plant bug, Lygus lineolaris.
PubMed: Neurophysiological and behavioural evidence for an olfactory function for the dorsal organ and a gustatory one for the terminal organ in Drosophila melanogaster larvae.
PubMed: Olfactory reception of potential pheromones and plant odors by tarnished plant bug,Lygus lineolaris (Hemiptera: Miridae).
PubMed: Sex pheromone of the mullein bug,Campylomma verbasci (Meyer) (Heteroptera: Miridae).
PubMed: Identification of apple volatiles attractive to the apple maggot,Rhagoletis pomonella.
PubMed: [Arthropathy and thyroid dysfunction; new treatment with n-hexyl-butyrate and bismuth].
PubMed: [Influence of desoxycorticosterone, n-hexyl butyrate, alpha-naphthylthiourea, and gum arabic on the survival of rats following a mortal dose of x-rays].
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