citronella oil ceylon
essential oil obtained from the herbs of the plant, cymbopogon (syn: andropogon) nardus (l.), gramineae
 
Notes:
Steam distilled from the leaves of Cymbopogon Nardus cultivated in Ceylon. tsca definition 2008: extractives and their physically modified derivatives. cymbopogon nardus or cymbopogon winterianus, graminae.
  • Albert Vieille SAS
    • Albert Vieille SAS
      Naturally Inspiring!
      Our objective is to inspire the creative minds in the realm of beauty with exceptional ingredients!
      Based on more than a century of experience in Vallauris, France, Albert Vieille SAS has crafted exceptional savoir-faire in the realm of perfume plants. Albert Vieille SAS is a venerable company specializing in 100% pure and natural aromatic raw materials for professionals working in the perfumery, cosmetics, food and aromatherapy markets. We have more than 200 aromatic products – essential oil, floral water, scented water, absolute, concrete, resinoid, gum resin – for use in formulating scented and flavored creations. Albert Vieille offers only aromatic products that are 100% pure, meaning they are from botanically identified plants of single geographic origin. The products are also 100% natural, as they are obtained through physical processes, undergoing no chemical modification or denaturation by petrochemical-derived molecules.
      Email: Elisabeth Campana
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      Citronnella Essential oil Sri Lanka
      Citronella is a grass native to India and Ceylon. Nicknamed “citron grass” or “West Indian lemongrass” because of the leaves’ powerful lemony scent, it is often confused with melissa or verbena. Citronella is an evergreen plant that forms dense tufts of smooth stems. The long, fragrant leaves are narrow, linear, and stiff. The essential oil is extracted from plants grown in Sri Lanka. They have a life expectancy of six to eight years and reach their maximum essential-oil yield the third and fourth years. Citronella plants are cut with a sickle and gathered in bundles before being transported to distilleries. The resulting essential oil has a fresh herbaceous fragrance with a citral-like note.
       
       
  • Augustus Oils
    • Augustus Oils Ltd
      The Premier Supplier
      Augustus Oils Ltd, in harmony with nature - to present it at its best...
      A wealth of experience, expertise and knowledge has allowed Augustus to bridge the gulf in expectation and trust between growers and users of natural ingredients. The Company works in partnership with customers on the one hand, and growers, farmers and distillers on the other. Both users and producers can then focus on exactly what they do best, while skilled Augustus technicians closely monitor and control the delivered product. This ensures users can have the confidence that they will receive the best raw materials suited to their requirements.
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      Product(s):
      Citronella Essential Oil Ceylon
      Citronella Aromatherapy Oil
       
  • Berjé
    • Berje Inc.
      Where the world comes to its senses
      Where the world comes to its senses - Berjé is a global distributor of Essential Oils and Aromatic Chemicals.
      Berjé is a family-owned business that has been in operation for six decades. The company's origins and strength lie in a profound understanding of the supply and the quality of the diverse raw materials consumed by the flavor and fragrance industries. This base was expanded upon more than two decades ago to include fragrance production. The company's unparalleled raw material expertise is focused on the supply of essential oils and aromatic chemicals. This is supported by our long-standing relationships with a worldwide fabric of producers ensuring the greatest prospects for uninterrupted supply in markets that are often volatile and unpredictable.
      Email: For Information
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      Voice: 973-748-8980
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      Product(s):
      Citronella Oil Ceylon
       
  • ECSA Chemicals
    • ECSA Chemicals
      International trading and distribution
      ECSA Group offers its customers in these business segments a complete 'one-stop shopping' solution.
      A hundred years on from its establishment, the Emanuele Centonze Holding SA has developed a solid presence in Switzerland and in Europe. The Group currently includes: ECSA Chemicals AG/ECSA Italia SRL SocietÓ con Unico Socio – ECSA Maintenance AG – ECSA Energy SA – Porta Ticino Easy Stop SA.
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      Product(s):
      Citronella Oil (Ceylon type)
       
  • Fleurchem
    • Fleurchem, Inc.
      Have A Flavorful Day
      A leading global manufacturer and supplier of ingredients for Flavors, Fragrances, AromaTherapy, Foods, Beverages, Personal Care Products, and other uses.
      Operating out of the 200,000 sq. ft., former Hercules/PFW facility in Middletown, NY; Fleurchem produces a full range of natural isolates, synthetic chemicals & specialities, essential oils and flavors. Additionally, the company performs toll manufacturing, as well as custom chemical synthesis for a wide range of clients.
      Email: Information
      US Voice: 845-341-2100
      US Fax: 845-341-2121
      Product(s):
      citronella oil ceylon "estate"
       
  • Foreverest Resources
    • Foreverest Resources Ltd.
      Leading pine based chemicals supplier
      Supplying turpentine based and natural/extracted flavor & fragrance ingredients.
      FOREVERESTA® F&F RAW MATERIALS is a range of natural extracts and synthetic aroma chemicals based on the rich material resources and great supply network from China, which was applied for specialty chemicals industry. The markets cover application areas on food, beverage, custom fragrance, fine perfume, personal care, cosmetics, etc.
      Foreverest Resources Ltd. is a materials supplier, exporting gum turpentine based, terpene derivertives and natural/extracted monomers and intermediates from China since 1988. We offers high quality raw materials for flavors and fragrances synthetic manufacturing in the world.
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      Product(s):
      Citronella Oil 85%
      Citronella oil, member of a class of naturally occurring organic substances called terpenes, which is obtained from the leaves of the oil grasses Cymbopogon nardus and C.winterianus. As the wide range of uses, Citronella oil is mindly used for medicines to perfumes for soaps. Two derivatives of citronella oil include the alcohol citronellol and the aldehyde citronellal.
       
       
  • Hermitage Oils
    • Hermitage Oils / Neroli S.R.L.
      Perfumery and Aromatherapy materials since 1979
      Hermitage Oils, the true home of essential oils!
      Hermitage Oils offers a selection of Absolutes, Essential Oils, Natural Isolates, Aroma Chemicals, CO2 Extracts, Ethanol Tinctures, and Extraits by Enfleurage.
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      Product(s):
      Citronella Nardus Essential Oil
      Adam Michael has this to say “Citronella Nardus Essential Oil is obtained from the scented grass which grows wild and is cultivated in Sri Lanka and other tropical areas. The colour is yellow brown with a very powerful sweet lemony scent. The main chemical constituents are citronellal and geraniol, with traces of other chemicals which vary as several varieties of the grass are used. Used extensively as an insect repellent.”
       
       
  • Lluch Essence
    • Lluch Essence S.L.
      A family company dedicated to sales and distribution
      Flexibility, availability, price and quality.
      Flexibility, availability, price and quality make LLUCH ESSENCE S.L. one of Europe’s references when it comes to essential oils and aroma chemicals, and it is now well known all around the world.
      Email: Info
      Voice: 34 93 379 38 49
      Fax: 34 93 370 65 04
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      Product(s):
      CITRONELLA CEYLAN OIL
       
  • Moellhausen
  • Penta International
    • Penta International Corporation
      Chemistry innovation
      At Penta, our products and services help businesses do business better.
      For over 30 years, Penta Manufacturing Company has played a growing role in worldwide chemistry innovations and applications. As an industry leader, Penta continues to pioneer chemistry-based solutions for practically every area of commerce. Our products and expertise have helped fuel technical advances in dozens of commercial applications including flavoring, coloring, fragrances and chemical processes.
      US Email: Technical Services
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      US Voice: (973) 740-2300
      US Fax: (973) 740-1839
      Product(s):
      03-32510 CITRONELLA OIL CEYLON
       
  • PerfumersWorld
    • PerfumersWorld Ltd.
      feeeel... the smell!
      The one-stop resource for the creative perfumer.
      No minimum orders. Aroma chemicals, essential oils, isolates, pheremones, absolutes, resinoids, FleuressenceTM key bases, PWx FactorTM, solubilizers, kits, creation systems, workshops, training, distance learning, The PerfumersWorld Perfumer's Studio, The Perfumer’s Formulation Bulletin, perfumery software, bespoke creation, analysis, consultancy, project counselling, trouble-shooting, unperfumed product bases, bottles, smelling strips, scales, distillation, equipment and inspiration!
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      Product(s):
      7CR00114 Citronella Oil
      Blends-well-with - +Citral +Terpineol +Isobornyl Acetate +Rosemary +Origanum geranium lemon bergamot orange cedarwood and pine.
       
       
  • Prodasynth
    • Prodasynth
      PRODUCTEUR PAR ESSENCE
      Chemical specialist in manufacturing, distributing and sourcing of tailor-made ingredients for the Flavour & Fragrance industry.
      Today we are also proud to say, we have created an important range of Natural Molecules which can be found in our Raw Material Compendium. The versatility of our small but efficient structure is one of our main strengths when trying to fulfill our clients' requirements.
      Email: Info:
      Email: Karine Cohen
      Voice: (33) 4 93 09 00 11
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      Product(s):
      CITRONELLA OIL
       
  • The Lermond Company
    • The Lermond Company
      Your Sourcing Resource
      The Lermond family has been sourcing raw materials for the flavor and fragrance industry for nearly 7 decades.
      The Lermond Company is a women-owned distributor of raw materials primarily servicing the flavor and fragrance industry. For three generations, members of the Lermond family have been integral sourcing partners for the North American flavor and fragrance industry. We supply high quality essential oils, aroma chemicals, absolutes, concretes, resinoids and floral waters from around the world to the global industry.
      Email: Info
      Email: Tara
      Email: Erica
      Voice: 201-896-3300
      Fax: 201-623-2910
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      16592 CITRONELLA OIL, CEYLON P&N - AV
      80760 CITRONELLA OIL, ORGANIC
       
  • Ultra International
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search
Fragrance Demo Formulas
Name: cymbopogon nardus rendle oil
CAS Number: 8000-29-1 
ECHA EC Number: 289-753-6
FDA UNII: QYO8Q067D0
Also Contains: cymbopogon nardus rendle herb extract
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
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FEMA Number: 2308  citronella oil ceylon
FDA:No longer provide for the use of these seven synthetic flavoring substances
FDA Mainterm (SATF):8000-29-1 ; CITRONELLA, OIL (CYMBOPOGON NARDUS RENDLE)
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 182 -- SUBSTANCES GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS SAFE
Subpart A--General Provisions
Sec. 182.20 Essential oils, oleoresins (solvent-free), and natural extractives (including distillates).
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Physical Properties:
Appearance: pale yellow to dark yellow clear liquid (est)
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Specific Gravity: 0.89400 to 0.91000 @  25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 7.439 to  7.572
Refractive Index: 1.47900 to 1.48000 @  20.00 °C.
Acid Value: 2.00 max. KOH/g
Vapor Pressure: 0.150000 mmHg @ 25.00 °C.
Flash Point: 175.00 °F. TCC ( 79.44 °C. )
Shelf Life: 24.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Storage: store in cool, dry place in tightly sealed containers, protected from heat and light.
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 paraffin oil, slightly cloudy
 water, 38.94 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
 water
Stability:
 non-discoloring in most media
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Organoleptic Properties:
 
Odor Type: citrus
 
Odor Strength: medium ,
recommend smelling in a 10.00 % solution or less
 
Substantivity: 28 hour(s) at 100.00 %
 
 citrus  lemon  grassy  woody  rose  fresh  wet  leafy  weedy  
Odor Description:
at 10.00 % in dipropylene glycol. 
citrus lemony grassy woody rose fresh wet leaves weedy
Luebke, William tgsc, (1984)
 
 
Flavor Type: citrus
 
 citrus  lemon  fatty  woody  grassy  terpenic  tropical  dewy  
Taste Description:
citrus lemon fatty woody grassy terpenic tropical dewy
 
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
 
 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: perfuming agents
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Suppliers:
Albert Vieille SAS
Citronnella Essential oil Sri Lanka
Odor: fresh herbaceous with a citral-like note
Use: Citronella is a grass native to India and Ceylon. Nicknamed “citron grass” or “West Indian lemongrass” because of the leaves’ powerful lemony scent, it is often confused with melissa or verbena. Citronella is an evergreen plant that forms dense tufts of smooth stems. The long, fragrant leaves are narrow, linear, and stiff. The essential oil is extracted from plants grown in Sri Lanka. They have a life expectancy of six to eight years and reach their maximum essential-oil yield the third and fourth years. Citronella plants are cut with a sickle and gathered in bundles before being transported to distilleries. The resulting essential oil has a fresh herbaceous fragrance with a citral-like note.
Harvest Calendar
Anhui Haibei
Citronella oil 35/85
Odor: Lemony grassy woody rosey fresh wet leaves
Astral Extracts
Citronella Oil Ceylon
Augustus Oils
Citronella Aromatherapy Oil
Services
Augustus Oils
Citronella Essential Oil Ceylon
Berjé
Citronella Oil Ceylon
Happening at Berje
Diffusions Aromatiques
CITRONNELLE CEYLAN HE
ECSA Chemicals
Citronella Oil (Ceylon type)
Company Profile
F. P. Aromatics Singapore
Citronella Oil
Fleurchem
citronella oil ceylon "estate"
Foreverest Resources
Citronella Oil 85%
Odor: characteristic
Use: Citronella oil, member of a class of naturally occurring organic substances called terpenes, which is obtained from the leaves of the oil grasses Cymbopogon nardus and C.winterianus. As the wide range of uses, Citronella oil is mindly used for medicines to perfumes for soaps. Two derivatives of citronella oil include the alcohol citronellol and the aldehyde citronellal.
George Uhe Company
Citronella Oil Ceylon
HDDES Group
Citronella Oil
Organic and Conventional
Odor: characteristic
Use: The specie of citronella belongs to cymbopogon and one of the most important parts of essential oils distilled in HDDES group. There are several varieties of citronella available in the world however Sri Lanka is famous for its own variety known to be as Ceylon and each variety differs from one another. This tropical grass is mostly grown in dry zones of the Island, where down south and Maiyanganaya can be manifested as the mostly grown districts. The plantation owned by the organization is where the raw materials are harvested and we at HDDES group manufacture the oil by using steam distillation method. In practice citronella oil are used for scenting of soaps, sprays, disinfectants, etc. in supplement it is also used as a raw material for extraction of geraniol and citronella. The majority buyers in contemporary in food and beverages industry are used for non-alcoholic beverages such as ice creams, candy, baked foods, etc.
Hermitage Oils
Citronella Nardus Essential Oil
Odor: characteristic
Use: Adam Michael has this to say “Citronella Nardus Essential Oil is obtained from the scented grass which grows wild and is cultivated in Sri Lanka and other tropical areas. The colour is yellow brown with a very powerful sweet lemony scent. The main chemical constituents are citronellal and geraniol, with traces of other chemicals which vary as several varieties of the grass are used. Used extensively as an insect repellent.”
Liberty Natural Products
CITRONELLA SRI LANKA
Lluch Essence
CITRONELLA CEYLAN OIL
Moellhausen
CITRONELLA CEYLON EO
Payand Betrand
Citronnella rectified oil France
Penta International
CITRONELLA OIL CEYLON
PerfumersWorld
Citronella Oil
Odor: lemony grassy woody rosey fresh wet leaves harsh lemon herb fresh powerful lemony
Use: Blends-well-with - +Citral +Terpineol +Isobornyl Acetate +Rosemary +Origanum geranium lemon bergamot orange cedarwood and pine.
Plants Power
Citronella Oil
Odor: powerfully fresh, lemony
Use: Citronella has an uplifting effect, easing feelings of sadness and depression. It is commonly used as an insect repellent or inhaled to treat colds, flus and minor infections. Citronella’s deodorizing effects combat excessive perspiration as well as refreshing tired, sweaty feet.
Prodasynth
CITRONELLA OIL
Odor: CITRONELLAL-LIKE, LEMON, GRASSY
The Lermond Company
CITRONELLA OIL, CEYLON P&N - AV
The Lermond Company
CITRONELLA OIL, ORGANIC
Ultra International
Citronella Oil
Cymbopogon Nardus
Crop Calendar
Ungerer & Company
Citronella Oil Ceylon
White Lotus Aromatics
Citronella essential oil
Odor: eet, fresh herbaceoous, bouquet with rosy-citrus, woody undertone
Use: In natural perfumery used in herbal accords, colognes, citrus notes, apothecary blends, aromatherapy preparations, mosquito repellents.
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Safety Information:
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xn - Harmful.
R 37/38 - Irritating to respiratory system and skin.
R 41 - Risk of serious damage to eyes.
R 43 - May cause sensitisation by skin contact.
R 63 - Possible risk of harm to the unborn child.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 23 - Do not breath vapour.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 36/37/39 - Wear suitable clothing, gloves and eye/face protection.
S 45 - In case of accident or if you feel unwell seek medical advice immediately.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
Flammable liquids (Category 4), H227
Acute toxicity, Oral (Category 5), H303
Skin irritation (Category 2), H315
Skin sensitisation (Category 1), H317
Serious eye damage (Category 1), H318
Specific target organ toxicity - single exposure (Category 3), Respiratory system, H335
Acute aquatic toxicity (Category 3), H402
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogramexclamation-mark.jpg
 
Signal word Danger
Hazard statement(s)
H227 - Combustible liquid
H303 - May be harmfulif swallowed
H315 - Causes skin irritation
H317 - May cause an allergic skin reaction
H318 - Causes serious eye damage
H335 - May cause respiratory irritation
H402 - Harmful to aquatic life
Precautionary statement(s)
P251 - Pressurized container: Do not pierce or burn, even after use.
P264 - Wash skin thouroughly after handling.
P280 - Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P305 + P351 + P338 - IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.
P501 - Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50  7200 mg/kg
Pharmazie. Vol. 14, Pg. 435, 1959.

intraperitoneal-rat LD50  713 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: ANTIPSYCHOTIC SENSE ORGANS AND SPECIAL SENSES: PTOSIS: EYE BEHAVIORAL: CHANGES IN MOTOR ACTIVITY (SPECIFIC ASSAY)
Indian Journal of Experimental Biology. Vol. 9, Pg. 515, 1971.

oral-mouse LD50  4600 mg/kg
Tokishikoroji Foramu. Toxicology Forum. Vol. 8, Pg. 91, 1985.

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-rabbit LD50 4700 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 11, Pg. 1067, 1973.

Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
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Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
IFRA Code of Practice Notification of the 49th Amendment to the IFRA Code of Practice
IFRA Critical Effect: Sensitization
contains the following IFRA (Annex) restricted components: (non-analysis max. level reference only)
farnesol Max. Found: <0.20 % and Reason: Sensitization
citronellol Max. Found: 6.00 % and Reason: Sensitization
citral Max. Found: 0.8 % and Reason: Sensitization
geraniol Max. Found: 17.7 % and Reason: Sensitization
methyl eugenol Max. Found: <2.00 % and Reason: Potential carcinogenic activity in animals
eugenol Max. Found: 0.2 % and Reason: Sensitization
farnesal Max. Found: 0.01 % and Reason: Sensitization
citronellal Max. Found: 4.5 % and Reason: Sensitization
Recommendation for citronella oil ceylon usage levels up to:
  5.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
Click here to view publication 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -21.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -17.00000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -26.00000
fruit ices: -26.00000
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -25.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety References:
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):
Conclusion on the peer review of the pesticide risk assessment of the active substance plant oils/citronella oil
View page or View pdf
EPI System: View
Daily Med: search
Cancer Citations: Search
Toxicology Citations: Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 8000-29-1
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
WGK Germany: 1
 cymbopogon nardus rendle oil
Chemidplus: 0008000291
RTECS: GE8750000 for cas# 8000-29-1
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
References:
 cymbopogon nardus rendle oil
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 8000-29-1
Pubchem (sid): 135289152
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Other Information:
FDA Substances Added to Food (formerly EAFUS): View
Export Tariff Code: 3301.29.6000
Typical G.C.
Wikipedia: View
FAO: BASIC PRINCIPLES OF STEAM DISTILLATION
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Blenders and core components note
 
For Odor
No odor group found for these
 lemon leaf flavor 
aldehydic
 citrus carbaldehydeFR
 decanal (aldehyde C-10)FL/FR
2-methyl undecanal (aldehyde C-12 mna)FL/FR
 nonanal (aldehyde C-9)FL/FR
 octanal (aldehyde C-8)FL/FR
balsamic
 amyris wood oilFL/FR
 benzyl salicylateFL/FR
isobornyl acetateFL/FR
 callitropsis araucarioides wood oilFR
 cinnamyl alcoholFL/FR
 ethyl cinnamateFL/FR
 methyl (E)-cinnamateFL/FR
citronella
4,8-dimethyl-7-nonen-2-olFR
citrus
 abronia fragranceFR
 acetaldehyde citronellyl methyl acetalFR
 agathis australis oil 
 aldehydic nitrileFR
 bergamot oil bergaptene reduced italyFL/FR
beta-bisabololFL/FR
 cedrat specialtyFR
 citralFL/FR
 citral diethyl acetalFL/FR
 citral dimethyl acetalFL/FR
 citral propylene glycol acetalFL/FR
 citronella fragranceFR
 citronella oilFL/FR
 citronella oil chinaFR
 citronella oil javaFR
 citronella oil java replacerFR
 citronella oil terpenesFR
 citronella oil zimbabweFR
 citronelloneFR
 citronellyl nitrileFR
 dihydromyrcenolFL/FR
 geranyl nitrileCS
 grapefruit oil c.p. californiaFL/FR
 grapefruit pentanolFR
 kauri-copal leaf oil 
 lemon balm fragranceFR
 lemon oil c.p. californiaFL/FR
 lemongrass fragranceFR
 lemongrass oilFL/FR
 lemongrass oil guatemalaFL/FR
 lemongrass oil replacerFR
 lime oil distilled mexicoFL/FR
 litsea cubeba fruit oilFL/FR
 mandarin lemon fagranceFR
 melissa absolute replacerFL/FR
 melissa oil replacerFR
 melissa oil slovak republic 
 methyl heptenoneFL/FR
3-methyl-4-(2-methyl butyl oxy) butyraldehydeFR
alpha-methylene citronellalFR
 ocimenolFL/FR
blood orange oil italyFL/FR
bitter orange peel oil brazilFL/FR
sweet orange peel oil c.p. brazilFL/FR
 tangerine oil americaFL/FR
 tetrahydromyrcenolFR
 trimethyl cyclohexeneFR
10-undecen-1-olFL/FR
 verbena absolute franceFL/FR
 verbena oil spainFL/FR
 verbena oil terpenelessFL/FR
fatty
 decanolFL/FR
floral
alpha-amyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
alpha-amyl cinnamaldehyde dimethyl acetalFL/FR
isoamyl salicylateFL/FR
 bois de rose oil brazilFL/FR
 citronellalFL/FR
 citronellolFL/FR
(R)-(+)-beta-citronellolFL/FR
 citronellyl acetateFL/FR
 citronellyl acetoneFL/FR
 coriander seed oilFL/FR
 cyclamen aldehydeFL/FR
 cyclohexyl ethyl alcoholFL/FR
delta-damasconeFL/FR
 eucalyptus macarthurii oilFR
 floral pyranolFR
 floral undecenoneFR
 geraniolFL/FR
 geranyl acetateFL/FR
(E)-geranyl acetoneFL/FR
alpha-hexyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
 ho leaf oilFR
 hydroxycitronellalFL/FR
 hydroxycitronellal residueFR
 leerallFR
 lilyallFR
 linaloolFL/FR
 linalool oxideFL/FR
 linalool terpenesFR
 nerolFL/FR
 neryl acetateFL/FR
 ocean propanalFL/FR
 orris pyridine 25% IPMFR
 palmarosa oilFL/FR
 palmarosa oil replacerFR
 petitgrain lemon oilFL/FR
 petitgrain oil paraguayFL/FR
beta-phenethyl angelate 
 primrose fragranceFR
 rhodinolFL/FR
 tetrahydrolinaloolFL/FR
fruity
gamma-decalactoneFL/FR
 geranyl acetoacetateFL/FR
 green acetateFR
green
isodecanalFL/FR
3,7-dimethyl-6-octenoic acidFL/FR
2,4-ivy carbaldehydeFL/FR
[(4E,4Z)-5-methoxy-3-methyl-4-penten-1-yl] benzeneFR
 styralyl acetateFL/FR
herbal
 clary sage oil franceFL/FR
 eucalyptus citriodora oilFR
 lavender absolute bulgariaFL/FR
 linalyl acetateFL/FR
 nopyl acetateFR
 origanum oil greeceFL/FR
 rosemary oil spainFL/FR
alpha-terpinyl acetateFL/FR
honey
 methyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
powdery
para-anisyl alcoholFL/FR
 cassia bark oil chinaFL/FR
 cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
 clove bud oilFL/FR
 eugenolFL/FR
isoeugenyl acetateFL/FR
 gingergrass oilFR
alpha-methyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
 methyl isoeugenolFL/FR
 pepper hexanoneFR
terpenic
 cypress leaf oilFR
gamma-terpineneFL/FR
alpha-terpineolFL/FR
tonka
 tonka bean absoluteFR
vanilla
 vanilla bean absolute (vanilla planifolia)FL/FR
 vanillyl acetateFL/FR
woody
(E)-ethyl geranateFR
 methyl cedryl ketoneFL/FR
 patchouli ethanoneFR
 patchouli oilFL/FR
 santallFR
 spruce needle oil canadaFL/FR
alpha-terpineneFL/FR
(Z)-woody amyleneFR
 
For Flavor
 
No flavor group found for these
 agathis australis oil 
alpha-amyl cinnamaldehyde dimethyl acetalFL/FR
 citral propylene glycol acetalFL/FR
(R)-(+)-beta-citronellolFL/FR
 citronellyl acetoneFL/FR
isodecanalFL/FR
 kauri-copal leaf oil 
 melissa absolute replacerFL/FR
 melissa oilFL
 melissa oil slovak republic 
 methyl (E)-cinnamateFL/FR
 ocimenolFL/FR
beta-phenethyl angelate 
10-undecen-1-olFL/FR
aldehydic
 nonanal (aldehyde C-9)FL/FR
 octanal (aldehyde C-8)FL/FR
balsamic
 benzyl salicylateFL/FR
 ethyl cinnamateFL/FR
berry
 berry lemon flavorFL
buttery
 butter lemon flavorFL
citrus
 bergamot oil bergaptene reduced italyFL/FR
beta-bisabololFL/FR
 citralFL/FR
 citral diethyl acetalFL/FR
 citral dimethyl acetalFL/FR
 citron flavorFL
 citronella oilFL/FR
 grapefruit oil c.p. californiaFL/FR
 lemon berry flavorFL
 lemon carbonylsFL
 lemon oil c.p. californiaFL/FR
 lemon tarragon flavorFL
 lemongrass flavorFL
 lemongrass oilFL/FR
 lemongrass oil guatemalaFL/FR
 lime oil distilled mexicoFL/FR
 linaloolFL/FR
 litsea cubeba fruit oilFL/FR
 nerolFL/FR
blood orange oil italyFL/FR
sweet orange peel oil c.p. brazilFL/FR
 petitgrain lemon oilFL/FR
 tangerine oil americaFL/FR
alpha-terpineolFL/FR
 verbena absolute franceFL/FR
 verbena oil franceFL
 verbena oil moroccoFL
 verbena oil spainFL/FR
 verbena oil terpenelessFL/FR
floral
 bois de rose oil brazilFL/FR
 citronellalFL/FR
 citronellolFL/FR
 citronellyl acetateFL/FR
3,7-dimethyl-6-octenoic acidFL/FR
 geraniolFL/FR
(E)-geranyl acetoneFL/FR
 linalyl acetateFL/FR
 methyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 neryl acetateFL/FR
 ocean propanalFL/FR
 rhodinolFL/FR
 tetrahydrolinaloolFL/FR
fruity
para-anisyl alcoholFL/FR
 blueberry lemon flavorFL
gamma-decalactoneFL/FR
bitter orange peel oil brazilFL/FR
 styralyl acetateFL/FR
grassy
 palmarosa oilFL/FR
green
isoamyl salicylateFL/FR
 cinnamyl alcoholFL/FR
 cyclamen aldehydeFL/FR
 cyclohexyl ethyl alcoholFL/FR
 dihydromyrcenolFL/FR
 geranyl acetateFL/FR
2,4-ivy carbaldehydeFL/FR
 lemon leaf flavor 
 linalool oxideFL/FR
 methyl heptenoneFL/FR
herbal
 clary sage oil franceFL/FR
 coriander seed oilFL/FR
 lavender absolute bulgariaFL/FR
 origanum oil greeceFL/FR
 petitgrain oil paraguayFL/FR
 rosemary oil spainFL/FR
musty
 geranyl acetoacetateFL/FR
spicy
 benzylidene acetoneFL
 cassia bark oil chinaFL/FR
 cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
 clove bud oilFL/FR
 eugenolFL/FR
isoeugenyl acetateFL/FR
alpha-methyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
 methyl isoeugenolFL/FR
terpenic
alpha-terpineneFL/FR
gamma-terpineneFL/FR
tropical
alpha-amyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
vanilla
 vanilla bean absolute (vanilla planifolia)FL/FR
 vanillyl acetateFL/FR
waxy
 decanal (aldehyde C-10)FL/FR
 decanolFL/FR
alpha-hexyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
 hydroxycitronellalFL/FR
2-methyl undecanal (aldehyde C-12 mna)FL/FR
woody
 amyris wood oilFL/FR
isobornyl acetateFL/FR
delta-damasconeFL/FR
 methyl cedryl ketoneFL/FR
 patchouli oilFL/FR
 spruce needle oil canadaFL/FR
alpha-terpinyl acetateFL/FR
 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Uses:
 abroniaFR
 agrumen aldehydeFR
 aldehydicFR
 almondFR
 ash mountain ash berryFR
 calamus oil replacerFR
 cedratFR
 citronellaFR
 citrusFR
 cologneFR
 coloniaFR
 curacaoFL
 fresh and cleanFR
 grass 
 greenFR
 herbalFR
 huntsman's nosegay 
 lemonFR
 lemongrassFR
 limeFR
 litsea cubebaFL/FR
 navy's nosegay 
 passion fruitFR
 petitgrainFR
 resedaFR
 spiceFR
 tea lemon teaFL
 verbenaFR
 wet fields 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 cymbopogon nardus
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Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Synonyms:
 citronella ceylon EO
 citronella oil ceylon
 citronella oil ceylon "estate"
 citronella oil ceylon (cymbopogon nardus rendle)
 citronella oil nardus type organic
 citronella oil, ceylon
 cymbopogon nardus rendle oil
 essential oil obtained from the herbs of the plant, cymbopogon (syn: andropogon) nardus (l.), gramineae
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Articles:
PubMed: Excito-repellency of essential oils against an Aedes aegypti (L.) field population in Thailand.
PubMed: Fumigant antifungal activity of Corymbia citriodora and Cymbopogon nardus essential oils and citronellal against three fungal species.
PubMed: Chemical composition, cytotoxicity and in vitro antitrypanosomal and antiplasmodial activity of the essential oils of four Cymbopogon species from Benin.
PubMed: Evaluation of biological and chemical insect repellents and their potential adverse effects.
PubMed: Formulas of components of citronella oil against mosquitoes (Aedes aegypti).
PubMed: Enantioselective effects of (+)- and (-)-citronellal on animal and plant microtubules.
PubMed: Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of Cymbopogon nardus citronella essential oil against systemic bacteria of aquatic animals.
PubMed: Chemical composition and in vitro antitrypanosomal activity of fractions of essential oil from Cymbopogon nardus L.
PubMed: Influence of extraction methodologies on the analysis of five major volatile aromatic compounds of citronella grass (Cymbopogon nardus) and lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus) grown in Thailand.
PubMed: Protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B inhibitory activity of Indonesian herbal medicines and constituents of Cinnamomum burmannii and Zingiber aromaticum.
PubMed: The effects of herbal essential oils on the oviposition-deterrent and ovicidal activities of Aedes aegypti (Linn.), Anopheles dirus (Peyton and Harrison) and Culex quinquefasciatus (Say).
PubMed: Efficacy of herbal essential oils as insecticide against Aedes aegypti (Linn.), Culex quinquefasciatus (Say) and Anopheles dirus (Peyton and Harrison).
PubMed: Oviposition-altering and ovicidal potentials of five essential oils against female adults of the dengue vector, Aedes aegypti L.
PubMed: Potential larvicidal and pupacidal activities of herbal essential oils against Culex quinquefasciatus say and Anopheles minimus (Theobald).
PubMed: Patent literature on mosquito repellent inventions which contain plant essential oils--a review.
PubMed: Insect repellent activity of medicinal plant oils against Aedes aegypti (Linn.), Anopheles minimus (Theobald) and Culex quinquefasciatus Say based on protection time and biting rate.
PubMed: Acaricidal activity of the essential oils from Eucalyptus citriodora and Cymbopogon nardus on larvae of Amblyomma cajennense (Acari: Ixodidae) and Anocentor nitens (Acari: Ixodidae).
PubMed: Repellent activity of plant-derived compounds against Amblyomma cajennense (Acari: Ixodidae) nymphs.
PubMed: Comparative chemical and analgesic properties of essential oils of Cymbopogon nardus (L) Rendle of Benin and Congo.
PubMed: Authenticity control of essential oils containing citronellal and citral by chiral and stable-isotope gas-chromatographic analysis.
PubMed: Antimicrobial effects of selected plant essential oils on the growth of a Pseudomonas putida strain isolated from meat.
PubMed: Comparative repellency of 38 essential oils against mosquito bites.
PubMed: Effects of Cymbopogon nardus (L.) W. Watson essential oil on the growth and morphogenesis of Aspergillus niger.
PubMed: Fungal pathogens associated with banana fruit in Sri Lanka, and their treatment with essential oils.
PubMed: Susceptibility of the bruchid Callosobruchus maculatus (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) and its parasitoid Dinarmus basalis (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) to three essential oils.
PubMed: Effect of plant volatile oils in protecting stored cowpea Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walpers against Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) infestation.
PubMed: Photosynthetic rates of citronella and lemongrass.
PubMed: Carbon dioxide compensation values in citronella and lemongrass.
PubMed: Pharmacological investigations of essential oil of Cymbopogon nardus (L.) Rendle: studies on central nervous system.
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
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