1,1-ethane dithiol 1% in ethanol 94.5% / ethyl acetate 4%
ethane-1,1-dithiol
 
Notes:
None found
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ethane-1,1-dithiol (Click)
CAS Number: 69382-62-3Picture of molecule
% from: 1.00%
FDA UNII: 6E52Q3WL23
Nikkaji Web: J2.814.782A
XlogP3-AA: 1.30 (est)
Molecular Weight: 94.19982000
Formula: C2 H6 S2
NMR Predictor: Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Also(can) Contains: ethanol 94.50%
 ethyl acetate 4.00%
EFSA/JECFA Comments: (Flavour Industry, 2005h). The substance is produced as a 1 % solution. Solvent is 94.5 % ethanol and 4 % ethylacetate. All specification parameters refer to this solution. (Industry).
Category: flavoring agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
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JECFA Food Flavoring: 1660  ethane-1,1-dithiol
Flavis Number: 12.293 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings: 12.293  ethane-1,1-dithiol
FEMA Number: 4111  ethane-1,1-dithiol
FDA Mainterm: ETHANE-1,1-DITHIOL
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Physical Properties:
Appearance: colorless clear liquid (est)
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Specific Gravity: 0.83000 to 0.83400 @  25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 6.906 to  6.940
Refractive Index: 1.36000 to 1.36600 @  20.00 °C.
Boiling Point: 120.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Vapor Pressure: 18.393999 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Flash Point: 86.00 °F. TCC ( 30.00 °C. )
logP (o/w): 1.740 (est)
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 water
 water, 1.297e+004 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
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Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: meaty
Odor Strength: high ,
recommend smelling in a 0.10 % solution or less
 meaty  roasted  meaty roasted meaty  
Odor Description:
at 0.10 % in propylene glycol. 
meaty roasted
 meaty  meaty roasted meaty  
Taste Description:
meaty
  
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Cosmetic Information:
None found
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Suppliers:
Parchem
1,1-ethane dithiol 1% in ethanol 94.5% / ethyl acetate 4%
Chemical Sources Association
Need This Item for Flavor/Food?: You can contact the CSA
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Safety Information:
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
Not determined
Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
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Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavoring agents
Recommendation for 1,1-ethane dithiol 1% in ethanol 94.5% / ethyl acetate 4% usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 0.012 (μg/capita/day)
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-USA): 0.01 (μg/capita/day)
Modified Theoretical Added Maximum Daily Intake (mTAMDI): 230 (μg/person/day)
Threshold of Concern:1800 (μg/person/day)
Structure Class: I
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 22
Click here to view publication 22
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: --
beverages(nonalcoholic): 0.200002.00000
beverages(alcoholic): 0.200002.00000
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: 0.200002.00000
fish products: --
frozen dairy: --
fruit ices: --
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: 0.200005.00000
hard candy: --
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: 1.000005.00000
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: 1.000005.00000
processed fruits: 0.200002.00000
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: 1.000005.00000
snack foods: 1.000005.00000
soft candy: --
soups: 0.600005.00000
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
 
Food categories according to Commission Regulation EC No. 1565/2000 (EC, 2000) in FGE.06 (EFSA, 2002a). According to the Industry the "normal" use is defined as the average of reported usages and "maximum use" is defined as the 95th percentile of reported usages (EFSA, 2002i).
Note: mg/kg = 0.001/1000 = 0.000001 = 1/1000000 = ppm.
 average usage mg/kgmaximum usage mg/kg
Dairy products, excluding products of category 02.0 (01.0): --
Fats and oils, and fat emulsions (type water-in-oil) (02.0): 0.200002.00000
Edible ices, including sherbet and sorbet (03.0): --
Processed fruit (04.1): 0.200002.00000
Processed vegetables (incl. mushrooms & fungi, roots & tubers, pulses and legumes), and nuts & seeds (04.2): --
Confectionery (05.0): --
Cereals and cereal products, incl. flours & starches from roots & tubers, pulses & legumes, excluding bakery (06.0): --
Bakery wares (07.0): --
Meat and meat products, including poultry and game (08.0): 1.000005.00000
Fish and fish products, including molluscs, crustaceans and echinoderms (MCE) (09.0): --
Eggs and egg products (10.0): --
Sweeteners, including honey (11.0): --
Salts, spices, soups, sauces, salads, protein products, etc. (12.0): 0.600005.00000
Foodstuffs intended for particular nutritional uses (13.0): --
Non-alcoholic ("soft") beverages, excl. dairy products (14.1): 0.200002.00000
Alcoholic beverages, incl. alcohol-free and low-alcoholic counterparts (14.2): --
Ready-to-eat savouries (15.0): 1.000005.00000
Composite foods (e.g. casseroles, meat pies, mincemeat) - foods that could not be placed in categories 01.0 - 15.0 (16.0): --
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Safety References:
European Food Safety Athority(efsa): Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):
Flavouring Group Evaluation 91 (FGE.91): Consideration of simple aliphatic and aromatic sulphides and thiols evaluated by JECFA (53rd and 68th meetings) structurally related to aliphatic and alicyclic mono-, di-, tri-, and polysulphides with or without additional oxygenated functional groups evaluated by EFSA in FGE.08Rev1 (2009)
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 91, Revision 1 (FGE.91Rev1): Consideration of simple aliphatic and aromatic sulphides and thiols evaluated by JECFA (53rd and 68th meetings) structurally related to aliphatic and alicyclic mono-, di-, tri-, and polysulphides with or without additional oxygenated functional groups evaluated by EFSA in FGE.08Rev3 (2011)
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 91, Revision 2 (FGE.91Rev2): Consideration of simple aliphatic and aromatic sulphides and thiols evaluated by the JECFA (53rd and 68th meetings) structurally related to aliphatic and alicyclic mono-, di-, tri-, and polysulphides with or without additional oxygenated functional groups evaluated by EFSA in FGE.08Rev5 (2012)
View page or View pdf
EPI System: View
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary : 33645
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
 ethane-1,1-dithiol
Chemidplus: 0069382623
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References:
 ethane-1,1-dithiol
NIST Chemistry WebBook: Search Inchi
Pubchem (cid): 33645
Pubchem (sid): 134998142
Pherobase: View
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Other Information:
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos: The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc: Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC): Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS): View
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database): HMDB32253
VCF-Online: VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider: View
Wikipedia: View
RSC Learn Chemistry: View
Read: Under the conditions of intended use - New developments in the FEMA GRAS program and the safety assessment of flavor ingredients
Read: A GRAS assessment program for flavor ingredients
Read: Sensory testing for flavorings with modifying properties. Food Technology
Read: Criteria for the safety evaluation of flavoring substances
Read: A procedure for the safety evaluation of natural flavor complexes used as ingredients in food: essential oils
Read: FEMA Expert Panel: 30 Years of safety evaluation for the flavor industry
Read: Consumption ratio and food predominance of flavoring materials
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Potential Blenders and core components note
 
For Odor
alliaceous
 dimethyl trisulfideFL/FR
 methyl furfuryl disulfideFL/FR
 rum etherFL/FR
 strawberry furanoneFL/FR
chocolate
2,6-dimethyl pyrazineFL/FR
coffee
 coffee difuranFL/FR
 furfuryl mercaptanFL/FR
2-methyl-3-,5 or 6-(furfuryl thio) pyrazineFL/FR
 nutty pyrazineFL/FR
fermented
 ethyl crotonateFL/FR
fresh
10-undecen-1-yl acetateFL/FR
fruity
3-mercaptohexyl acetateFL/FR
(E)-7-methyl-3-octen-2-oneFL/FR
 prunus amygdalus amara seed extractFL/FR
 tropical thiazoleFL/FR
 tropical trithianeFL/FR
(E)-2-undecenalFL/FR
green
2-heptyl furanFL/FR
(E,Z)-2,6-nonadienalFL/FR
 meaty dithianeFL/FR
4-methyl nonanoic acidFL/FR
 sulfurolFL/FR
 sulfuryl acetateFL/FR
musty
 hazelnut pyrazineFL/FR
 strawberry furanone methyl etherFL/FR
2-ethyl pyrazineFL/FR
2-ethyl-4-methyl thiazoleFL/FR
 filbert heptenoneFL/FR
2,6-lutidineFL/FR
2-methyl-3-(methyl thio) pyrazineFL/FR
phenolic
2,3-dimethyl benzofuranFL/FR
ortho-guaiacolFL/FR
4-vinyl phenolFL/FR
 trigonella foenum-graecum seed oil CO2 extractFL/FR
smoky
2,6-dimethoxyphenolFL/FR
 pyroligneous acidsFL/FR
 benzothiazoleFL/FR
 ethyl 2-mercaptopropionateFL/FR
 ethyl 3-mercaptopropionateFL/FR
 fish thiolFL/FR
 furfuryl thioacetateFL/FR
2-mercaptopropionic acidFL/FR
4-methyl 4-mercaptopentan-2-one 1% solutionFL/FR
 methyl mercaptanFL/FR
2-(methyl thio) phenolFL/FR
tobacco
 methyl benzoxoleFL/FR
 
For Flavor
 
No flavor group found for these
4-acetyl-2-methyl pyrimidineFL
 amyl mercaptanFL
1,2-butane dithiolFL
2-(2-butyl)-4,5-dimethyl-3-thiazolineFL
2,5-diethyl thiazoleFL
 dihydro-2,4,6-trimethyl-1,3,5(4H)-dithiazineFL
 dimethyl tetrasulfideFL
2,6-dimethyl-3-((2-methyl-3-furyl)thio)-4-heptanoneFL
bis(2,5-dimethyl-3-furyl) disulfideFL
(Z+E)-2,5-dimethyl-3-tetrahydrofuran thiolFL
(Z+E)-2,5-dimethyl-3-thioacetoxytetrahydrofuranFL
2,5-dimethyl-3-thiofuroyl furanFL
S-ethyl 2-acetyl aminoethane thioateFL
 ethyl 3-mercaptopropionateFL/FR
2-ethyl-3-methyl thiopyrazineFL
(Z+E)-5-ethyl-4-methyl-2-(2-butyl) thiazolineFL
(Z+E)-5-ethyl-4-methyl-2-(2-methyl propyl) thiazolineFL
2-hexyl thiopheneFL
1-(3-hydroxy-5-methyl-2-thienyl) ethanoneFL
3-mercapto-3-methyl butyl formateFL
4-mercapto-3-methyl-2-butanolFL
4-methyl 4-mercaptopentan-2-one 1% solutionFL/FR
 methyl benzoxoleFL/FR
 methyl dihydrofuran thiolFL
2-methyl thiazolidineFL
2-methyl-1-butane thiolFL
4-methyl-2-(methyl thiomethyl)-2-hexenalFL
2-methyl-2-thiazolineFL
2-methyl-3-,5 or 6-(furfuryl thio) pyrazineFL/FR
2-methyl-3-(methyl thio) pyrazineFL/FR
3-((2-methyl-3-furyl)thio)-4-heptanoneFL
4-((2-methyl-3-furyl)thio)-5-nonanoneFL
1,9-nonane dithiolFL
2-pentyl thiopheneFL
1-phenethyl mercaptanFL
isopropyl disulfideFL
2-isopropyl-3-(methyl thio) pyrazineFL
 thiazoleFL
3-thienyl mercaptanFL
 thioacetic acidFL
3,5-diisopropyl-1,2,4-trithiolaneFL
3,5-dimethyl-1,2,4-trithiolaneFL
3,7-dimethyl-2,6-octadien-1-yl cyclopropyl carboxamideFL
2,4-dimethyl-3-oxazolineFL
4-mercapto-2-pentanone 1% in acetoinFL
2-methyl-1-methyl thio-2-buteneFL
3-methyl-1,2,4-trithianeFL
 pyrrolidino-(1,2E)-4H-2,4-dimethyl-1,3,5-dithiazineFL
1-(2-thienyl) butanoneFL
alliaceous
 allyl disulfideFL
 allyl mercaptanFL
1,3-butane dithiolFL
 cyclopentyl mercaptanFL
 dicyclohexyl disulfideFL
 dimethyl trisulfideFL/FR
 garlic oil extendersFL
3-mercapto-2-pentanoneFL
3-tetrahydrothiophenoneFL
 tropical thiazoleFL/FR
bacon
 bacon reaction crispyFL
burnt
 bacon dithiazineFL
1,6-hexane dithiolFL
 rum etherFL/FR
caramellic
 strawberry furanoneFL/FR
chemical
2,3-dimethyl benzofuranFL/FR
2,5-dimethyl furanFL
coffee
 coffee difuranFL/FR
2-ethyl-4-methyl thiazoleFL/FR
 furfuryl mercaptanFL/FR
 methyl furfuryl disulfideFL/FR
 methyl furfuryl mercaptopropionateFL
 methyl furfuryl thiolFL
earthy
 difurfuryl sulfideFL
(±)-2-mercapto-5-methylheptan-4-oneFL
1,8-octane dithiolFL
2-thienyl disulfideFL
eggy
isopropyl mercaptanFL
fatty
pork fat extractFL
2-heptyl furanFL/FR
4-methyl nonanoic acidFL/FR
(E)-7-methyl-3-octen-2-oneFL/FR
fruity
2-ethyl-2,5-dihydro-4-methyl thiazoleFL
 tropical trithianeFL/FR
greasy
10-undecen-1-yl acetateFL/FR
green
4-methyl thiazoleFL
(E,Z)-2,6-nonadienalFL/FR
4-penten-1-yl acetateFL
meaty
4-allyl-2,6-dimethoxyphenolFL
 bacon flavorFL
 beef broth flavorFL
BBQ beef flavorFL
 beef flavorFL
roast beef flavorFL
 beef flavor baseFL
 benzothiazoleFL/FR
 chicken bone extractFL
 chicken extractFL
 chicken flavorFL
grilled chicken flavorFL
 chicken keyFL
2,6-dimethyl thiophenolFL
2,5-dimethyl-3-furan thiolFL
2',3-dimethyl-3',4-dioxa-2,8-dithiabicyclo(3.3.0)octane spirocyclopentaneFL
 ethyl 2-hydroxyethyl sulfideFL
 furfuryl 2-methyl-3-furyl disulfideFL
4-furfuryl thio-2-pentanoneFL
 ham enhancersFL
 ham flavorFL
 hot dog flavorFL
 lamb flavorFL
 liver flavorFL
 meat broth concentratesFL
 meat flavorsFL
 meaty dithianeFL/FR
 meaty enhancersFL
3-mercapto-2-butanoneFL
(R,S)-2-mercapto-3-butanolFL
3-mercapto-3-methyl butanolFL
2-mercaptomethyl pyrazineFL
2-mercaptopropionic acidFL/FR
2-methyl 3-(methyl thio) furanFL
2-(methyl thio) phenolFL/FR
 methyl thiofuryl butanalFL
12-methyl tridecanalFL
bis(2-methyl-3-furyl) disulfideFL
S-(2-methyl-3-furyl) ethane thioateFL
2-methyl-3-tetrahydrofuran thiolFL
2-methyl-3-thioacetoxytetrahydrofuranFL
 phenyl mercaptanFL
roasted pork flavorFL
 pork flavorFL
grilled pork flavorFL
 propyl 2-mercaptopropionateFL
 pyrazinyl ethane thiolFL
2-pyridinyl methane thiolFL
 rabbit flavorFL
grilled steak flavorFL
 sulfurolFL/FR
 sulfuryl acetateFL/FR
 thialdineFL
ortho-thiocresolFL
ortho-thioguaiacolFL
 turkey flavorFL
smoked turkey flavorFL
roast turkey flavorFL
 veal flavorFL
 venison flavorFL
medicinal
2,6-dimethoxyphenolFL/FR
metallic
2,5-dihydroxy-1,4-dithianeFL
musty
 hazelnut pyrazineFL/FR
 strawberry furanone methyl etherFL/FR
nutty
3-acetyl-2,5-dimethyl thiopheneFL
2-acetyl-4-methyl thiazoleFL
3,5-diethyl-2-methyl pyrazineFL
2,5-diethyl-3-methyl pyrazineFL
2,6-dimethyl pyrazineFL/FR
2-ethyl pyrazineFL/FR
 filbert heptenoneFL/FR
2,6-lutidineFL/FR
 nutty pyrazineFL/FR
 nutty thiazoleFL
 prunus amygdalus amara seed extractFL/FR
onion
 ethyl 2-mercaptopropionateFL/FR
 furfuryl isopropyl sulfideFL
phenolic
2-ethyl benzene thiolFL
4-vinyl phenolFL/FR
popcorn
2-propionyl-2-thiazolineFL
radish
3-(methyl thio) propyl mercaptoacetateFL
roasted
3,5-diisobutyl-1,2,4-trithiolaneFL
 furfuryl thioacetateFL/FR
 hexyl mercaptanFL
 trigonella foenum-graecum seed oil CO2 extractFL/FR
rummy
 ethyl crotonateFL/FR
savory
2,4,6-triethyl tetrahydro-1,3,5-dithiazineFL
smoky
 prosopis juliflora wood extractFL
 pyroligneous acidsFL/FR
spicy
hot spicy beef flavorFL
sulfurous
2,3-butane dithiolFL
 butyl mercaptanFL
 ethyl methyl sulfideFL
S-ethyl thioacetateFL
 fish thiolFL/FR
 furfuryl thiopropionateFL
 methyl 2-methyl-3-furyl disulfideFL
 methyl mercaptanFL/FR
3-methyl-2-butane thiolFL
2-naphthyl mercaptanFL
3-pentane thiolFL
 roasted butanolFL
tropical
3-mercaptohexyl acetateFL/FR
vegetable
 tyramineFL
wasabi
2-(methyl thio) ethyl acetateFL
waxy
(E)-2-undecenalFL/FR
woody
ortho-guaiacolFL/FR
yeasty
 faex extractsFL
 
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Potential Uses:
 meat 
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Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 yeast extract
Search  Picture
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Synonyms:
 ethan-1,1-dithiol 1% in ethanol 94.5% / ethyl acetate 4%
 ethane-1,1-dithiol
 ethane-1,1-dithiol 1% in ethanol 94.5% / ethyl acetate 4%
1,1-ethanedithiol 1% in ethanol 94.5% / ethyl acetate 4%
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