butyl butyrate
butanoic acid, butyl ester
 
Notes:
Present in many fruits, e.g. banana, cherry, melon, plum, also present in gruyere de comte cheese, cider, soybean etc. Used in fruit flavour compositions Butyl butyrate, or butyl butanoate, is an organic compound which is an ester formed by the condensation of butyric acid and butanol. It is a clear, colorless liquid that is insoluble in water, but miscible with ethanol and diethyl ether. Its refractive index is 1.406 at 20 C.
  • Advanced Biotech
  • Alfrebro
    • Alfrebro LLC
      Let's get reacquainted
      Building great taste with aroma chemicals, extracts, and distillates
      The Alfrebro brand was established in the early 1900s by Alex Fries & Brothers, a Cincinnati Flavor Company. In 1980, the brand was re-launched as an aroma chemical manufacturer. Since its inception, Alfrebro’s primary focus has been to provide quality natural and high value synthetic chemicals.
      Email: Sarah Forbis
      Email: Sales
      Voice: 513-539-3021
      Fax: 513-539-7372
      US Voice: 513-539-7373
      Newsroom
      Product(s):
      BUTYL BUTYRATE NATURAL
       
  • Augustus Oils
    • Augustus Oils Ltd
      The Premier Supplier
      Augustus Oils Ltd, in harmony with nature - to present it at its best...
      A wealth of experience, expertise and knowledge has allowed Augustus to bridge the gulf in expectation and trust between growers and users of natural ingredients. The Company works in partnership with customers on the one hand, and growers, farmers and distillers on the other. Both users and producers can then focus on exactly what they do best, while skilled Augustus technicians closely monitor and control the delivered product. This ensures users can have the confidence that they will receive the best raw materials suited to their requirements. Augustus has invested in modern, well equipped laboratories to provide unparalleled control of quality, and a development environment that continues to produce innovative ranges of natural ingredients. The strength of the company is built on both its comprehensive knowledge base, and extensive stocks of raw materials for both fragrance and flavour use. To complement its range of conventional and Organic Essential Oils and Aroma Chemicals, Augustus also offers a steadily increasing range of its own, UK manufactured Natural Extracts, Absolutes, Resinoids and Natural Chemicals. These again are fully tested and certificated, and very tightly quality controlled. Augustus is committed to promoting the use of natural ingredients, wherever the potential lies and to provide an environment of support and trust to both our customers and suppliers.
      Email: Enquiries
      Email: Sales
      Email: web site enquiries
      Voice: +44 (0)1420 590555
      Fax: +44 (0)1420 592420
      Services
      Product(s):
      Butyl Butyrate
       
  • Axxence Aromatic
    • Axxence Aromatic GmbH
      We bring nature to your flavour
      Dedicated to provide the best possible quality and supply service of natural aroma ingredients.
      Axxence Aromatic is entirely dedicated to provide the best possible quality and supply service of natural aroma ingredients to the Flavour & Fragrance Industry worldwide.
      Email: Service
      Voice: +49.2822.68561.0
      Fax: +49.2822.68561.39
      Sustainability
      Products List: View
      Product(s):
      218600 N-BUTYL BUTYRATE Natural Kosher
       
  • Charkit Chemical
    • Charkit Chemical Corporation
      The Specialty Chemical Specialists
      Explore this website to discover the products and services that Charkit provides for your industry and please contact us directly to find out how we can be of service to you.
      Since 1982, Charkit has been committed to expanding the markets we serve and our roster of products and services continues to grow with us. Personal care ingredients now include a substantial array of luxury and exotic components. Substantial inroads have been made in the nutraceutical and resins markets, with a growing roster of versatile and unique ingredients. And we continue to lead the way in our traditional markets such as Metal and Water Treatment, Imaging, Flavor & Fragrance, Aroma and Food. Our Pharmaceutical offerings continue to expand, still anchored by the Boronic Derivatives that meet the demands of Suzuki coupling reactions.
      Email: Sales
      Voice: 203-299-3220
      Fax: 203-299-1355
      Facebook
      Twitter
      Linkedin
      News
      Products List: View
      Product(s):
      BUTYL BUTYRATE FEMA 2186
       
  • Elan Inc.
    • Elan Inc.
      Legacy of Innovation
      Highest quality natural and synthetic products.
      Elan Inc. is a privately held business that has been in operation for over 30 years. Our offices and production facility are located in Newark, NJ. We are dedicated to producing the highest quality natural and synthetic products available in the flavor and fragrance industry.
      US Email: Mr. David Pimentel
      US Email: Ms. Isabel Couto
      Email: Elan (Shanghai) Fine Chemical
      Email: Elan do Brazil
      US Voice: (973) 344-8014
      US Fax: (973) 344 -5880
      Voice: +86 021 57448053 (Elan Shanghai)
      Fax: +86 021 57448054 (Elan Shanghai)
      Elan do Brazil:55 13 3261 6084
      Elan do Brazil Fax:55 13 3261 3726
      Custom Solutions
      Product(s):
      N-BUTYL BUTYRATE FCC, Kosher
      SDS
       
  • Excellentia International
    • Excellentia International
      Ingredients by Nature
      Exceptional quality and excellence in meeting our customers requirements.
      Excellentia International was founded in 2010 through the merger of Excellentia Flavors LLC and Polarome International. Collectively, these companies account for more than one hundred years of industry experience, and are recognized for exceptional quality and excellence in meeting our customers’ requirements.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      Email: Regulatory
      Voice: 732.749.9840
      Our Services
      Product(s):
      Butyl Butyrate, n- Natural
       
  • Frutarom
    • Frutarom Ltd
      Discover Our Passion
      Your preferred partner for flavour and fragrance success.
      At Frutarom, we take pride in our expertise and knowledge of Flavour & Fragrance Ingredients and our thorough understanding of the needs of Flavourists, Perfumers and Food Technologists. Working closely with our customers we have a strong track record of providing unique solutions to fulfil requirements.
      US Email: Info- USA
      Email: Info - UK
      Voice: +44 (0) 1429 863 222
      US Voice: +1 513 870 4900
      Products List: View
      Product(s):
      B0700 BUTYL BUTYRATE ≥98.00%, NI, Kosher
      Suggested Uses: Cheese, Dairy Products, Mango, Mushroom, Plum, Raspberry, Soft Fruits, Strawberry
       
       
  • H. Interdonati, Inc.
    • H. Interdonati, Inc.
      Innovative products
      Because your flavors and fragrances are only as good as their source "Since 1952"
      H. Interdonati, Inc. began in 1952 with the tradition of delivering quality pharmaceuticals and fine chemical ingredients at competitive prices. The mission was simple: To provide the most reliable, personal service in the industry.
      Email: Info
      US Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      US Email: Andrew Interdonati (Sales)
      Voice: 800 367-6617
      Fax: 631 367-6626
      Featured Products
      Product(s):
      Butyl butyrate Natural, Kosher
       
  • Indukern F&F
  • Jiangyin Healthway
    • Jiangyin Healthway International Trade Co.
      Independent Ingredients Supplier
      We provide custom synthesis and contract manufacturing from milligrams to metric tonnes.
      Jiangyin Healthway International Trade Co., Ltd is a professional company, main engaged in manufacturing and exporting aroma chemicals ,food additives , cosmetic ingredient ,pharmaceutical intermediates & other fine chemicals; especially on aroma chemicals , as the major manufacturer of heterocyclic and sulphur aroma compounds , we are the leading independent ingredients supplier to the flavour and fragrance industries in China, can offer hundreds of different high quality aroma chemicals.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      Voice: 86-510-86023169
      Fax: 86-510-86023170
      Mobile0086-13093133011
      Services
      Biochemical
      Natural Food Colour
      New functional food ingredients
      Product(s):
      HL0518 Butyl Butyrate
       
  • Lluch Essence
    • Lluch Essence S.L.
      A family company dedicated to sales and distribution
      Flexibility, availability, price and quality.
      Flexibility, availability, price and quality make LLUCH ESSENCE S.L. one of Europe’s references when it comes to essential oils and aroma chemicals, and it is now well known all around the world.
      Email: Info
      Voice: 34 93 379 38 49
      Fax: 34 93 370 65 04
      Linkedin
      Product(s):
      BUTYL BUTYRATE
      BUTYL BUTYRATE NATURAL
       
  • M&U International
    • M&U International LLC
      Steady supply & demand
      Meeting customers increasing demands at home as well as abroad.
      M&U dedicates itself to the development and production of new products as well as continuously promoting those new products. We’ve maintained a steady supply&demand relationship with a large number of manufacturers at home and abroad. We’ve developed an extensive network and because of our relationships with these manufacturers, we’re able to provide a stable supply of great quality materials. We’re located in China’s largest communications hub, Shanghai and in the U.S. near one of the largest sea ports on the East Coast. The strategic locations of our facilities ensure convenient, prompt and secure delivery of our products to our customers. We warmly welcome your inquiries, come witness our solemn commitment for yourself.
      Email: Sales
      US Email: Sales
      Voice: +86-21-32515501 60762991 60762992
      Fax: +86-21-32515502 64204960
      US Voice: 908-359-9000
      US Fax: 908-359-9002
      News
      Product(s):
      N0021 NAT.BUTYL BUTYRATE, Kosher
       
  • Moellhausen
    • Moellhausen S.P.A.
      THE CHEMISTRY OF EMOTIONS
      Innovation and commitment in the name of excellence.
      After 50 years in business, Moellhausen stands out as one of the world’s leading family-run companies in the industry of flavors and fragrances, raw materials, and specialties. My personal history is inextricably bound to that of the company, and I continue to dedicate all my energy to it along with our partners and collaborators who have supported us thus far with dedication, passion, love, and experience. Continuous investments and a professionalism aimed at achieving the highest levels of performance in service and quality, along with that same dedication, passion, love, and experience, have together enabled us to reach the absolute avant-garde level that characterizes Moellhausen today, recognized worldwide for its modernity, innovation, creativity, and respect for the environment and the safety and rights of those who work with us. As President and CEO of the company for 32 years, I offer a well-deserved thank you to all of our numerous customers, suppliers, employees, and company friends for helping to sustain our unstoppable and honorable growth. And it is with the support of all of our stakeholders that we will confidently continue to pursue our commitment to further advancing the excellence that our industry demands.
      Voice: +39 039.685.6262
      Fax: +39 039.685.6263
      Linkedin
      A network of knowledge to grow together
      Sustainability is at the foundation of a
      Pervasive technology and total control
      Product(s):
      103532 BUTYL BUTYRATE
       
  • Penta International
    • Penta International Corporation
      Chemistry innovation
      At Penta, our products and services help businesses do business better.
      For over 30 years, Penta Manufacturing Company has played a growing role in worldwide chemistry innovations and applications. As an industry leader, Penta continues to pioneer chemistry-based solutions for practically every area of commerce. Our products and expertise have helped fuel technical advances in dozens of commercial applications including flavoring, coloring, fragrances and chemical processes.
      US Email: Technical Services
      US Email: Sales
      US Voice: (973) 740-2300
      US Fax: (973) 740-1839
      Product(s):
      02-53800 n-BUTYL BUTYRATE FCC, Kosher
      02-53805 BUTYL BUTYRATE, NATURAL, Kosher
       
  • PerfumersWorld
    • PerfumersWorld Ltd.
      feeeel... the smell!
      The one-stop resource for the creative perfumer.
      No minimum orders. Aroma chemicals, essential oils, isolates, pheremones, absolutes, resinoids, FleuressenceTM key bases, PWx FactorTM, solubilizers, kits, creation systems, workshops, training, distance learning, The PerfumersWorld Perfumer's Studio, The Perfumer’s Formulation Bulletin, perfumery software, bespoke creation, analysis, consultancy, project counselling, trouble-shooting, unperfumed product bases, bottles, smelling strips, scales, distillation, equipment and inspiration!
      Email: Enquiries
      Email: Sales
      Voice: +66(0)2-99-800-80
      Fax: +66(0)2-99-800-80
      PerfumersWorld Skype Skype
      Facebook
      Twitter
      Google+
      Youtube
      Resources
      Software: Perfumer's Workbook
      Product(s):
      3FD05860 Butyl Butyrate
       
  • Sigma-Aldrich
  • Sunaux International
    • Sunaux International
      Buy With Confidence
      We have industry leading processes and procedures to ensure nothing but the most reliable product.
      Sunaux International was founded in 2012 by the owner Mr.John Felton after spending 18 years involved in developing global business in the aromatic chemicals, fragrance and flavour compounds business.
      Email: John Felton
      Email: Stephen Zhou (Sales)
      Voice: 0512-57995626
      Fax: 0512-57570299
      Sales0512-57995626
      Sales0512-57570299
      News
      Product(s):
      N0021 nat.Butyl Butyrate
       
  • Taytonn
    • TAYTONN PTE LTD
      Supplying Asia Pacific
      We fully understand the demands of the F&F industry and we endeavour to supply quality products, with ready availability and a personalised service.
      Since 2001 TAYTONN has been distributing key ingredients to the Fragrance and Flavor industry in Asia. We work closely with customers, principals and vendors. Together we forecast demand and match it with supply of aroma chemicals, essential oils and natural isolates & extracts. Sourced from around the world, our F&F ingredient inventory in Singapore is ready to ship to any location in Asia and beyond. Time and again, we help our principals introduce new discoveries to the F&F market - stimulating creativity and bringing value added proposition to our customers.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      Voice: + 65 - 6861 8113
      Fax: + 65 - 6861 8115
      Product(s):
      Butyl Butyrate
       
  • Treatt
    • Treatt PLC
      Innovative ingredient solutions
      World-leading innovative ingredient solutions provider for the flavour, fragrance and FMCG industries.
      We offer innovative and trend-setting product concepts for our customers, collaborating with them to create true value for their products.
      Email: Enquiries
      US Email: Enquiries
      Voice: +44 (0) 1284 702500
      Fax: +44 (0) 1284 703809
      US Voice: +1 863 668 9500
      US Fax: +1 863 668 3388
      News
      Product(s):
      Butyl Butyrate
       
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search
    Flavor Demo Formulas
butyl butanoate (Click)
CAS Number: 109-21-7Picture of molecule
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg: 203-656-8
FDA UNII: 1BHV00T1M4
Nikkaji Web: J2.876B
Beilstein Number: 1747101
MDL: MFCD00009450
CoE Number: 268
XlogP3-AA: 2.20 (est)
Molecular Weight: 144.21392000
Formula: C8 H16 O2
NMR Predictor: Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar: Search
Google Books: Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist: Search
Google Patents: Search
US Patents: Search
EU Patents: Search
Pubchem Patents: Search
PubMed: Search
NCBI: Search
JECFA Food Flavoring: 151  butyl butyrate
Flavis Number: 09.042 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings: 09.042  butyl butyrate
FEMA Number: 2186  butyl butyrate
FDA Mainterm: BUTYL BUTYRATE
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.515 Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants.
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Physical Properties:
Appearance: colorless clear liquid (est)
Assay: 98.00 to 100.00 % 
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: Yes
Specific Gravity: 0.86700 to 0.87100 @  25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 7.214 to  7.248
Refractive Index: 1.40500 to 1.40700 @  20.00 °C.
Melting Point: 91.50 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 166.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Acid Value: 1.00 max. KOH/g
Vapor Pressure: 1.810000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C.
Vapor Density: 4.9 ( Air = 1 )
Flash Point: 121.00 °F. TCC ( 49.44 °C. )
logP (o/w): 2.823 (est)
Shelf Life: 24.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Storage: store in cool, dry place in tightly sealed containers, protected from heat and light.
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 fixed oils
 water, 500 mg/L @ 20 °C (exp)
Insoluble in:
 water
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: fruity
Odor Strength: medium
 fruity  banana  pineapple  sweet  
Odor Description:
at 100.00 %. 
fruity banana pineapple sweet
Luebke, William tgsc, (1987)
 sweet  fruity  fresh  ripe  
Odor Description:
Sweet, fruity, fresh, diffusive and ripe
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 17, No. 4, 33, (1992)
 sweet  fresh  fruity  fatty  
Taste Description:
at 40.00 ppm.  
Sweet, fresh, fruity, slightly fatty
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 17, No. 4, 33, (1992)
Substantivity: 8 Hour(s)
  
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: perfuming agents
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Suppliers:
Advanced Biotech
BUTYL BUTYRATE NATURAL
98% min.
Odor: Pear-pineapple
Alfrebro
BUTYL BUTYRATE NATURAL
Odor: Fruity, Pineapple
Augustus Oils
Butyl Butyrate
Services
Aurochemicals
BUTYL BUTYRATE, Natural
Axxence Aromatic
N-BUTYL BUTYRATE Natural
Kosher
Sustainability
Charkit Chemical
BUTYL BUTYRATE FEMA 2186
Diffusions Aromatiques
BUTYL BUTYRATE
Elan Inc.
N-BUTYL BUTYRATE
FCC, Kosher
EMD Millipore
For experimental / research use only.
Butyl Butyrate
Ernesto Ventós
BUTYL BUTYRATE
Excellentia International
Butyl Butyrate, n- Natural
Frutarom
BUTYL BUTYRATE
≥98.00%, NI, Kosher
Odor: Fruity, Pineapple, Sweet
Use: Suggested Uses: Cheese, Dairy Products, Mango, Mushroom, Plum, Raspberry, Soft Fruits, Strawberry
H. Interdonati, Inc.
Butyl butyrate Natural, Kosher
Featured Products
Indenta Group
Butyl Butyrate
Indukern F&F
BUTYL BUTYRATE
Odor: FRUITY, PINEAPPLE
CROP CALENDAR
Inoue Perfumery
BUTYL BUTYRATE
Jiangyin Healthway
Butyl Butyrate
New functional food ingredients
Kunshan Sainty
Butyl Butyrate, Natural
Lluch Essence
BUTYL BUTYRATE NATURAL
Lluch Essence
BUTYL BUTYRATE
M&U International
NAT.BUTYL BUTYRATE, Kosher
Moellhausen
BUTYL BUTYRATE
Odor: strongly fruity, estery, green; pineapple-, banana-, raspberry-like
Pearlchem Corporation
n-butyl-n- butyrate
Penta International
BUTYL BUTYRATE, NATURAL, Kosher
Penta International
n-BUTYL BUTYRATE FCC, Kosher
PerfumersWorld
Butyl Butyrate
Odor: fine fruity pineapple sweet
Reincke & Fichtner
Butyl Butyrate natural
Reincke & Fichtner
Butyl Butyrate
Sigma-Aldrich
Butyl butyrate, ≥98%, FCC, FG
Odor: apple; banana; berry; peach; pear
Certified Food Grade Products
Sigma-Aldrich
Butyl butyrate, natural, ≥98%, FCC, FG
Odor: apple; banana; berry; peach; pear
Silverline Chemicals
Butyl Butyrate
Sunaux International
nat.Butyl Butyrate
Taytonn
Butyl Butyrate
TCI AMERICA
For experimental / research use only.
Butyl Butyrate >99.0%(GC)
Treatt
Butyl Butyrate
Ungerer & Company
Butyl Butyrate
Vigon International
Butyl Butyrate FCC (Normal)
Odor: FRUITY, PINEAPPLE-LIKE
Vigon International
Butyl Butyrate Natural (Normal)
Odor: FRUITY, PINEAPPLE-LIKE
WEN International
BUTYL BUTYRATE Natural
Wujiang CIYUN Flavor & Fragrance
Butyl Butyrate ≥ 99.0%
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xi - Irritant
R 10 - Flammable.
R 38 - Irritating to skin.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 37 - Wear suitable gloves.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Human Experience:
4 % solution: no irritation or sensitization.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rabbit LD50  9520 mg/kg
Industrial Medicine and Surgery. Vol. 41, Pg. 31, 1972.

intraperitoneal-rat LD50  2300 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 17, Pg. 521, 1979.

intraperitoneal-mouse LD50  8900 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 17, Pg. 521, 1979.

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-rabbit LD50 > 5000 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 17, Pg. 521, 1979.

Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
Recommendation for butyl butyrate usage levels up to:
  8.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 390.00 (μg/capita/day)
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
Click here to view publication 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -22.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -8.60000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: 150.000001500.00000
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -22.00000
fruit ices: -22.00000
gelatins / puddings: -14.00000
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -24.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety References:
European Food Safety Athority(efsa): Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):
Flavouring Group Evaluation 2, Revision 1 (FGE.02) : Branched- and straight-chain aliphatic saturated primary alcohols and related esters of primary alcohols and straight-chain carboxylic acids and one straight-chain aldehyde from chemical groups 1 and 2 (Commission Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000 of 18 July 2000) - Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in contact with Food (AFC)
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on the safety and efficacy of straight-chain primary aliphatic alcohols/aldehydes/acids, acetals and esters with esters containing saturated alcohols and acetals containing saturated aldehydes (chemical group 1) when used as flavourings for all animal species
View page or View pdf
EPI System: View
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 109-21-7
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary : 7983
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
WISER: UN 3272
WGK Germany: 2
 butyl butanoate
Chemidplus: 0000109217
EPA/NOAA CAMEO: hazardous materials
RTECS: ES8120000 for cas# 109-21-7
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
References:
 butyl butanoate
NIST Chemistry WebBook: Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 109-21-7
Pubchem (cid): 7983
Pubchem (sid): 134973670
Pherobase: View
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Other Information:
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos: The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc: Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC): Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS): View
CHEBI: View
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database): HMDB39620
FooDB: FDB019248
YMDB (Yeast Metabolome Database): YMDB01399
Export Tariff Code: 2915.60.5000
Typical G.C.
VCF-Online: VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider: View
Wikipedia: View
RSC Learn Chemistry: View
Read: Under the conditions of intended use - New developments in the FEMA GRAS program and the safety assessment of flavor ingredients
Read: A GRAS assessment program for flavor ingredients
Read: Sensory testing for flavorings with modifying properties. Food Technology
Read: Criteria for the safety evaluation of flavoring substances
Read: A procedure for the safety evaluation of natural flavor complexes used as ingredients in food: essential oils
Read: FEMA Expert Panel: 30 Years of safety evaluation for the flavor industry
Read: Consumption ratio and food predominance of flavoring materials
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Blenders and core components note
 
For Odor
animal
 methyl (E)-2-octenoateFL/FR
caramellic
 maltyl propionateFL/FR
chemical
 propyl propionateFL/FR
citrus
2-ethyl-1-hexanolFL/FR
earthy
 methyl 3-hexenoateFL/FR
 octyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
ethereal
 butyl acetateFL/FR
 cyclohexyl formateFL/FR
1-hexen-3-olFL/FR
isopropyl acetateFL/FR
fatty
 allyl decanoateFL/FR
 allyl octanoateFL/FR
 butter estersFL/FR
3-decen-2-oneFL/FR
 methyl (E)-2-hexenoateFL/FR
 methyl 2-hexenoateFL/FR
(E)-2-octenalFL/FR
floral
 benzyl acetoacetateFL/FR
 bois de rose oil brazilFL/FR
 dihydrolinaloolFL/FR
3,6-dimethyl-3-octanolFL/FR
 ethyl linaloolFR
 ethyl linalyl acetalFR
 ethyl linalyl acetateFR
 ethyl linalyl etherFL/FR
(E)-geranyl acetoneFL/FR
 geranyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 jasmin pyranoneFL/FR
 linaloolFL/FR
dextro-linaloolFL/FR
laevo-linaloolFL/FR
 linalool oxideFL/FR
 linalyl anthranilateFL/FR
 linalyl butyrateFL/FR
 phenethyl hexanoateFL/FR
2-phenyl propyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 tetrahydrolinaloolFL/FR
 violet methyl carbonateFR
fruity
 allyl 10-undecenoateFL/FR
 allyl 3,5,5-trimethyl hexanoateFL/FR
 allyl amyl glycolateFR
 allyl butyrateFL/FR
 allyl cinnamateFL/FR
 allyl cyclohexyl acetateFL/FR
 allyl cyclohexyl butyrateFL/FR
 allyl cyclohexyl propionateFL/FR
 allyl heptanoateFL/FR
 allyl hexanoateFL/FR
 allyl isovalerateFL/FR
 allyl phenoxyacetateFL/FR
 allyl propionateFL/FR
 allyl salicylateFR
 allyl sorbateFL/FR
(E,E)-allyl sorbateFL/FR
 amyl acetateFL/FR
isoamyl acetateFL/FR
isoamyl butyrateFL/FR
 amyl butyrateFL/FR
isoamyl decanoateFL/FR
 amyl heptanoateFL/FR
isoamyl hexanoateFL/FR
 amyl hexanoateFL/FR
 amyl isobutyrateFL/FR
isoamyl isobutyrateFL/FR
isoamyl octanoateFL/FR
isoamyl propionateFL/FR
 amyl propionateFL/FR
 amyl valerateFL/FR
 benzyl ethyl etherFL/FR
 benzyl isovalerateFL/FR
 benzyl propionateFL/FR
isobutyl 2-butenoateFL/FR
isobutyl acetateFL/FR
isobutyl butyrateFL/FR
isobutyl furyl propionateFL/FR
 butyl hexanoateFL/FR
isobutyl hexanoateFL/FR
 butyl isobutyrateFL/FR
isobutyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 butyl isovalerateFL/FR
isobutyl propionateFL/FR
 butyl valerateFL/FR
 cherry pentenoateFL/FR
 cinnamyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 cyclohexyl butyrateFL/FR
 cyclohexyl hexanoateFL/FR
 cyclohexyl isovalerateFL/FR
 cyclohexyl propionateFL/FR
 ethyl (Z)-4-octenoateFL/FR
 ethyl 3-(2-furyl) propanoateFL/FR
 ethyl 3-hexenoateFL/FR
 ethyl 3-hydroxyhexanoateFL/FR
 ethyl 3-methyl valerateFL/FR
 ethyl acetoacetateFL/FR
2-ethyl butyl acetateFL/FR
 ethyl butyrateFL/FR
 ethyl cyclohexane propionateFL/FR
 ethyl heptanoateFL/FR
 ethyl hexanoateFL/FR
 ethyl isovalerateFL/FR
 ethyl levulinateFL/FR
 ethyl propionateFL/FR
 ethyl valerateFL/FR
 furfuryl acetateFL/FR
 geranyl isovalerateFL/FR
4-heptanoneFL/FR
 herbanate (Givaudan)FR
(E)-2-hexen-1-olFL/FR
(E)-3-hexen-1-yl acetateFL/FR
 hexyl acetateFL/FR
2-hexyl butyrate 
 hexyl formateFL/FR
 linalyl hexanoateFL/FR
 methyl (Z)-4-octenoateFL/FR
 methyl 3-nonenoateFL/FR
 methyl 4-methyl valerateFL/FR
2-methyl butyl acetateFL/FR
 methyl butyrateFL/FR
 methyl hexanoateFL/FR
 methyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 methyl isovalerateFL/FR
 methyl valerateFL/FR
(Z)-3-octen-1-olFL/FR
2-pentanoneFL/FR
2-pentyl butyrateFL/FR
 pineapple hydroxyhexanoateFL/FR
 pineapple pentenoateFL/FR
 prenyl acetateFL/FR
isopropyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
isopropyl butyrateFL/FR
 propyl butyrateFL/FR
 propyl heptanoateFL/FR
isopropyl hexanoateFL/FR
 propyl hexanoateFL/FR
isopropyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 propyl isobutyrateFL/FR
isopropyl isovalerateFL/FR
isopropyl octanoateFL/FR
isopropyl propionateFL/FR
 tetrahydrofurfuryl butyrateFL/FR
 tropical iononeFL/FR
2-undecanoneFL/FR
 vanilla carboxylateFL/FR
green
 cognac heptanoneFL/FR
 ethyl (E)-4-decenoateFL/FR
 galbanum oxyacetateFR
 galbascone (IFF)FR
(Z)-3-hepten-1-yl acetateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl acetateFL/FR
(E)-2-hexen-1-yl butyrateFL/FR
(E)-2-hexen-1-yl formateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl hexanoateFL/FR
(E)-2-hexen-1-yl isovalerateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl valerateFL/FR
(E)-2-hexen-1-yl valerateFL/FR
(E)-2-hexenalFL/FR
3-hexenyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
3-hexenyl acetateFL/FR
 manzanate (Givaudan)FL/FR
 methyl heptine carbonateFL/FR
(E)-2-octen-1-yl acetateFL/FR
(Z)-5-octen-1-yl propionateFL/FR
 olive oil absoluteFL/FR
 pineapple heptadienone 10%FR
 sorbyl isobutyrateFL/FR
herbal
isoamyl heptanoateFL/FR
 benzyl octanoateFL/FR
2-pentyl acetateFL/FR
nutty
2-methyl-3-ethoxypyrazineFL/FR
sulfurous
 ethyl methyl mercaptopropionateFL/FR
tropical
 tropical 3-thiobutyrateFL/FR
2-tropical oxathianeFL/FR
waxy
 allyl nonanoateFL/FR
 ethyl octanoateFL/FR
 
For Flavor
 
No flavor group found for these
 allyl 10-undecenoateFL/FR
 allyl 3,5,5-trimethyl hexanoateFL/FR
 allyl cinnamateFL/FR
 allyl cyclohexyl butyrateFL/FR
(E,E)-allyl sorbateFL/FR
 allyl sorbateFL/FR
isoamyl 3-methyl thiopropionateFL
 amyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 amyl propionateFL/FR
 amyl valerateFL/FR
 benzyl ethyl etherFL/FR
 benzyl octanoateFL/FR
sec-butyl acetateFL
 cyclohexyl butyrateFL/FR
 cyclohexyl hexanoateFL/FR
 diethyl maleateFL
 ethyl 3-methyl valerateFL/FR
 ethyl cyclohexane propionateFL/FR
 ethyl linalyl etherFL/FR
(Z)-3-hepten-1-yl acetateFL/FR
3-hexenyl acetateFL/FR
2-hexyl butyrate 
 hexyl formateFL/FR
dextro-linaloolFL/FR
 linalyl hexanoateFL/FR
 methyl (E)-2-hexenoateFL/FR
 methyl (Z)-4-octenoateFL/FR
 methyl 2-hexenoateFL/FR
2-methyl-3-ethoxypyrazineFL/FR
 octyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
2-phenyl propyl isobutyrateFL/FR
isopropyl hexanoateFL/FR
isopropyl isobutyrateFL/FR
isopropyl isovalerateFL/FR
 sorbyl propionateFL
2-tropical oxathianeFL/FR
 benzyl acetoacetateFL/FR
isobutyl furyl propionateFL/FR
 sorbyl isobutyrateFL/FR
alliaceous
 allyl propionateFL/FR
caramellic
 maltyl propionateFL/FR
citrus
 cognac heptanoneFL/FR
laevo-linaloolFL/FR
 linaloolFL/FR
2-pentyl acetateFL/FR
cooling
 manzanate (Givaudan)FL/FR
creamy
 butter estersFL/FR
 jasmin pyranoneFL/FR
estery
 ethyl acetoacetateFL/FR
ethereal
 butyl acetateFL/FR
 methyl isobutyrateFL/FR
isopropyl acetateFL/FR
fatty
 allyl octanoateFL/FR
 ethyl (E)-4-decenoateFL/FR
2-ethyl-1-hexanolFL/FR
(Z)-3-octen-1-olFL/FR
(E)-2-octenalFL/FR
floral
 bois de rose oil brazilFL/FR
 dihydrolinaloolFL/FR
(E)-geranyl acetoneFL/FR
 geranyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 linalyl anthranilateFL/FR
 linalyl butyrateFL/FR
 tetrahydrolinaloolFL/FR
 tropical iononeFL/FR
fruity
 allyl cyclohexyl acetateFL/FR
 allyl cyclohexyl propionateFL/FR
 allyl decanoateFL/FR
 allyl heptanoateFL/FR
 allyl hexanoateFL/FR
 allyl isovalerateFL/FR
 allyl phenoxyacetateFL/FR
 amyl acetateFL/FR
isoamyl acetateFL/FR
 amyl butyrateFL/FR
isoamyl decanoateFL/FR
 amyl heptanoateFL/FR
 amyl hexanoateFL/FR
isoamyl hexanoateFL/FR
isoamyl isobutyrateFL/FR
isoamyl octanoateFL/FR
isoamyl propionateFL/FR
 benzyl isovalerateFL/FR
 benzyl propionateFL/FR
isobutyl acetateFL/FR
isobutyl butyrateFL/FR
 butyl hexanoateFL/FR
isobutyl hexanoateFL/FR
 butyl isobutyrateFL/FR
isobutyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 butyl isovalerateFL/FR
isobutyl propionateFL/FR
 butyl valerateFL/FR
 cherry pentenoateFL/FR
 cinnamyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 cyclohexyl isovalerateFL/FR
 cyclohexyl propionateFL/FR
 ethyl (E)-2-octenoateFL
 ethyl (Z)-4-octenoateFL/FR
 ethyl 3-(2-furyl) propanoateFL/FR
 ethyl 3-hexenoateFL/FR
 ethyl 3-hydroxyhexanoateFL/FR
2-ethyl butyl acetateFL/FR
 ethyl butyrateFL/FR
 ethyl heptanoateFL/FR
 ethyl hexanoateFL/FR
 ethyl isovalerateFL/FR
 ethyl levulinateFL/FR
 ethyl propionateFL/FR
 ethyl valerateFL/FR
 furfuryl isovalerateFL
 furfuryl propionateFL
 furfuryl valerateFL
4-heptanoneFL/FR
(E)-3-hexen-1-yl acetateFL/FR
 hexyl acetateFL/FR
 methyl (E)-2-octenoateFL/FR
 methyl 3-hexenoateFL/FR
 methyl 3-nonenoateFL/FR
 methyl 4-methyl valerateFL/FR
2-methyl butyl acetateFL/FR
 methyl hexanoateFL/FR
 methyl isovalerateFL/FR
 methyl valerateFL/FR
2-pentanoneFL/FR
2-pentyl butyrateFL/FR
 pineapple hydroxyhexanoateFL/FR
 pineapple pentenoateFL/FR
 prenyl acetateFL/FR
isopropyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
isopropyl butyrateFL/FR
 propyl butyrateFL/FR
 propyl hexanoateFL/FR
 propyl isobutyrateFL/FR
isopropyl octanoateFL/FR
isopropyl propionateFL/FR
 tetrahydrofurfuryl butyrateFL/FR
 vanilla carboxylateFL/FR
fusel
 methyl butyrateFL/FR
green
 allyl butyrateFL/FR
isobutyl 2-butenoateFL/FR
 cyclohexyl formateFL/FR
3-decen-2-oneFL/FR
 furfuryl acetateFL/FR
 geranyl isovalerateFL/FR
(E)-2-hexen-1-olFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl acetateFL/FR
(E)-2-hexen-1-yl butyrateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl hexanoateFL/FR
(E)-2-hexen-1-yl isovalerateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl valerateFL/FR
(E)-2-hexen-1-yl valerateFL/FR
1-hexen-3-olFL/FR
(E)-2-hexenalFL/FR
3-hexenyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
 linalool oxideFL/FR
 methyl heptine carbonateFL/FR
3-(5-methyl-2-furyl) butanalFL
(E)-2-octen-1-yl acetateFL/FR
(Z)-5-octen-1-yl propionateFL/FR
herbal
isoamyl heptanoateFL/FR
3,6-dimethyl-3-octanolFL/FR
oily
 olive oil absoluteFL/FR
rummy
(E)-2-hexen-1-yl formateFL/FR
sulfurous
 ethyl methyl mercaptopropionateFL/FR
 methyl 4-(methyl thio) butyrateFL
 tropical 3-thiobutyrateFL/FR
tropical
 propyl propionateFL/FR
waxy
 allyl nonanoateFL/FR
isoamyl butyrateFL/FR
 ethyl octanoateFL/FR
 phenethyl hexanoateFL/FR
 propyl heptanoateFL/FR
2-undecanoneFL/FR
 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Uses:
 appleFR
 apricotFR
 bananaFR
 butterFR
 butterscotchFR
 citrusFR
 fruit juicy fruit 
 grapeFR
 greenFR
 mangoFR
 orangeFR
 passion fruitFR
 pearFR
 pineappleFR
 plumFR
 raspberryFR
 strawberryFR
 woodruff asperulaFR
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 apple fruit
Search  Picture
 apple juice
Search  Picture
 banana fruit
Search  Picture
 berries
Search  Picture
 cheese
Search  Picture
 grape
Search  Picture
 heracleum paphlagonicum czeczott fruit oil turkey @ 0.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 honey
Search  Picture
 lavandin oil abrialis @ 0.03%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lavandin oil grosso @ 0.04%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 mango fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 mushroom
Search  Picture
 orange fruit juice
Search  Picture
 osmanthus absolute @ 0.02%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 passion fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 pear fruit
Search  Picture
 plum fruit
Search  Picture
 soybean
Search Trop  Picture
 strawberry wild strawberry fruit
Search Trop  Picture
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Synonyms:
 butanoic acid butyl ester
 butanoic acid, butyl ester
 butyl butanoate
N-butyl butanoate
1-butyl butyrate
N-butyl butyrate
nat.butyl butyrate
 butyl butyrate (natural)
 butyl butyrate FCC
N-butyl butyrate FCC
 butyl butyrate natural
N-butyl butyrate natural
 butyl butyrate normal FCC
 butyl butyrate normal natural
N-butyl N-butanoate
N-butyl N-butyrate
 butyric acid butyl ester
 butyric acid N-butyl ester
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Articles:
PubMed: Optimized butyl butyrate synthesis catalyzed by Thermomyces lanuginosus lipase.
PubMed: Simultaneous Clostridial fermentation, lipase-catalyzed esterification, and ester extraction to enrich diesel with butyl butyrate.
PubMed: Improved production of butyl butyrate with lipase from Thermomyces lanuginosus immobilized on styrene-divinylbenzene beads.
PubMed: High-temperature measurements of the reactions of OH with small methyl esters: methyl formate, methyl acetate, methyl propanoate, and methyl butanoate.
PubMed: Lipase-catalyzed synthesis of butyl butyrate by alcoholysis in an integrated liquid-vapor system.
PubMed: Identification of host fruit volatiles from three mayhaw species (Crataegus series Aestivales) attractive to mayhaw-origin Rhagoletis pomonella flies in the southern United States.
PubMed: Identification of fruit volatiles from green hawthorn (Crataegus viridis) and blueberry hawthorn (Crataegus brachyacantha) host plants attractive to different phenotypes of Rhagoletis pomonella flies in the southern United States.
PubMed: Characterization of aroma compounds of Chinese famous liquors by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and flash GC electronic-nose.
PubMed: Rational design of efficient modular cells.
PubMed: Volatile fingerprint of Brazilian defective coffee seeds: corroboration of potential marker compounds and identification of new low quality indicators.
PubMed: Delivery of floxuridine derivatives to cancer cells by water-soluble organometallic cages.
PubMed: Anatomical Variations of Upper Segmental Renal Artery and Clinical Significance.
PubMed: Effect of glucosamine conjugation to zinc(II) complexes of a bis-pyrazole ligand: syntheses, characterization and anticancer activity.
PubMed: Identification and field evaluation of pear fruit volatiles attractive to the oriental fruit moth, Cydia molesta.
PubMed: Pickering emulsions stabilized by surface-modified Fe3O4 nanoparticles.
PubMed: Covalent attachment of lipases on glyoxyl-agarose beads: application in fruit flavor and biodiesel synthesis.
PubMed: Characterization of plant-derived lactococci on the basis of their volatile compounds profile when grown in milk.
PubMed: Does activation of the anti proton, rather than concertedness, determine the stereochemistry of base-catalyzed 1,2-elimination reactions? Anti stereospecificity in E1cB eliminations of β-3-trifluoromethylphenoxy esters, thioesters, and ketones.
PubMed: Immobilization of Thermomyces lanuginosus lipase by different techniques on Immobead 150 support: characterization and applications.
PubMed: Characterization of an acidic cold-adapted cutinase from Thielavia terrestris and its application in flavor ester synthesis.
PubMed: Volatile fragrances associated with flowers mediate host plant alternation of a polyphagous mirid bug.
PubMed: Regioselective acylation of disaccharides in tert-butyl alcohol catalyzed by Candida antarctica lipase.
PubMed: Baclofen ester and carbamate prodrug candidates: a simultaneous chromatographic assay, resolution optimized with DryLab.
PubMed: Nucleophilic addition to 2,3-disubstituted butanal derivatives and their application to natural product synthesis.
PubMed: Influence of processing on the volatile profile of strawberry spreads made with isomaltulose.
PubMed: Biochemical characterization of a first fungal esterase from Rhizomucor miehei showing high efficiency of ester synthesis.
PubMed: Asymmetric synthesis of anti-(2S,3S)- and syn-(2R,3S)-diaminobutanoic acid.
PubMed: Comparison of volatile components in Chinese traditional pickled peppers using HS-SPME-GC-MS, GC-O and multivariate analysis.
PubMed: Magnetic Pickering emulsions stabilized by Fe3O4 nanoparticles.
PubMed: Structural transitions in cholesterol-based wormlike micelles induced by encapsulating alkyl ester oils with varying architecture.
PubMed: Evaluation of immobilized lipases on poly-hydroxybutyrate beads to catalyze biodiesel synthesis.
PubMed: Rate coefficients for reactions of OH and Cl with esters.
PubMed: [Studies on the chemical constituents of rhizoma of Coniogramme japonica].
PubMed: Profiling fruit volatiles in the progeny of a 'Royal Gala' x 'Granny Smith' apple (Malus x domestica) cross.
PubMed: Novel syn intramolecular pathway in base-catalyzed 1,2-elimination reactions of beta-acetoxy esters.
PubMed: Comparative analysis of the volatile fraction from Annona cherimola Mill. cultivars by solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography-quadrupole mass spectrometry detection.
PubMed: [Changes in amino acid and fatty acid contents as well as activity of some related enzymes in apple fruit during aroma production].
PubMed: Systemic and intrathecal effects of a novel series of phospholipase A2 inhibitors on hyperalgesia and spinal prostaglandin E2 release.
PubMed: Screening of food grade lipases to be used in esterification and interesterification reactions of industrial interest.
PubMed: Aroma development during ripening of Fragaria chiloensis fruit and participation of an alcohol acyltransferase (FcAAT1) gene.
PubMed: Discovery of potent and orally available malonyl-CoA decarboxylase inhibitors as cardioprotective agents.
PubMed: Enzymatic reactions and synthesis of n-butyl caproate: esterification, transesterification and aminolysis using a recombinant lipase from Geobacillus thermoleovorans CCR11.
PubMed: Diastereoselective hydroxylation of 6-substituted piperidin-2-ones. An efficient synthesis of (2S,5R)-5-hydroxylysine and related alpha-amino acids.
PubMed: Sex pheromone of the mullein bug,Campylomma verbasci (Meyer) (Heteroptera: Miridae).
PubMed: Linker-oriented design of binaphthol derivatives for optical resolution using lipase-catalyzed reaction.
PubMed: Identification of apple volatiles attractive to the apple maggot,Rhagoletis pomonella.
PubMed: A scanning force microscopy study on the motion of single brush-like macromolecules on a silicon substrate induced by coadsorption of small molecules.
PubMed: Headspace solid phase microextraction and gas chromatography-olfactometry dilution analysis of young and aged Chinese "Yanghe Daqu" liquors.
PubMed: Rapid differentiation of new apple cultivars by headspace solid-phase microextraction in combination with chemometrical data processing.
PubMed: Character impact odorants of the apple cultivars Elstar and Cox Orange.
PubMed: Assimilation of volatiles from ripe apples by Sporidiobolus salmonicolor and Tilletiopsis washingtonensis.
PubMed: Wavelength dependence of light-induced lipid oxidation and naturally occurring photosensitizers in cheese.
PubMed: Changes in the volatile compounds and chemical and physical properties of Kuerle fragrant pear (Pyrus serotina Reld) during storage.
PubMed: Synthesis and characterization of zinc AP-MOCVD precursors and their utility in the growth of ZnO.
PubMed: Characterization of aroma compounds of chinese "Wuliangye" and "Jiannanchun" liquors by aroma extract dilution analysis.
PubMed: Composition of volatiles of banana cultivars from Madeira Island.
PubMed: Biosynthesis of straight-chain ester volatiles in red delicious and granny smith apples using deuterium-labeled precursors.
PubMed: An improved method for 14C-labelling of farnesylacetic acid and its geranyl ester.
PubMed: Attraction and antennal response of the common wasp, Vespula vulgaris (L.), to selected synthetic chemicals in New Zealand beech forests.
PubMed: Strategies for enzymatic esterification in organic solvents: comparison of microaqueous, biphasic, and micellar systems.
PubMed: Immobilization of Candida antarctica lipase B by adsorption to green coconut fiber.
PubMed: Characterization of fermentative behaviors of lactic acid bacteria in grape wines through 1H NMR- and GC-based metabolic profiling.
PubMed: The effect of ultrasonic pre-treatment on the catalytic activity of lipases in aqueous and non-aqueous media.
PubMed: Covalent attachment of Candida rugosa lipase on chemically modified hybrid matrix of polysiloxane-polyvinyl alcohol with different activating compounds.
PubMed: Characterization and utilization of Candida rugosa lipase immobilized on controlled pore silica.
PubMed: Rice straw as a support for immobilization of microbial lipase.
PubMed: Aromatic profile of aqueous banana essence and banana fruit by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and gas chromatography-olfactometry (GC-O).
PubMed: Subsegmentation of the human liver.
PubMed: A comparison of acylation, phosphorylation and binding in related substrates and inhibitors of serum cholinesterase.
PubMed: Chemesthesis from volatile organic compounds: Psychophysical and neural responses.
PubMed: Understanding structure-stability relationships of Candida antartica lipase B in ionic liquids.
PubMed: Criteria to design green enzymatic processes in ionic liquid/supercritical carbon dioxide systems.
PubMed: Heterologous expression of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae alcohol acetyltransferase genes in Clostridium acetobutylicum and Escherichia coli for the production of isoamyl acetate.
PubMed: Continuous green biocatalytic processes using ionic liquids and supercritical carbon dioxide.
PubMed: Esterification activity and stability of Candida rugosa lipase immobilized into chitosan.
PubMed: Selection of stabilizing additive for lipase immobilization on controlled pore silica by factorial design.
PubMed: Competitive lipase-catalyzed ester hydrolysis and ammoniolysis in organic solvents; equilibrium model of a solid-liquid-vapor system.
PubMed: Modification of responses byCampylomma verbasci (Heteroptera: Miridae) to pheromone blends in atmospheres permeated with synthetic sex pheromone or individual components.
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
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