palmitic acid
hexadecanoic acid
 
Notes:
Cheese enhancer. a common saturated fatty acid found in fats and waxes including olive oil, palm oil, and body lipids. Occurs in the form of esters (glycerides) in oils and fats of vegetable and animal origin. Usually obt. from palm oil. Widely distributed in plants. Defoaming agent, lubricant and fruit coating constit. Palmitic acid is the first fatty acid produced during lipogenesis and from which longer fatty acids can be produced.; Palmitic acid, or hexadecanoic acid is one of the most common saturated fatty acids found in animals and plants. Isol. from Moringa oleifera (horseradish tree)
  • Advanced Biotech
    • Advanced Biotech. Inc.
      Inspired by Nature
      A diverse range of products, all meeting our stringent commitment to quality.
      Advanced Biotech is a leading manufacturer and supplier of high-quality Natural flavoring ingredients & botanical extracts for the food/beverage, cosmetic and personal care industries. With over 25 years of experience working with Fermentation processing & botanical extracts, we can help develop new innovative and functional products for today‪s competitive marketplace. Our company prides itself in the ability to cater to our customer‪s specific needs while maintaining our focus on integrity, honesty and the commitment to high quality product standards. We proudly offer our quality Natural ingredients to companies around the world.
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      Product(s):
      1227 PALMITIC ACID NATURAL 98% min.
      SDS
      2052 PALMITIC ACID SYNTHETIC 98% min.
      SDS
       
  • Augustus Oils
    • Augustus Oils Ltd
      The Premier Supplier
      Augustus Oils Ltd, in harmony with nature - to present it at its best...
      A wealth of experience, expertise and knowledge has allowed Augustus to bridge the gulf in expectation and trust between growers and users of natural ingredients. The Company works in partnership with customers on the one hand, and growers, farmers and distillers on the other. Both users and producers can then focus on exactly what they do best, while skilled Augustus technicians closely monitor and control the delivered product. This ensures users can have the confidence that they will receive the best raw materials suited to their requirements.
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      Palmitic Acid
       
  • Axxence Aromatic
    • Axxence Aromatic GmbH
      We bring nature to your flavour
      Dedicated to provide the best possible quality and supply service of natural aroma ingredients.
      Axxence Aromatic is entirely dedicated to provide the best possible quality and supply service of natural aroma ingredients to the Flavour & Fragrance Industry worldwide.
      Email: Service
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      Products List: View
      Product(s):
      283200 PALMITIC ACID (HEXADECANOIC), Natural Kosher
       
  • Bedoukian Research
    • Bedoukian Research, Inc.
      Perfecting the Art of Chemistry
      Working closely with our customers to meet their requirements.
      Dr. Paul Bedoukian founded the company in 1972 to fill a niche as a supplier of high quality specialty aroma molecules. Today, we offer more than 350 high impact aroma chemicals, while providing custom manufacturing services to the pharmaceutical, agrochemical, and specialty chemical industries.
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      Product(s):
      885 PALMITIC ACID (NATURAL) ≥96.0%, Kosher
      SDS
      Can be used as a fatty note in various applications.
      Dairy type flavors.
       
       
  • Beijing Lys Chemicals
    • Beijing Lys Chemicals Co, LTD.
      From Grams to Tons
      Fine chemical high-tech company which contains R&D, production, and sales.
      BEIJING LYS CHEMICALS CO, LTD, established in 2004, is a fine chemical high-tech company which contains R&D, production, and sales. We mainly engaged in export and technology development of flavor and fragrance materials and pharmaceutical intermediates. We have nearly 500 kinds of products, from grams to tons, exported to USA, Europe, South Asia and etc. And we custom manufacture new products according to customers’ needs, and serve good quality products and service. Our goal is to become a fine chemical enterprise which could provide special products and services.
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      Product(s):
      10777 Palmitic acid
       
  • BOC Sciences
    • BOC Sciences
      Best of Chemicals Supplier
      Quality supplier of research chemicals and biochemicals including inhibitors, building blocks, GMP Products, impurities and metabolites, APIs for Veterinary, Natural Compounds, ADCs, Stem Cell Molecule and chiral compounds.
      BOC Sciences provides a wide range of services to support the pharmaceutical industry through all stages of drug discovery including Custom Synthesis of those chemicals that are not in stock, Isotope Labeling Service, Chiral Synthesis and Resolution, Bioconjugation, PEGylation services, analytical services.
      BOC Sciences is a brand of BOCSCI Inc. We leverage our wide spectrum of business in the fields of development, manufacturing, marketing, and distribution to help you make best-informed decisions tailored to your evolving needs for premium chemicals. Our complete suite of CRO services spans the entire molecule development pipeline including contract research for target identification, building blocks, compound synthesis, biochemical and cellular analysis, preclinical animal tests, and clinical studies.
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      Product(s):
      57-10-3 PALMITIC ACID (NATURAL) >98%
       
  • ECSA Chemicals
    • ECSA Chemicals
      Human Chemistry
      ECSA Chemicals has been active since 1913 in the trading and international commerce of raw materials. With an organisation divided into industrial segments managed by specialists, it has become one of the largest distributors worldwide.
      ECSA Chemicals is the largest Swiss-owned company in terms of warehouses for the distribution of chemical products. We have been distributing chemical products for over 100 years and we have a special interest in protecting the environment and in the safety of our facilities and collaborators.
      Established in 1913 as a small grocery store, in its over 100 years of activity ECSA Chemicals has become one of the most important Swiss-owned distributors of chemical products. The company, which is active in international distribution and trading, is organised into industrial segments that are managed by teams of specialists and experts. They guarantee professional and customised consultancy and services. With our experience, we can rapidly and safely connect you with the best suppliers on the market, providing you with a complete search, consulting and assistance service. The focus of our approach and operations is you, our customers. We strive every day to find the best products that satisfy your needs as quickly as possible. Your satisfaction is our greatest success. WHY CHOOSE ECSA? EXPERIENCE We have been working for 100 years. QUALITY We have obtained many certifications (ISO, SQAS, GDP, Responsible Care, Bio-Inspecta, RSPO, etc.). We guarantee full compliance with the current laws and continuous training for our staff. SAFETY We constantly carry out risk analyses for each infrastructure, defining safety levels and implementing corrective measures promptly wherever they are needed. WIDESPREAD DISTRIBUTION We have warehouses in strategic locations to supply goods to Switzerland and to the rest of the world. STORAGE CAPACITY The 3 ECSA-owned warehouses guarantee considerable storage area and capacity in each warehouse, with full availability of products (base chemicals and speciality chemicals). SPEED Presence all over the country, staff dedicated to sourcing raw materials and considerable storage capacity guarantee that goods are rapidly obtained and supplied. CONSULTANCY Our specialists - in-depth knowledge of the market and products allows us to provide full consulting services, from the purchase to the supply of raw materials.
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      Product(s):
      MP-020743 PALMITIC ACID
       
  • Excellentia International
    • Excellentia International
      Ingredients by Nature
      Exceptional quality and excellence in meeting our customers requirements.
      Excellentia International was founded in 2010 through the merger of Excellentia Flavors LLC and Polarome International. Collectively, these companies account for more than one hundred years of industry experience, and are recognized for exceptional quality and excellence in meeting our customers’ requirements.
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      Product(s):
      Palmitic Acid (Hexadecanoic Acid) Natural
       
  • Fleurchem
    • Fleurchem, Inc.
      Have A Flavorful Day
      A leading global manufacturer and supplier of ingredients for Flavors, Fragrances, AromaTherapy, Foods, Beverages, Personal Care Products, and other uses.
      Operating out of the 200,000 sq. ft., former Hercules/PFW facility in Middletown, NY; Fleurchem produces a full range of natural isolates, synthetic chemicals & specialities, essential oils and flavors. Additionally, the company performs toll manufacturing, as well as custom chemical synthesis for a wide range of clients.
      Email: Information
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      US Fax: 845-341-2121
      Product(s):
      palmitic acid natural
       
  • Lluch Essence
    • Lluch Essence S.L.
      A family company dedicated to sales and distribution
      Flexibility, availability, price and quality.
      Flexibility, availability, price and quality make LLUCH ESSENCE S.L. one of Europe’s references when it comes to essential oils and aroma chemicals, and it is now well known all around the world.
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      Voice: 34 93 379 38 49
      Fax: 34 93 370 65 04
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      Product(s):
      PALMITIC ACID NATURAL
       
  • M&U International
    • M&U International LLC
      Steady supply & demand
      Meeting customers increasing demands at home as well as abroad.
      M&U dedicates itself to the development and production of new products as well as continuously promoting those new products. We’ve maintained a steady supply&demand relationship with a large number of manufacturers at home and abroad. We’ve developed an extensive network and because of our relationships with these manufacturers, we’re able to provide a stable supply of great quality materials. We’re located in China’s largest communications hub, Shanghai and in the U.S. near one of the largest sea ports on the East Coast. The strategic locations of our facilities ensure convenient, prompt and secure delivery of our products to our customers.
      Email: Sales
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      Product(s):
      N0281 Nat. Palmitic Acid
       
  • Penta International
  • Prodasynth
    • Prodasynth
      PRODUCTEUR PAR ESSENCE
      Chemical specialist in manufacturing, distributing and sourcing of tailor-made ingredients for the Flavour & Fragrance industry.
      Today we are also proud to say, we have created an important range of Natural Molecules which can be found in our Raw Material Compendium. The versatility of our small but efficient structure is one of our main strengths when trying to fulfill our clients' requirements.
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      Product(s):
      PALMITIC ACID, NATURAL (> 98%)
       
  • Sigma-Aldrich
  • TCI AMERICA
    • TCI AMERICA
      Moving Your Chemistry Forward
      We continuously strive to advance our technology.
      With East & West Coast distribution centers, count on TCI to deliver products quickly and reliably. Over 30,000 Reagents available today in benchtop to bulk quantities. We also offer custom synthesis solutions. Sign up for a TCI account today for fast and free shipping!
      Tokyo Chemical Industry Co., Ltd. (TCI) is a leading worldwide manufacturer of specialty organic chemicals founded in 1946. TCI provides organic laboratory chemicals as well as pharmaceutical, cosmetic and functional materials. More than 70 years of synthesis experience and multi-purpose plants enable TCI to offer more than 30,000 products as well as custom synthesis.
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      Product(s):
      P0002 Palmitic Acid >97.0%(GC)(T)
       
  • Vigon International
    • Vigon International
      Passion for Simplicity
      Manufacturer and supplier of high quality flavor and fragrance ingredients.
      The growth and success of Vigon is due in large part to a unique corporate concept that Vigon has developed and established within the industry: Creative Partnerships. This partnership concept has been and continues to be the foundation and guiding principle for all of Vigon's activities.
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      Product(s):
      501808 Palmitic Acid Natural
       
  • WholeChem
    • WholeChem, LLC
      Connecting Innovators To the Building Blocks Of the Universe
      Custom manufacturer and distributor of specialty ingredients. We make global local.
      SQF-Certified Supplier
      We owe our success to our integrity, our dedication to the industry, and our commitment to our clients. We invite your inquiries regarding our current product list and any other products you may be having trouble sourcing.
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      Product(s):
      Palmitic Acid
       
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search
CAS Number: 57-10-3Picture of molecule3D/inchi
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg: 200-312-9
FDA UNII: 2V16EO95H1
Nikkaji Web: J1.378A
Beilstein Number: 0607489
MDL: MFCD00002747
CoE Number: 14
XlogP3: 6.40 (est)
Molecular Weight: 256.42944000
Formula: C16 H32 O2
BioActivity Summary: listing
NMR Predictor: Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Also(can) Contains: stearic acid 8.00% to 11.00%
 myristic acid 5.00% to 7.00%
 heptadecanoic acid 3.00% to 5.00%
 pentadecanoic acid 0.00% to 1.00%
EFSA/JECFA Comments: At least 80%; secondary components 8-11% octadecanoic acid; 5-7% tetradecanoic acid; 3-5% heptadecanoic acid;<1% pentadecanoic acid. (JECFA)
Category: thickeners, gelling agents, stabalizers and emulsifiers
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar: Search
Google Books: Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist: Search
Google Patents: Search
US Patents: Search
EU Patents: Search
Pubchem Patents: Search
PubMed: Search
NCBI: Search
JECFA Food Flavoring: 115  palmitic acid
DG SANTE Food Flavourings: 08.014  hexadecanoic acid
DG SANTE Food Contact Materials: hexadecanoic acid
FEMA Number: 2832 palmitic acid
FDA:No longer provide for the use of these seven synthetic flavoring substances
FDA Mainterm (SATF):57-10-3 ; PALMITIC ACID
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart C--Coatings, Films and Related Substances
Sec. 172.210 Coatings on fresh citrus fruit.


FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart I--Multipurpose Additives
Sec. 172.860 Fatty acids.


FDA PART 173 -- SECONDARY DIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED IN FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart D--Specific Usage Additives
Sec. 173.340 Defoaming agents.
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Physical Properties:
Appearance: white to pale yellow crystalline solid (est)
Assay: 96.00 to 100.00 % 
Water Content: <0.20%
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: Yes
Melting Point: 61.00 to  64.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 204.00 to  220.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Congealing Point: 53.30 to 62.00 °C.
Saponification Value: 205.00 to 221.00
Unsaponifiable Matter: <1.50%
Vapor Pressure: 10.000000 mmHg @ 210.00 °C.
Flash Point: 238.00 °F. TCC ( 114.44 °C. )
logP (o/w): 7.170
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 chloroform
 ether
 water, 0.04 mg/L @ 25 °C (exp)
Insoluble in:
 water
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Organoleptic Properties:
 
Odor Type: waxy
 
Odor Strength: low
 
Substantivity: 400 hour(s) at 20.00 % in isopropyl palmitate
 
 waxy  fatty  
Odor Description:
at 100.00 %. 
slightly waxy fatty
Luebke, William tgsc, (1989)
 
 waxy  creamy  
Odor Description:
at 1.00 %.  
Low heavy waxy, with a creamy, candle waxy nuance
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 26, No. 3, 80, (2001)
 
 
Flavor Type: waxy
 
 waxy  creamy  fatty  soapy  fatty  lard  tallow  dairy  
Taste Description:
at 50.00 - 100.00 ppm. 
Waxy, creamy fatty, soapy with a crisco like fatty, lard and tallow like mouth feel and a dairy nuance
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 26, No. 3, 80, (2001)
 
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
 
Bedoukian Research
PALMITIC ACID (NATURAL) ≥96.0%, Kosher
Odor Description: A faint oily aroma
Can be used as a fatty note in various applications.
Taste Description: Fatty, waxy
Dairy type flavors.
 
 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: skin conditioning - emollient
surfactant - emulsifying
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Suppliers:
Acme Synthetic Chemicals
Palmitic Acid 99%
Acme-Hardesty
Palmitic Acid
Odor: characteristic
Use: Intermediate, Emulsifier and more.
Advanced Biotech
PALMITIC ACID NATURAL
98% min.
Odor: Odorless
Advanced Biotech
PALMITIC ACID SYNTHETIC
98% min.
Odor: Odorless
Alfa Biotechnology
For experimental / research use only.
Palmitic acid 98%
Alzo International
Dermofat 4920
Augustus Oils
Palmitic Acid
Services
Aurochemicals
PALMITIC ACID, Natural
Axxence Aromatic
PALMITIC ACID (HEXADECANOIC), Natural
Kosher
Sustainability
Bedoukian Research
PALMITIC ACID (NATURAL)
≥96.0%, Kosher
Odor: A faint oily aroma
Use: Can be used as a fatty note in various applications.
Flavor: Fatty, waxy
Dairy type flavors.
Beijing Lys Chemicals
Palmitic acid
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
PALMITIC ACID (NATURAL) >98%
ECSA Chemicals
PALMITIC ACID
ECSA TRADE THE MOST UPDATED FINANCIAL PUBLICATION ON THE WORLD OF CHEMISTRY
Excellentia International
Palmitic Acid (Hexadecanoic Acid) Natural
ExtraSynthese
For experimental / research use only.
Palmitic Acid (GC) ≥90%
Fleurchem
palmitic acid natural
Kao Corporation
LUNAC P-70
C16:70%, C18:27%
Kao Corporation
LUNAC P-95
C16:96%
Odor: characteristic
Use: Natural fatty acids "LUNAC" refined products. Cosmetics and Pharmaceuticals use: Oil base for creams, lotions, lipsticks, powders, skin ointments, face cleaners, body shampoos, soaps etc,.
Lluch Essence
PALMITIC ACID NATURAL
M&U International
Nat. Palmitic Acid
Mosselman
Palmitic Acid 90%
Mosselman
Palmitic Acid 98%
Oleo Solutions
Edenor C16-98 MY
Odor: characteristic
Use: Cosmetics and Personal Care, Cleaning and Detergents, Industrial, Pharmaceutical and Veterinary
Penta International
PALMITIC ACID FCC
Penta International
PALMITIC ACID NATURAL
Penta International
PALMITIC ACID NF GRADE (FINE POWDER) 45 MESH
Penta International
PALMITIC ACID NF GRADE (FINE POWDER) 50 MESH
Penta International
PALMITIC ACID NF GRADE (FINE POWDER) 90 MESH
Penta International
PALMITIC ACID NF GRADE (FLAKE)
Penta International
PALMITIC ACID
Prodasynth
PALMITIC ACID, NATURAL
(> 98%)
Sigma-Aldrich
Palmitic acid, ≥95%, FCC, FG
Certified Food Grade Products
Sigma-Aldrich
Palmitic acid, natural, 98%, FG
Odor: nearly odorless
Silver Fern Chemical
Palmitic Acid
Odor: characteristic
Use: Palmitic acid is mainly usedin the manufacture of metallic palmitates, soaps, cosmetics, lubricating oils, waterproofing release agents, and in food-grade additives.
TCI AMERICA
For experimental / research use only.
Palmitic Acid >97.0%(GC)(T)
Vigon International
Palmitic Acid Natural
WholeChem
Palmitic Acid
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xi - Irritant
R 36 - Irritating to eyes.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 36 - Wear suitable protective clothing.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50  > 10000 mg/kg
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal. Vol. 37, Pg. 251, 1976.

intravenous-mouse LD50  57 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: CONVULSIONS OR EFFECT ON SEIZURE THRESHOLD
Acta Pharmacologica et Toxicologica. Vol. 18, Pg. 141, 1961.

Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety in Use Information:
Category: thickeners, gelling agents, stabalizers and emulsifiers
RIFM Fragrance Material Safety Assessment: Search
IFRA Code of Practice Notification of the 49th Amendment to the IFRA Code of Practice
Recommendation for palmitic acid usage levels up to:
  1.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Structure Class: I
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3. Update in publication number(s): 29
Click here to view publication 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: 3.000003.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): --
beverages(alcoholic): 0.001003.00000
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: 1.000001.00000
condiments / relishes: 1.000001.00000
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: --
fruit ices: --
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: --
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: 4.000009.00000
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety References:
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):
Flavouring Group Evaluation 6, Revision 1 (FGE.06Rev1) - Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in contact with Food (AFC)
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 2, Revision 1 (FGE.02) : Branched- and straight-chain aliphatic saturated primary alcohols and related esters of primary alcohols and straight-chain carboxylic acids and one straight-chain aldehyde from chemical groups 1 and 2 (Commission Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000 of 18 July 2000) - Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in contact with Food (AFC)
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on the safety and efficacy of straight-chain primary aliphatic alcohols/aldehydes/acids, acetals and esters with esters containing saturated alcohols and acetals containing saturated aldehydes (chemical group 1) when used as flavourings for all animal species
View page or View pdf
Re-evaluation of fatty acids (E 570) as a food additive
View page or View pdf
EPI System: View
ClinicalTrials.gov: search
Daily Med: search
NIOSH International Chemical Safety Cards: search
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System: Search
AIDS Citations: Search
Cancer Citations: Search
Toxicology Citations: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 57-10-3
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary : 985
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
WGK Germany: nwg
 hexadecanoic acid
Chemidplus: 0000057103
RTECS: 57-10-3
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
References:
 hexadecanoic acid
NIST Chemistry WebBook: Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 57-10-3
Pubchem (cid): 985
Pubchem (sid): 134970698
Pherobase: View
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Other Information:
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2011 (pdf)
Videos: The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc: Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC): Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Substances Added to Food (formerly EAFUS): View
FDA Indirect Additives used in Food Contact Substances:View
CHEBI: View
CHEMBL: View
Golm Metabolome Database: Search
Metabolomics Database: Search
UM BBD: Search
KEGG (GenomeNet): C00249
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database): HMDB00220
FooDB: FDB019621
YMDB (Yeast Metabolome Database): YMDB00785
Export Tariff Code: 2915.70.0150
FDA Listing of Food Additive Status: View
Typical G.C.
VCF-Online: VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider: View
Wikipedia: View
Formulations/Preparations:
•grades: technical; 99.8%; fcc •"eutectic" grades are a mixture of 60 percent palmitic acid and 30 percent stearic acid; other grades containing 80, 92, and 97 percent palmitic acid are available.
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Blenders and core components note
 
For Odor
aldehydic
aldehydic
 acetyl nonyrylFL/FR
 dodecanal (aldehyde C-12 lauric)FL/FR
 undecanalFL/FR
animal
 civet (natural)FL/FR
buttery
 acetyl butyrylFL/FR
 acetyl isobutyrylFL/FR
 butter cream fragranceFR
citrus
2-tetradecenalFL/FR
coconut
 coconut fragranceFR
 coconut specialtyFR
delta-2-dodecenolactoneFL/FR
delta-nonalactoneFL/FR
gamma-nonalactone (aldehyde C-18 (so-called))FL/FR
delta-undecalactoneFL/FR
creamy
 creamy lactoneFL/FR
3-heptyl dihydro-5-methyl-2(3H)-furanoneFL/FR
dairy
 milk fragranceFR
fatty
 allyl octanoateFL/FR
 butter estersFL/FR
(Z)-dairy lactoneFL/FR
2,4-decadien-1-olFL/FR
(E,E)-2,4-decadien-1-olFL/FR
 decane nitrileFR
 decanolFL/FR
2-decen-1-olFL/FR
(E)-2-decen-1-olFL/FR
(E)-2-decenalFL/FR
 ethyl undecylenateFL/FR
delta-juniper lactoneFL/FR
 methyl 10-undecenoateFL/FR
4-methyl octanoic acidFL/FR
(Z)-2-nonenalCS
delta-octadecalactoneFL/FR
 octanoic acidFL/FR
(Z)-oleic acidFL/FR
(E,Z,Z)-2,4,7-tridecatrienalFL/FR
floral
alpha-amyl cinnamaldehyde / methyl anthranilate schiff's baseFR
 decanal / methyl anthranilate schiff's baseFR
(±)-4-ethyl octanalFL/FR
 jasmin absolute (from pommade)FL/FR
 jasmin concreteFR
 jasmin concrete moroccoFR
 jasmin pyranoneFL/FR
 orris rhizome concrete butter (iris pallida)FL/FR
fruity
 allyl cyclohexyl propionateFL/FR
gamma-dodecalactoneFL/FR
 ethyl hexanoateFL/FR
 octen-1-yl cyclopentanoneFL/FR
gamma-undecalactone (aldehyde C-14 (so-called))FL/FR
2-undecanoneFL/FR
green
green cognac oilFL/FR
3,7-dimethyl-6-octenoic acidFL/FR
(Z)-3-hepten-1-olFL/FR
(Z)-4-hepten-1-olFL/FR
(Z)-4-heptenal diethyl acetalFL/FR
 hexyl butyrateFL/FR
 manzanate (Givaudan)FL/FR
herbal
 butyl levulinateFL/FR
musk
isoambrettolideFL/FR
(Z)-civet decenoneFL/FR
oily
 amyl laurateFL/FR
 butter acidsFL/FR
soapy
 benzyl laurateFL/FR
 ethyl undecanoateFL/FR
tonka
6-amyl-alpha-pyroneFL/FR
tropical
delta-dodecalactoneFL/FR
waxy
isoamyl laurateFL/FR
 butyl laurateFL/FR
(Z)-5-decen-1-ol 
(Z)-4-decen-1-olFL/FR
(E)-2-decen-1-yl acetateFL/FR
5(6)-decenoic acidFL/FR
9-decenoic acidFL/FR
 decyl acetateFL/FR
1-dodecanolFL/FR
 ethyl myristateFL/FR
 ethyl octanoateFL/FR
 methyl laurateFL/FR
 methyl myristateFL/FR
 methyl palmitateFL/FR
 methyl undecanoateFR
 myristic acidFL/FR
2,4-nonadien-1-olFL/FR
 octyl isobutyrateFL/FR
delta-tetradecalactoneFL/FR
 tetradecanalFL/FR
2-tridecanoneFL/FR
(E)-2-tridecenalFL/FR
 undecanoic acidFL/FR
woody
 amber carbinolFR
 
For Flavor
 
No flavor group found for these
 amyl laurateFL/FR
(E)-2-decen-1-olFL/FR
(Z)-4-decen-1-olFL/FR
(Z)-5-decen-1-ol 
(E)-2-decen-1-yl acetateFL/FR
delta-2-dodecenolactoneFL/FR
(±)-4-ethyl octanalFL/FR
(Z)-3-hepten-1-olFL/FR
 methyl myristateFL/FR
 methyl palmitateFL/FR
delta-octadecalactoneFL/FR
2-tetradecenalFL/FR
aldehydic
 acetyl nonyrylFL/FR
animal
 civet (natural)FL/FR
bitter
(E,Z,Z)-2,4,7-tridecatrienalFL/FR
coconut
gamma-nonalactone (aldehyde C-18 (so-called))FL/FR
cooling
 manzanate (Givaudan)FL/FR
creamy
 acetyl butyrylFL/FR
 acetyl isobutyrylFL/FR
6-amyl-alpha-pyroneFL/FR
 butter estersFL/FR
 creamy lactoneFL/FR
5(6)-decenoic acidFL/FR
delta-dodecalactoneFL/FR
 jasmin pyranoneFL/FR
delta-nonalactoneFL/FR
 octyl isobutyrateFL/FR
delta-undecalactoneFL/FR
gamma-undecalactone (aldehyde C-14 (so-called))FL/FR
ethereal
 benzyl laurateFL/FR
fatty
 allyl octanoateFL/FR
isoamyl laurateFL/FR
 butter acidsFL/FR
(Z)-dairy lactoneFL/FR
2,4-decadien-1-olFL/FR
(E,E)-2,4-decadien-1-olFL/FR
 ethyl undecylenateFL/FR
delta-juniper lactoneFL/FR
4-methyl octanoic acidFL/FR
2,4-nonadien-1-olFL/FR
2,4-octadien-1-olFL
(E)-2-octenoic acidFL
(Z)-oleic acidFL/FR
 tetradecanalFL/FR
2-tridecanoneFL/FR
floral
3,7-dimethyl-6-octenoic acidFL/FR
 jasmin absolute (from pommade)FL/FR
 orris rhizome concrete butter (iris pallida)FL/FR
fruity
 allyl cyclohexyl propionateFL/FR
gamma-dodecalactoneFL/FR
 ethyl (E)-2-octenoateFL
 ethyl hexanoateFL/FR
3-heptyl dihydro-5-methyl-2(3H)-furanoneFL/FR
 octen-1-yl cyclopentanoneFL/FR
fusel
green cognac oilFL/FR
green
(Z)-4-hepten-1-olFL/FR
(Z)-4-heptenal diethyl acetalFL/FR
 hexyl butyrateFL/FR
herbal
 butyl levulinateFL/FR
musk
isoambrettolideFL/FR
(Z)-civet decenoneFL/FR
soapy
 dodecanal (aldehyde C-12 lauric)FL/FR
1-dodecanolFL/FR
 octanoic acidFL/FR
waxy
 butyl laurateFL/FR
 decanolFL/FR
2-decen-1-olFL/FR
(E)-2-decenalFL/FR
9-decenoic acidFL/FR
 decyl acetateFL/FR
 ethyl myristateFL/FR
 ethyl octanoateFL/FR
 ethyl undecanoateFL/FR
 methyl 10-undecenoateFL/FR
 methyl laurateFL/FR
 myristic acidFL/FR
delta-tetradecalactoneFL/FR
(E)-2-tridecenalFL/FR
 undecanalFL/FR
 undecanoic acidFL/FR
2-undecanoneFL/FR
 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Uses:
 ambrette oil replacerFR
 butterFR
 cheeseFL
 chocolate cocoaFL
 creamFR
 croton eluteria barkFL/FR
 dairyFL
 emollients 
 emulsifying agents 
 fatFL
 myrrhFR
 peanutFR
 vetiverFR
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 almond seed
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 ambrette seed
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 ambrette seed concrete @ 19.08%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 ambrette seed oil @ 1.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 anise seed
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 apple custard apple plant
Search Trop  Picture
 apple custard apple plant
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 apple fruit
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 apple seed
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 apricot fruit
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 asparagus shoot
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 avocado fruit
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 baboonwood seed
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 banana fruit
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 banana plant
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 barley leaf
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 barley seed
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 basil seed
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 basswood wood
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 bay laurel fruit
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 bean adzuki bean seed
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 bean asparagus bean fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 bean asparagus bean seed
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 bean banner bean seed
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 bean black bean fruit
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 bean black bean seed
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 bean black bean sprout
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 bean butter bean seed
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 bean fava bean seed
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 bean green bean seed
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 bean lima bean seed
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 bean mat bean seed
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 bean mung bean seed
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 bean mung bean sprout
Search Trop  Picture
 bean winged bean leaf
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 bean winged bean seed
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 bean winged bean tuber
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 bean yam bean seed
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 beef cooked beef
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 beet root
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 betel leaf oil @ 0.41%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 black gram seed
Search Trop  Picture
 blood orange oil italy @ 0.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 bombycilaena erecta oil greece @ 0.80%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 borage seed
Search Trop  Picture
 brazil nut
Search Trop  Picture
 broccoli asparagus broccoli leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 brussel sprout leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 buckthorn sea buckthorn bark
Search Trop  Picture
 buckthorn sea buckthorn fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 buckthorn sea buckthorn seed
Search Trop  Picture
 buckwheat pollen
Search Trop  Picture
 buckwheat seed
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 burdock fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 burdock root
Search Trop  Picture
 butternut seed
Search Trop  Picture
 cabbage leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 cabocla flower oil brazil @ 0.60%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cacao bean
Search Trop  Picture
 calamus leaf oil @ 0.06%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 calamus root oil @ 0.05%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cantaloupe cotyledon
Search Trop  Picture
 cantaloupe seed
Search Trop  Picture
 caper flower
Search Trop  Picture
 caper seed
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 caraway seed
Search Trop  Picture
 cardamom fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 cardamom seed
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 cardamom seed oil
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 carob bean seed
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 carrot root
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 carrot seed
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 cascarilla
Search Trop  Picture
 cashew nut
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 cassava root
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 cayenne fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 cayenne sap
Search Trop  Picture
 cayenne seed
Search Trop  Picture
 celery oil
Search Trop  Picture
 celery plant
Search Trop  Picture
 celery seed
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 celery seed oil CO2 extract india @ 0.65%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 chamomile sweet false chamomile plant
Search Trop  Picture
 champaca concrete @ 0.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cheese bleu cheese
Search  PMC Picture
 cheese cheddar cheese
Search  PMC Picture
 cherimoya fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 cherimoya seed
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 cherry sour cherry fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 cherry sour cherry seed
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 cherry sweet cherry
Search Trop  Picture
 chervil seed
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 chicken
Search  PMC Picture
 chickpea seed
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 chicory leaf
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 chicory root
Search Trop  Picture
 chicory seed
Search Trop  Picture
 chive leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 cichorium intybus l. root extract @ 5.80%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon seed
Search Trop  Picture
 cistus oil @ 5.1%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 coconut seed
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 coffee bean
Search Trop  Picture
 coffee roasted coffee
Search  PMC Picture
 coriander fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 coriander seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 coriander seed oil cuba @ 5.82%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 corn seed
Search Trop  Picture
 corn silk
Search Trop  Picture
 cotton plant
Search Trop  Picture
 couroupita guianensis aubl. flower oil brazil @ 3.50%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cress garden cress leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 cress garden cress seed
Search Trop  Picture
 cucumber cotyledon
Search Trop  Picture
 cucumber fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 cucumber seed
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 currant black currant fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 currant red currant fruit
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 dandelion pollen
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 dandelion root
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 date palm seed
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 dill plant
Search Trop  Picture
 dill seed
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 eggplant fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 elder black elder flower
Search Trop  Picture
 elder black elder leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 elder black elder seed
Search Trop  Picture
 endive leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 eschweilera coriacea (a. p. dc.) mori flower oil brazil @ 2.60%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 evening-primrose seed
Search Trop  Picture
 evening-primrose seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 fennel absolute sweet @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 fennel seed
Search Trop  Picture
 fenugreek plant
Search Trop  Picture
 fenugreek seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 fig fruit
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 fig leaf
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 fig seed
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 fish
Search  PMC Picture
 flax seed
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 flax seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 garlic bulb
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 genet absolute @ 24.00%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 ginger root
Search Trop  Picture
 ginkgo biloba fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 ginkgo biloba leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 ginkgo biloba pollen
Search Trop  Picture
 ginkgo biloba seed
Search Trop  Picture
 glycosmis pentaphylla (cor.) bark oil india @ 4.70%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 glycosmis pentaphylla (cor.) leaf oil india @ 28.30%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 gooseberry fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 gourd calabash gourd fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 gourd white gourd fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 grape fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 grape seed
Search Trop  Picture
 grape seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 grapefruit oil california @ 0.11%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 guava fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 guava strawberry guava fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 hazelnut nut
Search Trop  Picture
 herniaria incana lam. oil greece @ 4.00%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 jambu flower oil brazil @ 4.00%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 jasmin absolute china @ 0.17%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 ketaki flower oil india @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 kohlrabi stem
Search Trop  Picture
 lamb
Search  PMC Picture
 leek wild leek plant
Search Trop  Picture
 lentil seed
Search Trop  Picture
 lentil sprout
Search Trop  Picture
 lettuce leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 lime fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 loquat seed
Search Trop  Picture
 lotus indian lotus rhizome
Search Trop  Picture
 lotus indian lotus seed
Search Trop  Picture
 lovage root
Search Trop  Picture
 luffa fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 luffa seed
Search Trop  Picture
 lupin white lupin seed
Search Trop  Picture
 lupine white lupine seed
Search Trop  Picture
 macadamia nut
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 mallow jew's mallow leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 mallow jew's mallow seed
Search Trop  Picture
 mandarin fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 mandarin seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 mango fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 marango seed
Search Trop  Picture
 marjoram wild marjoram plant
Search Trop  Picture
 melissa oil slovak republic @ 1.01%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 melon bitter melon cotyledon
Search Trop  Picture
 melon bitter melon fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 melon bitter melon seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 moringa seed
Search Trop  Picture
 mushroom shiitake mushroom fruit
Search  PMC Picture
 mustard white mustard seed
Search Trop  Picture
 mutton
Search  PMC Picture
 myrrh
Search Trop  Picture
 nepeta betonicifolia c.a. meyer oil turkey @ 0.50%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 nutmeg seed
Search Trop  Picture
 nutmeg seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 okra seed
Search Trop  Picture
 olive fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 onion bulb
Search Trop  Picture
 onion seed
Search Trop  Picture
 onion seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 orange fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 oregano plant
Search Trop  Picture
 osmanthus absolute @ 0.71%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 papaya flower
Search Trop  Picture
 papaya fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 papaya leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 papaya seed
Search Trop  Picture
 papaya seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 parsley fruit oil
Search Trop  Picture
 parsley leaf oil @ 0.37%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 parsley seed
Search Trop  Picture
 parsley seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 parsnip root
Search Trop  Picture
 parsnip seed
Search Trop  Picture
 passion fruit seed
Search Trop  Picture
 pea black-eyed pea seed
Search Trop  Picture
 pea black-eyed pea shoot
Search Trop  Picture
 pea fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 pea pigeon pea seed
Search Trop  Picture
 pea seed
Search Trop  Picture
 peach fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 peach seed
Search Trop  Picture
 peanut roasted peanut
Search Trop  Picture
 peanut seed
Search Trop  Picture
 pear fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 pennyroyal oil cuba @ 6.78%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 pepper bell pepper fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 pepper bell pepper seed
Search Trop  Picture
 pepper black pepper fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 pepper black pepper seed
Search Trop  Picture
 peppermint leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 persimmon american persimmon fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 phlomis fruticosa l. flower oil greece @ 3.60%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 pimenta
Search  PMC Picture
 pine pinyon pine seed
Search Trop  Picture
 pineapple fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 pistachio nut
Search Trop  Picture
 plum fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 plum seed
Search Trop  Picture
 pomegranate seed
Search Trop  Picture
 poppy opium poppy latex
Search Trop  Picture
 poppy opium poppy seed
Search Trop  Picture
 poppy opium poppy seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 potato leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 potato sweet potato root
Search Trop  Picture
 potato tuber
Search Trop  Picture
 pumpkin seed
Search Trop  Picture
 purslane herb
Search Trop  Picture
 radish root
Search Trop  Picture
 raspberry red raspberry fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 rice seed
Search Trop  Picture
 roselle seed
Search Trop  Picture
 rosemary leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 rue oil cuba @ 5.68%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 rue seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 rugula seed
Search Trop  Picture
 rye seed
Search Trop  Picture
 safflower seed
Search Trop  Picture
 saffron stigma
Search Trop  Picture
 sage fruit oil
Search Trop  Picture
 sage oil
Search Trop  Picture
 salvia lavandulifolia vahl. leaf oil @ 0.30%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 savory summer savory seed
Search Trop  Picture
 sesame seed
Search Trop  Picture
 sesame seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 shea tree seed
Search Trop  Picture
 shea tree seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 snake root root
Search Trop  Picture
 sorrel west african sorrel leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 sorrel west african sorrel seed
Search Trop  Picture
 soybean seed
Search Trop  Picture
 soybean sprout
Search Trop  Picture
 spearmint leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 spinach leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 spinach plant
Search Trop  Picture
 spinach sea spinach leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 squash summer squash fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 star fruit oil cuba @ 1.60%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 strawberry guava fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 sunflower seed
Search Trop  Picture
 tamarind fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 tamarind seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 taro leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 taro root
Search Trop  Picture
 tea leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 tea seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 thevetia peruviana (pers.) k. schum. flower oil brazil @ 22.90%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 thyme oil red CO2 extract @ 5.98%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 thyme oil red CO2 extract spain @ 0.4%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 thyme plant
Search Trop  Picture
 tomato fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 valerian root oil @ 0.1-1.9%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 vetiver
Search Trop  Picture
 walnut black walnut nut
Search Trop  Picture
 walnut black walnut nut oil
Search Trop  Picture
 walnut english walnut nut
Search Trop  Picture
 watermelon cotyledon
Search Trop  Picture
 watermelon seed
Search Trop  Picture
 wheat plant
Search Trop  Picture
 witch hazel leaf oil @ 1.62%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 xylopia aromatica (lam.) mart. leaf oil cuba @ 0.30%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 yam mountain yam root
Search Trop  Picture
 ylang ylang oil CO2 extract @ 0.23%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Synonyms:
 acide palmitique
 cetylic acid
 emersol 140
 glycon P-45
 hexadecanoic acid
 hexadecoic acid
 hexadecylic acid
 hystrene 8016
 hystrene 9016
 neo-fat 16
 palmitic acid (hexadecanoic), natural
 palmitic acid (natural)
 palmitic acid FCC
 palmitic acid N.F. grade (fine powder) 45 mesh
 palmitic acid N.F. grade (fine powder) 50 mesh
 palmitic acid N.F. grade (fine powder) 90 mesh
 palmitic acid N.F. grade (flake)
 palmitic acid natural
 palmitic acid synthetic
 palmitic acid, natural
1-pentadecane carboxylic acid
1-pentadecanecarboxylic acid
 prifrac 2960
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Articles:
PubMed: Characteristic odorants from bailingu oyster mushroom (Pleurotus eryngii var. tuoliensis) and summer oyster mushroom (Pleurotus cystidiosus).
PubMed: Isolation of a novel alkaline-stable lipase from a metagenomic library and its specific application for milkfat flavor production.
PubMed: Milk volatile organic compounds and fatty acid profile in cows fed timothy as hay, pasture, or silage.
PubMed: Characterization of aroma-active compounds in dry flower of Malva sylvestris L. by GC-MS-O analysis and OAV calculations.
PubMed: Blood and tissue fatty acid compositions, lipoprotein levels, performance and meat flavor of broilers fed fish oil: changes in the pre- and post-withdrawal design.
PubMed: Volatile compounds with characteristic odour in moso-bamboo stems (Phyllostachys pubescens Mazel ex Houz. De ehaie).
PubMed: Chemical composition of French mimosa absolute oil.
PubMed: Comparative analysis of essential oils from eight herbal medicines with pungent flavor and cool nature by GC-MS and chemometric resolution methods.
PubMed: Fatty acid effect on hydroxypropyl methylcellulose-beeswax edible film properties and postharvest quality of coated 'Ortanique' mandarins.
PubMed: [Rapid determination of volatile flavor compounds in soy sauce using head space solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry].
PubMed: Analysis of volatile compounds in fresh healthy and diseased peppers (Capsicum annuum L.) using solvent free solid injection coupled with gas chromatography-flame ionization detector and confirmation with mass spectrometry.
PubMed: Safety assessment of myristic acid as a food ingredient.
PubMed: Production of gamma-lactones by the brown-rot basidiomycete Piptoporus soloniensis.
PubMed: High-oleic and high-stearic cottonseed oils: nutritionally improved cooking oils developed using gene silencing.
PubMed: Characterization of volatiles in strawberry guava (Psidium cattleianum Sabine) fruit.
PubMed: Volatile flavor constituents of acerola (Malpighia emarginata DC.) fruit.
PubMed: Gas chromatographic analysis of total fatty acids in cider.
PubMed: Breed effects on growth performance, carcass characteristics, fatty acid composition, and palatability attributes in finishing steers.
PubMed: Effect of ethanol in feed on milk flavor and chemical composition.
PubMed: Effects of frame size and time-on-feed on carcass characteristics, sensory attributes, and fatty acid profiles of steers.
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