phenyl acetic acid
phenylacetic acid
 
Notes:
associated with the inhibition of p21(ras) isoprenylation. Found in essential oils, e.g. neroli, rose oil, free and as esters. Also present in grapes, raspberry, strawberry, cherimoya, other fruits, cheddar cheese, Swiss cheese, wine, black tea, peated malt and other foodstuffs. Flavouring ingredient Phenyl acetate (or phenylacetate) is a carboxylic acid ester that has been found in the biofluids of patients with nephritis and/or hepatitis as well as patients with phenylketonuria (PKU). Excess phenylalanine in the body can be disposed of through a transamination process leading to the production of phenylpyruvate. The phenylpyruvate can be further metabolized into a number of products. Decarboxylation of phenylpyruvate gives phenylacetate, while a reduction reaction gives phenyllactate. The phenylacetate can be further conjugated with glutamine to give phenylacetyl glutamine. All of these metabolites can be detected in serum and urine of PKU patients. Phenyl acetate is also produced endogenously as the metabolite of 2-Phenylethylamine, which is mainly metabolized by monoamine oxidase to form phenyl acetate. 2-phenylethylamine is an "endogenous amphetamine" which may modulate central adrenergic functions, and the urinary phenyl acetate levels have been postulated as a marker for depression. (PMID: 17978765, 476920, 6857245). Phenylacetate is also found in essential oils, e.g. neroli, rose oil, free and as esters' and in many fruits. As a result it is used as a perfumery and flavoring ingredient.; Phenylacetic acid (abr. PAA and synonyms are: ?-toluic acid, benzeneacetic acid, alpha tolylic acid, 2-phenylacetic acid) is an organic compound containing a phenyl functional group and an acetic acid functional group. It is a white solid with a disagreeable odor. Because it is used in the illicit production of phenylacetone (used in the manufacture of meth/amphetamines), it is subject to controls in the United States.
  • Advanced Biotech
    • Advanced Biotech. Inc.
      Inspired by Nature
      A diverse range of products, all meeting our stringent commitment to quality.
      Advanced Biotech is a leading manufacturer and supplier of high-quality Natural flavoring ingredients & botanical extracts for the food/beverage, cosmetic and personal care industries. With over 25 years of experience working with Fermentation processing & botanical extracts, we can help develop new innovative and functional products for today’s competitive marketplace. Our company prides itself in the ability to cater to our customer’s specific needs while maintaining our focus on integrity, honesty and the commitment to high quality product standards. We proudly offer our quality Natural ingredients to companies around the world.
      US Email: Info
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      Product(s):
      1196 PHENYL ACETIC ACID NATURAL 98% min.
      SDS
       
  • Alfrebro
    • Alfrebro LLC/ Archer Daniels Midland Company
      Let's get reacquainted
      Building great taste with aroma chemicals, extracts, and distillates
      The Alfrebro brand was established in the early 1900s by Alex Fries & Brothers, a Cincinnati Flavor Company. In 1980, the brand was re-launched as an aroma chemical manufacturer. Since its inception, Alfrebro’s primary focus has been to provide quality natural and high value synthetic chemicals.
      Email: Sarah Forbis
      Email: Sales
      Voice: 513-539-3021
      Fax: 513-539-7372
      US Voice: 513-539-7373
      Newsroom
      Product(s):
      PHENYL ACETIC ACID NATURAL
       
  • Augustus Oils
    • Augustus Oils Ltd
      The Premier Supplier
      Augustus Oils Ltd, in harmony with nature - to present it at its best...
      A wealth of experience, expertise and knowledge has allowed Augustus to bridge the gulf in expectation and trust between growers and users of natural ingredients. The Company works in partnership with customers on the one hand, and growers, farmers and distillers on the other. Both users and producers can then focus on exactly what they do best, while skilled Augustus technicians closely monitor and control the delivered product. This ensures users can have the confidence that they will receive the best raw materials suited to their requirements.
      Email: Enquiries
      Email: Sales
      Email: web site enquiries
      Voice: +44 (0)1420 590555
      Fax: +44 (0)1420 592420
      Services
      Product(s):
      Phenyl Acetic Acid
       
  • Axxence Aromatic
    • Axxence Aromatic GmbH
      We bring nature to your flavour
      Dedicated to provide the best possible quality and supply service of natural aroma ingredients.
      Axxence Aromatic is entirely dedicated to provide the best possible quality and supply service of natural aroma ingredients to the Flavour & Fragrance Industry worldwide.
      Email: Service
      Voice: +49.2822.68561.0
      Fax: +49.2822.68561.39
      Sustainability
      Products List: View
      Product(s):
      287800 PHENYL ACETIC ACID Natural Kosher
       
  • Berjé
    • Berje Inc.
      Where the world comes to its senses
      Where the world comes to its senses - Berjé is a global distributor of Essential Oils and Aromatic Chemicals.
      Berjé is a family-owned business that has been in operation for six decades. The company's origins and strength lie in a profound understanding of the supply and the quality of the diverse raw materials consumed by the flavor and fragrance industries. This base was expanded upon more than two decades ago to include fragrance production. The company's unparalleled raw material expertise is focused on the supply of essential oils and aromatic chemicals. This is supported by our long-standing relationships with a worldwide fabric of producers ensuring the greatest prospects for uninterrupted supply in markets that are often volatile and unpredictable.
      Email: For Information
      Email: For Sales
      Voice: 973-748-8980
      Fax: 973-680-9618
      Flavor Ingredients
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      Happening at Berje
      Products List: View
      Product(s):
      Phenyl Acetic Acid
       
  • BOC Sciences
    • BOC Sciences
      Best of Chemicals Supplier
      Quality supplier of research chemicals and biochemicals including inhibitors, building blocks, GMP Products, impurities and metabolites, APIs for Veterinary, Natural Compounds, ADCs, Stem Cell Molecule and chiral compounds.
      BOC Sciences provides a wide range of services to support the pharmaceutical industry through all stages of drug discovery including Custom Synthesis of those chemicals that are not in stock, Isotope Labeling Service, Chiral Synthesis and Resolution, Bioconjugation, PEGylation services, analytical services.
      BOC Sciences is a brand of BOCSCI Inc. We leverage our wide spectrum of business in the fields of development, manufacturing, marketing, and distribution to help you make best-informed decisions tailored to your evolving needs for premium chemicals. Our complete suite of CRO services spans the entire molecule development pipeline including contract research for target identification, building blocks, compound synthesis, biochemical and cellular analysis, preclinical animal tests, and clinical studies.
      Email: Marketing
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      US Email: Sales
      Voice: 1-631-504-6093
      Fax: 1-631-614-7828
      US Voice: 1-631-504-6093
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      Europe44-203-286-1088
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      Product(s):
      103-82-2 Phenylacetic Acid >98%
       
  • Excellentia International
    • Excellentia International
      Ingredients by Nature
      Exceptional quality and excellence in meeting our customers requirements.
      Excellentia International was founded in 2010 through the merger of Excellentia Flavors LLC and Polarome International. Collectively, these companies account for more than one hundred years of industry experience, and are recognized for exceptional quality and excellence in meeting our customers’ requirements.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      Email: Regulatory
      Voice: 732.749.9840
      Our Services
      Product(s):
      Phenyl Acetic Acid Natural
       
  • Fleurchem
    • Fleurchem, Inc.
      Have A Flavorful Day
      A leading global manufacturer and supplier of ingredients for Flavors, Fragrances, AromaTherapy, Foods, Beverages, Personal Care Products, and other uses.
      Operating out of the 200,000 sq. ft., former Hercules/PFW facility in Middletown, NY; Fleurchem produces a full range of natural isolates, synthetic chemicals & specialities, essential oils and flavors. Additionally, the company performs toll manufacturing, as well as custom chemical synthesis for a wide range of clients.
      Email: Information
      US Voice: 845-341-2100
      US Fax: 845-341-2121
      Product(s):
      phenyl acetic acid natural
       
  • Indukern F&F
  • Lluch Essence
    • Lluch Essence S.L.
      A family company dedicated to sales and distribution
      Flexibility, availability, price and quality.
      Flexibility, availability, price and quality make LLUCH ESSENCE S.L. one of Europe’s references when it comes to essential oils and aroma chemicals, and it is now well known all around the world.
      Email: Info
      Voice: 34 93 379 38 49
      Fax: 34 93 370 65 04
      Linkedin
      Product(s):
      PHENYLACETIC ACID
      PHENYLACETIC ACID NATURAL
       
  • M&U International
    • M&U International LLC
      Steady supply & demand
      Meeting customers increasing demands at home as well as abroad.
      M&U dedicates itself to the development and production of new products as well as continuously promoting those new products. We’ve maintained a steady supply&demand relationship with a large number of manufacturers at home and abroad. We’ve developed an extensive network and because of our relationships with these manufacturers, we’re able to provide a stable supply of great quality materials. We’re located in China’s largest communications hub, Shanghai and in the U.S. near one of the largest sea ports on the East Coast. The strategic locations of our facilities ensure convenient, prompt and secure delivery of our products to our customers.
      Email: Sales
      US Email: Sales
      Voice: +86-21-32515501 60762991 60762992
      Fax: +86-21-32515502 64204960
      US Voice: 908-359-9000
      US Fax: 908-359-9002
      News
      Product(s):
      A0475 PHENYL ACETIC ACID
      N0223 NAT. PHENYLACETIC ACID
       
  • Moellhausen
  • OQEMA
    • OQEMA
      With a focus on providing the highest level of service
      OQEMA has established itself at the forefront of the global chemical industry.
      The guiding principles of OQEMA have always been to establish long term relationships with customers and suppliers alike to build sustainable and profitable business for all parties. Through OQEMA’s business divisions the company tailors products and services to better support and service our customers requirements. This structure also allows the company to focus its marketing campaigns more effectively to certain industries. Over the last decade OQEMA has achieved strong growth as a result of the expansion of our business model. Going forward, the company will be expanding this business model into existing and new strategic territories.
      Email: Contact Us:
      US Email: Dean Matienzo
      Email: Sales
      US Email: Dean Matienzo - Sales Manager
      Voice: +44 1993 843081
      Fax: +44 1993 841261
      US Voice: +1 973 886 3778
      US Fax: +1 973 346 1106
      Linkedin
      Website
      Global Distribution
      Product(s):
      Phenyl Acetic Acid
       
  • Penta International
    • Penta International Corporation
      Chemistry innovation
      At Penta, our products and services help businesses do business better.
      For over 30 years, Penta Manufacturing Company has played a growing role in worldwide chemistry innovations and applications. As an industry leader, Penta continues to pioneer chemistry-based solutions for practically every area of commerce. Our products and expertise have helped fuel technical advances in dozens of commercial applications including flavoring, coloring, fragrances and chemical processes.
      US Email: Technical Services
      US Email: Sales
      US Voice: (973) 740-2300
      US Fax: (973) 740-1839
      Product(s):
      16-22000 PHENYLACETIC ACID
      16-22005 PHENYLACETIC ACID NATURAL
      16-22002 PHENYLACETIC ACID FCC
       
  • PerfumersWorld
    • PerfumersWorld Ltd.
      feeeel... the smell!
      The one-stop resource for the creative perfumer.
      No minimum orders. Aroma chemicals, essential oils, isolates, pheremones, absolutes, resinoids, FleuressenceTM key bases, PWx FactorTM, solubilizers, kits, creation systems, workshops, training, distance learning, The PerfumersWorld Perfumer's Studio, The Perfumer’s Formulation Bulletin, perfumery software, bespoke creation, analysis, consultancy, project counselling, trouble-shooting, unperfumed product bases, bottles, smelling strips, scales, distillation, equipment and inspiration!
      Email: Enquiries
      Email: Sales
      Voice: +66(0)2-99-800-80
      Fax: +66(0)2-99-800-80
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      Software: Perfumer's Workbook
      Product(s):
      1PU00383 Phenylacetic acid
      Blends-well-with - Animal-notes Civet
       
      5PU07646 Phenylacetic acid 10% in DPG
       
  • Robertet
    • Robertet, Inc.
      HOME OF NATURE, SEED TO SCENT
      HOME OF NATURE – natural ingredients from the source.
      Robertet is a leader in the production of natural ingredients with facilities in France, Bulgaria, Turkey, South Africa, India, China, New Caledonia,… Founded in 1850, Robertet remains a family owned business (5th Generation) and one of the largest producers of aromatic extracts. Brand acquisitions include: Charabot, Sapad, Hitex.
      US Email: Customer service
      US Email: Arnaud Adrian
      Email: Flavor:
      Email: Fragrance:
      Voice: 33 4 93 40 33 66
      Fax: 33 4 93 70 68 09
      US Voice: +1.201.337.7100
      +1 212 710 4600Robertet New York Creative Center
      +1 212 245 4092Robertet New York Creative Center
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      Product(s):
      100991 PHENYLACETIC ACID Pure & Nat (EU)
       
  • Sigma-Aldrich
  • The John D. Walsh Company
    • The John D. Walsh Company, Inc
      Suppliers Since 1942
      Supplying the fragrance and flavor industry with high quality products.
      The John D. Walsh Company, Inc. has evolved from its beginnings as an agent/broker into a distributor of essential oils, aroma chemicals, concretes and absolutes. We currently represent the following companies, as their North American distributor: Destilerias Munoz Galvez, S.A. International Flavors & Fragrances PFW Aroma Chemicals B.V. Innospec Widnes Limited Hydrodiffusion de Guatemala, S. A. DSM Nutritional Products The John D. Walsh Company, Inc. is proud to be a founding member of IFEAT, an active member of IFRA, North America, and a corporate sponsor of the WFFC.
      Email: Information
      Email: Sales
      Email: Firmenich Flavor inquiries
      Voice: 973-962-1400
      Fax: 973-962-1557
      Firmenich Flavor Phone:973-962-1888
      Firmenich Flavor Fax:973-962-1898
      History
      Product(s):
      Phenyl Acetic Acid
      SDS
       
  • The Lermond Company
    • The Lermond Company
      Your Sourcing Resource
      The Lermond family has been sourcing raw materials for the flavor and fragrance industry for nearly 7 decades.
      The Lermond Company is a women-owned distributor of raw materials primarily servicing the flavor and fragrance industry. For three generations, members of the Lermond family have been integral sourcing partners for the North American flavor and fragrance industry. We supply high quality essential oils, aroma chemicals, absolutes, concretes, resinoids and floral waters from around the world to the global industry.
      Email: Info
      Email: Tara
      Email: Erica
      Voice: 201-896-3300
      Fax: 201-623-2910
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      Product(s):
      49095 PHENYL ACETIC ACID (DEA)
       
  • R C Treatt & Co Ltd
    • R C Treatt and Co Ltd
      Innovative ingredient solutions
      World-leading innovative ingredient solutions provider for the flavour, fragrance and FMCG industries.
      We offer innovative and trend-setting product concepts for our customers, collaborating with them to create true value for their products.
      Email: Enquiries
      US Email: Enquiries
      Voice: +44 (0) 1284 702500
      Fax: +44 (0) 1284 703809
      US Voice: +1 863 668 9500
      US Fax: +1 863 668 3388
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      Product(s):
      Phenyl Acetic Acid
       
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search
Fragrance Demo Formulas    Flavor Demo Formulas
CAS Number: 103-82-2Picture of molecule3D/inchi
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg: 203-148-6
FDA UNII: ER5I1W795A
Nikkaji Web: J10.117F
Beilstein Number: 1099647
MDL: MFCD00004313
CoE Number: 672
XlogP3: 1.40 (est)
Molecular Weight: 136.15016000
Formula: C8 H8 O2
BioActivity Summary: listing
NMR Predictor: Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar: Search
Google Books: Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist: Search
Google Patents: Search
US Patents: Search
EU Patents: Search
Pubchem Patents: Search
PubMed: Search
NCBI: Search
JECFA Food Flavoring: 1007  phenylacetic acid
DG SANTE Food Flavourings: 08.038  phenylacetic acid
FEMA Number: 2878 phenylacetic acid
FDA:No longer provide for the use of these seven synthetic flavoring substances
FDA Mainterm (SATF):103-82-2 ; PHENYLACETIC ACID
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.515 Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants.
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Physical Properties:
Appearance: white crystalline powder (est)
Assay: 99.00 to 100.00 % 
Heavey Metals: <10.00 ppm
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: Yes
Melting Point: 76.00 to  78.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 265.00 to  266.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 142.00 to  143.00 °C. @ 10.00 mm Hg
Congealing Point: 75.80 °C.
Vapor Pressure: 0.005000 mmHg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Vapor Density: 4.0 ( Air = 1 )
Flash Point: 212.00 °F. TCC ( 100.00 °C. )
logP (o/w): 1.410
Shelf Life: 24.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Storage: store in cool, dry place in tightly sealed containers, protected from heat and light.
Soluble in:
 fixed oils
 glycerin
 water, 1.348e+004 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
 water
Stability:
 bath foam
 cream
 hair spray
 lotion
 non-discoloring in most media
 powder
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Organoleptic Properties:
 
Odor Type: honey
 
Odor Strength: high ,
recommend smelling in a 10.00 % solution or less
 
Substantivity: 400 hour(s) at 10.00 % in dipropylene glycol
 
 sweet  honey  floral  honeysuckle  sour  waxy  civet  
Odor Description:
at 10.00 % in dipropylene glycol. 
sweet honey floral honeysuckle sour waxy civet
Luebke, William tgsc, (1987)
 
 sweet  floral  honey  rose  chocolate  tobacco  powdery  animal  
Odor Description:
Sweet, floral, honey, rose, chocolate, tobacco and powdery with animal nuances
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 21, No. 4, 51, (1996)
 
 
Flavor Type: floral
 
 sweet  floral  chocolate  honey  tobacco  
Taste Description:
at 30.00 ppm.  
Sweet, floral, chocolate, honey and tobacco
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 21, No. 4, 51, (1996)
 
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
 
 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: perfuming agents
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Suppliers:
Advanced Biotech
PHENYL ACETIC ACID NATURAL
98% min.
Odor: Honey, Rose
Alfrebro
PHENYL ACETIC ACID NATURAL
Odor: Disagreeable, Rose
Aromiens International
Phenyl Acetic Acid, Natural
Artiste
Phenyl Acetic Acid Natural
Augustus Oils
Phenyl Acetic Acid
Services
Aurochemicals
PHENYL ACETIC ACID, Natural
Axxence Aromatic
PHENYL ACETIC ACID Natural
Kosher
Sustainability
Bell Flavors & Fragrances
Natural Phenyl Acetic Acid
Berjé
Phenyl Acetic Acid
Happening at Berje
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
Phenylacetic Acid >98%
Diffusions Aromatiques
ACIDE PHENYLACETIQUE NATUREL
Diffusions Aromatiques
ACIDE PHENYLACETIQUE
Ernesto Ventós
PHENYL ACETIC ACID FG
Odor: SWEET, HONEY-LIKE
Ernesto Ventós
PHENYL ACETIC ACID
Odor: SWEET, HONEY-LIKE
Excellentia International
Phenyl Acetic Acid Natural
Fleurchem
phenyl acetic acid natural
Indukern F&F
PHENYLACETIC ACID
Odor: SWEET, HONEY, FLORAL
K.L. Koh Enterprise
PHENYLACETIC ACID
Keva
PHENYL ACETIC ACID FLAKES
Lluch Essence
PHENYLACETIC ACID NATURAL
Lluch Essence
PHENYLACETIC ACID
M&U International
NAT. PHENYLACETIC ACID
M&U International
PHENYL ACETIC ACID
Moellhausen
PHENYLACETIC ACID 10% DPG
Moellhausen
PHENYLACETIC ACID
Naturamole
phenylacetic acid 98% natural EU
OQEMA
Phenyl Acetic Acid
Pearlchem Corporation
Natural Phenyl Acetic Acid
Penta International
PHENYLACETIC ACID FCC
Penta International
PHENYLACETIC ACID NATURAL
Penta International
PHENYLACETIC ACID
PerfumersWorld
Phenylacetic acid 10% in DPG
PerfumersWorld
Phenylacetic acid
Odor: Powerful phenolic honey sweet-animalic malt vanilla Sweet animal-honey
Use: Blends-well-with - Animal-notes Civet
R C Treatt & Co Ltd
Phenyl Acetic Acid
Reincke & Fichtner
Phenylacetic Acid natural
Reincke & Fichtner
Phenylacetic Acid
Robertet
PHENYLACETIC ACID
Pure & Nat (EU)
Sigma-Aldrich
Phenylacetic acid, ≥99%, FCC, FG
Odor: honey; floral; green; sweet
Certified Food Grade Products
Sigma-Aldrich
Phenylacetic acid, natural, ≥99%, FG
The John D. Walsh Company
Phenyl Acetic Acid
The Lermond Company
PHENYL ACETIC ACID (DEA)
Vigon International
Phenyl Acetic Acid Natural
Vigon International
Phenyl Acetic Acid Pure FCC
WEN International
PHENYLACETIC ACID Natural
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xi - Irritant
R 36/37/38 - Irritating to eyes, respiratory system, and skin.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 37/39 - Wear suitable gloves and eye/face protection.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
Skin irritation (Category 2), H315
Eye irritation (Category 2A), H319
Specific target organ toxicity - single exposure (Category 3), Respiratory system, H335
Reproductive toxicity (Category 2), H361
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogramexclamation-mark.jpg
 
Signal word Warning
Hazard statement(s)
H315 - Causes skin irritation
H319 - Causes serious eye irritation
H335 - May cause respiratory irritation
H361 - Suspected of damaging fertility or the unborn child
Precautionary statement(s)
P201 - Obtain special instructions before use.
P202 - Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood.
P261 - Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P264 - Wash skin thouroughly after handling.
P271 - Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.
P280 - Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P302 + P352 - IF ON SKIN: wash with plenty of soap and water.
P304 + P340 - IF INHALED: Remove victim to fresh air and Keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.
P305 + P351 + P338 - IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.
P308 + P313 - IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/attention.
P332 + P313 - IF SKIN irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention.
P337 + P313 - IF eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/attention.
P362 - Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse.
P403 + P233 - Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.
P405 - Store locked up.
P501 - Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant.
Human Experience:
2 % solution: no irritation or sensitization.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50  > 5000 mg/kg
(Keating, 1972c)

gavage-guinea pig LD50  [sex: M,F] 2250 mg/kg
(Zaitsev & Rakhmanina, 1974)

gavage-mouse LD50  [sex: M,F] 2250 mg/kg
(Zaitsev & Rakhmanina, 1974)

gavage-rat LD50  [sex: M,F] 2250 mg/kg
(Zaitsev & Rakhmanina, 1974)

oral-guinea pig LD50  2250 mg/kg
Voprosy Pitaniya. Problems of Nutrition. Vol. 33(5), Pg. 48, 1974.

intraperitoneal-mouse LD50  2270 mg/kg
Farmaco, Edizione Scientifica. Vol. 13, Pg. 286, 1958.

oral-mouse LD50  2250 mg/kg
Voprosy Pitaniya. Problems of Nutrition. Vol. 33(5), Pg. 48, 1974.

intraperitoneal-rat LD50  1600 mg/kg
Bollettino Chimico Farmaceutico. Vol. 112, Pg. 53, 1973.

oral-rat LD50  2250 mg/kg
Voprosy Pitaniya. Problems of Nutrition. Vol. 33(5), Pg. 48, 1974.

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-rabbit LD50 > 5000 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 13, Pg. 901, 1975.

subcutaneous-mouse LD50 1500 mg/kg
Archives Internationales de Pharmacodynamie et de Therapie. Vol. 116, Pg. 154, 1958.

Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
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Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
IFRA Code of Practice Notification of the 49th Amendment to the IFRA Code of Practice
Recommendation for phenyl acetic acid usage levels up to:
  2.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 240.00 (μg/capita/day)
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-USA): 60.00 (μg/capita/day)
Structure Class: I
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
Click here to view publication 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -12.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -1.80000
beverages(alcoholic): -0.10000
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: 5.4000011.00000
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -5.30000
fruit ices: -5.30000
gelatins / puddings: -27.00000
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -5.90000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety References:
Flavor & Extract Manufacturers Association (FEMA) reference(s):
The FEMA GRAS assessment of phenethyl alcohol, aldehydes, acids, and related acetals and esters used as flavor ingredients. View pdf
European Food Safety Athority(EFSA): Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):
Flavouring Group Evaluation 55 (FGE.55): Consideration of phenyl-substituted aliphatic alcohols and related aldehydes and esters evaluated by JECFA (63rd meeting) structurally related to phenethyl alcohol, aldehyde, esters and related phenylacetic acid esters evaluated by EFSA in FGE.14 (2005) and aryl-substituted saturated and unsaturated primary alcohol/aldehyde/acid/ester derivatives evaluated by EFSA in FGE.15 (2005) (Commission Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000 of 18 July 2000) - Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in contact with Food (AFC)
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 53 (FGE.53): Consideration of phenethyl alcohol, aldehyde, acid and related acetals and esters evaluated by JECFA (59th meeting) structurally related to phenethyl alcohol, aldehyde, esters and related phenylacetic acid esters evaluated by EFSA in FGE.14 (2005) and one phenoxyethyl ester evaluated in FGE.23 (2006) (Commission Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000 of 18 July 2000) - Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in contact with Food (AFC)
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 33 (FGE.33)[1] - Six Tetrahydrofuran Derivatives from Chemical Groups 13, 14, 16 and 26 - Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in Contact with Food
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 14, Revision 1 (FGE.14Rev1): Phenethyl alcohol, aldehyde, acetals, carboxylic acid and related esters from chemical group 15 and 22 [1] - Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in Contact with Food
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 53, Revision 1 (FGE.53Rev1): Consideration of phenethyl alcohol, aldehyde, acid and related acetals and esters evaluated by JECFA (59th meeting) FGE.23Rev1 (2008)
View page or View pdf
EPI System: View
ClinicalTrials.gov: search
NIOSH International Chemical Safety Cards: search
Cancer Citations: Search
Toxicology Citations: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 103-82-2
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary : 999
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
WISER: UN 3335
WGK Germany: 1
 2-phenylacetic acid
Chemidplus: 0000103822
RTECS: 103-82-2
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
References:
 2-phenylacetic acid
NIST Chemistry WebBook: Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 103-82-2
Pubchem (cid): 999
Pubchem (sid): 134972411
Flavornet: 103-82-2
Pherobase: View
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Other Information:
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2011 (pdf)
Videos: The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc: Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC): Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Substances Added to Food (formerly EAFUS): View
CHEBI: View
CHEMBL: View
Golm Metabolome Database: Search
Metabolomics Database: Search
UM BBD: Search
KEGG (GenomeNet): C07086
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database): HMDB00209
FooDB: FDB010558
YMDB (Yeast Metabolome Database): YMDB00891
Export Tariff Code: 2916.34.1500
Typical G.C.
VCF-Online: VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider: View
Wikipedia: View
Formulations/Preparations:
grades: technical; fcc.
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Blenders and core components note
 
For Odor
No odor group found for these
(Z)-oleyl alcoholFR
acidic
 cyclohexyl acetic acidFL/FR
aldehydic
 citronellyl oxyacetaldehydeFL/FR
amber
 amber furanFR
 ambergris naphtholFR
 ambrette seed absoluteFL/FR
alpha-ambrinolFL/FR
 ambrinolFR
 cistus ladaniferus resinoidFL/FR
animal
 animal carbolactoneFR
isobutyl quinolineFR
isobutyl quinolineFR
 civet absoluteFL/FR
 costus valerolactoneFR
para-cresyl caprylateFL/FR
para-cresyl isobutyrateFL/FR
para-cresyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 indolallFR
 indoleFL/FR
 indoletalFR
6-methyl quinolineFL/FR
para-methyl tetrahydroquinolineFL/FR
 piperidineFL/FR
 skatoleFL/FR
1-oxaspiro-4,7-dodecaneFR
1,2,3,4-tetrahydroquinolineFR
anisic
para-anisaldehydeFL/FR
para-anisyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
balsamic
 amyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 amyris wood oilFL/FR
siam benzoin resinoidFL/FR
 benzyl cinnamateFL/FR
isobutyl cinnamateFL/FR
 cinnamyl alcoholFL/FR
 ethyl cinnamateFL/FR
 fir balsam absoluteFR
 guaiacyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 guaiyl butyrateFR
 methyl cinnamateFL/FR
 opoponax oil (balsamodendron kafal)FL/FR
 opoponax resinoid (balsamodendron kafal)FR
2-phenyl propyl alcoholFL/FR
3-phenyl propyl alcoholFL/FR
berry
 raspberry ketoneFL/FR
 cycloteneFL/FR
 ethyl maltolFL/FR
 immortelle absoluteFL/FR
 maltolFL/FR
 strawberry furanoneFL/FR
cereal
 bran absoluteFR
chocolate
isoamyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
isobutyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 cocoa pentenalFL/FR
 tetrahydrofurfuryl phenyl acetateFL/FR
coconut
gamma-nonalactone (aldehyde C-18 (so-called))FL/FR
gamma-octalactoneFL/FR
earthy
 muscogeneFR
ethereal
 propyl valerateFL/FR
fatty
delta-juniper lactoneFL/FR
 methyl (E)-2-hexenoateFL/FR
alpha-amyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
isoamyl salicylateFL/FR
 boronia butenalFR
isobutyl salicylateFL/FR
 cardamom absoluteFL/FR
 citronellyl isovalerateFL/FR
 citronellyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 citronellyl valerateFL/FR
para-cresyl acetateFL/FR
delta-damasconeFL/FR
 decyl formateFR
 ethyl hydrocinnamateFL/FR
 ethyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 genet concreteFR
 geranyl anthranilateFR
 geranyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 heliotropinFL/FR
 heliotropyl acetoneFL/FR
alpha-hexyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
 honeysuckle absoluteFR
 hyacinth acetalsFL/FR
 hyacinth etherFR
 kewda absolute 
 kewda fragranceFR
 kewda oilCS
 linalyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 linden flower absoluteFR
para-methyl acetophenoneFL/FR
 narcissus specialtyFR
 octyl isovalerateFL/FR
bitter orangeflower absolute moroccoFL/FR
 phenethyl acetateFL/FR
 phenethyl anthranilateFL/FR
 phenethyl benzoateFL/FR
 phenethyl hexanoateFL/FR
 phenethyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 phenethyl propionateFL/FR
 phenyl glycol diacetateFR
3-phenyl propyl formateFL/FR
(E)-2-phenyl-1(2)-propene-1-yl acetateFR
isopropyl anthranilateFL/FR
isopropyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 rhodinyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 rose absolute (rosa centifolia) moroccoFL/FR
 rose butanoateFL/FR
 rose carboxylateFR
 rose concrete (rosa centifolia)FR
 tilia cordata flower oil CO2 extractFR
 tobacco flower absoluteFR
(E)-2,5,9-trimethyl-4,9-decadien-1-alFR
 tuberose absolute (from concrete)FL/FR
 tuberose absolute (from pommade)FL/FR
 wallflower absoluteFR
fruity
 allyl phenoxyacetateFL/FR
alpha-amyl cinnamyl isovalerateFL/FR
 cyclohexanone diethyl acetalFL/FR
beta-damasconeFL/FR
(Z)-beta-damasconeFL/FR
(E)-beta-damasconeFL/FR
 ethyl 3-hydroxyhexanoateFL/FR
 linalyl hexanoateFL/FR
(Z)-3-octen-1-yl propionateFL/FR
 osmanthus flower absoluteFL/FR
 strawberry glycidate 1 (aldehyde C-16 (so-called))FL/FR
 strawberry glycidate 2FL/FR
fungal
 methyl 2-furoateFL/FR
green
(E)-2-hexen-1-yl phenyl acetateFL/FR
4-methyl-4-phenyl pentanoneFR
(Z,Z)-3,6-nonadien-1-olFL/FR
 phenoxyethyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 phenyl acetaldehydeFL/FR
 valerian rhizome oil CO2 extract chinaFL/FR
hay
 beeswax absoluteFL/FR
 hay absoluteFR
 tobacco leaf absoluteFL/FR
 woodruff absoluteFR
herbal
 artemisyl ketoneFL/FR
american elder flower absoluteFR
 matricaria chamomilla flower oilFL/FR
 methyl nicotinateFL/FR
 petitgrain heptaneFR
 saffron indenoneFL/FR
 safranalFL/FR
 theaspiraneFL/FR
 valerian rhizome oilFL/FR
 valerian rhizome oil chinaFL/FR
 yerba mate absoluteFL/FR
honey
 allyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 butyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 methyl hydrocinnamateFL/FR
 methyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 phenethyl furoateFL/FR
 phenyl pyruvic acidFL/FR
 propyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
leathery
 castoreum absoluteFL/FR
marine
 marine pyridineFR
melon
(Z)-6-nonen-1-olFL/FR
musk
(3alpha,5alpha)-androst-16-en-3-olFR
(Z)-civet decenoneFL/FR
 ethylene dodecanoateFR
 exaltone (Firmenich)FR
 juniper lactoneFL/FR
delta-muscenoneFR
dextro,laevo-musconeFL/FR
 musk amberolFR
 musk dimethyl indaneFL/FR
 musk lactoneFR
 musk nonaneFR
(Z)-musk pentaneFR
omega-pentadecalactoneFL/FR
musty
 cocoa butenalFL/FR
ketoisophoroneFL/FR
phenolic
2'-hydroxyacetophenoneFL/FR
popcorn
2-acetyl pyridineFL/FR
powdery
para-anisyl alcoholFL/FR
 carnation absoluteFR
N,N-diethyl octanamideFR
isoeugenyl acetateFL/FR
 eugenyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
isoeugenyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 honey extractCS
(E,E)-piperineFL/FR
terpenic
 frankincense oilFL/FR
thujonic
 cistus cyclohexanoneFL/FR
tobacco
para-cresyl isovalerateFL/FR
3-ethyl pyridineFL/FR
 methyl benzoxoleFL/FR
 tobacco concreteFR
(E,E/E,Z)-tobacco cyclohexenoneFL/FR
 veltonal (Bedoukian)FR
tonka
 deertongue absoluteFR
gamma-hexalactoneFL/FR
 mint lactoneFL/FR
 saffron resinoidFL/FR
 tonka bean absoluteFR
 tonka undecanoneFR
tropical
 genet absoluteFL/FR
vanilla
 ethyl vanillinFL/FR
 propenyl guaetholFL/FR
 vanilla bean absolute (vanilla planifolia)FL/FR
 vanillyl acetateFL/FR
waxy
 dihydrocitronellyl acetateFL/FR
1-dodecanolFL/FR
 methyl butyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 waxy acetateFR
woody
 amber decatrieneFR
alpha-cedrene epoxideFR
 guaiacwood oilFL/FR
isolongifolene ketoneFR
 santallFR
 santalyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 spikenard oilFL/FR
 tobacarol (IFF)FR
 tobacco noneneFR
 woody dioxolaneFR
 woody etherFR
 
For Flavor
 
No flavor group found for these
1-acetyl cyclohexyl acetateFL
 amyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 artemisyl ketoneFL/FR
 capsicum oleoresinFL
 cistus cyclohexanoneFL/FR
 cistus ladaniferus resinoidFL/FR
 citronellyl isovalerateFL/FR
 citronellyl valerateFL/FR
 cyclohexanone diethyl acetalFL/FR
 dihydrocitronellyl acetateFL/FR
2,6-dimethoxy-4-vinyl phenolFL
 ethyl hydrocinnamateFL/FR
 eugenyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 fig leaf absoluteFL
(E)-2-hexen-1-yl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 kewda absolute 
 linalyl hexanoateFL/FR
 linalyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 methyl (E)-2-hexenoateFL/FR
4-methyl cyclohexanoneFL
 methyl hydrocinnamateFL/FR
 methyl nicotinateFL/FR
para-methyl tetrahydroquinolineFL/FR
 octyl isovalerateFL/FR
 phenethyl furoateFL/FR
3-phenyl propyl formateFL/FR
 piperidineFL/FR
isopropyl anthranilateFL/FR
2-propyl pyridineFL
 propyl valerateFL/FR
 santalyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 skatoleFL/FR
 spikenard oilFL/FR
 tetrahydrofurfuryl phenyl acetateFL/FR
beta-damasconeFL/FR
amber
alpha-ambrinolFL/FR
animal
 civet absoluteFL/FR
para-cresyl caprylateFL/FR
 indoleFL/FR
6-methyl quinolineFL/FR
anisic
para-anisyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
aromatic
para-cresyl acetateFL/FR
para-cresyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 hyacinth acetalsFL/FR
balsamic
siam benzoin resinoidFL/FR
isobutyl cinnamateFL/FR
 ethyl cinnamateFL/FR
 opoponax oil (balsamodendron kafal)FL/FR
berry
 heliotropyl acetoneFL/FR
 raspberry ketoneFL/FR
brown
 beeswax absoluteFL/FR
caramellic
 caramel furanoneFL
 cycloteneFL/FR
 ethyl maltolFL/FR
3-ethyl pyridineFL/FR
 maltolFL/FR
 methyl 2-furoateFL/FR
 strawberry furanoneFL/FR
cherry
 heliotropinFL/FR
citrus
 citronellyl oxyacetaldehydeFL/FR
ketoisophoroneFL/FR
cocoa
isobutyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
coconut
gamma-nonalactone (aldehyde C-18 (so-called))FL/FR
cooling
isobutyl salicylateFL/FR
 theaspiraneFL/FR
corn
2-acetyl pyridineFL/FR
creamy
para-anisaldehydeFL/FR
gamma-hexalactoneFL/FR
para-methyl acetophenoneFL/FR
 mint lactoneFL/FR
fatty
delta-juniper lactoneFL/FR
floral
isoamyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 cardamom absoluteFL/FR
 citronellyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 cocoa pentenalFL/FR
 geranyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 methyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
bitter orangeflower absolute moroccoFL/FR
 phenethyl anthranilateFL/FR
 phenethyl benzoateFL/FR
 phenethyl propionateFL/FR
 rose absolute (rosa centifolia) moroccoFL/FR
 tuberose absolute (from concrete)FL/FR
 tuberose absolute (from pommade)FL/FR
fruity
 allyl phenoxyacetateFL/FR
alpha-amyl cinnamyl isovalerateFL/FR
para-anisyl alcoholFL/FR
(E)-beta-damasconeFL/FR
(Z)-beta-damasconeFL/FR
 ethyl 3-hydroxyhexanoateFL/FR
 methyl 4-phenyl butyrateFL
(Z)-3-octen-1-yl propionateFL/FR
 osmanthus flower absoluteFL/FR
 rose butanoateFL/FR
 strawberry glycidate 1 (aldehyde C-16 (so-called))FL/FR
 strawberry glycidate 2FL/FR
 valerian rhizome oilFL/FR
 valerian rhizome oil chinaFL/FR
 valerian rhizome oil CO2 extract chinaFL/FR
grassy
 tobacco leaf absoluteFL/FR
green
isoamyl salicylateFL/FR
 cinnamyl alcoholFL/FR
 cocoa butenalFL/FR
(E)-3-hexenoic acidFL
 immortelle absoluteFL/FR
 phenoxyethyl isobutyrateFL/FR
2-phenyl propyl alcoholFL/FR
hay
 genet absoluteFL/FR
herbal
 matricaria chamomilla flower oilFL/FR
 saffron indenoneFL/FR
 yerba mate absoluteFL/FR
honey
 allyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 butyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 ethyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 phenethyl acetateFL/FR
 phenethyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 phenyl acetaldehydeFL/FR
 propyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
isopropyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
lactonic
gamma-octalactoneFL/FR
leafy
 methyl butyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
leathery
 castoreum absoluteFL/FR
musk
(Z)-civet decenoneFL/FR
 juniper lactoneFL/FR
dextro,laevo-musconeFL/FR
 musk dimethyl indaneFL/FR
naphthyl
2'-hydroxyacetophenoneFL/FR
nutty
 methyl benzoxoleFL/FR
(E,E/E,Z)-tobacco cyclohexenoneFL/FR
phenolic
para-cresyl isovalerateFL/FR
para-cresyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 guaiacyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 phenyl pyruvic acidFL/FR
roasted
 ethyl 3-(furfuryl thio) propionateFL
soapy
1-dodecanolFL/FR
sour
2,4-dimethyl-2-pentenoic acidFL
3-methyl valeric acidFL
spicy
 benzyl cinnamateFL/FR
isoeugenyl acetateFL/FR
isoeugenyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 methyl cinnamateFL/FR
 paprika oleoresinFL
3-phenyl propyl alcoholFL/FR
(E,E)-piperineFL/FR
sweet
 cyclohexyl acetic acidFL/FR
 saffron resinoidFL/FR
tropical
alpha-amyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
vanilla
 ethyl vanillinFL/FR
omega-pentadecalactoneFL/FR
 propenyl guaetholFL/FR
 vanilla bean absolute (vanilla planifolia)FL/FR
 vanillyl acetateFL/FR
waxy
alpha-hexyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
(Z,Z)-3,6-nonadien-1-olFL/FR
(Z)-6-nonen-1-olFL/FR
 phenethyl hexanoateFL/FR
 rhodinyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
woody
 ambrette seed absoluteFL/FR
 amyris wood oilFL/FR
delta-damasconeFL/FR
 frankincense oilFL/FR
 guaiacwood oilFL/FR
 safranalFL/FR
 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Uses:
 absintheFL
 acaciaFR
 amberFR
 animalFR
 apple blossomFR
 arnica flowerFR
 beeswax absolute replacerFR
 bouquetFR
 cappuccinoFL
 castoreumFR
 chocolate cocoaFL
 civetFR
 cloverFR
 dateFR
 deertongue absolute replacerFR
 elder berryFR
 elder flowerFR
 figFR
 fixer 
 floralFR
 genetFR
 geraniumFR
 graham crackerFR
 grapeFR
 heliotropeFR
 honeyFR
 honeysuckleFR
 immortelleFL/FR
 jasminFR
 kewdaFR
 licoriceFR
 lilacFR
 muskFR
 narcissusFR
 neroliFR
 orange blossomFR
 passion blossomFR
 pumpkin pieFR
 roseFR
 rose red roseFR
 sweet peaFR
 tobaccoFR
 toffeeFR
 tropicalFL
 vanillaFR
 violetFR
 wallflowerFR
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 almond flower
Search Trop  Picture
 cacao bean
Search Trop  Picture
 champaca concrete @ 0.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cheese swiss cheese
Search  PMC Picture
 cichorium intybus l. root extract @ 2.49%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cocoa bean
Search Trop  Picture
 corn pollen
Search Trop  Picture
 mango fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 neroli
Search  PMC Picture
 pea
Search Trop  Picture
 pepper black pepper fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 pepper black pepper oil
Search Trop  Picture
 pepper black pepper seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 peppermint leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 rose bulgarian
Search Trop  Picture
 sake
Search  PMC Picture
 sherry
Search  PMC Picture
 tea leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 tobacco
Search Trop  Picture
 tomato
Search Trop  Picture
 walnut black walnut nut
Search Trop  Picture
 wine white wine
Search  Picture
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Synonyms:
 acetic acid, phenyl-
 benzenacetic acid
 benzene acetic acid
 benzeneacetic acid
 benzeneaceticacid
 benzeneacetiic acid
 benzyl carboxylic acid
 benzylcarboxylic acid
 benzylformic acid
omega-phenyl acetic acid
 phenyl acetic acid natural
 phenyl acetic acid pure FCC
 phenyl ethanoic acid
 phenylacetic acid
2-phenylacetic acid
 phenylacetic acid natural
 phenylaceticacid
2-phenylethanoic acid
 phenyllacetic acid
a-toluic acid
alpha-toluic acid
a-tolylic acid
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Articles:
PubMed: Identification and characterization of the aroma-impact components of thai fish sauce.
PubMed: Identification of the key odorants in Tahitian cured vanilla beans (Vanilla tahitensis) by GC-MS and an aroma extract dilution analysis.
PubMed: Production of aromatic compounds by metabolically engineered Escherichia coli with an expanded shikimate pathway.
PubMed: Characterization of the key aroma compounds in rape honey by means of the molecular sensory science concept.
PubMed: The FEMA GRAS assessment of phenethyl alcohol, aldehyde, acid, and related acetals and esters used as flavor ingredients.
PubMed: Characteristic volatiles from young and aged fruiting bodies of wild Polyporus sulfureus (Bull.:Fr.) Fr.
PubMed: Characterization of aroma compounds responsible for the rosy/floral flavor in Cheddar cheese.
PubMed: Synthesis of flavor and fragrance esters using Candida antarctica lipase.
PubMed: Volatile flavor components of stored nonfat dry milk.
PubMed: Quantitative gas chromatography-olfactometry carried out at different dilutions of an extract. Key differences in the odor profiles of four high-quality Spanish aged red wines.
PubMed: Aroma-active components of nonfat dry milk.
PubMed: Conversion of phenylalanine to benzaldehyde initiated by an aminotransferase in lactobacillus plantarum
PubMed: Identification and characterization of the aroma-impact components of thai fish sauce.
PubMed: Separation and characterization of soluble esterified and glycoside-bound phenolic compounds in dry-blanched peanut skins by liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization mass spectrometry.
PubMed: Study of the principal constituents of tropical angico (Anadenanthera sp.) honey from the atlantic forest.
PubMed: Microbial catabolism of procyanidins by human gut microbiota.
PubMed: Analysis of particle-borne odorants emitted from concentrated animal feeding operations.
PubMed: Chemometrics as a tool of origin determination of Polish monofloral and multifloral honeys.
PubMed: In vitro transformation of chlorogenic acid by human gut microbiota.
PubMed: Urinary excretion of phenolic acids in rats fed cranberry, blueberry, or black raspberry powder.
PubMed: Effect of high oxygen and high carbon dioxide atmosphere packaging on the microbial spoilage and shelf-life of fresh-cut honeydew melon.
PubMed: Comparison of postprandial phenolic acid excretions and glucose responses after ingestion of breads with bioprocessed or native rye bran.
PubMed: Identification of the key odorants in Tahitian cured vanilla beans (Vanilla tahitensis) by GC-MS and an aroma extract dilution analysis.
PubMed: Bioactive microconstituents and antioxidant properties of wild edible mushrooms from the island of Lesvos, Greece.
PubMed: Characterization of the key aroma compounds in rape honey by means of the molecular sensory science concept.
PubMed: An olfactory receptor for food-derived odours promotes male courtship in Drosophila.
PubMed: Analytical and sensorial characterization of the aroma of wines produced with sour rotten grapes using GC-O and GC-MS: identification of key aroma compounds.
PubMed: Colonic metabolites of berry polyphenols: the missing link to biological activity?
PubMed: Profiling of phenols in human fecal water after raspberry supplementation.
PubMed: Urinary excretion of phenolic acids in rats fed cranberry.
PubMed: Isolation and identification of triglycerides and ester oligomers from partial degradation of potato suberin.
PubMed: Relationship between grazing lamb growth rate and blood plasma analytes as profiled by gas chromatography with time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GC-TOF/MS).
PubMed: Acrylamide decreased dopamine levels and increased 3-nitrotyrosine (3-NT) levels in PC 12 cells.
PubMed: Quantification of phenyllactic acid in wheat sourdough using high resolution gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
PubMed: Investigation of the accumulation of aromatic compounds during biogas production from kitchen waste.
PubMed: Secondary metabolites from the mycelia of the fungus Monascus pilosus BCRC 38072.
PubMed: The cannabinoid antagonist SR 141716A (Rimonabant) reduces the increase of extra-cellular dopamine release in the rat nucleus accumbens induced by a novel high palatable food.
PubMed: Crocin bleaching assay (CBA) in structure-radical scavenging activity studies of selected phenolic compounds.
PubMed: Influence of peptide supply and cosubstrates on phenylalanine metabolism of Lactobacillus sanfranciscensis DSM20451(T) and Lactobacillus plantarum TMW1.468.
PubMed: Use of the pig caecum model to mimic the human intestinal metabolism of hispidulin and related compounds.
PubMed: Characterization of aroma compounds responsible for the rosy/floral flavor in Cheddar cheese.
PubMed: Phenylacetic acid-producing Rhizoctonia solani represses the biosynthesis of nematicidal compounds in vitro and influences biocontrol of Meloidogyne incognita in tomato by Pseudomonas fluorescens strain CHA0 and its GM derivatives.
PubMed: Peripherally administered growth hormone increases brain dopaminergic activity and swimming in rainbow trout.
PubMed: Comprehensive study on vitamin C equivalent antioxidant capacity (VCEAC) of various polyphenolics in scavenging a free radical and its structural relationship.
PubMed: Identification and antimicrobial activity of phenylacetic acid produced by Bacillus licheniformis isolated from fermented soybean, Chungkook-Jang.
PubMed: Inhibitory effects of green tea polyphenols on the production of a virulence factor of the periodontal-disease-causing anaerobic bacterium Porphyromonas gingivalis.
PubMed: Antiproliferative and apoptotic effects of selective phenolic acids on T47D human breast cancer cells: potential mechanisms of action.
PubMed: Leptin decreases plasma paraoxonase 1 (PON1) activity and induces oxidative stress: the possible novel mechanism for proatherogenic effect of chronic hyperleptinemia.
PubMed: Aroma-active components of nonfat dry milk.
PubMed: Identification and quantification of impact odorants of aged red wines from Rioja. GC-olfactometry, quantitative GC-MS, and odor evaluation of HPLC fractions.
PubMed: Characterization of Volatiles in Rambutan Fruit (Nephelium lappaceum L.).
PubMed: Formation of aroma-active strecker-aldehydes by a direct oxidative degradation of Amadori compounds.
PubMed: Quantitative model studies on the formation of aroma-active aldehydes and acids by strecker-type reactions.
PubMed: Acid hydrolysis of 1,6-dihydro-4-amino-3-methyl-6-phenyl-1,2, 4-triazin-5(4H)-one (1,6-dihydrometamitron).
PubMed: Conversion of phenylalanine to benzaldehyde initiated by an aminotransferase in lactobacillus plantarum
PubMed: Indigo formation by microorganisms expressing styrene monooxygenase activity.
PubMed: Possible regulatory role for nonaromatic carbon sources in styrene degradation by Pseudomonas putida CA-3.
PubMed: Ethylbenzene degradation by Pseudomonas fluorescens strain CA-4.
PubMed: Gut flora and the origin of some urinary aromatic phenolic compounds.
PubMed: Effect of excess phenylacetate diet during pregnancy on fetal brain growth in rats.
PubMed: Identification of metabolites from the degradation of fluoranthene by Mycobacterium sp. strain PYR-1.
PubMed: Sucrose feeding at weaning alters the preference for sucrose in adolescence.
PubMed: [Circadian rhythm of 3-methoxy-4-hydroxymandelic acid and 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylacetic acid in the urine].
PubMed: Investigation of drug absorption from the gastrointestinal tract of man. IV. Influence of food and digestive secretions on metoprolol jejunal absorption.
PubMed: Effect of food on pharmacokinetics of chlorambucil and its main metabolite, phenylacetic acid mustard.
PubMed: Gas-liquid chromatographic determination of benzoic acid and sorbic acid in foods: NMKL collaborative study.
PubMed: The origin of urinary aromatic compounds excreted by ruminants. 4. The potential use of urine aromatic acid and phenol outputs as a measure of voluntary food intake.
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