delta-3-carene
d-3-carene
 
Notes:
None found
  • Augustus Oils
    • Augustus Oils Ltd
      The Premier Supplier
      Augustus Oils Ltd, in harmony with nature - to present it at its best...
      A wealth of experience, expertise and knowledge has allowed Augustus to bridge the gulf in expectation and trust between growers and users of natural ingredients. The Company works in partnership with customers on the one hand, and growers, farmers and distillers on the other. Both users and producers can then focus on exactly what they do best, while skilled Augustus technicians closely monitor and control the delivered product. This ensures users can have the confidence that they will receive the best raw materials suited to their requirements.
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      Product(s):
      Delta 3 Carene
       
  • Berjé
    • Berje Inc.
      The solution is clear
      Where the world comes to its senses - Berjé is a global distributor of Essential Oils and Aromatic Chemicals.
      Berjé is a family-owned business that has been in operation for six decades. The company's origins and strength lie in a profound understanding of the supply and the quality of the diverse raw materials consumed by the flavor and fragrance industries. This base was expanded upon more than two decades ago to include fragrance production. The company's unparalleled raw material expertise is focused on the supply of essential oils and aromatic chemicals. This is supported by our long-standing relationships with a worldwide fabric of producers ensuring the greatest prospects for uninterrupted supply in markets that are often volatile and unpredictable.
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      Flavor Ingredients
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      Happening at Berje
      Product(s):
      delta 3-Carene
       
  • BOC Sciences
    • BOC Sciences
      Best of Chemicals Supplier
      Quality supplier of research chemicals and biochemicals including inhibitors, building blocks, GMP Products, impurities and metabolites, APIs for Veterinary, Natural Compounds, ADCs, Stem Cell Molecule and chiral compounds.
      BOC Sciences provides a wide range of services to support the pharmaceutical industry through all stages of drug discovery including Custom Synthesis of those chemicals that are not in stock, Isotope Labeling Service, Chiral Synthesis and Resolution, Bioconjugation, PEGylation services, analytical services.
      BOC Sciences is a brand of BOCSCI Inc. We leverage our wide spectrum of business in the fields of development, manufacturing, marketing, and distribution to help you make best-informed decisions tailored to your evolving needs for premium chemicals. Our complete suite of CRO services spans the entire molecule development pipeline including contract research for target identification, building blocks, compound synthesis, biochemical and cellular analysis, preclinical animal tests, and clinical studies.
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      US Email: Sales
      Voice: 1-631-504-6093
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      Product(s):
      13466-78-9 3-Carene
       
  • Foreverest Resources
    • Foreverest Resources Ltd.
      Leading pine based chemicals supplier
      Supplying turpentine based and natural/extracted flavor & fragrance ingredients.
      FOREVERESTA® F&F RAW MATERIALS is a range of natural extracts and synthetic aroma chemicals based on the rich material resources and great supply network from China, which was applied for specialty chemicals industry. The markets cover application areas on food, beverage, custom fragrance, fine perfume, personal care, cosmetics, etc.
      Foreverest Resources Ltd. is a materials supplier, exporting gum turpentine based, terpene derivertives and natural/extracted monomers and intermediates from China since 1988. We offers high quality raw materials for flavors and fragrances synthetic manufacturing in the world.
      Email: Info
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      Product(s):
      delta-3-Carene 95%
      delta-3-Carene, is a bicyclic monoterpene which occurs naturally as a constituent of turpentine, with a content as high as 42% depending on the source. Carene has a sweet and pungent odor with woody character. It is not soluble in water, but miscible with fats and oils.
       
       
  • Indukern F&F
  • Moellhausen
  • Pell Wall Perfumes
    • Pell Wall Perfumes
      Hand-made fragrances
      Pell Wall maintains a broad palette of ingredients & in order to keep stocks fresh & the options wide we also sell from our own stock.
      Pell Wall was founded by perfumer Chris Bartlett to provide exclusive hand-made fragrances to a select few people who love them. All our products are created using fine quality ingredients, many of which we also offer for sale to other perfumers and enthusiasts. Pell Wall make fragrances for men, for women and for the home.
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      Product(s):
      delta-Carene
      According to Arctander this material has a “Sweet, diffusive, penetrating odor, somewhat reminiscent of a refined Limonene.”
       
       
  • Penta International
    • Penta International Corporation
      Chemistry innovation
      At Penta, our products and services help businesses do business better.
      For over 30 years, Penta Manufacturing Company has played a growing role in worldwide chemistry innovations and applications. As an industry leader, Penta continues to pioneer chemistry-based solutions for practically every area of commerce. Our products and expertise have helped fuel technical advances in dozens of commercial applications including flavoring, coloring, fragrances and chemical processes.
      US Email: Technical Services
      US Email: Sales
      US Voice: (973) 740-2300
      US Fax: (973) 740-1839
      Product(s):
      03-10300 delta-3-CARENE
      03-10301 delta-3-CARENE NATURAL
       
  • Sigma-Aldrich
  • TCI AMERICA
    • TCI AMERICA
      Moving Your Chemistry Forward
      We continuously strive to advance our technology.
      With East & West Coast distribution centers, count on TCI to deliver products quickly and reliably. Over 28,000 Reagents available today in benchtop to bulk quantities. Sign up for a TCI account today for fast and free shipping!
      Tokyo Chemical Industry Co., Ltd. (TCI) is a leading worldwide manufacturer of specialty organic chemicals founded in 1946. TCI provides organic laboratory chemicals as well as pharmaceutical, cosmetic and functional materials. More than 60 years of synthesis experience and multi-purpose plants enable TCI to offer more than 28,000 products as well as custom synthesis. TCI has established overseas facilities in North America, Europe, China and India to serve customers worldwide.
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      Product(s):
      C0047 (+)-3-Carene >90.0%(GC)
       
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search
Fragrance Demo Formulas
CAS Number: 13466-78-9Picture of molecule3D/inchi
Other: 116783-27-8
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg: 236-719-3
FDA UNII: H2M15SNR6N
Nikkaji Web: J8.118C
Beilstein Number: 1902766
MDL: MFCD00001315
CoE Number: 10983
XlogP3-AA: 2.80 (est)
Molecular Weight: 136.23752000
Formula: C10 H16
BioActivity Summary: listing
NMR Predictor: Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
EFSA/JECFA Comments: EFSA conclusion: additional data required. MSDI based on USA production figure (EFSA, 2009j). Racemate. According to JECFA: Min. Assay value is "92 %" and secondary components "beta-pinene, limonene, myrcene, p-cymene". Composition of mixture to be specified. Racemate. At least 92%; secondary components 2-3 % beta-pinene; 1-2 % limonene; 1-2 % myrcene; 0-1 % pcymene.
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar: Search
Google Books: Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist: Search
Google Patents: Search
US Patents: Search
EU Patents: Search
Pubchem Patents: Search
PubMed: Search
NCBI: Search
JECFA Food Flavoring: 1342  d-3-carene
FLAVIS Number: 01.029 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings: 01.029  delta-3-carene
FEMA Number: 3821  d-3-carene
FDA:No longer provide for the use of these seven synthetic flavoring substances
FDA Mainterm (SATF):13466-78-9 ; 3-CARENE
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Physical Properties:
Appearance: colorless clear liquid (est)
Assay: 92.00 to 100.00 % 
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Specific Gravity: 0.86000 to 0.86800 @  25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 7.156 to  7.223
Refractive Index: 1.47200 to 1.47300 @  20.00 °C.
Optical Rotation: +7.00 to +15.00
Melting Point: 23.00 to  24.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 169.00 to  174.00 °C. @ 705.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 170.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Vapor Pressure: 3.720000 mmHg @ 25.00 °C.
Flash Point: 115.00 °F. TCC ( 46.11 °C. )
logP (o/w): 4.380
Shelf Life: 12.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Storage: store under nitrogen.
Storage: refrigerate in tightly sealed containers. store under nitrogen.
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 water, 4.581 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
 organic solvents
Insoluble in:
 water
Stability:
 alkali
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Organoleptic Properties:
 
Odor Type: citrus
 
Odor Strength: medium
 
Substantivity: < 1 hour(s) at 100.00 %
 
 citrus  terpenic  herbal  pine  solvent  resinous  phenolic  cypress  medicinal  woody  
Odor Description:
at 100.00 %. 
citrus terpenic herbal pine solvent resinous phenolic cypress medicinal woody
 
 
Flavor Type: citrus
 
 citrus  pine  terpenic  herbal  resinous  tropical  peppery  juniper  wasabi  
Taste Description:
citrus pine terpenic herbal resinous tropical peppery juniper wasabi
 
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
 
Moellhausen
DELTA-3-CARENE Natural
Odor Description: harsh, terpene-like, coniferous
 
Indukern F&F
DELTA-3-CARENE NATURAL
Odor Description: POWERFUL, TERPENIC, CONIFEROUS
 
Pell Wall Perfumes
delta-Carene
Odor Description: Sweet, diffusive
According to Arctander this material has a “Sweet, diffusive, penetrating odor, somewhat reminiscent of a refined Limonene.”
 
 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: perfuming agents
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Suppliers:
Augustus Oils
Delta 3 Carene
Services
Berjé
delta 3-Carene
Happening at Berje
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
3-Carene
DRT Terpenes
delta-3-CARENE 90 PF
≥ 93%
Ernesto Ventós
3-CARENE DELTA NATURAL
Odor: SWEET, DIFFUSIVE, TERPENIC
ExtraSynthese
For experimental / research use only.
3-Carene (GC) ≥90% (sum of enantiomers)
Foreverest Resources
delta-3-Carene 95%
Odor: characteristic
Use: delta-3-Carene, is a bicyclic monoterpene which occurs naturally as a constituent of turpentine, with a content as high as 42% depending on the source. Carene has a sweet and pungent odor with woody character. It is not soluble in water, but miscible with fats and oils.
Indukern F&F
DELTA-3-CARENE NATURAL
Odor: POWERFUL, TERPENIC, CONIFEROUS
Lluch Essence
delta-3-CARENE
Mentha & Allied Products
delta-3-Carene
90 % Minimum Delta-3-Carene Content
Moellhausen
DELTA-3-CARENE Natural
Odor: harsh, terpene-like, coniferous
Nippon Terpene Chemicals
3-Carene 90%
Pell Wall Perfumes
delta-Carene
Odor: Sweet, diffusive
Use: According to Arctander this material has a “Sweet, diffusive, penetrating odor, somewhat reminiscent of a refined Limonene.”
Penta International
delta-3-CARENE NATURAL
Penta International
delta-3-CARENE
R C Treatt & Co Ltd
delta-3-Carene
Reincke & Fichtner
delta-3-Carene natural
Reincke & Fichtner
delta-3-Carene
Santa Cruz Biotechnology
For experimental / research use only.
3-Carene
Sigma-Aldrich
3-Carene, ≥90%
Certified Food Grade Products
TCI AMERICA
For experimental / research use only.
(+)-3-Carene >90.0%(GC)
Vigon International
CARENE DELTA-3 NATURAL
Vigon International
Carene-3 Delta
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xi N - Irritant, Dangerous for the environment.
R 10 - Flammable.
R 36/37/38 - Irritating to eyes, respiratory system, and skin.
R 38 - Irritating to skin.
R 50/53 - Very toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 16 - Keep away from sources of ignition - No Smoking.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 36 - Wear suitable protective clothing.
S 61 - Avoid release to the environment. Refer to special instructions/safety data sheet.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50  [sex: M] 4800 mg/kg
Identity of compound not stated
(Moreno, 1972l)

oral-rat LD50  > 5000 mg/kg
Mixture of isomers. Only one dose tested
(Keating, 1972a)

oral-rat LD50  4800 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 11, Pg. 1053, 1973.

Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
IFRA Code of Practice Notification of the 49th Amendment to the IFRA Code of Practice
Recommendation for delta-3-carene usage levels up to:
  1.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 290.00 (μg/capita/day)
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-USA): 40.00 (μg/capita/day)
Threshold of Concern:1800 (μg/person/day)
Structure Class: I
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 18
Click here to view publication 18
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: 10.0000050.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): 15.0000050.00000
beverages(alcoholic): 20.0000060.00000
breakfast cereal: 10.0000050.00000
cheese: 1.000005.00000
chewing gum: 60.00000100.00000
condiments / relishes: 10.0000050.00000
confectionery froastings: 20.0000060.00000
egg products: --
fats / oils: 5.0000030.00000
fish products: 1.000005.00000
frozen dairy: 20.0000050.00000
fruit ices: 20.0000050.00000
gelatins / puddings: 5.0000040.00000
granulated sugar: --
gravies: 5.0000020.00000
hard candy: 40.0000080.00000
imitation dairy: 1.000005.00000
instant coffee / tea: 5.0000020.00000
jams / jellies: 5.0000040.00000
meat products: 1.000005.00000
milk products: 20.0000060.00000
nut products: 5.0000020.00000
other grains: 10.0000050.00000
poultry: 1.000005.00000
processed fruits: 5.0000020.00000
processed vegetables: 5.0000020.00000
reconstituted vegetables: 5.0000020.00000
seasonings / flavors: 10.0000050.00000
snack foods: 5.0000030.00000
soft candy: 20.0000060.00000
soups: 5.0000020.00000
sugar substitutes: 1.0000010.00000
sweet sauces: 15.0000050.00000
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety References:
Flavor & Extract Manufacturers Association (FEMA) reference(s):
The FEMA GRAS assessment of aliphatic and aromatic terpene hydrocarbons used as flavour ingredients. View pdf
European Food Safety Athority(efsa): Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):
Flavouring Group Evaluation 25, (FGE.25)[1] - Aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons from chemical group 31 - Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in Contact with Food
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 78 (FGE.78)[1] - Consideration of Aliphatic and alicyclic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by JECFA (63rd meeting) structurally related to aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by EFSA in FGE.25 - Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Food Additives,Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in Contact with Food (AFC)
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 25Rev1: Aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons from chemical group 31
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 78, Revision 1 (FGE.78Rev1): Consideration of aliphatic and alicyclic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by JECFA (63rd meeting) structurally related to aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by EFSA in FGE.25Rev2
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 25, Revision 2 (FGE.25Rev2): Aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons from chemical group 31
View page or View pdf
Statement on List of Representative Substances for Testing. The current Statement lays down a list of substances in sub-groups with representative substances for which additional data are required prior to their evaluation through the Procedure (Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000).
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on the safety and efficacy of aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons (chemical group 31) when used as flavourings for all animal species
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 78, Revision 2 (FGE.78Rev2): Consideration of aliphatic and alicyclic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by JECFA (63rd meeting) structurally related to aliphatic hydrocarbons evaluated by EFSA in FGE.25Rev3
View page or View pdf
Safety and efficacy of eight compounds belonging to chemical group 31 (aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons) when used as flavourings for all animal species and categories
View page or View pdf
EPI System: View
Cancer Citations: Search
Toxicology Citations: Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 13466-78-9
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary : 26049
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
SCCNFP: opinion
WGK Germany: 2
 3,7,7-trimethylbicyclo[4.1.0]hept-3-ene
Chemidplus: 0013466789
EPA/NOAA CAMEO: hazardous materials
RTECS: FH8400000 for cas# 13466-78-9
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
References:
 3,7,7-trimethylbicyclo[4.1.0]hept-3-ene
NIST Chemistry WebBook: Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 13466-78-9
Pubchem (cid): 26049
Pubchem (sid): 134991010
Flavornet: 13466-78-9
Pherobase: View
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Other Information:
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos: The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc: Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC): Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Substances Added to Food (formerly EAFUS): View
CHEBI: View
CHEMBL: View
KEGG (GenomeNet): C09839
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database): HMDB35619
Export Tariff Code: 2902.19.0050
Haz-Map: View
Typical G.C.
VCF-Online: VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider: View
Wikipedia: View
RSC Learn Chemistry: View
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Blenders and core components note
 
For Odor
balsamic
balsamic
 balsam fir needle oil americaFL/FR
 bornyl acetateFL/FR
isobornyl acetateFL/FR
laevo-bornyl acetateFL/FR
isobornyl benzoate 
 croton glabellus bark extractFL/FR
 juniper berry oil terpenelessFL/FR
 nopolFL/FR
(Z)-pinaneFR
isopropyl cinnamateFL/FR
citrus
 agathis australis oil 
 agathis australis oleoresin 
 citrus fragranceFR
 dipenteneFL/FR
 grapefruit oil c.p. californiaFL/FR
 grapefruit oil folded californiaFL/FR
 grapefruit oil folded floridaFL/FR
 grapefruit oil replacerFL/FR
 kauri-copal leaf oil 
 lemongrass oil terpenesFL/FR
 lime oil distilled foldedFL/FR
 lime oil expressedFL/FR
 lime oil expressed foldedFL/FR
 lime oil expressed furanocoumarin reducedFL/FR
 lime oil replacerFR
dextro-limoneneFL/FR
 ocimene quintoxideFL/FR
 petitgrain specialtyFR
 trimethyl cyclohexeneFR
earthy
(E+Z)-2,4,8-trimethyl-3,7-nonadien-2-olFL/FR
floral
 bois de rose oil brazilFL/FR
 dihydromyrceneFR
 linalyl anthranilateFL/FR
alloocimeneFL/FR
beta-ocimeneFL/FR
 petitgrain fragranceFR
 petitgrain oil paraguayFL/FR
 petitgrain tangerine oilFL/FR
 pine bouquet fragranceFR
fruity
 kumquat specialtyFR
green
 decahydrocyclododecaoxazoleFR
 elemi absoluteFL/FR
herbal
3-allyl-1-methyl-2-oxabicyclo(2.2.2)octane 
 dehydroxylinalool oxideFL/FR
 elemi resinoid replacerFR
 hop oilFL/FR
 melaleuca linariifolia oilFR
 origanum oil terpenesFR
beta-pineneFL/FR
alpha-pineneFL/FR
 psiadia altissima leaf oilFR
minty
dextro-dihydrocarvoneFL/FR
pine
 dipentene terpene hydrocarbon byproductsFR
 pine oil 60FR
 pine oil 85FR
spicy
 carrot weed oilFL/FR
4-carvomenthenolFL/FR
 galangal root oilFL/FR
 ginger oleoresin africaFL/FR
 ginger root oilFL/FR
 ginger root oil brazilFL/FR
 ginger root oil chinaFL/FR
 ginger root oil cochinFL/FR
 ginger root oil replacerFR
 ginger specialtyFR
 myrceneFR
black pepper oilFL/FR
black pepper oil replacerFR
terpenic
para-cymeneFL/FR
laevo-limoneneFL/FR
alpha-phellandreneFL/FR
gamma-terpineneFL/FR
(-)-alpha-terpineolFL/FR
woody
(-)-campheneFL/FR
3,7-dimethyl-1-octene 
 pistacia lentiscus leaf oilFR
 polylimoneneFL/FR
 sabineneFL/FR
 sandalwood fragranceFR
 sandalwood oilFL/FR
 sandalwood oil CO2 extractFL/FR
 sandalwood oil replacerFR
 sandalwood specialtyFR
 schinus terebinthifolius oil CO2 extractFL/FR
alpha-terpineneFL/FR
 tetrahydromugolFR
 
For Flavor
 
No flavor group found for these
 agathis australis oil 
 agathis australis oleoresin 
 balsam fir needle oil americaFL/FR
isobornyl benzoate 
(-)-campheneFL/FR
 croton glabellus bark extractFL/FR
3,7-dimethyl-1-octene 
 dipenteneFL/FR
 kauri-copal leaf oil 
 nopolFL/FR
 polylimoneneFL/FR
 schinus terebinthifolius oil CO2 extractFL/FR
(-)-alpha-terpineolFL/FR
(E+Z)-2,4,8-trimethyl-3,7-nonadien-2-olFL/FR
balsamic
laevo-bornyl acetateFL/FR
isopropyl cinnamateFL/FR
camphoreous
 bornyl acetateFL/FR
citrus
 citrus flavorFL
 grapefruit flavorFL
 grapefruit oil c.p. californiaFL/FR
 grapefruit oil folded californiaFL/FR
 grapefruit oil folded floridaFL/FR
 grapefruit oil replacerFL/FR
 lemongrass oil terpenesFL/FR
 lime oil distilled foldedFL/FR
 lime oil expressedFL/FR
 lime oil expressed foldedFL/FR
 lime oil expressed furanocoumarin reducedFL/FR
dextro-limoneneFL/FR
alloocimeneFL/FR
cooling
4-carvomenthenolFL/FR
floral
 bois de rose oil brazilFL/FR
 linalyl anthranilateFL/FR
green
 carrot weed oilFL/FR
dextro-dihydrocarvoneFL/FR
 elemi absoluteFL/FR
beta-ocimeneFL/FR
 ocimene quintoxideFL/FR
herbal
3-allyl-1-methyl-2-oxabicyclo(2.2.2)octane 
 hop oilFL/FR
 petitgrain oil paraguayFL/FR
 petitgrain tangerine oilFL/FR
pine
beta-pineneFL/FR
spicy
 galangal root oilFL/FR
 ginger flavorFL
 ginger oleoresin africaFL/FR
 ginger root oilFL/FR
 ginger root oil brazilFL/FR
 ginger root oil chinaFL/FR
 ginger root oil cochinFL/FR
black pepper oilFL/FR
terpenic
para-cymeneFL/FR
laevo-limoneneFL/FR
alpha-phellandreneFL/FR
gamma-terpineneFL/FR
alpha-terpineneFL/FR
woody
isobornyl acetateFL/FR
 dehydroxylinalool oxideFL/FR
 juniper berry oil terpenelessFL/FR
alpha-pineneFL/FR
 sabineneFL/FR
 sandalwood oilFL/FR
 sandalwood oil CO2 extractFL/FR
 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Uses:
None Found
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 abies holophylla
PbMd  Search Trop  Picture
 ajowan seed oil turkey @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 angelica root oil @ 16.24%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 angelica seed oil CO2 extract @ 1.70%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 anise seed oil star china @ 0.58%
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 basil oil sweet poland @ 0.11%
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 bergamot oil @ 0.001-0.009%
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 bergamot plant wild
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 blood orange oil (citrus sinensis l. var. sanguinello) italy @ 0.104%
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 blood orange oil (citrus sinensis l. var. tarocco) italy @ 0.065%
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 blood orange oil italy @ 0.147%
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 boldo leaf oil italy @ 0.25%
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 boldus leaf oil chile @ 0.14%
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 cajuput oil vietnam @ trace%
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 cassia bark oil china @ 2.90%
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 cassia leaf oil china @ 2.90%
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 cassis bud oil @ 0.17-45.50%
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 cedarwood oil lebanon @ >0.10%
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 cinnamomum fragrans baillon leaf oil madagascar @ 1.80%
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 cinnamon bark oil (cinnamomum zeylanicum blume) sri lauka @ 0.01-0.02%
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 cinnamon bark oil ceylon @ 2.90%
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 citronella oil ceylon @ 0.12%
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 citronella oil china @ 0.01%
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 citronella oil java @ 0.01%
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 costmary oil @ 0.01%
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 crithmum maritimum l. oil turkey @ <0.10%
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 curry fruit oil india @ <0.05%
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 curry leaf oil india @ <0.05%
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 curry wood leaf oil australia @ 0.60%
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 cypress cone oil egypt @ 19.0%
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 cypress oil @ 19.35-21.13%
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 dill weed oil reunion @ trace%
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 ferula cupularis flower oil @ 5.21%
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 ferula cupularis stem oil @ 8.38%
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 feverfew flower oil @ trace%
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 fir needle oil canada @ 0.00-27.27%
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 fir needle oil siberia @ 12.23%
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 hyptis suaveolens (l.) poit. oil mali @ 0.10-0.30%
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 juniper branch oil @ 0.60%
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 laurel leaf oil turkey @ <0.10%
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 lavandin oil abrialis @ 0.13%
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 lavandin oil grosso @ 0.05%
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 lavender oil @ 0.11%
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 lavender oil france @ trace%
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 lavender oil greece @ 0.04%
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 lemon oil expressed italy @ trace%
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 lime oil distilled mexico @ 0.01%
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 lime oil distilled peru @ 0.03%
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 lime oil expressed florida @ trace%
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 mace oil @ 2.50%
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 mace oil CO2 extract @ 0.60%
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 mace oil east india @ 0.67%
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 mandarin oil @ 0.02%
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 mandarin oil avana @ trace%
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 mandarin oil uruguay @ 0.17-0.19%
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 marjoram oil sweet turkey @ 0.07-0.08%
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 marjoram pot oil turkey @ 0.07-0.10%
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 mastic oil @ 0.01%
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 michelia alba flower absolute @ 0.67%
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 myristica fragrans fruit oil @ 0.80%
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 myrtle oil @ 0.19%
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 narcissus absolute @ 6.57%
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 narcissus absolute @ 8.40%
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 nutmeg extract CO2 west indian @ 0.40%
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 nutmeg leaf oil @ 0.70-2.08%
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 nutmeg oil hydrodistilled india @ 0.8%
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 nutmeg oil india @ 0.89%
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 orange peel oil bitter italy @ 0.01%
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 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.039%
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 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.060%
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 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.155%
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 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.204%
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 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.407%
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 origanum oil greece @ 0.10%
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 osmanthus absolute @ trace%
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 pepper oil black india @ 2.00%
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 petitgrain combava oil @ trace%
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 petitgrain grapefruit oil @ 6.10%
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 petitgrain lemon oil @ trace%
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 petitgrain lime oil @ 0.40%
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 petitgrain oil @ trace%
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 petitgrain sweet oil @ 1.66%
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 peucedanum petiolare (dc) boiss oil iran @ 36.20%
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 phoebe oil brazil @ 0.20%
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 pimento berry oil @ trace%
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 pine needle oil dwarf @ 11.77%
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 pine needle oil scotch siberia @ 3.4-11.6%
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 pinus sylvestris l. needle oil estonia @ 23.70%
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 pinus sylvestris l. needle oil yugoslavia @ 1.10%
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 piper cernum vell. var. cernum yuncker leaf oil brazil @ 0.40%
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 plectranthus glandulosus hook f. leaf oil cameroon @ 1.50%
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 prangos uechtritzii boiss. et hausskn. fruit oil turkey @ 1.00%
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 ravintsara leaf oil @ 3.52%%
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 rosemary oil CO2 extract @ 0.39%
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 rosemary oil france @ 0.19-1.19%
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 rosemary oil morocco @ 0.15-0.20%
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 rosemary oil spain @ 0.5%
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 sage oil england @ trace%
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 sage oil reunion @ trace%
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 salvia officinalis seed oil tunisia @ 0.03%
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 salvia verbenaca seed oil tunisia @ 0.50%
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 satureja khuzistanica jamzad oil iran @ 0.80%
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 savin oil @ 0.21%
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 tagete flower oil rwanda @ trace%
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 tagete oil rwanda @ 0.11%
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 tansy oil marocco @ 030%
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 thyme oil red CO2 extract spain @ 3.0%
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 thyme oil red spain @ 0.07-0.13%
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 thyme oil wild or creeping pakistan @ 0.96%
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 valerian root oil CO2 extract china @ 0.03%
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 vassoura oil @ 0.10%
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 wormseed oil america @ 0.03%
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 wormwood oil poland @ trace%
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 yarrow oil greece @ trace%
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 zingiber officinale root oil china @ trace%
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Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Synonyms:
(±)-3-carene
(±)-delta3-carene
3-carene
d-3-carene
delta(sup3)-carene
S-3-carene
delta 3-carene 90 PF
delta-3-carene 90 PF
3-carene delta natural
delta-3-carene natural
 carene-3 delta
3,7,7-trimethyl bicyclo(4.1.0)hept-3-ene
3,7,7-trimethyl bicyclohept-3-ene
3,7,7-trimethyl-3-norcarene
3,7,7-trimethylbicyclo[4.1.0]hept-3-ene
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Articles:
PubMed: Chemical composition of essential oils from the leaves and stem barks of Vietnamese species of Polyalthia harmandiiPolyalthia jucunda and Polyalthia thorelii.
J-Stage: Distillation Time Modifies Essential Oil Yield, Composition, and Antioxidant Capacity of Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill)
PubMed: Chemical analysis and calcium channel blocking activity of the essential oil of Perovskia abrotanoides.
J-Stage: Quantitative Evaluation of (+)-?3-Carene Metabolites from Living Larvae of Spodoptera litura by Headspace Solid-phase Microextraction
PubMed: Growth-Inhibiting and morphostructural effects of constituents identified in Asarum heterotropoides root on human intestinal bacteria.
PubMed: Distillation time modifies essential oil yield, composition, and antioxidant capacity of fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill).
PubMed: Sensitive monitoring of monoterpene metabolites in human urine using two-step derivatisation and positive chemical ionisation-tandem mass spectrometry.
PubMed: Volatile constituents of Pinus roxburghii from Nepal.
PubMed: Antioxidant and antibacterial activities of crude extracts and essential oils of Syzygium cumini leaves.
PubMed: Needle removal by pine sawfly larvae increases branch-level VOC emissions and reduces below-ground emissions of Scots pine.
PubMed: Chemical analysis and biological activities of Cupressus sempervirens var. horizontalis essential oils.
PubMed: Analysis of the essential oil of large cardamom (Amomum subulatum Roxb.) growing in different agro-climatic zones of Himachal Pradesh, India.
PubMed: Chemical composition and in vitro evaluation of antimicrobial and anti-acetylcholinesterase properties of the flower oil of Ferula lutea.
PubMed: Exposure to Anacardiaceae volatile oils and their constituents induces lipid peroxidation within food-borne bacteria cells.
PubMed: A tale of two carenes: intrinsic optical activity and large-amplitude nuclear displacement.
PubMed: Plant secondary chemistry mediates the performance of a nutritional symbiont associated with a tree-killing herbivore.
PubMed: Intraspecific chemical variability of essential oil from leaves of Cupressus atlantica Gaussen, an endemic and endangered coniferous species in Morocco.
PubMed: Degradation of terpenes and terpenoids from Mediterranean rangelands by mixed rumen bacteria in vitro.
PubMed: Quantitative evaluation of (+)-Δ(3)-carene metabolites from living larvae of Spodoptera litura by headspace solid-phase microextraction.
PubMed: Predictors of monoterpene exposure in the Danish furniture industry.
PubMed: In vitro efficacy of the essential oil of Piper cubeba L. (Piperaceae) against Schistosoma mansoni.
PubMed: Chemical composition and antioxidant activity of the essential oil of Juniperus phoenicea L. berries.
PubMed: Citrus essential oil of Nigeria. Part V: Volatile constituents of sweet orange leaf oil (Citrus sinensis).
PubMed: Insecticidal activity of the essential oil from fruits and seeds of Schinus terebinthifolia Raddi against African malaria vectors.
PubMed: Reciprocal interactions between the bark beetle-associated yeast Ogataea pini and host plant phytochemistry.
PubMed: Determination of the chemical composition and in vitro antioxidant activities of essential oil and methanol extracts of Echinophora platyloba DC.
PubMed: Both gas chromatography and an electronic nose reflect chemical polymorphism of juniper shrubs browsed or avoided by sheep.
PubMed: Do multiple herbivores maintain chemical diversity of Scots pine monoterpenes?
PubMed: Mass spectrometric characterization of isomeric terpenoic acids from the oxidation of α-pinene, β-pinene, d-limonene, and Δ3-carene in fine forest aerosol.
PubMed: α-Pinene- and β-myrcene-rich volatile fruit oil of Cupressus arizonica Greene from northwest Iran.
PubMed: Survey of ex situ fruit and leaf volatiles from several Pistacia cultivars grown in California.
PubMed: Comparison of volatile components in Chinese traditional pickled peppers using HS-SPME-GC-MS, GC-O and multivariate analysis.
PubMed: Interactions between the yeast Ogataea pini and filamentous fungi associated with the western pine beetle.
PubMed: Chemosensory irritations and pulmonary effects of acute exposure to emissions from oriented strand board.
PubMed: Development and validation by accuracy profile of a method for the analysis of monoterpenes in indoor air by active sampling and thermal desorption-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
PubMed: The essential oil of Brazilian pepper, Schinus terebinthifolia Raddi in larval control of Stegomyia aegypti (Linnaeus, 1762).
PubMed: Evolution of the volatile compounds of ripened sausages as a function of both storage time and composition of packaging atmosphere.
PubMed: Real time in situ detection of organic nitrates in atmospheric aerosols.
PubMed: Changes in monoterpene emission rates of Quercus ilex infested by aphids tended by native or invasive Lasius ant species.
PubMed: Inhibition of predator attraction to kairomones by non-host plant volatiles for herbivores: a bypass-trophic signal.
PubMed: Cytotoxicity and genotoxicity in human lung epithelial A549 cells caused by airborne volatile organic compounds emitted from pine wood and oriented strand boards.
PubMed: The influence of organ, season and drying method on chemical composition and antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of Juniperus phoenicea L. essential oils.
PubMed: Regio- and stereoselective oxidation of (+)-Delta(3)-carene by the larvae of common cutworm (Spodoptera litura).
PubMed: Chemotypes of Pistacia atlantica leaf essential oils from Algeria.
PubMed: Attraction of Anoplophora glabripennis to male-produced pheromone and plant volatiles.
PubMed: Chemical composition and antibacterial activity of the essential oil of Monticalia andicola (Asteraceae) collected in Venezuela.
PubMed: Chemical composition and antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of essential oils and various extracts of Juniperus phoenicea L. (Cupressacees).
PubMed: Essential oil composition of two new species of Phebalium (Rutaceae) from north-eastern NSW, Australia.
PubMed: Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of Clausena indica (Dalz) Oliv. (Rutaceae) essential oil from Vietnam.
PubMed: The volatile constituents analysis of Lallemantia iberica (M.B.) Fischer & Meyer from Iran.
PubMed: Manuka oil and phoebe oil are attractive baits for Xyleborus glabratus (Coleoptera: Scolytinae), the vector of laurel wilt.
PubMed: Bioactivity-guided fractionation and GC/MS fingerprinting of Angelica sinensis and Angelica archangelica root components for antifungal and mosquito deterrent activity.
PubMed: Monoterpene and Phenolic Compound Concentrations in Water-Stressed Red Pine Inoculated with Sphaeropsis sapinea.
PubMed: Influence of OH scavenger on the water effect on secondary organic aerosol formation from ozonolysis of limonene, Delta3-carene, and alpha-pinene.
PubMed: Organosulfate formation in biogenic secondary organic aerosol.
PubMed: Chemical composition and fungitoxic activity of essential oil of Thuja orientalis L. grown in the north-western Himalaya.
PubMed: Characterization of steam volatiles in the essential oil of black currant buds and the antioxidant properties of different bud extracts.
PubMed: The essential oil qualitative and quantitative composition in the needles of Pinus sylvestris L. growing along industrial transects.
PubMed: Sensitivity of terpene emissions to drought and fertilization in terpene-storing Pinus halepensis and non-storing Quercus ilex.
PubMed: Morphology of antennal sensilla auricillica and their detection of plant volatiles in the Herald moth, Scoliopteryx libatrix L. (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae).
PubMed: Physical and chemical responses of Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis) clones to colonization by Heterobasidion annosum as potential markers for relative host susceptibility.
PubMed: The role of genetic and chemical variation of Pinus sylvestris seedlings in influencing slug herbivory.
PubMed: Enantiomeric monoterpene emissions from natural and damaged Scots pine in a boreal coniferous forest measured using solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry.
PubMed: Response to host volatiles by native and introduced populations of Dendroctonus valens (Coleoptera: Curculionidae, Scolytinae) in North America and China.
PubMed: [Analysis of volatile constituents in leaves of three cypress species by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry].
PubMed: Antifungal activity of Juniperus essential oils against dermatophyte, Aspergillus and Candida strains.
PubMed: Composition and antibacterial activity of Abies balsamea essential oil.
PubMed: Metabolism of Delta(3)-carene by human cytochrome p450 enzymes: identification and characterization of two new metabolites.
PubMed: Continuous real-time analysis of products from the reaction of some monoterpenes with ozone using atmospheric sampling glow discharge ionization coupled to a quadrupole ion trap mass spectrometer.
PubMed: Volatile components from mango (Mangifera indica L.) cultivars.
PubMed: An experimental comparison of a kinetic model for the reaction of alpha-pinene and Delta(3)-carene with ozone and nitrogen oxides.
PubMed: Dermal exposure to monoterpenes during wood work.
PubMed: Study of the carbonyl products of terpene/OH radical reactions: detection of the 2,4-DNPH derivatives by HPLC-MS.
PubMed: Effect of storage on the essential oil composition of Piper nigrum L. fruits of different ripening states.
PubMed: Antioxidative properties of the essential oil from Pinus mugo.
PubMed: Composition and antimicrobial properties of Sardinian Juniperus essential oils against foodborne pathogens and spoilage microorganisms.
PubMed: Insecticidal activity and chemical composition of volatile oils from Hyptis martiusii Benth.
PubMed: Respiratory symptoms and occupational exposures in New Zealand plywood mill workers.
PubMed: Chemical composition of the essential oils of Juniperus from ripe and unripe berries and leaves and their antimicrobial activity.
PubMed: Volatile constituents of the fruit and leaf oils of Thuja orientalis L. grown in Iran.
PubMed: Exposure assessment to alpha- and beta-pinene, delta(3)-carene and wood dust in industrial production of wood pellets.
PubMed: Antifungal activity of the essential oils from some species of the genus Pinus.
PubMed: Age and space distributions of monoterpenes in fresh needles of Picea abies (L) Karst. Determined by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
PubMed: Identification of volatile constituents of Tambourissa leptophylla.
PubMed: Intraspecific chemical variability of the leaf essential oil of Juniperus phoenicea subsp. turbinata from Corsica.
PubMed: Essential oil of Lepechinia schiedeana (Lamiaceae) from Costa Rica.
PubMed: Sensory properties of selected terpenes. Thresholds for odor, nasal pungency, nasal localization, and eye irritation.
PubMed: Differential Inhibition of Sphaeropsis sapinea Morphotypes by a Phenolic Compound and Several Monoterpenes of Red Pine.
PubMed: Genetic determinism of &delta;3-carene in maritime pine using RAPD markers.
PubMed: Transient re-emergence of oil of turpentine allergy in the pottery industry.
PubMed: Semiochemicals from bark beetles: New results, remarks, and reflections.
PubMed: Chiral specificity in responses by the bark beetleDendroctonus valens to host kairomones.
PubMed: Influence of monoterpene vapors on spruce spider mite,Oligonychus ununguis, adult females.
PubMed: Identification of cis- and trans-verbenol in human urine after occupational exposure to terpenes.
PubMed: Pharmacological activity of the essential oil of Bupleurum gibraltaricum: anti-inflammatory activity and effects on isolated rat uteri.
PubMed: Electroantennogram responses by mountain pine beetles,Dendroctonus ponderosae Hopkins, exposed to selected semiochemicals.
PubMed: Effect of various essential oils isolated from Douglas fir needles upon sheep and deer rumen microbial activity.
PubMed: [Hydroboration of (+)delta-3-carene].
PubMed: [NEW PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF DELTA-3-CARENE. ANTIBACTERIAL AND EXPECTORANT EFFECTS].
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