cistus ladaniferus gum
labdanum gum
 
Notes:
Labdanum, often called Labdanum gum is the resinous matter, which is derived from the plant Cistus Ladaniferus and other species of cistus by boiling the leaves and twigs of this plant in water. Labdanum is a natural oleoresin. It differs slightly from other oleoresins in the fact, that labdanum contains more waxes and less volatile oil than most of the other natural oleoresins. The plant grows wild in most countries around the Mediterranean Sea, but the production of labdanum is concentrated in Spain. The gum is skimmed off the surface of the water and mixed with other resinous matter, which sinks to the bottom of the boiling water. Smaller quantities of the gum are produced in Portugal, Morocco, Yugoslavia and Greece. It is a small shrub, the white flowers of which have only a very faint odor. The flowers as such are not exploited in perfumery. Labdanum gum is a dark brown, more or less solid mass. It may contain up to 20% water, but this should be either squeezed off or cautiously dried off the gum. When fresh, labdanum is plastic but not pourable. It becomes harder on ageing and may even become brittle. If it is brittle at room temperature, labdanum should be rejected as a starting material for the processing of labdanum derivatives. tsca definition 2008: extractives and their physically modified derivatives. cistus ladaniferus, cistaceae.
  • Albert Vieille SAS
    • Albert Vieille SAS
      Naturally Inspiring!
      Our objective is to inspire the creative minds in the realm of beauty with exceptional ingredients!
      Based on more than a century of experience in Vallauris, France, Albert Vieille SAS has crafted exceptional savoir-faire in the realm of perfume plants. Albert Vieille SAS is a venerable company specializing in 100% pure and natural aromatic raw materials for professionals working in the perfumery, cosmetics, food and aromatherapy markets. We have more than 200 aromatic products – essential oil, floral water, scented water, absolute, concrete, resinoid, gum resin – for use in formulating scented and flavored creations. Albert Vieille offers only aromatic products that are 100% pure, meaning they are from botanically identified plants of single geographic origin. The products are also 100% natural, as they are obtained through physical processes, undergoing no chemical modification or denaturation by petrochemical-derived molecules.
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      Labdanum Gum Spain
      The species Cistus labdaniferus var maculate, a perennial shrub, grows widely throughout the Mediterranean and in cultivated principally in Spain. In summer, it secretes abundant quantities of labdanum gum to protect itself from the sun. It is this dark and glutinous gum that is used to manufacture many products used by perfumers: labdanum resinoid, labdanum absolute, and labdasur. Each labdanum product reveals one of the exudate’s many olfactory facets. It is also called vegetable ambergris, as it has a surprising amber scent with balsamic, woody, and leathery notes. In summer, the gum-heavy young twigs are harvested by hand in our cistus fields in Almaden de la Plata near Seville, Spain. Labdanum is collected from the young branches that are plunged in a carbonated solution for several minutes. The de-gummed branches are then removed and the solution neutralized with acid to precipitate the gum and separate it from the plant debris and other impurities. The raw gum is then dewatered and dried.
       
       
  • Berjé
    • Berje Inc.
      The solution is clear
      Where the world comes to its senses - Berjé is a global distributor of Essential Oils and Aromatic Chemicals.
      Berjé is a family-owned business that has been in operation for six decades. The company's origins and strength lie in a profound understanding of the supply and the quality of the diverse raw materials consumed by the flavor and fragrance industries. This base was expanded upon more than two decades ago to include fragrance production. The company's unparalleled raw material expertise is focused on the supply of essential oils and aromatic chemicals. This is supported by our long-standing relationships with a worldwide fabric of producers ensuring the greatest prospects for uninterrupted supply in markets that are often volatile and unpredictable.
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      Product(s):
      labdanum gum refined
       
  • BMV Fragrances
    • BMV Fragrances Private Limited
      Pure and Natural
      The strength of the company lies in processing a large number of naturals.
      Since our inception in the year 1990, the primary objective of BMV has been to passionately work towards the creation of a nature friendly environment. BMV is well known across the perfumery industry as a company true to its authenticity and values with every step marked by creativity and innovation.BMV fragrances believes in the power of knowledge and commitment for the satisfaction of our customers across the globe.
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      Res. Labdanum Pure FT - 100% Pure & Natural
       
  • Indukern F&F
  • Lluch Essence
    • Lluch Essence S.L.
      A family company dedicated to sales and distribution
      Flexibility, availability, price and quality.
      Flexibility, availability, price and quality make LLUCH ESSENCE S.L. one of Europe’s references when it comes to essential oils and aroma chemicals, and it is now well known all around the world.
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      LABDANUM GUM
       
  • Robertet
    • Robertet, Inc.
      HOME OF NATURE, SEED TO SCENT
      HOME OF NATURE – natural ingredients from the source.
      Robertet is a leader in the production of natural ingredients with facilities in France, Bulgaria, Turkey, South Africa, India, China, New Caledonia, Founded in 1850, Robertet remains a family owned business (5th Generation) and one of the largest producers of aromatic extracts. Brand acquisitions include: Charabot, Sapad, Hitex.
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      106499F Labdanum (gum) (for fragrance)
       
  • The John D. Walsh Company
    • The John D. Walsh Company, Inc
      Suppliers Since 1942
      Supplying the fragrance and flavor industry with high quality products.
      The John D. Walsh Company, Inc. has evolved from its beginnings as an agent/broker into a distributor of essential oils, aroma chemicals, concretes and absolutes. We currently represent the following companies, as their North American distributor: Destilerias Munoz Galvez, S.A. International Flavors & Fragrances PFW Aroma Chemicals B.V. Innospec Widnes Limited Hydrodiffusion de Guatemala, S. A. DSM Nutritional Products The John D. Walsh Company, Inc. is proud to be a founding member of IFEAT, an active member of IFRA, North America, and a corporate sponsor of the WFFC.
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      Labdanum Gum
       
  • The Lermond Company
    • The Lermond Company
      Your Sourcing Resource
      The Lermond family has been sourcing raw materials for the flavor and fragrance industry for nearly 7 decades.
      The Lermond Company is a women-owned distributor of raw materials primarily servicing the flavor and fragrance industry. For three generations, members of the Lermond family have been integral sourcing partners for the North American flavor and fragrance industry. We supply high quality essential oils, aroma chemicals, absolutes, concretes, resinoids and floral waters from around the world to the global industry.
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      Labdanum Gum P&N - AV
       
  • Ernesto Ventós
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search
Name: cistus ladaniferus gum
CAS Number: 8016-26-0 
Category: fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar: Search
Google Books: Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
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Perfumer and Flavorist: Search
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US Patents: Search
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PubMed: Search
NCBI: Search
FEMA Number: 2610  labdanum gum
FDA:No longer provide for the use of these seven synthetic flavoring substances
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Physical Properties:
Appearance: dark brown semi-solid (est)
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Flash Point: 225.00 °F. TCC ( 107.22 °C. )
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 water, 724.3 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
 water
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Organoleptic Properties:
 
Odor Type: woody
 
Odor Strength: medium
 
 sweet  dry  woody old wood  amber  ambergris  balsamic  
Odor Description:
at 100.00 %. 
sweet dry old wood amber ambergris balsam
Luebke, William tgsc, (1985)
 
 
Flavor Type: woody
 
 labdanum  
Taste Description:
labdanum
 
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
 
 
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Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: masking agents
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Suppliers:
Albert Vieille SAS
Labdanum Gum Spain
Odor: amber with balsamic, woody, and leathery notes
Use: The species Cistus labdaniferus var maculate, a perennial shrub, grows widely throughout the Mediterranean and in cultivated principally in Spain. In summer, it secretes abundant quantities of labdanum gum to protect itself from the sun. It is this dark and glutinous gum that is used to manufacture many products used by perfumers: labdanum resinoid, labdanum absolute, and labdasur. Each labdanum product reveals one of the exudate’s many olfactory facets. It is also called vegetable ambergris, as it has a surprising amber scent with balsamic, woody, and leathery notes. In summer, the gum-heavy young twigs are harvested by hand in our cistus fields in Almaden de la Plata near Seville, Spain. Labdanum is collected from the young branches that are plunged in a carbonated solution for several minutes. The de-gummed branches are then removed and the solution neutralized with acid to precipitate the gum and separate it from the plant debris and other impurities. The raw gum is then dewatered and dried.
Harvest Calendar
Berjé
labdanum gum refined
Happening at Berje
BMV Fragrances
Res. Labdanum Pure FT - 100% Pure & Natural
Ernesto Ventós
LABDANUM GUM
Odor: BALSAMIC, SWEET, HERBACEOUS
Indenta Group
Labdanum Gum
Indukern F&F
LABDANUM GUM DRY
Odor: STRONG, BALSAMIC, HERBAL, WOODY
Indukern F&F
LABDANUM GUM WET
Odor: STRONG, BALSAMIC, HERBAL, WOODY
Lluch Essence
LABDANUM GUM
Reincke & Fichtner
Labdanum Gum
Robertet
Labdanum (gum) (for fragrance)
The John D. Walsh Company
Labdanum Gum
The Lermond Company
Labdanum Gum P&N - AV
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Safety Information:
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xi - Irritant
R 36/37/38 - Irritating to eyes, respiratory system, and skin.
R 42/43 - May cause sensitization by inhalation and skin contact.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 36 - Wear suitable protective clothing.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50  8980 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 14, Pg. 335, 1976.

Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
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Safety in Use Information:
Category: fragrance agents
Recommendation for cistus ladaniferus gum usage levels up to:
  8.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
Click here to view publication 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -4.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -2.70000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -2.00000
fruit ices: -2.00000
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -5.50000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety References:
EPI System: View
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 8016-26-0
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
WGK Germany: 3
 cistus ladaniferus gum
Chemidplus: 0008016260
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
References:
 cistus ladaniferus gum
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 8016-26-0
Pubchem (sid): 135327668
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Other Information:
Export Tariff Code: 1301.90.0000
Wikipedia: View
Wikipedia2: View2
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Potential Blenders and core components note
 
For Odor
No odor group found for these
 satinaldehydeFL/FR
 amber romance fragranceFR
amber
(Z)-abienolFL/FR
 acetoxymethyl isolongifoleneFR
 amber acetateFR
 amber butanolFR
 amber caraneFR
 amber cyclohexanolFR
 amber decaneFR
sports amber fragranceFR
 amber furanFR
 amber naphthofuranFL/FR
 amber oxepinFR
 amber specialtyFR
 amber spiroleneFR
 ambergris tinctureFL/FR
 ambermax 50 (Givaudan)FR
 ambreinFR
 ambreine specialtyFR
 ambrette seed absoluteFL/FR
 ambroxanFL/FR
 ambroxideFL/FR
 cistus ladaniferus absolute resinFL/FR
 cistus ladaniferus resinFR
 cistus ladaniferus resinoidFR
 cistus twig/leaf concreteFR
 formoxymethyl isolongifoleneFR
 hydroxymethyl isolongifolene 50% in dpgFR
 labdanum absoluteFL/FR
 labdanum gum extract ethyl esterFR
 labdanum oilFL/FR
 labdanum resin (cistus spp.)FR
 labdanum resin oil (cistus spp.)FR
 labdanum specialtyFR
animal
 ambergris tincture replacerFR
balsamic
 amyl cinnamateFL/FR
isoamyl cinnamateFL/FR
 balsam ketoneFR
1-benzoyl acetoneFL/FR
 butyl benzoateFL/FR
isobutyl cinnamateFL/FR
 cistus leaf oilFR
 fir carboxylateFR
 geranyl cinnamateFR
 hexyl benzoateFL/FR
 juniper berry concreteFR
 linalyl cinnamateFL/FR
 mastic gum resinFR
 methyl hydrogenated rosinateFR
 myrrh oilFL/FR
 myrrh resinFL/FR
 opoponax absolute (commiphora erythraea var. glabrescens engle)FL/FR
 opoponax oil (balsamodendron kafal)FL/FR
 opoponax resin (commiphora erythraea var. glabrescens engler)FL/FR
 opoponax resinoid (commiphora erythraea var. glabrescens engle)FR
 peru balsam oilFL/FR
black poplar bud oleoresinFL/FR
isopropyl cinnamateFL/FR
 sclareolFL/FR
 styrax oil (liquidambar styraciflua)FL/FR
 styrax resin (liquidambar styraciflua)FL/FR
 styrax resinoid (liquidambar styraciflua)FL/FR
 tolu balsamFL/FR
bitter
 gentian absoluteFL/FR
caramellic
 immortelle absoluteFL/FR
citrus
 lemon oil c.p. californiaFL/FR
bitter orange peel oilFL/FR
dusty
 woody furanFR
earthy
 octyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
fatty
delta-juniper lactoneFL/FR
floral
 acetophenoneFL/FR
 amyl benzoateFL/FR
 bois de rose oil brazilFL/FR
 boronia butenalFR
 cananga oilFL/FR
 coranol (Firmenich)FR
 dihydrolinaloolFL/FR
3,6-dimethyl-3-octanolFL/FR
 ethyl linaloolFR
 ethyl linalyl acetalFR
 ethyl linalyl acetateFR
 ethyl linalyl etherFL/FR
 floral undecenoneFR
 ho leaf oilFR
 ho wood oilFR
isojasmoneFL/FR
dextro-linaloolFL/FR
 linaloolFL/FR
laevo-linaloolFL/FR
 linalool oxideFL/FR
 linalyl anthranilateFL/FR
 orris pyridine 25% IPMFR
 orris rhizome absolute (iris pallida)FL/FR
 primrose fragranceFR
 tetrahydrolinaloolFL/FR
fruity
 balsam specialtyFR
 cyclohexyl crotonateFR
1-(3,3-dimethyl bicyclo(2.2.1)hept-2-yl)-2-methyl cyclohex-3-ene carbaldehydeFR
 valeriana officinalis root extractFL/FR
green
 methyl cyclocitrone (IFF)FR
 oakmoss oilFR
 seaweed absolute (fucus vesiculosus et serratus)FL/FR
herbal
 anthemis nobilis flower oil romanFL/FR
(+)-alpha-campholenic aldehydeFL/FR
 canarium luzonicum oilFL/FR
 clary sage oil franceFL/FR
 clary specialtyFR
 herbal careneFR
 hexyl salicylateFL/FR
abrialis lavandin oilFL/FR
 lavandin water absoluteFL/FR
 lavender absolute bulgariaFL/FR
 myrtle oilFL/FR
beta-pineneFL/FR
laevo-beta-pineneFL/FR
 romanalFR
 rosemary oil spainFL/FR
leathery
 castoreum absoluteFL/FR
mossy
 moss specialtyFR
 oriental specialtyFR
 treemoss absoluteFR
musk
 dehydro beta-linaloolFL/FR
 juniper lactoneFL/FR
 musk dimethyl indaneFL/FR
oily
 mcp acetateFR
opoponax
 opoponax resinoid replacerFR
phenolic
 methyl benzoateFL/FR
powdery
 midnight passion fragranceFR
spicy
 allspice berry oilFL/FR
 angelica seed absoluteFL/FR
beta-caryophylleneFL/FR
 cubeb oilFL/FR
 elettaria cardamomum seed oilFL/FR
 ginger root oil chinaFL/FR
 laurus nobilis leaf oilFL/FR
black poplar bud absoluteFR
 walnut leaf oilFR
terpenic
 angelica seed oilFL/FR
 cypress leaf oilFR
 frankincense oilFL/FR
thujonic
 cistus cyclohexanoneFL/FR
tonka
 flouve absoluteFR
 melilot absoluteFR
woody
 acetyl cedreneFR
 amber carbinolFR
 amber decatrieneFR
 amber dioxaneFR
 amber dodecaneFR
 amber formateFR
 amber pentadecaneFR
 ambrene acetalFR
 bruyere root absoluteFR
beta-caryophyllene alcohol acetateFL/FR
atlas cedarwood absoluteFR
atlas cedarwood oilFR
 cedarwood oil alcoholsFL/FR
 cedarwood oil texas fractionsFR
 cedrela wood oilFR
alpha-cedrene epoxideFR
 cedrenyl acetateFR
 cedrol methyl etherFR
 cedryl formateFR
 cedryl methyl etherFR
 cistus twig/leaf absoluteFR
 copaiba balsamFL/FR
2-decalinyl formateFR
 dihydro-beta-ionolFL/FR
 dragons blood fragranceFR
 frankincense resinFL/FR
 frankincense resinoidFL/FR
 frankincense resinoid replacerFR
 georgywoodFR
 guaieneFL/FR
 hinoki root oilFR
 hydroxyambranFR
 incense specialtyFR
 labdanum concreteFR
 labdanum ethanoneFR
 labdanum oleoresinFL/FR
 labdanum twig oilFR
isolongifolene ketoneFR
 louro brasileiro wood oilFR
para-menth-3-en-1-olFL/FR
2-methoxy-4-vinyl phenolFL/FR
 methyl cedryl ketoneFL/FR
 methyl vetivateFR
(4aR,5R,7aS,9R)-octahydro-2,2,5,8,8,9a-hexamethyl-4h-4a,9-methanoazuleno(5,6-d)-1,3-dioxoleFR
 patchouli ethanoneFR
 patchouli fractionsFR
 patchouli oilFL/FR
 patchouli oil CO2 extractFL/FR
 patchouli oil molecular distilledFL/FR
 patchouli woody amber fragranceFR
 sandalwood oilFL/FR
 sandalwood oil west australia (santalum spicata)FR
 sclareolideFL/FR
 tetramethyl-4-methylene-2-heptanolFR
 thujopsis dolabrata wood oilFR
 timber propanolFR
 tobacarol (IFF)FR
 verdoxanFR
 vetiver oil CO2 extractFL/FR
 vetiver oil haitiFL/FR
 vetiver specialtyFR
 woody cyclohexanoneFR
 woody dioxolaneFR
 woody dodecaneFR
 woody etherFR
 woody nonane (ethoxy)FR
 woody propanolFR
 
For Flavor
 
No flavor group found for these
 ambergris tinctureFL/FR
 ambroxideFL/FR
 amyl benzoateFL/FR
1-benzoyl acetoneFL/FR
 butyl benzoateFL/FR
beta-caryophyllene alcohol acetateFL/FR
 cedarwood oil alcoholsFL/FR
 cistus cyclohexanoneFL/FR
 dehydro beta-linaloolFL/FR
 dihydro-beta-ionolFL/FR
 ethyl linalyl etherFL/FR
 gentian absoluteFL/FR
 laurus nobilis leaf oilFL/FR
dextro-linaloolFL/FR
para-menth-3-en-1-olFL/FR
 octyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
laevo-beta-pineneFL/FR
black poplar bud oleoresinFL/FR
 seaweed absolute (fucus vesiculosus et serratus)FL/FR
amber
 amber naphthofuranFL/FR
 angelica seed oilFL/FR
 cistus ladaniferus absolute resinFL/FR
 labdanum absoluteFL/FR
 labdanum oilFL/FR
balsamic
 amyl cinnamateFL/FR
isobutyl cinnamateFL/FR
 myrrh oilFL/FR
 myrrh resinFL/FR
 opoponax absolute (commiphora erythraea var. glabrescens engle)FL/FR
 opoponax oil (balsamodendron kafal)FL/FR
 opoponax resin (commiphora erythraea var. glabrescens engler)FL/FR
 peru balsam oilFL/FR
isopropyl cinnamateFL/FR
 styrax oil (liquidambar styraciflua)FL/FR
 styrax resin (liquidambar styraciflua)FL/FR
 styrax resinoid (liquidambar styraciflua)FL/FR
 tolu balsamFL/FR
citrus
 lemon oil c.p. californiaFL/FR
 linaloolFL/FR
laevo-linaloolFL/FR
bitter orange peel oilFL/FR
fatty
delta-juniper lactoneFL/FR
floral
isoamyl cinnamateFL/FR
 bois de rose oil brazilFL/FR
 cananga oilFL/FR
 dihydrolinaloolFL/FR
 linalyl anthranilateFL/FR
 satinaldehydeFL/FR
 tetrahydrolinaloolFL/FR
 linalyl cinnamateFL/FR
 valeriana officinalis root extractFL/FR
green
(+)-alpha-campholenic aldehydeFL/FR
 canarium luzonicum oilFL/FR
 hexyl benzoateFL/FR
 immortelle absoluteFL/FR
isojasmoneFL/FR
 linalool oxideFL/FR
herbal
 anthemis nobilis flower oil romanFL/FR
 clary sage oil franceFL/FR
3,6-dimethyl-3-octanolFL/FR
 hexyl salicylateFL/FR
abrialis lavandin oilFL/FR
 lavandin water absoluteFL/FR
 lavender absolute bulgariaFL/FR
 rosemary oil spainFL/FR
leathery
 castoreum absoluteFL/FR
musk
 juniper lactoneFL/FR
 musk dimethyl indaneFL/FR
phenolic
 methyl benzoateFL/FR
pine
beta-pineneFL/FR
powdery
 acetophenoneFL/FR
smoky
2-methoxy-4-vinyl phenolFL/FR
spicy
 allspice berry oilFL/FR
 angelica seed absoluteFL/FR
beta-caryophylleneFL/FR
 cubeb oilFL/FR
 elettaria cardamomum seed oilFL/FR
 ginger root oil chinaFL/FR
 myrtle oilFL/FR
sweet
 orris rhizome absolute (iris pallida)FL/FR
woody
(Z)-abienolFL/FR
 ambrette seed absoluteFL/FR
 ambroxanFL/FR
 copaiba balsamFL/FR
 frankincense oilFL/FR
 frankincense resinFL/FR
 frankincense resinoidFL/FR
 guaieneFL/FR
 labdanum oleoresinFL/FR
 methyl cedryl ketoneFL/FR
 patchouli oilFL/FR
 patchouli oil CO2 extractFL/FR
 patchouli oil molecular distilledFL/FR
 sandalwood oilFL/FR
 sclareolFL/FR
 sclareolideFL/FR
 vetiver oil CO2 extractFL/FR
 vetiver oil haitiFL/FR
 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Uses:
 a suma 
 aldehydicFR
 ambergrisFR
 ambreneFR
 animalFR
 balsamFR
 castoreumFR
 chanel #5 
 chypreFR
 fir needle oil replacerFR
 fixer 
 jicky 
 muskFR
 pine forestFR
 presence 
 violetFR
 vol de nuit 
 woodyFR
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Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 cistus ladaniferus
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Synonyms:
 cistus spp. gum
 labdanum (gum) (for fragrance) (Robertet)
 labdanum gum
 labdanum gum dry
 labdanum gum refined
 labdanum resin (cistus spp.) 50% dpg
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Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
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