Category: flavoring agents
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
|Appearance: ||dark yellow brown to brown liquid (est)|
|Food Chemicals Codex Listed: ||No|
|Specific Gravity: ||0.89200 to 0.93000 @ 25.00 °C.
|Pounds per Gallon - (est).: || 7.422 to 7.739
|Refractive Index: ||1.47700 to 1.49200 @ 20.00 °C.
|Optical Rotation: ||-5.00 to +5.00
|Flash Point: || 200.00 °F. TCC ( 93.33 °C. )
|Shelf Life: || 36.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.|
|Storage: ||store in cool, dry place in tightly sealed containers, protected from heat and light.|
|Soluble in: |
|Odor Type: citrus|
|Odor Strength: ||medium|
| ||lemon lemon peel |
|Odor Description: |
at 100.00 %.
|Flavor Type: citrus|
| ||lemon lemon peel |
|Taste Description: ||lemon|
|Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).|
|European information : |
|Most important hazard(s): |
|Xn - Harmful.|
R 36/38 - Irritating to skin and eyes.|
R 43 - May cause sensitisation by skin contact.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 37/39 - Wear suitable gloves and eye/face protection.
| Classification of the substance or mixture|
|GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)|
| GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements|
|Oral/Parenteral Toxicity: |
|Dermal Toxicity: |
|Inhalation Toxicity: |
Safety in Use Information:
|Category: ||flavoring agents|
|IFRA Critical Effect: || Phototoxicity|
|IFRA fragrance material specification: |
| ||Where the bergapten (5-methoxypsoralen) content of all relevant oils present in a compound has been determined, it is recommended that for applications on areas of skin exposed to sunshine, excluding bath preparations, soaps and other products which are washed off the skin, the total level of bergapten in the consumer products should not exceed 0.0015% (15 ppm). This is equivalent to 0.0075% (75 ppm) in a fragrance compound used at 20% in the consumer product.
Where the level of bergapten has not been determined by appropriate methods, the limits specified in the guidelines on individual oils should apply.
In those cases, where such oils are used in combination with other phototoxic ingredients, the additive effect has to be taken into consideration and the use levels have to be reduced accordingly. The sum of the concentrations of all phototoxic fragrance ingredients, expressed in % of their recommended maximum level in the consumer product, shall not exceed 100.|
|Recommendation for lemon oil sesquiterpeneless usage levels up to: |
| ||not for fragrance use.
|Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).|
|The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library|
|publication number: 3|
|Click here to view publication 3|
| ||average usual ppm||average maximum ppm|
|baked goods: ||-||580.00000|
|breakfast cereal: ||-||140.00000|
|chewing gum: ||-||1900.00000|
|condiments / relishes: ||10.00000||80.00000|
|confectionery froastings: ||65.00000||600.00000|
|egg products: ||-||-|
|fats / oils: ||-||-|
|fish products: ||-||-|
|frozen dairy: ||-||380.00000|
|fruit ices: ||-||380.00000|
|gelatins / puddings: ||-||340.00000|
|granulated sugar: ||-||-|
|hard candy: ||-||1100.00000|
|imitation dairy: ||-||-|
|instant coffee / tea: ||-||-|
|jams / jellies: ||-||-|
|meat products: ||25.00000||40.00000|
|milk products: ||-||-|
|nut products: ||-||-|
|other grains: ||-||-|
|processed fruits: ||-||-|
|processed vegetables: ||-||-|
|reconstituted vegetables: ||-||-|
|seasonings / flavors: ||-||-|
|snack foods: ||-||-|
|soft candy: ||-||-|
|sugar substitutes: ||-||-|
|sweet sauces: ||-||-|
Potential Blenders and core components note
Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
| ||citrus limon peel oil sesquiterpeneless|
| ||citrus medica limonum peel oil sesquiterpeneless|
| ||oil lemon extra sesquiterpeneless|