citrus unshiu peel oil
volatile oil expressed from the fruit of the mandarin orange, satsuma, citrus unshiu, rutaceae
Mikan oil is a citrus oil, prepared by expression of the peel from the fruit of Citrus Unshiu, a local Japanese species of citrus. The oil can be characterized as a mandarin tangerine oil according to its odor and flavor.
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Name: citrus unshiu peel oil
CAS Number: 98106-71-9 
ECHA EC Number: 308-594-6
Category: emollients, skin conditioning
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FEMA Number: 4861 mikan peel oil
FDA:No longer provide for the use of these seven synthetic flavoring substances
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Physical Properties:
Appearance: pale yellow to yellow clear liquid (est)
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Soluble in:
Insoluble in:
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Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: citrus
Odor Strength: medium
 mandarin  tangerine  citrus  
Odor Description:
at 100.00 %. 
mandarin tangerine
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
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Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: emollients
skin conditioning
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Ultra International
Mandarin Oil - Satsuma Italian
Crop Calendar
Chemical Sources Association
Need This Item for Flavor/Food?: You can contact the CSA
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Safety Information:
Hazards identification
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
Not determined
Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
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Safety in Use Information:
Category: emollients, skin conditioning
IFRA Code of Practice Notification of the 49th Amendment to the IFRA Code of Practice
IFRA fragrance material specification:
 d-, l-and dl-Limonene and natural products containing substantial amounts of it, should only be used when the level of peroxides is kept to the lowest practical level, for instance by adding antioxidants at the time of production. Such products should have a peroxide value of less than 20 millimoles peroxides per liter, determined according to the FMA method, which can be downloaded from the IFRA website (see Analytical Methods).
contains the following IFRA (Annex) restricted components: (non-analysis max. level reference only)
citronellol Max. Found: trace to <0.20 % and Reason: Sensitization
Recommendation for citrus unshiu peel oil usage levels up to:
  8.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 28
Click here to view publication 28
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: 50.00000200.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): 24.0000055.00000
beverages(alcoholic): 24.0000044.00000
breakfast cereal: 50.00000200.00000
cheese: 30.0000060.00000
chewing gum: 100.00000200.00000
condiments / relishes: 30.0000060.00000
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: 30.0000060.00000
fish products: 30.0000060.00000
frozen dairy: 30.0000060.00000
fruit ices: 25.0000045.00000
gelatins / puddings: 45.0000075.00000
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: 55.00000145.00000
imitation dairy: 30.0000060.00000
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: 45.0000075.00000
meat products: 30.0000060.00000
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: 20.0000037.00000
snack foods: 50.00000200.00000
soft candy: 55.00000145.00000
soups: 30.0000060.00000
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: 30.0000060.00000
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Safety References:
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
 citrus unshiu peel oil
Chemidplus: 0098106719
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 citrus unshiu peel oil
Pubchem (sid): 135299230
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Other Information:
Export Tariff Code: 3301.19.0000
Typical G.C.
Wikipedia: View
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Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
 mandarine undecenalFL/FR
10-undecenal (aldehyde C-11 undecylenic)FL/FR
 waxy nitrileFR
 zanthoxylum piperitum fruit absolute CO2 extractFL/FR
1,8-octane dinitrile 
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
 mandarine undecenalFL/FR
1,8-octane dinitrile 
10-undecenal (aldehyde C-11 undecylenic)FL/FR
 zanthoxylum piperitum fruit absolute CO2 extractFL/FR
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Potential Uses:
 skin conditioning 
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Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 citrus unshiu
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satsuma mandarin oil
satsuma mandarin peel oil
 mikan peel oil
 satsuma peel oil
 volatile oil expressed from the fruit of the mandarin orange, satsuma, citrus unshiu, rutaceae
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PubMed: Polyphenols and antioxidant capacity of a spontaneous reddish mutant in Satsuma mandarin, Shinheungri.
J-Stage: Inhibition of Nitric Oxide Production and Inducible Nitric Oxide Synthase Expression by a Polymethoxyflavone from Young Fruits of Citrus unshiu in Rat Primary Astrocytes
J-Stage: In Vivo and in Vitro Studies on the Absorption Characteristics of -Cryptoxanthin in the Intestine
PubMed: Differential transcriptional regulation of L-ascorbic acid content in peel and pulp of citrus fruits during development and maturation.
PubMed: Antimicrobial activity of acid-hydrolyzed Citrus unshiu peel extract in milk.
PubMed: Preventive effects of Citrus unshiu peel extracts on bone and lipid metabolism in OVX rats.
PubMed: Nobiletin suppresses MMP-9 expression through modulation of p38 MAPK activity in human dermal fibrobalsts.
PubMed: Citrus nobiletin suppresses inducible nitric oxide synthase gene expression in interleukin-1β-treated hepatocytes.
PubMed: The antiinflammatory mechanism of Igongsan in mouse peritoneal macrophages via suppression of NF-κB/Caspase-1 activation.
PubMed: The role of 1-deoxy-d-xylulose-5-phosphate synthase and phytoene synthase gene family in citrus carotenoid accumulation.
PubMed: Peyer's patch-mediated intestinal immune system modulating activity of pectic-type polysaccharide from peel of Citrus unshiu.
PubMed: Hypolipidemic and bifidogenic potentials in the dietary fiber prepared from Mikan (Japanese mandarin orange: Citrus unshiu) albedo.
PubMed: Anti-inflammatory effect of Citrus Unshiu peel in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophage cells.
PubMed: Citrus unshiu peel extract ameliorates hyperglycemia and hepatic steatosis by altering inflammation and hepatic glucose- and lipid-regulating enzymes in db/db mice.
PubMed: Protective effects of fermented Citrus unshiu peel extract against ultraviolet-A-induced photoageing in human dermal fibrobolasts.
PubMed: Isolation and identification of an antioxidant flavonoid compound from citrus-processing by-product.
PubMed: Extracts from Citrus unshiu promote immune-mediated inhibition of tumor growth in a murine renal cell carcinoma model.
PubMed: Development of radiation indicators to distinguish between irradiated and non-irradiated herbal medicines using HPLC and GC-MS.
PubMed: Aroma character impact compounds in Kinokuni mandarin orange (Citrus kinokuni) compared with Satsuma mandarin orange (Citrus unshiu).
PubMed: A comparison of volatile components of Setomi with its parent cultivars.
PubMed: Synephrine content of juice from Satsuma mandarins (Citrus unshiu Marcovitch).
PubMed: Hesperidin inhibits expression of hypoxia inducible factor-1 alpha and inflammatory cytokine production from mast cells.
PubMed: Volatile profiles in cold-pressed peel oil from Korean and Japanese Shiranui (Citrus unshiu Marcov. x C. sinensis Osbeck x C. reticulata Blanco).
PubMed: Anti-hepatitis C virus effect of citrus unshiu peel and its active ingredient nobiletin.
PubMed: Accumulation of carotenoids and expression of carotenoid biosynthetic genes during maturation in citrus fruit.
PubMed: Identification of a grapefruit cDNA belonging to a unique class of citrus dehydrins and characterization of its expression patterns under temperature stress conditions.
PubMed: Flavonol synthase gene expression during citrus fruit development.
PubMed: Analysis of sucrose synthase genes in citrus suggests different roles and phylogenetic relationships.
PubMed: Cloning and expression of CitPDS1, a gene encoding phytoene desaturase in citrus.
PubMed: In vivo sucrose stimulation of colour change in citrus fruit epicarps: Interactions between nutritional and hormonal signals.
PubMed: Clinical and pharmacological studies on liver diseases treated with Kampo herbal medicine.
PubMed: The effect of a traditional Chinese prescription for a case of lung carcinoma.
PubMed: Cloning and expression analysis of vacuolar H+-ATPase 69-kDa catalytic subunit cDNA in citrus (Citrus unshiu marc.)1.
PubMed: Microbial production of pectin from citrus peel.
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