grapefruit oil c.p. california
citrus paradisi peel oil california
 
Notes:
tsca definition 2008: extractives and their physically modified derivatives. citrus paradisi, citrus.
  • Fleurchem
    • Fleurchem, Inc.
      Have A Flavorful Day
      A leading global manufacturer and supplier of ingredients for Flavors, Fragrances, AromaTherapy, Foods, Beverages, Personal Care Products, and other uses.
      Operating out of the 200,000 sq. ft., former Hercules/PFW facility in Middletown, NY; Fleurchem produces a full range of natural isolates, synthetic chemicals & specialities, essential oils and flavors. Additionally, the company performs toll manufacturing, as well as custom chemical synthesis for a wide range of clients.
      Email: Information
      US Voice: 845-341-2100
      US Fax: 845-341-2121
      Product(s):
      grapefruit oil c.p. california
       
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search
Name: citrus paradisi macf. peel oil
CAS Number: 8016-20-4 
CoE Number: 140
Also Contains: citrus paradisi peel extract
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar: Search
Google Books: Search
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Perfumer and Flavorist: Search
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PubMed: Search
NCBI: Search
FEMA Number: 2530 grapefruit oil c.p. california
FDA:No longer provide for the use of these seven synthetic flavoring substances
FDA Mainterm (SATF):8016-20-4 ; GRAPEFRUIT, OIL (CITRUS PARADISI MACF.)
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 146 -- CANNED FRUIT JUICES
Subpart B--Requirements for Specific Standardized Canned Fruit Juices and Beverages
Sec. 146.132 Grapefruit juice.


FDA PART 182 -- SUBSTANCES GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS SAFE
Subpart A--General Provisions
Sec. 182.20 Essential oils, oleoresins (solvent-free), and natural extractives (including distillates).
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Physical Properties:
Appearance: yellowish to reddish yellow clear liquid (est)
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: Yes
Specific Gravity: 0.84800 to 0.85600 @  25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 7.056 to  7.123
Refractive Index: 1.47300 to 1.47900 @  20.00 °C.
Optical Rotation: +91.00 to +96.00
Boiling Point: 171.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Flash Point: 111.00 °F. TCC ( 43.89 °C. )
Shelf Life: 12.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Storage: store in cool, dry place in tightly sealed containers, protected from heat and light.
Soluble in:
 fixed oils
 paraffin oil, cloudy
 water, 4.581 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
 water
 glycerin
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Organoleptic Properties:
 
Odor Type: citrus
 
Odor Strength: medium
 
Substantivity: 264 hour(s) at 100.00 %
 
 grapefruit  sweet  dry  citrus  bitter  aldehydic  terpenic  fruity  tropical  orange  
Odor Description:
at 100.00 %. 
sweet dry citrus bitter aldehydic terpenic fruity tropical orange
 
 
Flavor Type: citrus
 
 grapefruit  citrus  terpenic  aldehydic  bitter  orange  powdery  tropical  
Taste Description:
grapefruit
 
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
 
 
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Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: fragrance
perfuming agents
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Suppliers:
Citrus and Allied Essences
Oil Grapefruit California C.P. FCC (from pink fruit)
Market Report
Citrus and Allied Essences
Oil Grapefruit California Type C.P. FCC
De Monchy Aromatics
Grapefruit Oil California Type
Fleurchem
grapefruit oil c.p. california
George Uhe Company
Grapefruit Oil California
Available in FCC
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Safety Information:
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xn - Harmful.
R 10 - Flammable.
R 38 - Irritating to skin.
R 43 - May cause sensitisation by skin contact.
R 50/53 - Very toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment.
R 65 - Harmful: may cause lung damage if swallowed.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 16 - Keep away from sources of ignition - No Smoking.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 36 - Wear suitable protective clothing.
S 61 - Avoid release to the environment. Refer to special instructions/safety data sheet.
S 62 - If swallowed, do not induce vomiting: seek medical advice immediately and show this container or label.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
Flammable liquids (Category 3), H226
Skin irritation (Category 2), H315
Eye irritation (Category 2A), H319
Specific target organ toxicity - single exposure (Category 3), Respiratory system, H335
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogramflame.jpgexclamation-mark.jpg
 
Signal word Warning
Hazard statement(s)
H226 - Flammable liquid and vapour
H315 - Causes skin irritation
H319 - Causes serious eye irritation
H335 - May cause respiratory irritation
Precautionary statement(s)
P210 - Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. — No smoking.
P233 - Keep container tightly closed.
P240 - Ground/bond container and receiving equipment.
P241 - Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/…/equipment.
P242 - Use only non-sparking tools.
P243 - Take precautionary measures against static discharge.
P261 - Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P264 - Wash skin thouroughly after handling.
P271 - Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.
P280 - Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P303 + P361 + P353 - IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off Immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse SKIN with water/shower.
P304 + P340 - IF INHALED: Remove victim to fresh air and Keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.
P305 + P351 + P338 - IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.
P312 - Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell.
P321 - Specific treatment (see supplemental first aid instructions on this label).
P332 + P313 - IF SKIN irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention.
P337 + P313 - IF eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/attention.
P362 - Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse.
P370 + P378 - In case of fire: Use dry sand, dry chemical or alcohol-resistant foam for extinction.
P403 + P233 - Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.
P403 + P235 - Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.
P405 - Store locked up.
P501 - Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50  > 5000 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 12, Pg. 723, 1974.

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-rabbit LD50 > 5000 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 12, Pg. 723, 1974.

Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
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Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
IFRA Code of Practice Notification of the 49th Amendment to the IFRA Code of Practice
IFRA Critical Effect: Phototoxicity
IFRA Other Specification: < 20 mmoles / L of peroxides
IFRA fragrance material specification:
 Where the bergapten (5-methoxypsoralen) content of all relevant oils present in a compound has been determined, it is recommended that for applications on areas of skin exposed to sunshine, excluding bath preparations, soaps and other products which are washed off the skin, the total level of bergapten in the consumer products should not exceed 0.0015% (15 ppm). This is equivalent to 0.0075% (75 ppm) in a fragrance compound used at 20% in the consumer product. Where the level of bergapten has not been determined by appropriate methods, the limits specified in the guidelines on individual oils should apply. In those cases, where such oils are used in combination with other phototoxic ingredients, the additive effect has to be taken into consideration and the use levels have to be reduced accordingly. The sum of the concentrations of all phototoxic fragrance ingredients, expressed in % of their recommended maximum level in the consumer product, shall not exceed 100.
contains the following IFRA (Annex) restricted components: (non-analysis max. level reference only)
citronellol Max. Found: <0.10 % and Reason: Sensitization
geraniol Max. Found: <0.20 % and Reason: Sensitization
(E)-2-hexen-1-al Max. Found: trace to <0.10 % and Reason: Sensitization
farnesol Max. Found: <0.40 % and Reason: Sensitization
citral Max. Found: 0.1 % and Reason: Sensitization
citronellal Max. Found: 0.1 % and Reason: Sensitization
IFRA: View Standard
View IFRA Standards Library for complete information.
Please review Amendment 49 IFRA documentation for complete information.
IFRA RESTRICTION LIMITS IN THE FINISHED PRODUCT (%):
Category 1: Products applied to the lips
4.0 %
Category 2: Products applied to the axillae
4.0 %
Category 3: Products applied to the face/body using fingertips
4.0 %
Category 4: Products related to fine fragrance
4.0 %
 Category 5: Products applied to the face and body using the hands (palms), primarily leave-on
Category 5A: Body lotion products applied to the body using the hands (palms), primarily leave-on
4.0 %
Category 5B: Face moisturizer products applied to the face using the hands (palms), primarily leave-on
4.0 %
Category 5C: Hand cream products applied to the hands using the hands (palms), primarily leave-on
4.0 %
Category 5D: Baby Creams, baby Oils and baby talc
4.0 %
Category 6: Products with oral and lip exposure
4.0 %
 Category 7: Products applied to the hair with some hand contact
Category 7A: Rinse-off products applied to the hair with some hand contact
No Restriction %
Category 7B: Leave-on products applied to the hair with some hand contact
4.0 %
Category 8: Products with significant anogenital exposure
4.0 %
Category 9: Products with body and hand exposure, primarily rinse off
No Restriction %
 Category 10: Household care products with mostly hand contact
Category 10A: Household care excluding aerosol products (excluding aerosol/spray products)
No Restriction %
Category 10B: Household aerosol/spray products
4.0 %
 Category 11: Products with intended skin contact but minimal transfer of fragrance to skin from inert substrate
Category 11A: Products with intended skin contact but minimal transfer of fragrance to skin from inert substrate without UV exposure
No Restriction %
Category 11B: Products with intended skin contact but minimal transfer of fragrance to skin from inert substrate with potential UV exposure
4.0 %
Category 12: Products not intended for direct skin contact, minimal or insignificant transfer to skin
No Restriction
 Notes:
IFRA FLAVOR REQUIREMENTS:

Due to the possible ingestion of small amounts of fragrance ingredients from their use in products in Categories 1 and 6, materials must not only comply with IFRA Standards but must also be recognized as safe as a flavoring ingredient as defined by the IOFI Code of Practice (www.iofi.org). For more details see chapter 1 of the Guidance for the use of IFRA Standards.

 
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
Click here to view publication 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -370.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -160.00000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: -1500.00000
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -180.00000
fruit ices: -180.00000
gelatins / puddings: -250.00000
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -630.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety References:
EPI System: View
ClinicalTrials.gov: search
Daily Med: search
Cancer Citations: Search
Toxicology Citations: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 8016-20-4
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
WISER: UN 2319
WGK Germany: 1
 citrus paradisi macf. peel oil
Chemidplus: 0008016204
RTECS: RI7199000 for cas# 8016-20-4
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
References:
 citrus paradisi macf. peel oil
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 8016-20-4
Pubchem (sid): 135277011
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Other Information:
FDA Substances Added to Food (formerly EAFUS): View
Export Tariff Code: 3301.19.1000
Typical G.C.
Wikipedia: View
FAO: BASIC PRINCIPLES OF STEAM DISTILLATION
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Potential Blenders and core components note
 
For Odor
No odor group found for these
 ethyl 2-thenoate 
2-ethyl-N-methyl-N-(3-methyl phenyl) butyramideFR
1-(2-isopropyl-5-methyl cyclohexyl)-5-(piperidine-1-carbonyl) piperidin-2-one 
aldehydic
 agrumen nitrileFR
 citrus carbaldehydeFR
 decanal (aldehyde C-10)FL/FR
(Z)-4-dodecenalFL/FR
2-methyl undecanal (aldehyde C-12 mna)FL/FR
 nonanal (aldehyde C-9)FL/FR
 octanal (aldehyde C-8)FL/FR
 tridecanalFL/FR
 undecanalFL/FR
(Z)-8-undecenalFR
10-undecenal (aldehyde C-11 undecylenic)FL/FR
anise
 anise seed oil colombiaFL/FR
sweet fennel seed oilFL/FR
anisic
 ethyl para-anisateFL/FR
balsamic
isoamyl benzoateFL/FR
 amyris wood oilFL/FR
siam benzoin resinoidFL/FR
 benzophenoneFR
 benzyl cinnamateFL/FR
 benzyl salicylateFL/FR
 cinnamyl alcoholFL/FR
 clover nitrileFR
 ethyl cinnamateFL/FR
 fir needle oil siberiaFL/FR
 methyl cinnamateFL/FR
3-phenyl propyl alcoholFL/FR
berry
 raspberry ketone methyl etherFL/FR
camphoreous
 bornyl ethyl ether 
 strawberry furanoneFL/FR
citronella
4,8-dimethyl-7-nonen-2-olFR
citrus
 aldehydic nitrileFR
 benzyl anthranilateFR
 bergamot oilFL/FR
beta-bisabololFL/FR
 citralFL/FR
 citral dimethyl acetalFL/FR
 citronellyl nitrileFR
 citrus grandis fruit extractFL/FR
 citrus grandis fruit waterFR
 citrus grandis peelFL/FR
 citrus grandis peel extractFR
 citrus grandis peel oilFL/FR
 citrus grandis peel powderFL/FR
 citrus paradisi peel 
 citrus paradisi peel extractFL/FR
 citrus paradisi peel oil bergaptene reducedFL/FR
 citrus paradisi peel oil washedFL/FR
 citrus paradisi peel waterFL/FR
(Z)-7-decenalFR
 dihydromyrcenolFL/FR
 dimethyl octenoneFR
2,4-dimethyl-3-cyclohexene-1-methanyl acetateFR
 grapefruit carbonylsFL/FR
 grapefruit essenceFL/FR
 grapefruit fragranceFR
 grapefruit indeneFR
(S)-grapefruit mercaptan 
 grapefruit mercaptanFL/FR
 grapefruit nitrileFR
 grapefruit oilFL/FR
 grapefruit oil c.p. (citrus paradisi var. duncan) italy 
 grapefruit oil c.p. (citrus paradisi var. duncan) russia 
 grapefruit oil c.p. (citrus paradisi var. falvedo) 
 grapefruit oil c.p. (citrus paradisi var. foster) russia 
 grapefruit oil c.p. (citrus paradisi var. jubilee) russia 
 grapefruit oil c.p. (citrus paradisi var. marsh seedless) 
 grapefruit oil c.p. (citrus paradisi var. marsh seedless) russia 
 grapefruit oil c.p. (citrus paradisi var. red blush) 
 grapefruit oil c.p. argentinaFL/FR
 grapefruit oil c.p. floridaFL/FR
 grapefruit oil c.p. israelFL/FR
 grapefruit oil CO2 extract (citrus paradisi macf. var. falvedo)FL/FR
 grapefruit oil foldedFL/FR
 grapefruit oil folded californiaFL/FR
 grapefruit oil folded floridaFL/FR
 grapefruit oil replacerFL/FR
 grapefruit oil terpenelessFL/FR
 grapefruit oil terpenesFL/FR
 grapefruit pentanolFR
 grapefruit specialtyFR
 lemon oil c.p. californiaFL/FR
 lemon oil residuesFL/FR
 lemongrass oilFL/FR
 lime oil distilled mexicoFL/FR
 litsea cubeba fruit oilFL/FR
 mandarin oil (citrus reticulata var. ponkan)FL/FR
 marine decadienalFR
(R)-mercapto-3-methyl hexan-1-ol 
5-mercapto-5-methyl-3-hexanoneFL/FR
 methyl heptenoneFL/FR
 methyl indole-1-carboxylateFR
4-methyl-2-(1-methyl propyl)-1,3-oxathiane 
1-methyl-4-methyl ethenyl cyclohexene sulfurizedFL/FR
 myrmac aldehydeFR
(+)-nootkatoneFL/FR
blood orange oil italyFL/FR
bitter orange peel oil brazilFL/FR
sweet orange peel oil c.p. brazilFL/FR
wild sweet orange peel oil west indianFL/FR
 philodendron solimoesense specialtyFR
 rhubafuranFR
 tangerine oil americaFL/FR
alpha-terpinyl methyl etherFL/FR
 tetrahydromyrcenolFR
(±)-2,4,8-trimethyl-7-nonen-2-olFL/FR
 valenceneFL/FR
 yuzu specialtyFR
earthy
3-octanolFL/FR
ethereal
 ethyl acetateFL/FR
2-methyl valeraldehydeFL/FR
fatty
 decanolFL/FR
(E)-2-nonenalFL/FR
floral
 acetyl tetralinFR
 allyl anthranilateFL/FR
 amyl anthranilateFL/FR
alpha-amyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
isoamyl salicylateFL/FR
 benzyl acetateFL/FR
 benzyl alcoholFL/FR
 benzyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 bigarade oxideFR
 bois de rose oil brazilFL/FR
 cassis oxime 10%FR
 citronellyl acetateFL/FR
 coriander seed oilFL/FR
 cyclamen aldehydeFL/FR
 cyclohexyl ethyl alcoholFL/FR
beta-damascenoneFL/FR
alpha-damasconeFL/FR
 decyl anthranilateFR
 dimethyl anthranilateFL/FR
2,4-dimethyl cyclohexyl methyl acetateFR
 ethyl anthranilateFL/FR
 ethyl ortho-anisateFL/FR
 ethyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 floral pyranolFR
 gardenia acetalFR
 gardenia amideFR
 gardenia decaloneFR
 gardenia pentyl acetateFR
 geraniolFL/FR
 geranium oil bourbonFL/FR
 geranyl acetateFL/FR
(E)-geranyl acetoneFL/FR
alpha-hexyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
 ho leaf oilFR
 leerallFR
 linaloolFL/FR
laevo-linaloolFL/FR
 linalool oxideFL/FR
 linalyl anthranilateFL/FR
 magnolia indeneFR
 methyl dihydrojasmonateFL/FR
 mimosa absolute franceFL/FR
 muguet octadienolFR
beta-naphthyl anthranilateFL/FR
 nerolFL/FR
 neroli oil bigardeFL/FR
 nerolidolFL/FR
 neryl acetateFL/FR
 neryl isovalerateFL/FR
 nonanolFL/FR
 ocean propanalFL/FR
 octanal / methyl anthranilate schiff's baseFR
bitter orangeflower absolute moroccoFL/FR
 orris pyridine 25% IPMFR
 peony acetonitrileFR
 petitgrain grapefruit oilFL/FR
 petitgrain mandarin oilFL/FR
 petitgrain mandarin oil terpenelessFL/FR
 petitgrain oil paraguayFL/FR
 phenethyl acetateFL/FR
 phenethyl anthranilateFL/FR
 phenethyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 phenethyl propionateFL/FR
4-phenyl-3-buten-2-olFL/FR
 rhodinyl acetateFL/FR
 tetrahydrolinaloolFL/FR
 violet methyl carbonateFR
 ylang ylang flower oilFL/FR
fruity
 acetoin acetateFL/FR
 allyl amyl glycolateFR
 allyl cyclohexyl propionateFL/FR
 allyl hexanoateFL/FR
isoamyl acetateFL/FR
isoamyl butyrateFL/FR
 apple crotonateFR
 benzyl propionateFL/FR
 bisaboleneFL/FR
 butyl anthranilateFL/FR
isobutyl anthranilateFL/FR
isobutyl methyl anthranilateFL/FR
(E)-cinnamyl propionateFL/FR
 cyclohexyl anthranilateFL/FR
gamma-decalactoneFL/FR
 diethyl malonateFL/FR
 ethyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
 ethyl 3-hydroxyhexanoateFL/FR
 ethyl acetoacetateFL/FR
 ethyl butyrateFL/FR
 ethyl heptanoateFL/FR
 ethyl propionateFL/FR
 grape butyrateFL/FR
 grape essenceFL/FR
concord grape fragranceFR
 grape fragranceFR
 grapefruit acetalFR
 green acetateFR
3-hexanoneFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl anthranilateFL/FR
 hexyl acetateFL/FR
 hexyl isovalerateFL/FR
 methyl 2-methyl valerateFL/FR
 methyl anthranilateFL/FR
 neryl propionateFL/FR
(Z)-3-octen-1-yl propionateFL/FR
3-phenyl propyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 propyl heptanoateFL/FR
(S)-3-thiohexanol 
 tropical trithianeFL/FR
gamma-undecalactone (aldehyde C-14 (so-called))FL/FR
grape
 muscadine fragranceFR
green
2-butyl-4-methyl-1,3-oxathiane 
 cortex pyridineFL/FR
 ethyl (E,Z)-2,4-decadienoateFL/FR
 galbanum oilFL/FR
 green carboxylateFR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-olFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl acetateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl butyrateFL/FR
(E)-2-hexen-1-yl isovalerateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl oxyacetaldehydeFR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl propionateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl tiglateFL/FR
 hexyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
2,4-ivy carbaldehydeFL/FR
(Z)-leaf acetalFL/FR
 melon nonenoateFL/FR
4-mercapto-5-nonanone 
(2-methoxy-1-methyl butyl) benzeneFR
[(4E,4Z)-5-methoxy-3-methyl-4-penten-1-yl] benzeneFR
 phenyl acetaldehyde dimethyl acetalFL/FR
 styralyl acetateFL/FR
 terpinyl propionateFL/FR
hay
 beeswax absoluteFL/FR
herbal
6-acetoxydihydrotheaspiraneFL/FR
 carum carvi fruit oilFL/FR
 chrysanthemum ketoneFR
 clary sage oil franceFL/FR
 dihydroterpinyl acetateFL/FR
cis-herbal cyclohexaneFR
 lavender absolute bulgariaFL/FR
 linalyl acetateFL/FR
3-mercapto-4-heptanone 
5-mercapto-6-undecanol 
5-mercapto-6-undecanone 
3-octyl acetateFL/FR
alpha-terpinyl acetateFL/FR
2,4,6-trimethyl-6-(3-methyl-2-buten-1-yl)-2-cyclohexen-1-one 
licorice
(E)-anetholFL/FR
melon
 melon heptenalFL/FR
 watermelon ketoneFR
minty
 ethyl benzoateFL/FR
mossy
 veramoss (IFF)FR
mushroom
(S)-(+)-2-octanol 
naphthyl
beta-naphthyl ethyl etherFL/FR
powdery
para-anisyl acetateFL/FR
para-anisyl alcoholFL/FR
pulpy
 grapefruit isolateFL/FR
spicy
 cassia bark oil chinaFL/FR
 cinnamyl propionateFL/FR
black currant bud absoluteFL/FR
 elettaria cardamomum seed oilFL/FR
sulfurous
 ethyl 3-mercaptopropionateFL/FR
 grapefruit menthaneFL/FR
4-methoxy-2-methyl butane thiolFL/FR
3-thiohexanolFL/FR
4-tropical oxathianeFL/FR
terpenic
 juniperus communis fruit oilFL/FR
alpha-terpineolFL/FR
tonka
 tonka bean absoluteFR
vanilla
 ethyl vanillinFL/FR
 vanilla bean absolute (vanilla planifolia)FL/FR
 vanillinFL/FR
 vanillyl acetateFL/FR
waxy
 ethyl decanoateFL/FR
 ethyl nonanoateFL/FR
winey
2-octyl propionate 
woody
(E)-beta-farneseneFL/FR
 gurjun balsam oilFR
isolongifolene epoxideFR
 patchouli ethanoneFR
 santallFR
(Z)-woody amyleneFR
 
For Flavor
 
No flavor group found for these
6-acetoxydihydrotheaspiraneFL/FR
 allyl anthranilateFL/FR
 amyl anthranilateFL/FR
isobutyl methyl anthranilateFL/FR
2-butyl-4-methyl-1,3-oxathiane 
(E)-cinnamyl propionateFL/FR
 dihydronootkatoneFL
 dihydroterpinyl acetateFL/FR
(Z)-4-dodecenalFL/FR
 ethyl 3-mercaptopropionateFL/FR
 ethyl ortho-anisateFL/FR
(E)-beta-farneseneFL/FR
(S)-grapefruit mercaptan 
 grapefruit oil c.p. (citrus paradisi var. duncan) italy 
 grapefruit oil c.p. (citrus paradisi var. duncan) russia 
 grapefruit oil c.p. (citrus paradisi var. falvedo) 
 grapefruit oil c.p. (citrus paradisi var. foster) russia 
 grapefruit oil c.p. (citrus paradisi var. jubilee) russia 
 grapefruit oil c.p. (citrus paradisi var. marsh seedless) 
 grapefruit oil c.p. (citrus paradisi var. marsh seedless) russia 
 grapefruit oil c.p. (citrus paradisi var. red blush) 
 lemon oil residuesFL/FR
(R)-mercapto-3-methyl hexan-1-ol 
3-mercapto-4-heptanone 
4-mercapto-4-methyl-2-pentanolFL
5-mercapto-5-methyl-3-hexanoneFL/FR
4-mercapto-5-nonanone 
5-mercapto-6-undecanol 
5-mercapto-6-undecanone 
3-mercaptooctanalFL
4-methyl-2-(1-methyl propyl)-1,3-oxathiane 
(S)-(+)-2-octanol 
2-octyl propionate 
(S)-3-thiohexanol 
2,4,6-trimethyl-6-(3-methyl-2-buten-1-yl)-2-cyclohexen-1-one 
aldehydic
 nonanal (aldehyde C-9)FL/FR
 octanal (aldehyde C-8)FL/FR
anise
(E)-anetholFL/FR
 anise seed oil colombiaFL/FR
 ethyl para-anisateFL/FR
sweet fennel seed oilFL/FR
balsamic
siam benzoin resinoidFL/FR
 benzyl salicylateFL/FR
 ethyl cinnamateFL/FR
 fir needle oil siberiaFL/FR
berry
 raspberry ketone methyl etherFL/FR
bitter
1-(2-isopropyl-5-methyl cyclohexyl)-5-(piperidine-1-carbonyl) piperidin-2-one 
brown
 beeswax absoluteFL/FR
camphoreous
 bornyl ethyl ether 
caramellic
 caramel furanoneFL
 strawberry furanoneFL/FR
citrus
 bergamot oilFL/FR
 bisaboleneFL/FR
beta-bisabololFL/FR
 citralFL/FR
 citral dimethyl acetalFL/FR
 citrus grandis fruit extractFL/FR
 citrus grandis peelFL/FR
 citrus grandis peel oilFL/FR
 citrus grandis peel powderFL/FR
 citrus paradisi peel 
 citrus paradisi peel extractFL/FR
 citrus paradisi peel oil bergaptene reducedFL/FR
 citrus paradisi peel oil washedFL/FR
 citrus paradisi peel waterFL/FR
 dehydronootkatoneFL
 grapefruit carbonylsFL/FR
 grapefruit essenceFL/FR
pink grapefruit flavorFL
 grapefruit flavorFL
 grapefruit green flavorFL
 grapefruit juiceFL
 grapefruit keyFL
 grapefruit mercaptanFL/FR
 grapefruit oilFL/FR
 grapefruit oil c.p. argentinaFL/FR
 grapefruit oil c.p. floridaFL/FR
 grapefruit oil c.p. israelFL/FR
 grapefruit oil CO2 extract (citrus paradisi macf. var. falvedo)FL/FR
 grapefruit oil foldedFL/FR
 grapefruit oil folded californiaFL/FR
 grapefruit oil folded floridaFL/FR
 grapefruit oil replacerFL/FR
 grapefruit oil sesquiterpenelessFL
 grapefruit oil terpenelessFL/FR
 grapefruit oil terpenesFL/FR
 lemon carbonylsFL
 lemon oil c.p. californiaFL/FR
 lemongrass oilFL/FR
 lime oil distilled mexicoFL/FR
 linaloolFL/FR
laevo-linaloolFL/FR
 litsea cubeba fruit oilFL/FR
 mandarin oil (citrus reticulata var. ponkan)FL/FR
3-mercaptoheptyl acetateFL
1-methyl-4-methyl ethenyl cyclohexene sulfurizedFL/FR
 nerolFL/FR
(+)-nootkatoneFL/FR
blood orange oil italyFL/FR
sweet orange peel oil c.p. brazilFL/FR
wild sweet orange peel oil west indianFL/FR
 petitgrain grapefruit oilFL/FR
 petitgrain mandarin oilFL/FR
 pomelo essence oilFL
 pomelo flavorFL
 tangerine oil americaFL/FR
alpha-terpineolFL/FR
(±)-2,4,8-trimethyl-7-nonen-2-olFL/FR
 valenceneFL/FR
 verbena oil franceFL
creamy
gamma-undecalactone (aldehyde C-14 (so-called))FL/FR
earthy
(±)-2-mercapto-5-methylheptan-4-oneFL
estery
 ethyl acetoacetateFL/FR
ethereal
 ethyl acetateFL/FR
fatty
(E,E)-2,4-dodecadienalFL
(E,E)-2,4-undecadienalFL
10-undecenal (aldehyde C-11 undecylenic)FL/FR
fermented
 ethyl 2-thenoate 
floral
 bois de rose oil brazilFL/FR
 cinnamyl propionateFL/FR
 citronellyl acetateFL/FR
 geraniolFL/FR
 geranium oil bourbonFL/FR
(E)-geranyl acetoneFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl anthranilateFL/FR
 linalyl acetateFL/FR
 linalyl anthranilateFL/FR
 methyl dihydrojasmonateFL/FR
 neroli oil bigardeFL/FR
 neryl acetateFL/FR
 ocean propanalFL/FR
bitter orangeflower absolute moroccoFL/FR
 phenethyl anthranilateFL/FR
 phenethyl propionateFL/FR
 rhodinyl acetateFL/FR
 tetrahydrolinaloolFL/FR
 ylang ylang flower oilFL/FR
fruity
 acetoin acetateFL/FR
 allyl cyclohexyl propionateFL/FR
 allyl hexanoateFL/FR
isoamyl acetateFL/FR
isoamyl benzoateFL/FR
para-anisyl acetateFL/FR
para-anisyl alcoholFL/FR
 benzyl acetateFL/FR
 benzyl alcoholFL/FR
 benzyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 benzyl propionateFL/FR
 butyl anthranilateFL/FR
isobutyl anthranilateFL/FR
 cyclohexyl anthranilateFL/FR
alpha-damasconeFL/FR
gamma-decalactoneFL/FR
 diethyl malonateFL/FR
 dimethyl anthranilateFL/FR
 ethyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
 ethyl 3-hydroxyhexanoateFL/FR
 ethyl anthranilateFL/FR
 ethyl butyrateFL/FR
 ethyl heptanoateFL/FR
 ethyl propionateFL/FR
 furfuryl butyrateFL
 furfuryl isovalerateFL
 grape concentrateFL
 grape enhancerFL
 grape essenceFL/FR
green grape flavorFL
 grape flavorFL
red grape flavorFL
muscatine grape flavorFL
concord grape flavorFL
white grape flavorFL
 grape juice concentrateFL
3-hexanoneFL/FR
 hexyl acetateFL/FR
 mango papaya grapefruit flavorFL
 methyl 2-methyl valerateFL/FR
 methyl anthranilateFL/FR
beta-naphthyl anthranilateFL/FR
 neryl isovalerateFL/FR
(Z)-3-octen-1-yl propionateFL/FR
bitter orange peel oil brazilFL/FR
 petitgrain mandarin oil terpenelessFL/FR
3-phenyl propyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 styralyl acetateFL/FR
4-tropical oxathianeFL/FR
 tropical trithianeFL/FR
green
isoamyl salicylateFL/FR
 cinnamyl alcoholFL/FR
 cortex pyridineFL/FR
 cyclamen aldehydeFL/FR
 cyclohexyl ethyl alcoholFL/FR
 dihydromyrcenolFL/FR
 ethyl (E,Z)-2,4-decadienoateFL/FR
 galbanum oilFL/FR
 geranyl acetateFL/FR
 grape butyrateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-olFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl acetateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl butyrateFL/FR
(E)-2-hexen-1-yl isovalerateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl propionateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl tiglateFL/FR
 hexyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
 hexyl isovalerateFL/FR
2,4-ivy carbaldehydeFL/FR
(Z)-leaf acetalFL/FR
 linalool oxideFL/FR
 melon heptenalFL/FR
 melon nonenoateFL/FR
 methyl heptenoneFL/FR
 nerolidolFL/FR
 neryl propionateFL/FR
(E)-2-nonenalFL/FR
3-octyl acetateFL/FR
 phenyl acetaldehyde dimethyl acetalFL/FR
 terpinyl propionateFL/FR
herbal
 carum carvi fruit oilFL/FR
 clary sage oil franceFL/FR
 coriander seed oilFL/FR
 lavender absolute bulgariaFL/FR
 petitgrain oil paraguayFL/FR
honey
 ethyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 phenethyl acetateFL/FR
 phenethyl isobutyrateFL/FR
medicinal
 ethyl benzoateFL/FR
musty
3-octanolFL/FR
 propionaldehydeFL
powdery
beta-naphthyl ethyl etherFL/FR
pulpy
 grapefruit isolateFL/FR
spicy
 benzyl cinnamateFL/FR
 cassia bark oil chinaFL/FR
black currant bud absoluteFL/FR
 elettaria cardamomum seed oilFL/FR
 methyl cinnamateFL/FR
3-phenyl propyl alcoholFL/FR
sulfurous
 grapefruit menthaneFL/FR
4-methoxy-2-methyl butane thiolFL/FR
3-thiohexanolFL/FR
terpenic
 juniperus communis fruit oilFL/FR
tropical
alpha-amyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
 anacardium occidentale fruit pureeFL
vanilla
 ethyl vanillinFL/FR
 vanilla bean absolute (vanilla planifolia)FL/FR
 vanillinFL/FR
 vanillyl acetateFL/FR
vegetable
2-methyl valeraldehydeFL/FR
waxy
isoamyl butyrateFL/FR
 decanal (aldehyde C-10)FL/FR
 decanolFL/FR
 ethyl decanoateFL/FR
 ethyl nonanoateFL/FR
alpha-hexyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
2-methyl undecanal (aldehyde C-12 mna)FL/FR
 mimosa absolute franceFL/FR
 nonanolFL/FR
4-phenyl-3-buten-2-olFL/FR
 propyl heptanoateFL/FR
 tridecanalFL/FR
 undecanalFL/FR
woody
 amyris wood oilFL/FR
beta-damascenoneFL/FR
alpha-terpinyl acetateFL/FR
alpha-terpinyl methyl etherFL/FR
 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Uses:
 abroniaFR
 agrumen aldehydeFR
 aldehydicFR
 almondFR
 alpine bouquetFR
 amaryllisFR
 appleFR
 apple blossomFR
 crabappleFR
 apricotFR
 ash mountain ash berryFR
 bergamotFR
 blackberryFR
 blue grassFR
 blue mistFR
 bouquetFR
 bramble arctic bramble blackberryFR
 cabreuva woodFR
 calamus oil replacerFR
 cherry blossomFR
 cherry wild cherryFL
 chypreFR
 cilantroFL/FR
 citrusFR
 cloudberry bakeappleFL
 cologneFR
 coloniaFR
 crabapple blossomFR
 cranberryFR
 curacaoFL
 daffodilFR
 elder berryFR
 figFR
 fir needle oil replacerFR
 florida breezeFR
 forestFR
 freesiaFR
 gardeniaFR
 ginger aleFL
 grapefruitFR
 heatherFR
 herbalFR
 hibiscusFR
 hinoki oil replacerFR
 kumquatFR
 lemonFR
 linden flowerFR
 lotusFR
 mandarinFR
 melissa oil replacerFR
 mock orangeFR
 necterineFL
 neroliFR
 orange bitter orange peelFL/FR
 orange blossomFR
 papayaFR
 passion fruitFR
 pearFR
 petitgrainFR
 petitgrain bergamot petitgrainFL/FR
 petitgrain mandarin oil replacerFL/FR
 petitgrain orange petitgrainFR
 petitgrain tangerine petitgrainFL/FR
 pineFR
 pineappleFR
 pomegranateFR
 rhubarbFR
 rose wild rose 
 saffronFR
 spiceFR
 spring rainFR
 stephanotisFR
 tangerineFR
 teaFL
 tropicalFL
 verbenaFR
 watercress nasturtium 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 grapefruit
Search Trop  Picture
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Synonyms:
 citrus paradisi peel oil california
 grapefruit oil c.p. california
 grapefruit oil red CP
 oil grapefruit california C.P. FCC (from pink fruit)
 oil grapefruit california type C.P. FCC
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Articles:
PubMed: Olfactory stimulatory with grapefruit and lavender oils change autonomic nerve activity and physiological function.
PubMed: Effects of grapefruit (Citrus paradisi MACF) (Rutaceae) peel oil against developmental stages of Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae).
PubMed: Efficacy of grapefruit, tangerine, lime, and lemon oils as solvents for softening gutta-percha in root canal retreatment procedures.
PubMed: The anti-biofilm activity of lemongrass (Cymbopogon flexuosus) and grapefruit (Citrus paradisi) essential oils against five strains of Staphylococcus aureus.
PubMed: Assessing the biosynthetic capabilities of secretory glands in Citrus peel.
PubMed: A formulation to encapsulate nootkatone for tick control.
PubMed: Investigating the potential of selected natural compounds to increase the potency of pyrethrum against houseflies Musca domestica (Diptera: Muscidae).
PubMed: Susceptibility of four tick species, Amblyomma americanum, Dermacentor variabilis, Ixodes scapularis, and Rhipicephalus sanguineus (Acari: Ixodidae), to nootkatone from essential oil of grapefruit.
PubMed: Mosquito larvicidal activity of citrus limonoids against Aedes albopictus.
PubMed: Skin application of urea-containing cream affected cutaneous arterial sympathetic nerve activity, blood flow, and water evaporation.
PubMed: Activities of ten essential oils towards Propionibacterium acnes and PC-3, A-549 and MCF-7 cancer cells.
PubMed: [Mouthwash solutions with microencapsuled natural extracts: Efficiency for dental plaque and gingivitis].
PubMed: Major diet-drug interactions affecting the kinetic characteristics and hypolipidaemic properties of statins.
PubMed: Grapefruit oil attenuates adipogenesis in cultured subcutaneous adipocytes.
PubMed: [Flushing stones? "Liver purging" and "gallbladder lavage"].
PubMed: Minor furanocoumarins and coumarins in grapefruit peel oil as inhibitors of human cytochrome P450 3A4.
PubMed: [Antioxidant properties of essential oils from lemon, grapefruit, coriander, clove, and their mixtures].
PubMed: Fumigant toxicity of citrus oils against cowpea seed beetle Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae).
PubMed: Quantification in comprehensive two-dimensional liquid chromatography.
PubMed: Day-night difference in thermoregulatory responses to olfactory stimulation.
PubMed: Effects of olfactory stimulations with scents of grapefruit and lavender oils on renal sympathetic nerve and blood pressure in Clock mutant mice.
PubMed: [Effect of aromatherapy massage on abdominal fat and body image in post-menopausal women].
PubMed: Radical scavenging and cytochrome P450 3A4 inhibitory activity of bergaptol and geranylcoumarin from grapefruit.
PubMed: Mechanism of changes induced in plasma glycerol by scent stimulation with grapefruit and lavender essential oils.
PubMed: Autonomic and cardiovascular responses to scent stimulation are altered in cry KO mice.
PubMed: Long aculeus and behavior of Anastrepha ludens render gibberellic acid ineffective as an agent to reduce 'ruby red' grapefruit susceptibility to the attack of this pestiferous fruit fly in commercial groves.
PubMed: Nonvolatiles of commercial lime and grapefruit oils separated by high-speed countercurrent chromatography.
PubMed: Volatile constituents of redblush grapefruit (Citrus paradisi) and pummelo (Citrus grandis) peel essential oils from Kenya.
PubMed: Biotransformation of citrus aromatics nootkatone and valencene by microorganisms.
PubMed: Olfactory stimulation with scent of essential oil of grapefruit affects autonomic neurotransmission and blood pressure.
PubMed: Grapefruit oil enhances attraction of Mexican fruit flies to a synthetic food-odor lure.
PubMed: Olfactory stimulation with scent of lavender oil affects autonomic nerves, lipolysis and appetite in rats.
PubMed: Olfactory stimulation with scent of grapefruit oil affects autonomic nerves, lipolysis and appetite in rats.
PubMed: Photodynamic and photo-cross-linking potential of bergamottin.
PubMed: Identification and biological evaluation of grapefruit oil components as potential novel efflux pump modulators in methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus bacterial strains.
PubMed: Simultaneous determination of the inhibitory potency of herbal extracts on the activity of six major cytochrome P450 enzymes using liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry and automated online extraction.
PubMed: Induction of apoptosis by Citrus paradisi essential oil in human leukemic (HL-60) cells.
PubMed: Effect of olfactory stimulation with flavor of grapefruit oil and lemon oil on the activity of sympathetic branch in the white adipose tissue of the epididymis.
PubMed: Effects of fragrance inhalation on sympathetic activity in normal adults.
PubMed: Inhibition of acetylcholinesterase activity by essential oil from Citrus paradisi.
PubMed: Efficacy and reproducibility of a produce wash in killing Salmonella on the surface of tomatoes assessed with a proposed standard method for produce sanitizers.
PubMed: Grapefruit gland oil composition is affected by wax application, storage temperature, and storage time.
PubMed: Mechanisms of enhanced oral availability of CYP3A4 substrates by grapefruit constituents. Decreased enterocyte CYP3A4 concentration and mechanism-based inactivation by furanocoumarins.
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